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FAL. How now, how now, mad wag? what, in of old father antic the law ? Do not thou, when thy quips and thy quiddities? what a plague have thou art * king, hang a thief. I to do with a buff jerkin ?

P. HEN. No; thou shalt. [brave judge. P. HEN. Why, what a pox have I to do with Fal. Shall I? O rare! By the Lord,+ I'll be a my hostess of the tavern ?

P. HEN. Thou judgest false already ; I mean, Fal. Well, thou hast called her to a reckoning, thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so many a time and oft.

become a rare bangman. P. HEN. Did I ever call for thee to pay thy Fal. Well, Hal, well; and in some sort it

jumps with my humour, as well as waiting in the Fal. No; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast

court, I

you. paid all there.

P. Hen. For obtaining of suits ? P. HEN. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits : whereof the would stretch; and, where it would not, I have used hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I I am my credit.

as melancholy as a gib cat," or a lugged bear. Fal. Yea, and so used it, that were it not * P. HEN. Or an old lion ; or a lover's lute. here apparent that thou art heir apparent,—But, Fal. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagI pr’ythee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows standing in England when thou art king? and P. Hen. What say'st thou to a hare, or the resolution thus fobbed as it is, with the rusty curb melancholy of Moor-ditch ? (3)

can tell

pipe.(2)

(*) First folio omits, not. a I'll be a brave judge.] Shakespeare had probably in his mind a passage from the old play of “The Famous Victories of Henry the Fifth,"

(*) First folio inserts, a. (+) First folio omits, By the Lord.

(1) First folio omits, S'blood. melancholy as a cat," was in frequent use :-thus in Lilly's “Midas,"

"Henry V. But Ned. so soone as I am king, the first thing I will doo, shal be to put my Lord chiefe Justice out of office, and thou shalt be my Lord chiefe Justice of England."

“Ned. Shall I be Lorde chiefe Justice ? By gog's wounds ile be the bravest Lorde chiefe Justice That ever was in England."

b A gib cat,-) Gilbert and Tibert, contracted into Gib and Tib, were the common names for cats in former times, Gib being usually applied to an old cat. Why this animal or “an old lion," or a lugged bear,” should be accounted melancholy, unless from the gravity of its carriage, has never been shown, but the simile “as

“ Pet. How now, Motto, all amort?

Mot. I am as melancholy as a cat." C A hare,-) The following extract, from Turberville's Book on Hunting and Falconry, is a better explanation of this passage than any given by the commentators :-"The Hare first taught us the use of the hearbe called wyld Succory, which is very excellent for those which are disposed to be melancholicke: Shee herselfe is one of the most melancholicke beasts that is, and to heale her own infirmitie she goeth commonly to sit under that hearbe."

FAL. Thou hast the most unsavoury similes ; * P. HEN. Sir John stands to his word, the devil and art, indeed, the most comparative, a rascalliest, † shall have his bargain ; for he was never yet a

sweet young prince,—But Hal, I pr’ythee, breaker of proverbs, he will give the devil his due. trouble me no more with vanity. I would to God, I Poins. Then art thou damned for keeping thy thou and I knew where a commodity of good names word with the devil. were to be bought: an old lord of the council rated P. HEN. Else he had been * damned for cozenme the other day in the street about you, sir ; but ing the devil. I marked him not : and yet he talked very wisely; Poins. But my lads, my lads, to-morrow mornbut I regarded him not : and yet he talked wisely, ing, by four o'clock, early at Gadshill :(5) there are and in the street too.

pilgrims going to Canterbury with rich offerings, P. Hen. Thou did'st well ; for wisdom cries and traders riding to London with fat purses: I out in the streets, and no man regards it.(4) have visors for you all, you have horses for your

FAL. O, thou hast damnable iteration ; and art, selves; Gadshill lies to-night in Rochester ; I have indeed, able to corrupt a saint. Thou hast done bespoke supper to-morrow night f in Eastcheap ; much harm upon $ me, Hal,-God forgive thee for we may do it as secure as sleep: if you will go, it! Before I knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing; and I will stuff your purses full of crowns : if you will now am I,|| if a man should speak truly, little not, tarry at home, and be hanged. better than one of the wicked. I must give over Fal. Hear ye, Yedward ; C if I tarry at home, this life, and I will give it over ; by the Lord, 1 an and go not, I'll hang you for going. I do not, I am a villain ; I'll be damn'd for never Porns. You will, chops ? a king's son in Christendom.

FAL. Hal, wilt thou make one ? [faith. I P. HEN. Where shall we take a purse to- P. HEN. Who, I rob? I a thief? not I, by my morrow, Jack ?

Fal. There's neither honesty, manhood, nor Fal. Zounds ! ** where thou wilt, lad, I'll make good fellowship in thee, nor thou cam’st not of the one; an I do not, call me villain, and baffle me. blood royal, if thou dar’st not stand for ten

P. Hen. I see a good amendment of life in shillings. thee; from praying, to purse-taking.

P. Hen. Well, then, once in my days I'll be a mad-cap. Fal. Why, that's well said.

[home. Enter Poins at a distance.

P. HEN. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at

Fal. By the Lord, $ I'll be a traitor then, when FAL. Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no thou art king. sin for a man to labour in his vocation. Poins ! P. HEN. I care not. Now shall we know if Gadshill have set a match." Poins. Sir John, I prythee, leave the prince O, if men were to be saved by merit, what hole in and me alone; I will lay him down such reasons hell were hot enough for him? This is the most for this adventure, that he shall

go. omnipotent villain, that ever cried, Stand, to a true FAL. Well, God give thee® the spirit of persuaman.

sion, and him the ears of profiting, that what thou P. HEN. Good morrow, Ned.

speakest may move, and what he hears

may

be bePoins. Good morrow, sweet Hal.-—-What says lieved, that the true prince may (for recreation monsieur Remorse? What says sir John Sack- sake,) prove a false thief; for the poor abuses of and-Sugar ? Jack, how agrees the devil and thee the time want countenance. Farewell : you shall about thy soul, that thou soldest him on Good- find me in Eastcheap. Friday last, for a cup of Madeira, and a cold P. HEN. Farewell, thou || latter spring ! Farecapon's leg?

well, All-hallown summer !" [Exit FALSTAFF. And pay

(*) First folio omits, been.

(+) First folio omits, night. (1) First folio omits, by my faith. ($) First folio omits, by the Lord. (11) Old text, the.

(*) First folio, smiles.

(+) First folio, rascallest. (1) First folio omits, to God. ($) First folio, unto. (1)First folio, I am.

(0) First folio omits, by the Lord. (**) First folio omits, Zounds. a Most comparative,) This may mean, that is readiest in comparisons or similes.

b Hare set a match.] The first folio has “set a watch.Setting a match was occasionally used for making an appointment; thus, in Ben Jonson's “Bartholomew Fair;"——" Peace, Sir, they'll be angry if they hear you eves-dropping, now they are setting their mntch.” But it was also employed in rogues' language to mean planning a robbery; as in "Ratsey's Ghost," a black letter quarto, quoted by Farmer, supposed to be about 1606. "I have “been many times beholding to Tapsters and Chamberlaines for directions and selling of matches."

e Hear ye, Yedward ;) Yedward is a popular corruption of "Edward,” still used in some parts of England.

d Thou cam'st not of the blood royal, if thou darest not stand for ten shillings.] We should perhaps read, as many of the modern editors do, "cry, stand," since a quibble is evidently intended on the word royal. The coin called real or royal was of ten shillings value.

Well, God give thee the spirit of persuasion, and him the ears of profiting.-] The folio reads, Well, may'st thou have the spirit of persuasion, and he the ears, &c.

f All-hallown summer!) All-hallown tide, or All Saints' day, is the first of November. Nothing could be more happy than the likening Falstaff, with his old age and young passions, to this November summer.

Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride If all the year were playing holidays, with us to-morrow ; I have a jest to execute, that To sport would be as tedious as to work ; I cannot manage alone. Falstaff, Bardolph, Peto, But when they seldom come, they wish'd-for and Gadshill,“ shall rob those men that we have

come, already way-laid ; yourself, and I, will not be And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents. there : and when they have the booty, if you

and

So, when this loose behaviour I throw off, I do not rob them, cut this head from my

the debt I never promised, shoulders.

By how much better than my word I am, P. HEN. But how shall we part with them in By so much shall I falsify men's hopes ;' setting forth?

And, like bright metal on a sullen ground, Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after My reformation, glittering o'er my fault, them, and appoint them a place of meeting, where- Shall show more goodly, and attract more eyes, in it is at our pleasure to fail ; and then will they Than that which hath no foil* to set it off. adventure upon the exploit themselves : which they I'll so offend, to make offence a skill ; shall have no sooner achieved, but we'll set upon Redeeming time, when men think least I will.(6) them.

P. Hen. Ay, but, 'tis like, that they will know us, by our horses, by our habits, and by every other appointment, to be ourselves.

Poins. Tut! our horses they shall not see, I'll SCENE III.-The same. A Room in the tie them in the wood; our visors we will change

Palace. after we leave them ; and, sirrah, I have cases of buckram for the nonce, to immask our noted out- Enter King HENRY, NORTHUMBERLAND, Worward garments.

CESTER, HOTSPUR, Sir WALTER BLUNT, P. Hen. But I doubt, they will be too hard for and others.

[Erit.

us.

same

Poins. Well, for two of them, I know them to be as true-bred cowards as ever turned back; and for the third, if he fight longer than he sees reason, I'll forswear arms. The virtue of this jest will be, the incomprehensible lies that this

* fat rogue will tell us, when we meet at supper : how thirty at least, he fought with ; what wards, what blows, what extremities he endured ; and, in the reproof of this, lies † the jest.

P. HEN. Well, I'll go with thee ; provide us all things necessary, and meet me to-night in Eastcheap, there I'll sup. Farewell.

Poins. Farewell, my lord. [Exit Poins.
P. Hen. I know you all, and will a while up-

hold
The unyok'd humour of

your

idleness :
Yet herein will I imitate the sun,
Who doth permit the base contagious clouds
To smother up his beauty from the world,
That, when he please again to be himself,
Being wanted, he may be more wonder'd at,
By breaking through the foul and ugly mists
Of vapours, that did seem to strangle him.

K. HEN. My blood hath been too cold and

temperate,
Unapt to stir at these indignities,
And you have found me ; for, accordingly,
You tread upon my patience: but, be sure,
I will from henceforth rather be myself,
Mighty, and to be fear'd, than

my

condition ; Which hath been smooth as oil, soft as young

down, And therefore lost that title of respect, Which the proud soul ne'er pays, but to the

proud. Wor. Our house, my sovereign liege, little

deserves The

scourge of greatness to be used on it;
And that same greatness too which our own hands
Have holp to make so portly.

North. My lord,
K. HEN. Worcester, get thee gone, for I do

see

Danger and disobedience in thine eye:
O, sir, your presence is too bold and peremptory,
And majesty might never yet endure

(*) First folio omits, same. (t) First quarto, lives. a Palstaff, Bardolph, Peto, and Gadshill,-) The old copies read, Falstaff, Harvey, Rossil, and Gadshill. Harvey and Russil being, no doubt, the names of the actors who personated Bardolph and Peto.

b For the nonce,) For the occasion. See note (a), p. 128.

C Meet me to-night-] The old copies have “to-morrow night," which is an obvious mistake.

d Shall I falsify men's hopes;) Hopes here means expectalions, a use of the word not at all uncommon formerly, and hardly

(*) First folio, soil. obsolete even now in some counties.

" This speech is very artfully introduced to keep the Prince from appearing vile in the opinion of the audience; it prepares them for his future reformation; and what is yet more valuable, exhibits a natural picture of a great mind offering excuses to itself, and palliat those follies which it can neither justify nor forsake."

JOHNSON The, my condition.] Condition in this place means, natural disposition. See note (d), p. 397.

[graphic]

The moody frontier of a servant brow.

Fresh as a bridegroom. ; and his chin, new reapd, You have good leave to leave us ; when we need Show'd like a stubble land at harvest-home : Your use and counsel, we shall send for you.— He was perfumed like a milliner,

[Exit WORCESTER. And 'twixt his finger and his thumb he held You were about to speak.

[Το NoRTH.

A pouncet-box, which ever and anon NORTH.

Yea, my good lord. He gave his nose, and took't away again ; Those prisoners in your highness' name* de- Who, therewith angry, when it next came there, manded,

Took it in snuff:—and still he smild, and talk’d; Which Harry Percy here at Holmedon took, And, as the soldiers bore * dead bodies by, Were, as he says, not with such strength denied He call’d them—untaught knaves, unmannerly, As is + deliver'd to your majesty :

To bring a slovenly un handsome corse Either envy, therefore, or misprision

Betwixt the wind and his nobility. Is guilty of this fault, and not my son."

With many holiday and lady terms † Hot. My liege, I did deny no prisoners. He question’d me : among the rest, demanded But, I remember, when the fight was done, My prisoners, in your majesty's behalf. When I was dry with rage, and extreme toil, I then, all smarting, with my wounds being cold, Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword,

To be so pester'd with a popinjay,Came there a certain lord, neat, and trimly Out of my grief and my impatience, dressid,

Answer'd neglectingly, I know not what,

(*) First folio omits, name. (+) First fulio, was.

Either envy, therefore, or misprision

Is guilty oj this fuull, and not my son.] So the early quarto copies. The folio reads,–

Who either through envy, or misprision,

Was guilty of this fault," &c.

(*) First folio, bare.

(t) First folio, ter m. DA pouncet box ] A box with the lid pierced, containing scents.

c Took it in snuff.-) See note (®), p. 84.

[graphic][subsumed]

He should, or he* should not ;--for he made me

mad, To see him shine so brisk, and smell so sweet, And talk so like a waiting-gentlewoman, Of guns, and drums, and wounds, (God save the

mark !) And telling me, the sovereign’st thing on earth Was parmaceti,for an inward bruise ; And that it was great pity, so it was, That villainous salt-petre should be digg’d Out of the bowels of the harmless earth, Which many a good tall fellow had destroy'd So cowardly; and, but for thesé vile guns, He would himself have been a soldier. This bald unjointed chat of his, my lord, I answer'd, † indirectly, as I said ; And, I beseech you, let not his I report Come current for an accusation, Betwixt my love and your high majesty. slord,

Blunt. The circumstance consider'd, good my Whatever Harry Percy then had said, To such a person, and in such a place, At such a time, with all the rest re-told, May reasonably die, and never rise

To do him wrong, or any way impeach
What then he said, so he unsay it now.

K. HEN. Why, yet he* doth deny his prisoners;
But with proviso, and exception,
That we, at our own charge, shall ransom straight
His brother-in-law, the foolish Mortimer ;(7)
Who, ont my soul, hath wilfully betray'd
The lives of those, that he did lead to fight
Against the great magician, damn'd Glendower ;
Whose daughter, as we hear, the earl of March
Hath lately married. Shall our coffers then
Be emptied, to redeem a traitor home ?
Shall we buy treason ? and indent with feers,
When they have lost and forfeited themselves ?
No, on the barren mountains I let him starve;
For I shall never hold that man my friend,
Whose tongue shall ask me for one penny cost
To ransom home revolted Mortimer,

Hot. Revolted Mortimer ! He never did fall off, my sovereign liege, But by the chance of war. To prove that true, Needs no

more but one tongue for all those

wounds, Those mouthed wounds, which valiantly he took,

(*) First folio omits, he.

(t) First folio, Made me to answer. (1) First folio, this. a Parmaceti.] This was the ancient pronunciation of spermaceti. Sir Richard Hawkins, in his “Voyage into the South Sea,” 1593, p. 46, says—“This we corruptly call parmacetlie, of the Latin word Sperma Ceti.

b And indent with feers.] The old copies all read fears, which was only one of the many forms of spelling feers :

(*) First folio omits, he.

(1) First folio, in. (1) First folio, mountain. “And Hero fayre vnto her feare, Leander fyne did take."The Pleasant fable of Hermaphroditus and Salmacis,

by T. Peend, Gent. &c. &c. 1565.

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