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CIVIL RIGHTS PROPOSALS

STAND

IVERSITY

BEFORE THE

HEARINGS JANS 1957
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDKOR Inisio
UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON
S. 900 (Antilynching); S. 902 (Civil Rights Division);
S. 903 (Political Participation); H. R. 5205 (Armed
Forces); S. J. Res. 29 (Qualification of Electors);
S. Con. Res. 8 (Joint Congressional Committee); S. 904
(Labor-Peonage); S. 905 (Supplement Existing Stat-
utes); S. 906 (Civil Rights Commission); S. 907
(Omnibus Bill); S. 1089 (Armed Forces); S. 3604 (Addi-
tional Assistant Attorney General); S. 3605 (Bipartisan
Commission); S. 3415 (Federal Commission); S. 3717

(Strengthen Statutes); S. 3718 (Right To Vote)

APRIL 24, MAY 16, 25, JUNE 1, 12, 25, 26, 27, AND JULY 6 AND 13, 1956

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1956

79992

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah PRICE DANIEL, Texas

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

HERMAN WELKER, Idaho MATTHEW M. NEELY, West Virginia JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland

II

CONTENTS

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Page

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267

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134

Statement of

Biemiller, Andrew J., legislative representative, AFL-CIO, accom-

panied by Boris Shishkin ------

129

Brownell, Hon. Herbert, Attorney General of the United States ----
Cook, Hón. Eugene, the attorney general from the State of Georgia. 309
Davis, Hon, James C., a United States Congressman from the State

of Georgia -----
Goodrich, Ernest W., Esq., Surry, Va.---

258

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert, a United States Senator from the State of

Minnesota-----

McCanless, Hon. George F., the attorney general from the State of

Tennessee-----------------------------------------------

215

Malin, Patrick Murphy, executive director, American Civil Liberties

Union, New York, N. Y.---

Mitchell, Clarence, 'director, Washington Bureau, National Associa-

tion for the Advancement of Colored People ---

121

Patterson, Hon. Joe T., the attorney general from the State of Missis-
sippi.

225

Perez, Judge Leander H., district attorney, Plaquemines-St. Bernard

District, Louisiana --

325

Rodman, Hon. William B., Jr., the attorney general from the State of

North Carolina---

Scull, David H., Friends Committee on National Legislation, Wash-
_ington, D. C.---------------------------------------------

139
Taylor, Tyre, general counsel, Southern States Industrial Council,
Nashville, Tenn.--

303

Whitten, Hon. Jamie L., a United States Congressman from the State

of Mississippi.-------

242

Wicker, John J., Jr., Esq., Richmond, Va---------

244

Wilkins, Roy, executive secretary, National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People, New York, N. Y.----

107

Williams, George Washington, Esq., Baltimore, Md.-

Williams, Hon. John Bell, a United States Congressman from the

State of Mississippi.----

278

Wimberly, Horace, assistant attorney general for the State of Texas, 287, 291

Exhibits:

Notice of hearings on proposed civil-rights legislation in Congressional

Record of April 23, 1956..

Copy Senate Joint Resolution 29------

Copy Senate Concurrent Resolution 8.------

Copy S. 900.-----
Copy Senate report to accompany the bill S. 900-
Copy S. 902...
Copy S. 903

-----
Letter dated February 22, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr.,

requesting report on Senate Joint Resolution 29.-
Letter dated March 22, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., re-

questing report on S. 902.--
Letter dated July 27, 1955, to Hon. James Paul Mitchell requesting

report on S. 903-----
Letter dated December 5, 1955, to Hon. H. M. Kilgore from Arthur

Larson, Acting Secretary of Labor.
Letter dated July 27, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., requesting

report on S. 903-----
Letter dated September 8, 1955, to Hon. Harley M. Kilgore from

William P. Rogers, Deputy Attorney General..
Copy S. 904.
Letter dated February 8, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., re-

questing report on S. 904.-

Letter dated April 19, 1955, to Hon. Harley M. Kilgore from William

P. Rogers, Deputy Attorney General..

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Exhibits-Continued

Copy S. 905
Letter dated March 22, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., requesting

report on S. 905------

Copy S. 906

Letter dated March 22, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., re-

questing report on S. 906.--

Letter dated September 8, 1955, to Hon. Harley M. Kilgore from

William P. Rogers, Deputy Attorney General---

Copy S. 907--------------------------------------------------
Letter dated March 22, 1955, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., re-
questing report on S. 907------

-----------------
Copy S. 1089-------
Letter dated March 8, 1955, to Hon, Charles E. Wilson, Secretary,

Department of Defense, requesting report on S. 1089.------
Letter dated March 16, 1955, to Hon. Harley M. Kilgore from David

S. Smith, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force----

Copy S. 3415.----

Letter dated March 14, 1956, to Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., re-

questing report on. S. 3415-----

Copy S. 3604------
Supporting data on S 3604 from the Attorney General Brownell is to

be found on page 67 of this hearing-------
Copy S 3605------
Supporting data on S. 3605 from the Attorney General Brownell is to

be found on page 68 of this hearing------

Copy H. R. 5205 ----

Senate report to accompany H. R. 5205----

Senate Judiciary Committee action report on civil-rights bills before

the committee.----

Senatorial membership of the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights.

Copy S. 900.---

Copy Senate Report to accompany S. 900.-

Copy S. 902.--

Copy Senate report to accompany S. 902_--

Copy S. 903.--

Copy Senate report to accompany S. 903-

Copy H. R. 5205 ---

Copy Senate report to accompany H. R. 5205..
Letter dated April 9, 1956, addressed to the Vice President from

Attorney General Brownell, with two proposed bills.--
Letter dated June 4, 1956, addressed to Hon. James O. Eastland from

William P. Rogers, Deputy Attorney General, relative to Mississippi

laws relating to qualifications as a voter-------

Letter dated June 4, 1956, addressed to Hon. James 0, Eastland from

William P. Rogers, Deputy Attorney General, relative to a list of

the statutes that would be assigned to the Civil Rights Division

which would be created if the proposed legislation were enacted --

Affidavit submitted by the Office of the Attorney General concerning

questions allegedly asked of Negro citizens who sought to register

in a Mississippi county------

Mr. Roy Wilkins, NAACP, submitted for the record:

1. Sample ballot, Democratic Primary Election, May 1, 1956,

Montgomery County, Ala----

2. Photostat of an envelope and a threatening message mailed

to a Mississippi voter-----------

---------

The Constitution, States Rights, and the Segregation Cases, a speech

delivered before the Baltimore City Association for States Rights,

Inc., and the Maryland Petition Committee by George Washington

Williams------

Comparative analysis of all of the bills relating to the institution of

a Commission on Civil Rights.

Statement submitted by—

Hon. Hubert Humphrey, a United States Senator from the State

of Minnesota----------------------------------------------
Lehman, Hon. Herbert H., a United States Senator from the State

of New York.----

------------------------------------------

David H. Scull, Friends Committee on National Legislation --- -

341

112

CIVIL RIGHTS PROPOSALS

TUESDAY, APRIL 24, 1956

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, D. 0. The committee met at 2:15 p. m., pursuant to notice, in room 424, Senate Office Building, Hon. James O. Eastland (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Eastland (presiding), Hennings, Johnston of South Carolina, Jenner, Dirksen, Welker, and Butler.

Also present: Senator Humphrey, Robert B. Young, professional staff member, and Richard F. Wambach, assistant to counsel.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

The Chairman thought that at this first meeting Mr. Young should be assigned to these bills, for the reason that he has always handled bills of this nature in the Judiciary Committee for the full committee.

He will take each bill—and give the meaning, stating what is in each bill. And then after that we will discuss proceedings.

Senator HENNINGS. Mr. Chairman, may I inquire, are there now bills pending?

Mr. Young. Twelve.

Senator HENNINGS. There have been four reported by the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights. Mr. YOUNG. Right. The CHAIRMAN. Sixteen bills all together, as I understand it. Mr. YOUNG. One of the bills is before the Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Four have been reported by the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights. That leaves 12 bills pending, but all of them are going to be introduced into the record today.

The CHAIRMAN. Proceed, Mr. Young. Mr. Young. First, Mr. Chairman, I would like to introduce in the record the notice of this hearing on page 6008, Congressional Record of April 23, 1956.

(The notice referred to was marked "Exhibit 1" and is as follows:)

NOTICE OF HEARINGS ON PROPOSED CIVIL-RIGHTS LEGISLATION BY

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY Mr. EASTLAND. Mr. President, on behalf of the Committee on the Judiciary, I desire to announce that beginning at 2 p. m. Tuesday, April 24, 1956, there will be a hearing on proposed civil-rights legislation in the committee room, 424 Senate Office Building.

Mr. Young. Secondly, I would like to introduce in the record the excerpt from the committee minutes of a week ago, Monday, April 16,

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