The Voice in Singing

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J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1884 - 192 страници

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Страница 42 - As soon as we prepare to produce a sound, the arytenoid cartilages approach each other, and press together by their interior surfaces, and by the anterior apophyses, without leaving any space, or intercartilaginous glottis ; sometimes even they come in contact so closely as to cross each other by the tubercles of Santorini. To this movement of the anterior apophyses, that of the ligaments of the glottis corresponds, which detach themselves from the ventricles, come in contact with different degrees...
Страница 94 - The higher notes produced by these latter vibrations are called the harmonics of the string. And so it is with other sounding bodies; we have in all cases a coexistence of vibrations. Higher tones mingle with the fundamental one, and it is their intermixture which determines what, for want of a better term, we call the quality of the sound. The French call it timbre, and the Germans call it Klangfarbe. 1 It is this union of high and low tones that enables us to distinguish one musical instrument...
Страница 41 - At the moment when the person draws a deep breath, the epiglottis being raised, we are able to see the following series of movements : — the arytenoid cartilages become separated by a very free lateral movement ; the superior ligaments are placed against the ventricles ; the inferior ligaments are also drawn back, though in a less degree, into the same cavities ; and the glottis, large and wide open, is exhibited so as to show in part the rings of the trachea.
Страница 95 - The History of Modern Music, a Course of Lectures delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. By John Hullah.
Страница 45 - ... lines. But however powerful these contractions may be, neither the cartilages of Wrisberg, nor the superior ligaments themselves, ever close sufficiently to prevent the passage of the air, or even to render it difficult. This fact, which is verified also with regard to the falsetto and head-registers, suffices to prove that the superior ligaments do not fill a generative part in the formation of the voice. We may draw the same conclusion by considering the position occupied by the somewhat feeble...
Страница 42 - To this movement of the anterior apophyses, that of the ligaments of the glottis corresponds, which detach themselves from the ventricles, come in contact with different degrees of energy, and show themselves at the bottom of the larynx under the form of an ellipse of a yellowish colour. The superior ligaments, together with the aryteno-epiglottidean folds, assist to form the tube which surmounts the glottis ; and being the lower and free extremity of that tube, enframe the ellipse, the surface of...
Страница 65 - Jive series of tones or registers, due to five different actions of the vocal organ, which are thus distinguished : — " 1. The first series of tones of the chest register, in which the -whole glottis is moved by large, loose vibrations, and the arytenoid cartilages with the vocal ligaments are in action. " 2. The second series of the chest register, when the vocal ligaments alone act, and are likewise moved by large, loose vibrations. " 3. The first series of the falsetto register, where again...
Страница 43 - ... that this internal disposition of the larynx is only visible when the epiglottis remains raised. But neither all the registers of the voice, nor all the degrees of intensity, are equally fitted for its taking this position. We soon discover that the brilliant and powerful sounds of the chest-register contract the cavity of the larynx, and close still more its orifice ; and, on the contrary, that veiled notes, and notes of moderate power, open both so as to render any observation easy. The falsetto...
Страница 150 - The safest path lies midway of the extremes." The true doctrine is thus well expressed by another : " To be able to act upon the souls of men with an elevating and informing power, it is first of all necessary that an artist should cultivate the form of his art to its greatest possible perfection, and have such perfect command of it that the practical application of it is as natural to him as to breathe. For, empty and dead as all technical knowledge is unless it is animated with a soul, yet no product...
Страница 44 - As the sounds ascend, the apophyses, which are slightly rounded on their internal side, by a gradual apposition commencing at the back, encroach on the length of the glottis; and as soon as we reach the sounds...

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