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This confederacy was formed, and is still maintained and strengthened, by spreading jealousies and suspicions among the people, who, though honest in their views, are very
liable to be misled by artful men. One of the most successful weapons ever weilded by this coalition of dis. appointed men, is furnished them by the present war in Europe. The combination of powers against France, which we all reprobate, is said to be a combination against tiberty in general, and if France should fail of success, it is said, we shall be the next object of attack.
This is a mere suggestion of our restless men, to alarm your fears, and drive you, if possible, from your neutral ground into hostility. The suggestion was first made by the late French minister, whose mission to this country was for the express purpose of flattering, intrigueing, or forcing you into war. His instructions are clear and explicit on this head.
That minister was displaced and his views counteracted by the firmness of our president, seconded by the northern states. But the party which originally rallied under that man, still exists, and forms a league, co-extensive with the United States, connected in all its parts, and acting by a single impulse.
Thus, in the infancy of our empire, the bane of all republics, is already diffused over our country, and poisons the whole body politic. Faction is a disease which has proved fatal to all popular governments; but in America it has assumed an aspect more terrible than in any other country. In ancient republics, popular commotions were sudden things, excited by the emergencies of the moment, bursting instantly on the existing government, producing a revolution, banishing a tyrant who was powerful, or a patriot who was popular, and an object of jealousy to some ambitious competitor.
But in America, faction has assumed consistency and system-it is a conspiracy perpetually existing-an opposition organized and disciplined, for the purpose of defeating the regular exercise of the constitutional pow. ers of our government, whenever a measure does not please the secret leaders of the confederacy.
My countrymen, be watchful of the progress of the associations formed on the plan of the Jacobin society in
France. That society was a powerful instrument in the work of demolishing the monarchy; but on the ruins of monarchy it raised the most frightful despotism ever recorded in history. Leagued with sister societies in every village and city of France, the Jacobins governed the convention, Paris, and all France, for a long time, and filled it with blood, confiscation, and ruin. So terrible was the tyranny of these associations, that the convention were compelled to prohibit their meetings; but so numerous are the numbers, and so active the spirit of revenge, that two or three insurrections have been raised by the Jacobins in Paris, blood has been shed in various parts of that faetion, they have been in possession of Toulon, a civil war is often excited, and it seems yet doubtful whether the national representatives, or private unauthorized clubs, shall govern France.
My countrymen, you are threatened with a similar evil. Under the pretended mask of patriotism, and watching over our liberties, private associations are formed, and extending their influence over our country. The popular societies of France did the same. The cry of patriotism was for ever on their tongues; but when they became strong enough, they ruled with a rod of iron. Fire, sword, and the guillotine, were the instruments of their administration.
Be not deceived into a belief that our citizens are incapable of similar outrages. Violent men may be found in every country, and already are the heads of our government as traitors; already is our country threatened with blood and civil war.--If men who regard their rights, and who believe the constitution and laws alone to be the
guarantee of those rights, do not unite and show a formidan ble countenance against all irregular opposition to those laws, our whole country will be speedily subject to a confederacy of men, a small minority indeed, but bold, though secret in their machinations, indefatigable in their measures, and determined on success.
It is not the treaty alone which is opposed ; this is a convenient instrument for them to wield; but the cau. ses of opposition lie deeper. The treaty is not altogether satisfactory ; but if carried into effect, it will not be followed with any dangerous consequences, except what will
be created by its opposers. If left to go peaceably into operation, it would have no general effect on business which people at large could feel-agriculture would flourish ; trade would be carried on as usual, with little variation ; national disputes would be in a train of adjustment, and peace and tranquillity would reign throughout our happy land. But if the opposers of the treaty can possibly embroil our country in a civil war, it will be effected - From such a frightful calamity, may your good sense, my fellow-citizens, preserve us! Should the treaty not be ratified, and should the consequences be foreign war, the people, not the government of America, must be answerable for all its melancholy consequences.
No period of our political life has been more critical, or deserving of more temper on the part of the people, and of more prudence and firmness on the part of our executive.
One party wishes to draw closer our alliance with France, even at the hazard of war with all the world. Our government and its supporters wish for perfect peu. trality towards all the powers at war-they wish for strict justice and impartiality to be preserved towards all parties, and they wish for friendly intercourse with all-in fine, they wish for uninterrupted peace.
When parties are thus marshalled, it behoves all good men to determine on which side they will range themselves. One or the other must prevail ; and on the final prevalence of one or the other of these parties, are suspended the peace, prosperity, and happiness of the United States.
Juba and Syphax.
Syph. 'Tis not my talent to conceal my thoughts,
Fub. Why dost thou cast out such ungen'rous terms
Syph. Gods! where's the worth that sets this people up
your Zama does not stoop to Rome.
Th' embellishments of life : virtues like these,
Syph. Patience, just Heav'ns ! -Excuse an old man's
Jub. To strike thee dumb: turn up thy eyes to Cato!
Syph. Believe me, prince, there's not an African
Fub. Thy prejudices, Syphax, won't discern