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deepest colours of deformity, when contrafted with the behaviour of those women who are seen to retain, after the largest accessions of riches and consequence, the unassuming manners, the meekness of difpofition, the same principles, the fame attachments, by which they were originally distinguished,

When a large manufactory collects together, as is the case in cotton mills and fome other instances, a number of women and children within its walls; or draws a concourse of poor families into its immediate vicinity, by the employment which it affords to the different parts of them ; let the wife of the owner continually bear in mind that to their toil her opulence is owing. Let her remember that the obligations between the labourer and his employer are reciprocal. With cordial activity let her unite with her husband, in all ways compatible with the offices of her sex, to promote the comfort and welfare of his de

pendents pendents by liberal charity, adapted to their respective wants, and by all other means which personal inspection and inquiry may. indicate as conducive to the preservation of their health, and the improvement of their moral and religious character. The afsemblage of multitudes is highly unfavourable to virtue. The constant occupations of children in a manufactory may easily be pushed to an extreme, that will leave neither time nor inclination for the acquifition of those principles of rectitude, which, if not impressed during childhood, are rarely gained afterwards. If such occupations are carried on in the contaminated atmosphere of crowded rooms, they sap the constitution in the years destined according to the course of nature for its complete establishment. These are evils which every person, who has an interest in a manufactory, is bound by the strongest ties of duty to prevent; or, if they exist already, to remove.

A similar obligation rests on the wives of tradesmen in general, in proportion to the

ability

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ability and the opportunities which they possess of benefiting, in any of the methods which have been pointed out, the families of the workmen employed by their husbands. If a woman has herself the superintendence and management of the shop, let industry, punctuality, accuracy in keeping accounts, the scrupulousness of honesty shewing itself in a steady abhorrence of every manoeuvre to impose on the customer, and all other virtues of a commercial character which are reducible to practice in her situation, distinguish her conduct (i). If

her

(i) It is said, by those who have fufficient opportunities of ascertaining the fact, to be no unfrequent practice among the wives of several descriptions of shopkeepers in London, knowingly to demand from persons who call to purchase articles for ready money, a price, when the husband is not present, greater than that which he would have asked. This overplus, if the article be bought, the wife conceals, and appropriates to her own use. If the cụstomer demurs at the demand, and the husband chances to enter; the wife professes to have been mistaken, and apologises for the error. Thus detection is avoided. It is scarcely nęcessary to say, that the whole of the proceeding is gross dishonesty and falsehood on the part of the wife. If the husband has led her into temptation, by withholding from

her

her occupation be such as to occasion young women to be placed under her roof as affiftants in her business, or for the purpose of acquiring the knowledge of it; let her behave to them with the kindness of a friend, and watch over their principles and moral behaviour with the folicitude of a mother.

her an equitable supply of money for her proper expences, he also deserves great blame. Does she then attempt to justify herself on this plea? As reasonably might the allege it in defence of forgery.

CHA P. XIV.

ON PARENTAL DUTIES.

Or all the duties incumbent on mankind, there are none which recommend themselves more powerfully to natural reason than those of the parent. The high estimation in which the Scriptures hold them is evident, from a variety of precepts, reflections, allusions, comparisons, and incidents, in the Old and New Testaments. The obligations which rest on the father and the mother, in many points the same, are, in fome few respects, different. Thus, for example, the task of making a reasonable provision for the future wants of children belongs, in common cases, to the father. - " If any,” saith St. Paul,“ provide not for * his own, and especially for those of his s own house, he hath denied the faith, and

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