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OF

THE ENGINEERS, .

WITH

AN ACCOUNT OF THEIR PRINCIPAL WORKS;

COMPRISING ALSO

A HISTORY OF INLAND COMMUNICATION IN BRITAIN.

BY SAMUEL SMILES.

“* Bid Harbours open, Public Ways extend;

Bid Temples, worthier of God, ascend;
Bid the broad Arch the dang'rous flood contain,
The Mole projecte I, break the roaring main;
Back to his bounds their subject sea command,
And roll obe lient rivers through the land.
These honours, Peace to happy Britain brings;
These are imperial works, and worthy kings."

POPE.
wewnian

WITH PORTRAITS AND NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS.

Vol. II.

LONDON.
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

1861.

The right of Translation is reserved.

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LONDON: PRINTED BY W, (LOWES AND SONS, DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET,

AND CHARING CROSS,

CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

26-48
.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20-

CHAPTER II.

Fletcher of Saltoun introduces barley-mills and fanners into Scotland - James

Meikle — Popular prejudice against artificial wind’ — Andrew Meikle,
millwright - Progress of agricultural improvement in East Lothian -
Mr. Cockburn of Ormiston — Meikle's mills — Clumsy methods employed
in thrashing grain - Various attempts made to invent a thrashing-mill

- Mr. Kinloch's models - Andrew Meikle's invention of the thrashing-
machine - His improvements in windmills - Drainage of Kincardine Moss
- Meikle's mechanical ingenuity — His death .. .. .. .. 105-117

Recommends the employment of the steam-engine in Fen drainage — Drowned

state of the Lincoln Fens — Arthur Young's account of them — The East
Fen—Sir Joseph Banks resolves upon their drainage - Mr. Rennie em-
ployed to devise a plan for draining Wildmore Fen -- His comprehensive
view of the subject of Fen drainage — His catchwater system - His report

- The works executed — Great Hobhole Drain - Effects of the drainage on
agriculture — His proposed improvement of the Witham at Boston
Reports on the drainage of the Great Level — Eau Brink Cut-Charac-
teristics of Fen scenery .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 152-169

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