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sunk so low, that there is not a the position of allies, taught to lean chance of persuading them to make on us, and rendered obnoxious to an effort, warlike or peaceful, for the wrath of Koffi. The retreating their own or others' advantage. English would be followed by the Sir Garnet Wolseley and his staff groans of the Fantees, Wassahs, have made us understand how in- and so on. And, of course, we are ducements, which to a people with not going to depart, as Lord Carthe slightest elevation of character narvon has explained. We cannot or energy would have been irresist- ascertain from his lordship's speech ible, were utterly ineffectual with that the character of the Protectorthese debased natures. Compul- ate will differ much from what it sion is not a desirable means of put was before ; and we regret that this ting life into a people, but in this is the case. We would have precase it seems to be the only means. ferred the consolidation, and, if Thus the question presents itself: necessary, extension, of our governShall we for a time allow resort to ment, and the establishment of a the only means which promise suc- firm rule ; but probably the nation cess ? or shall we, from a high-flown would not consent to this, so there adherence to the letter of a maxim was no use in proposing it. . (of a generous maxim, without Two or three changes in the madoubt), allow these poor creatures chinery of government intended to to continue in their fearfully de be carried out at this unpleasant graded state of sloth, ignorance, and station seem likely to be beneficial, ferocity?
and we are glad to see that we are Means ought to be found of getting to have once more a Gold Coast over this difficulty; but we are not at corps. We had one before, which all confident that they will, for our afterwards had its name changed, people are most arbitrary on many and became a West India Regipoints. Yet they have, after a long ment. Then came Mr Cardwell time, found out how to let our flag and abolished the corps; immedifloat over populations with whose ately after which he went to war on religions we have no sympathy, and the Gold Coast. While we had a whose practices are abominations to Gold Coast corps, we had no war on us ; and we have found that, by the Gold Coast; while we had a being simply tolerant at the first, war on the Gold Coast, we had no we have, after a time, been able to Gold Coast corps; the War Minisinfuse our sentiments among the ter had reduced it just by the time subject populations. The practice it was wanted. Looking at this of Suttee in India has almost, if fact, the Black War may be seen to not entirely, been eradicated in this be directly traceable to the promises way. But if we had declined to of economy by which partly the exert British authority where Suttee Liberal Government attained to was practised, it might have been power in 1868. prevalent to this day. Our prudery The Radicals, we trust, will be much resembles the caution of the found to have much overshot their man who intended never to go into mark in attempting to create exthe water till he could swim ! citement by their Bill for house
There are obvious reasons why hold franchise in the counties. The we cannot, immediately after this reform bait is getting very stale, war, withdraw wholly from the even in times favourable to agitation theatre of it. We cannot desert and change ; but now, just that a the tribes whom we have raised to strong reaction against revolutionary
movements has set in, and when we to render them necessary. The are watching in uncertainty the im- complete reallotment of the repreportant effects of other and suffici- .sentation which he showed to be ently hazardous experiments, it was involved in the new franchise was, silly as well as wicked to attempt to though he treated it humorously, hurry forward more leaps in the enough to raise some little feeling dark. We think we should have of caution in even the most Radical preferred to give a stern and per- mind. The disfranchisement of a emptory opposition to the attempt, large proportion of the existing but we must suppose that Ministers constituencies, and the creation of knew what they were about when new constituencies, the working of they met the Bill as they did. No which it is impossible to conceive donbt the Prime Minister, with beforehand, are designs which may admirable temper, counselled the well excite apprehension. Grant House of Commons as to the mode that they cannot be altogether put of dealing with the question. The aside, and that they must sooner right hon. gentleman did not let or later occupy the attention of it appear that he is in principle Government and of Parliamento; opposed to this measure; and he still they are not ripe for consicertainly did not refuse to acknow- deration at the present time. Even ledge the weight of the arguments if opinion were more matured conwhich in the abstract can be ad- cerning them than it is, it would duced in support of it. His reason- be most inexpedient to force them ing, on the coutrary, went to prove before the Legislature until we have that an abstract view of the subject more experience of the situation in is at the present time absolutely which other, and not inconsiderable, useless, because the proposed change reforms have already landed us. cannot be put in practice except in We are by no means clear as to the connection with other and more operation of the last Reform Act or startling changes to which we do the Ballot Act; but surely we ought not at all see our way. Mr Forster, to understand the nature and effects with (for him) singular reckless of those changes which have been ness, argued that the right course legalised before we pass on to more would be to concede the franchise, sweeping and more dangerous inand then, if it must be so, to novations. Fortunately, there was adjust any involvements or anom- not the least appearance of the wisalies that might arise out of it, dom of the Government having to treating these presumed consequen- contend with popular impatience in ces of it more as excuses for post- recommending the postponment of poning the desired legislation than these momentous questions. It as bona fide obstacles. But the seemed rather as if the abhorrence Premier did not allow the House to of revolutionary movement were remain long under the influence more vivid in the people themselves of this exhortation. He demonstra than the conviction of its impruted with the greatest clearness that dence can be in Ministerial minds. the collateral changes, which must We have been gorged with reforms accompany the change proposed, and projects of reforms until we are could in no wise be left for after absolutely nauseated. We find in treatment as mere appendages and the reforms of the late Government simple adjustments, but that they disappointment and dissatisfaction are entitled to quite as patient con- so great, that if the present Governsideration as the measure which is ment were weak enough to start the County Franchise movement by way agriculture, into a most unfortunate of gaining popularity, it is more condition. One of two results seems than probable that the people would to be certainly impending. Either check them so sharply as to take the by the continued success of these edge off their appetite for that kind combinations and the longer they of excitement for some time to succeed the more destructive they come. But Ministers understand will be in the end-we shall drive the popular mind far better than to away from among us that pretempt it in this direction. That eminence in industry, and consethey had been right in discounte- quently that wealth, which have so nancing the proposal was abun- largely contributed to make us the dantly proved in the House by powerful nation that we have been, the large majority which rejected and, we hope, are; or the combinthe Bill, and out of the House by ing operatives, after the experiences the entire acquiescence of the of a few years, will, on striking a country in the action of its repre- balance of gains and losses, discover sentatives. Even those who desire that, years of plenty and years of to promote the interests of the famine all reckoned, they are at the Liberal party hesitate now about end of a given period worse off than embarking in a course of agitation; they would have been if they had for, since the results of some recent worked steadily along at medium changes have been observed, they wages. They would, without the suspect that by so doing they might aid of the combinations, have benebe only labouring for their adver- fited in time of prosperity, and saries. The agitators who have they have been forced, in spite of been trying to get up the new combination, to submit to reduction reform cry, and to benefit by it, in time of adversity. The difference are the only persons, apparently, probably is this, that in prosperous who regret the fate of the hapless times combination has forced up Bill. Some of their kind will no their earnings more rapidly than in doubt succeed in rousing the people the natural course of things, thereby to action again some day; but they precipitating the return to evil forwill not do it by offers of electoral tune; and that in adverse times it reform. That lure will draw no has aggravated reduction of earnings, longer. The people who try to and consequent distress, by organisagitate with it show that they ing resistance to dispensations which don't understand their not very it is not in the power of man to resist respectable business.
effectually. The prosperity has been We wish that agitators in general more suddenly prosperous, and the were as unsuccessful; but they do adversity has been inore tediously their work only too effectually some- biting. In a majority of cases, too, times; and we are now suffering, it is to be feared that the wages of and have yet to suffer, for the agi- prosperity have been carelessly spent, tation which procured for the late and there has been no provision for Ministry their term of office. The the time of distress. This is a rousing the feelings of class against rather bad account; and there must class, and the inflammation of the be added to the side of loss the conselfish desires of particular classes stant contribution made to the funds who fancy they can obtain the of the association. Reckonings like gratification of them by combined these, we say, may before long make action, have brought our manufac- the more thoughtful workmen ask tures, our commerce, and now our themselves whether, after all, the
combination may not have been a the late election. There is not mistake.
a sign of their having acted in We scarcely think it an advan- haste or passion—not a breath of tage to a Government to be faced regret for the unsuccessful poliby a very feeble and dejected Op ticians who have been displaced. position, or by no Opposition at all. It does not appear that we are going Yet, to proceed for a while unmo- to be ruined by extravagance, allested is preferable to being set upon though certainly the public service in the first week of office by a com- will not be allowed to suffer from bination of incongruous factions, parsimony : there is no dread felt which can agree in nothing except of our being wantonly involved in hostility to the existing Adminis- war, although we have taken the tration. The latter has often been white feather out of Britannia's the fortune of Conservative Govern- helmet. We do not find ourselves ments; but now at last Mr Disraeli's the worse for the sudden blight that Ministry is able to address itself to has come over the various leagues, its many arduous duties, harassed conferences, communes, and so on; it by no attack from without. Storms even seems as if the air were a little will arise ere long, no doubt; but, by purer since they lost their tongues. the time they come, the governing The believers in Liberal infallibility body will have become acquainted have had to admit the possibility of with its work, and occasional strife a Conservative Ministry coming to is the lot of all Administrations. power; perhaps, by a strong effort Meanwhile, one marks with plea- of mind, they may this summer sure the entire satisfaction evinced receive the idea of a Conservative by the people at their work in rule of some duration.
INDEX TO VOL. CXV.
Abdication, an act of, 62.
* Blue Mountains, the, or the Far,'
Bolingbroke, character of Marlborough
Bonshaw tower taken by the Maxwells,
BOOK OF CARLAVEROCK, THE, 194.
Downs, Part I., 269— Part II., 397— 372, 374
Part. III., 578-Part IV., 665. Bowring, Mr Lewin, and the Minor King
of Mysore, 237, 240.
125 et seq.
the education of the young King of
REIGN OF, 301—the death of her son, Brown, Tom, his works, 313.
BUDGET AND THE INCOME · Tax, THE,
ter by, 320.
Byron, the scepticism of, 227.
Campbell, Sir Colin, the relief of Luck-
now by, 114.
the Deïaneira.' 546.
Capitulation in diplomacy, what, 61.
Cardinal in petto, a, 60.
Carlaverock Castle, sieges of, 197.
Cartel in diplomacy, what, 61.
Charlemagne, the banner of, 609.
Chateaubriands, the arms of the, 619.