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6s is worse than an infidel (k);" he disobeys one of the clearest injunctions of Christianity, and omits to discharge an office, which Pagans in general would have been ashamed of neglecting. That these words of the Apostle include parents, is a truth which will not be questioned. They are now quoted not for the sake of inculcating the particular obligation to which they relate, but for the sake of an inference which they furnish. They enable us to conclude, with certainty, what would have been the language of St. Paul, had he been led expressly to deliver his sentiments concerning mothers regardless of maternal duties.

In the former part of this work, when the education of young women and their introduction into general society were the fubjects under discussion, several of the most important topics of parental duty, being inseparably connected with those subjects, were illustrated and enforced. It remains now to fubjoin some detached remarks, which could

(k) 1 Tim. v. 8.

not

not hitherto be commodiously stated. Like the preceding, they relate to points which will press on the attention of a mother, whether sharing with a husband the duties of a parent, or called by his death to the more arduous office of fulfilling them alone.

The first of the parental duties which nature points out to the mother is to be herself the nurse of her own offspring. In some instances, however, the parent endued with the powers of constitution requisite for the discharge of it. In others, the discharge of it would be attended with a risk to her own health greater than she ought to encounter when it can be avoided. In every such case the general obligation ceases. The disappointment, which will be felt by maternal tenderness, ought to be borne without repining; and without indulging apprehensions respecting the welfare of the infant, which experience has proved to be needless. But fpontaneously to transfer to a stranger, as modern example dic

is not

1

tates,

tates, the office of nurturing your child, when your

health and strength are adequate to the undertaking ; to transfer it that

your indolence may not be disturbed, or that your passion for amusement may not be crippled in its exertions ; is to evince a most shameful degree of selfishness and unnatural insensibility. When affection fails even in this first trial, great reason have we to forebode the absence of that disposition to sub. mit to personal sacrifices, which will be found indispensably necessary to the performance of the subsequent duties of a parent.

Whether a mother is or is not able to rear her offspring at her own breast, conscience and natural feelings unite in directing her to exercise that general superintendence over the conduct of all the inhabitants of the nursery, which is requisite to preserve her infant from suffering by neglect, by the prejudices of ignorance, or by the immoderate officiousness of care.

and ten

When the dawning intellect begins to unfold itself, the office of parental instruction commences. The dispositions of a child are susceptible of very early culture : and much trouble and much unhappiness may be prevented by nipping in the bud the first shoots of caprice, obstinacy, and passion. The twig, however young der, may be bent and fashioned by the hand of gentleness. The mind foon learns by habit to expect discipline; and ere long begins to discipline itself. By degrees the young pupil acquires the capacity of understanding the general reasons of the parent's commands, denials, commendations, and reproofs: and they should be communicated in most cases in which they can be comprehended. Perfe&t freedom from irritability and capriciousness, patience not weary of attending to minute objects and minute opportunities, and steadiness never to be won by mere entreaty, or teased by importunity, from its original right determination, are among the qualifications at all periods, and

especially especially at the period of which we now {peak, essential to the parent.

As childhood advances, the opening faculties are employed under maternal direction on the rudiments of knowledge. The parent in these days possesses, in the variety of elementary tracts of modern date, advantages of which, when she herself was a child, her preceptress was destitute. The first principles of religion are inculcated in a mode adapted to interest attention; and information on many other subjects is couched under the form of dialogue and narrative suited to the comprehension and amusing to the imagination of the pupil. A proper

selection from the multitude of little publications, differing materially as to intrinsic worth, requires no large portion of time and trouble. Where caution is easy, negligence is in the same proportion reprehensible.

The time now arrives, when the regular business of education, in all its branches, is

to

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