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HE nation is in too high a ferment,
for me to expect either fair war, or even so much as"fair quarter, from a reader of the opposite party. All men are en: gaged either on this side or that; and tho' conscience is the common word, which is given by both, yet if a writer fall among enemies, and cannot give the marks of their conscience, he is knocked down before the reasons of his own are heard. A preface, therefore, which is but a bęspeaking of favour, is altogether useless. What I defire the reader should know concerning me, he will find in the body of the poem, if he have but the patience to peruse it. Only this advertisement let him take before-hand, which relates to the merits of the cause.
No general characters of parties (call them either sects or churches) can be so fully and exactly drawn, as to comprehend all the several members of them; at least all such as are received under that denomination. For example; there are some of the church by law established, who envy not liberty of conscience to diffenters; as being well satisfied that, according to their own principles, they ought not to persecute them. Yet these, by reason of their fewness, I could not distinguish from the numbers of the rest, with whom they are embodied in one common name.' On the other side, there are many of our fects, and more indeed than I could
reasonably have hoped, who have withdrawn theinfelves from the communion of the Panther, and embraced this gracious indulgence of his majesty in point of toleration. But neither to the one nor the other of these is this satire any way intended : it is aimed only at the refractory and disobedient on either side. For those, who are come over to the royal party, are consequently supposed to be out of gun-shot. "Our physicians have observed, that, in process of time fome diseases have abated of their virulence, and have in a manner worn out their malignity, so as to be no longer mor
tal: and why may not I suppose the fame concerning lome of those, who have formerly been enemies to kingly government, as well as Catholic religion? I hope they have now another notion of both, as having found, by comfortable experience, that the doctrine of persecution is far from being an article of our faith.
It is not for any private man to censure the proceedings of a foreign prince: but, without fufpicion of flattery, I may praise our own; who has taken contrary measures, and those more suitable to the spirit of Christianity. Some of the diflenters in their addresses to his majesty, have said, “ That he has restored God to his empire « over conscience.” I confess, I dare not ftretch the figure to so great a boldness: but I may fafely say, that conscience is the royalty and prerogative of every private man. He is absolute in his own breast, and accountable to no earthly power, for that which passes only betwixt God and him. Thofe who are driven into the fold are, generally speaking, rather made hypocrites than converts.
This indulgence being granted to all the • sects, it ought in reason to be expected, that they should both receive it, and receive it thankfully. For, at this time of
day, to refuse the benefit, and adhere to those, whom they have esteemed their persecutors, what is it elfe, but publicly to own, that they suffered tot before for conscience-fake, but only out of pride and obftinacy, to separate from a church for those impofitions, which they now judge may be lawfully obeyed ? After they have so long contended for their classical ordination (not to speak of rites and ceremonies) will they at length submit to an episcopal? If they can go so far out of complaisance to their old enemies, methinks a little reason should persuade them to take another step, and see whither that would lead them.
Of the receiving this toleration thankfully I shall say no more, than that they ought, and I doubt not they will consider from what hand they received it. It is not from a Cyrus, a heathen prince, and a foreigner, but from a christian king, their native sovereign; who expects a return in specie from them, that the kindness, which he has graciously shewn them, may
be retaliated on those of his own persuasion.
As for the poem in general, I will only thus far satisfy the reader, that it was neither imposed on me, nor so much as the
lubject given me by any man. It was written during the last winter, and the beginning of this spring; thọ' with long interruptions of ill health and other hindrances. About a fortnight before I had finished it; his majesty's declaration for liberty of conscience came abroad: which, if I had so foon expected, I might have spared myself the labour of writing many things which are contained in the third part of it. But I was always in some hope, chat the church of England might have been persuaded to have taken off the penal laws and the test, which was one design of the poem, when I proposed to myself the writing of it.
It is evident that some part of it was only occasional, and not first intended : I mean that defence of myself, to which every honest man is bound, when he is injuriously attacked in print: and I refer myself to the judgment of those, who have tead the Answer to the Defence of the late King's Papers, and that of the Duchess (in' which laft I was concerned) how charitably I have been represented there. I am now informed both of the author and supervisors of this pamphlet, and will reply, when I think he can affront me: for I am of Socrates's opinion, that all