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* Humbugs Of New York: being a Remonstrance against Popular Delusion, whether in Science, Philosophy, or Religion. By David Meredith REESE, M. D.' Such of our readers as remember the exposé awarded to Dr. Reese, in these pages, soon after his ridiculous attack of a valuable work by Dr. BeiGhAM, will agree with us, that no one could be better qualified to write upon humbug, than our author. He understands the matter perfectly; and has turned his practical knowledge and long experience to tolerable account, in exposing some of the humbugs of the day, and to poor account, as heretofore, in including other matters, which have nothing in common with popular delusions. Our author's reputation, as an honest exponent of phrenology, has been pretty thoroughly established. 'Silence were best,' we should think, in this regard. But in discussing ultra-temperance, ultra-abolitionism, and ultra-sectarianism, he has done the public good service, the meed of which may be some atonement for the mortification attendant upon the 'making a Judy of himself' some twelvemonth or so since. But King Humbug will always rule, in provinces, not withstanding the rebellion of his prime ministers. He was born to have sway, somewhere, in all time. Mighty ancient’ is his family. His mother, we are told, was
'Eden's madam, For Satan he did humbug her, And she did humbug Adam.'
"The DesertED Bride, AND OTHER Poems,' is the title of a volume recently given to the public, by Col. GEORGE P. MORRIS, of the 'New-York Mirror.' The poem occupy. ing the place of honor in, and which gives the name to, the work, was originally communicated to the KNICKERBOCKER, by the author, and subsequently attained a wide circulation in the journals of the day. The other minor poems, including several theatrical addresses, and songs set to music, have also been made familiar to American newspaper-readers, having been proclaimed, as our persevering and indefatigable friend felicitously expresses it, 'from the house-tops of the press.' Not having been favored by the publishers with a copy of the volume and 'wherefore we know not unable to speak of the book in detail; yet we may confidently predict, 'unsight, unseen,' as commercial juveniles have it, that there is not an objectionable sentiment in the work, nor the merest literary trifle without its agreeable characteristic, in a social, moral, or religious point of view. The volume is spoken of, we perceive, on all hands, as a very finished production, in its typography, and externals of paper and binding. New-York : ADLARD AND SAUNDERS.
- we are
The North AMERICAN REview for April, has been published. It reaches us late, and we have but glanced through its fair, clear pages. It has nine articles proper, and twelve brief critical notices. The reviews are, Original Italian Historical Romances, by our correspondent, G. W. Greene, Esq., American Consul at Rome; Periodical Essays of the Age of ANNE; VARGAS DE Bedemar's Madeira and the Azores; Last years of Maria Louisa; Early History of Canada, (MÖGREGOR'S 'British America,' and SchoolCRAFT's Mississippi 'Expedition ;') LOCKHART's Memoirs of Scott, CLARK's Documentary History of the American Revolution, and Ror's Hebrew Lexicon.
"The Albion.' — Our readers are aware of the prëeminent rank in which we place this most capacious of our literary weekly journals. It has very naturally acquired an unsurpassed circulation. A plate, we are informed, exceeding in size and beauty any of the frequent fine engravings hitherto given in the work, will soon be issued, and subsequently a superb portrait of Queen VICTORIA. To its embellishments, and rare literary contents, are added, weekly, the most choice musical attractions. We hesitate not, therefore, to pronounce the Aleron the best, as, all things considered, it is certainly the cheapest, literary weekly journal in the United States; and this fact seems to have been thoroughly established.
New-York Review. — The early issue of this work, for the April quarter, enables us to advert briefly to a portion of its contents. From a cursory perusal, we judge it to be a rich number. Chancellor Kent has a sound, and in some parts eloquent, article upon the Supreme Court of the United States; there is an interesting review of the Antiquitates Americanæ, illustrating the discovery of America by the Northmen; a very capital paper upon the history and writings of the poet CHATTENTON ; another upon the poetry of Giles Fletcher, and another on Lamartine’s ‘Jocelyn.' 'The Present State of the Church of England,' 'Prescolt's History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella,' Williams' South-Sea-Islands, with numerous briefer notices, are among the remaining articles. The Quarterly List of New Publications, native and foreign, by Mr. Putnam, is an important addition to this now well-established periodical. Thus far, we have been in type since last month. We can only add, even now, that our favorable impressions of the number have been fully confirmed.
ETIQUETTE FOR LADIES. — Messrs. Carey, LEA AND BLANCHARD, Philadelphia, have published a small volume, entitled ' Etiquette for Ladies, with Hints on the Preservation, Improvement, and Display of Female Beauty.' The merits of the book, in a literary point of view, are sufficiently small. It is possible that our friends the publishers have two kinds of authors, at two different prices - namely, those who do, and those who do not, write grammatically - and that they did n't choose to put any of their best hands upon this work. Certain it is, that old Priscian's skull is so frequently fractured in its pages, that we are compelled to 'complain of his action of battery.' For the rest, there is much that may be made useful, and many things which are useless, in the volume. While some females may derive benefit from 'etiquette by the card,' others, more fortunate in the possession of innate delicacy of feeling, and propriety of the heart – for this, after all, is the true secret-can derive little from its pages in aid of their personal deportment. All, however, will find in them valuable hints upon the preservation and improvement of beauty.
New-YORK MIRROR. — This well-established periodical, whose typographical, pictorial, and literary merits have been too frequently 'flaunted in the public eye,' to require the repeated blazon of this Magazine, has received a valuable addition to its literary resources, in the person of Epes Sargeant, Jr., Esq., of Boston, who will hereafter, as we learn, have control of the editorial department. He will wortbily supply the place so well filled by Mr. Hoffman, who has won deserved applause, in this field, as in that of more elaborate authorship. Mr. Sargeant is a young gentleman of fine talents, who has acquired a good repute with his pen, in a variety of intellectual efforts. We cordially welcome him among us, as a capable co-laborer in the good cause of national periodical literature.
New-York 'SPIRIT OF THE TIMES.' – This journal, as a vehicle of English and American sporting and theatrical intelligence, has acquired a wide and deserved celebrity. Every department of field and other sports, foreign and domestic, is here spread out, including important information in relation to celebrated English and American winning horses, their pedigrees, etc., and indeed all matters connected with the turf. The copious theatrical intelligence, from abroad, and at home, is another interesting feature in the 'Times;' while as a journal of light literature, it competes well with its weekly contemporaries. It is especially rich in original and selected articles, and brief paragraphs, of a humorous character. We commend it confidently to American sportsmen, and lovers of fun, every where.
THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. — Messrs. WILEY AND PUTNAM have issued a volume of some two hundred pages, entitled 'An Inquiry into the Moral and Religious Character of the American Government. The objects of this work, and the importance of
its expositions, in a national point of view, demand a more elaborate notice at our hands, than we have at present either time or space to afford. We shall refer to it again, and in the mean time commend it to the reader's attention. The typographical execution of the book is of the first order of excellence. This would have been readily inferred, however, had we merely mentioned the fact, that the volume is from the wellknown press of Messrs. G. F. HOPKINS AND Son.
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF Design. — The thirteenth annual exhibition of the National Academy of Design has recently been opened at Clinton Hall. In our next number, we shall notice the collection, which is considerably larger than that of last year, at length. Among the more prominent features, are two large landscapes, by COLE, a superb one by DURAND, which has no superior in the academy, small sketches by Mount, with fine heads by well-known artists — InMAN, Ixgham, CHAPMAN, C. G. THOMPSON, Page, HUNTINGTON, etc., etc. The collection is a fair one, and already attracts a multitude of visitors.
ST. JONATHAN, THE LAY OF A Scald.'- A small, thin pamphlet, with a pink paper cover, enclosing a dedication, eighty-eight stanzas, in the measure of 'Don Juan,' and sundry notes – all for one-and-sixpence. There is some cleverness in our young author — we judge of his years from internal evidence – and his facility in rhyming is remarkable. Some of his terminations, howbeit, can only be pronounced 'fine,' in the sense of strained. We have no room, at so late an hour, for extracts, by which we could make the 'Scald' appear to advantage, and to disadvantage, as well, since there are not a few weeds for the exterminating hoe of criticism, in this copious, disorderly, and desultory mélange. Yet 't is far from indifferent, as a whole. Try again, Sir Scald – try again.
Kate LESLIE' is the title of a novel, in two volumes, by Thomas HAYNES BAYLEY, who has written so many clever songs, which have been wedded to music, every where. It is pronounced an entertaining work, we perceive, by several critics who have perused it. We are not of the number, having seen quite enough of Mr. Bayley as a novel-writer, in reading ' David Dumps,' a very stupid production, in our humble judgment. The yearnings for humor, and the contemptible puns, of the first chapter, would deter the most inveterate fiction-reader from prosecuting a farther search for intellectual gratification.
"The HESPERIAN, OR WESTERN MONTHLY MAGAZINE,' is the title of a new and handsomely-executed work, the first number of which has just come to us from Columbus, (Ohio.) It reaches us too late to say more than that it is under the able editorship of William D. GALLAGHER and OTWAY CURRIE, Esqrs., and in truth little need be added to this fact, save that the editors are to be assisted by some of the finest minds in the west. We cordially wish success, and a generous support, to our valued contemporary.
The New VOLUME. Our stores for the TWELFTH VOLUME, which will commence on the first of July, are accumulating. We have a secret pride in the belief that we shall not a little SURPRISE our readers by the extent and character of the literary resources which will be exhibited in that volume. We indulge the more confidently in this belief, because we are even now enabled to contrast what has been done, of which the reader can judge, with what may be done, of which we can judge. We may mention here, by way of explanation - having before alluded, in a 'promissory note,' to the subject - that 'The Atlantines, a Romance of America,' by John Galt., Esq., author of 'Annals of the Parish,''Laurie Todd,' etc., dedicated to Philip HONE, Esq., will be reserved for continuous publication in the numbers of the new series.
Some of our readers are requested to peruse the 'Appeal to Unjust Subscribers,' on the third page of the cover.
Nothing is beautiful but what is true;' and the truth coincident with beauty embraces not alone the literal verity of affirmations, but also the fitness of things, the harmonies of reason and conduct, and moral emotion, and all genuine feeling. It is shown, in its most engaging forms, less in the demonstrations of Archimedes and Newton, than in the characters of men of signal but not erratic virtue ; a Socrates, an Alfred, a More, a Washington; men of consistent, intelligible characters, possessed not merely of a wide reach of thought, but of the faculty of sober discrimination, the power to see things under their true aspects and relations, and a sufficient sense of character to act out the truth so clearly and justly apprehended; men who sometimes pass for cold, perhaps unfeeling, but who really, in their vigor and depth of feeling, almost as far surpass the children of an artificial sensibility, as the works of God iranscend the imperfect and puny creations of man. But the beauty which flows from the moral harmonies of character, is often seen most palpably in the selection and adaptation of the outward utilities of life — the material possessions which subserve the yarious uses of men. Subject to numberless wants and desires, which tax to the utmost his productive and appropriating powers, which even pass beyond the limit of present realities, and reach far away into the depths of time and being, it is trite to remark, that the dignity and happiness of man depend upon the relative place which his several desires hold in his practical system of attaining their objects. And as PROPERTY is, in some way, the necessary instrument, not only of his subsistence and comfort, but likewise of gratifying his intellectual tastes, and aiding his moral progress, the main part of practical ethics must ever be made up of principles and questions touching the uses of property, or the right employment of industry, and its products : And the principles of taste connected with this subject will be found, in every case, in entire harmony with the principle of duty, and the rule of convenience.
Mr. Sedgwick, in his volume upon Public and Private Economy,'* has done much toward elucidating the principles which should
**Public and Private Economy.' In one volume. By THEODORE SEDGWICK. VOL. XI.
govern the unwealthy million of society, in the consumption of their earnings, and setting in a strong light the bad taste, as well as the pernicious folly, of a large portion of the expenditure of all classes of people. For this good service, we are disposed, even at this late day, to invoke a still wider circulation and more general perusal of his book. Before proceeding to detail some of the thoughts suggested by a late re-perusal, it behooves us to mark a few errors, which strike us as being of a glaring, if not reprehensible, character.
First, then, the author – and it often happens to men who devote much attention to any subject, to become impressed with its all-surpassing importance — appears to us to attach too transcendant a value to the possession of property, in comparison with other possessions, of a more enduring nature. Knowledge and education,' he says, ' are often powerful, without the aid of property; so too they are often quite helpless; but people who hare wealth are nerer so. True, knowledge is often of no avail toward the attainment of some specific utility. The man of learning and talent may be destitute of the means of subsistence, in circumstances where truth and noble thoughts cannot be bartered for bread. Here a few pieces of silver would stand him more in stead than all his wisdom. But would he be willing to exchange his radiant world of thought for these pieces of silver, and the gross utilities that know no other price? Not until physical suffering had first demented him! But are people who have wealth never helpless ? Is all that makes up our physical and spiritual welfare, to be bought with gold? Vain thought! It is the mania of the most. numerous class of dreamers that chase the painted bubbles on the stream of time. Is the possessor of wealth always able to apply balm to the bereaved heart? to administer sustaining counsel to the desponding spirit ? — to command the unfeigned respect and discriminating affection which are awarded to wisdom, and virtue, and amiability of character ? Say not that the possessors of wealth are never helpless! The sighs, the repinings, the hopeless wishes, breathed in many a noble mansion, where avarice has hoarded the earnings of thousands, and magnificence lavished the luxuries of every land, annul the baseless position. There is a worse helplessness than is implied in being destitute of property.
True, the good we can do without property is indeed small; without a provision for his necessary wants, man cannot exercise his higher faculties to any purpose, and must remain in savage ignorance. but let the instrument, however necessary, be assigned to its proper place.
If we may trust our understanding of such passages as the ensuing, there is too great a similarity to a certain cant of radicalism, which would be quite out of place in so sensible a book as this of Mr. Sedgwick's: “As all property comes from labor, and as these few favored persons have not been laborers — neither farmers, mechanics, merchants, manufacturers, nor professional men — their property has been derived from other sources than their own industry — unequal laws in their own favor, which is monopoly.' The idle class will be in proportion to the riches of the people, and the number of idlers that the people agree to support at the public expense. In England, there is a debt of eight hundred millions pounds sterling;