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PAGK.

128

1, 394

II, 404

Police justices, .....

I, 92
Political year, ....................... I,
Poll lists at elections, .................1,
Polygamy forbidden, ................. II, 144
punishment, ...................

........ 11, 710
Poor, overseers of,........... I, 313, 316, 329

[See Overseers of the poor.]
county superintendents of, .......... I, 569
Poor persons, relief and support of, ..... I, 564

provision for their suing,......... II, 463
petition and proceedings, ......... II, 464
not liable for costs, .............. II, 464

when and how deprived of privilege, II, 464
Pork inspector, ....

........1, 89
Possession of land, summary proceedings to
recover, .....

II. 523, 527
in cases of forcible entries and de-
tainers, ....

......., II, 523
: in cases of land being deserted by

tenant, ......
duty of justices; proceedings, ..... II, 528
restitution by common pleas,...... II, 528
in case of tenant holding over, .... II, 529
in case of non-payment of rept, ... II, 529
in case of tenant being discharged

under insolvent act, &c., ....... II, 529
in case of defendant holding real

estate sold under execution, .... II, 529
officers authorized to act, ......... II, 529
affidavit, and proceedings, ........ II, 529
warrant of possession, ...... II, 530, 531
effect of warrant on leases, &c., ... II, 532
staying warrant in certain cases, .. II, 533
costs to be recovered by prevailing
party, .......

....... II, 533
certiorari to remove proceedings, &c., II, 533

appeal to county court, .......... II, 534
Posthumous children, ........ ... I, 674, 705

Posting for not fighting duel, how punished,

Practice, &c., bail:

PAOL
proceedings if omitted, ...... II, 360
surrender of principal, ....... II, 394
suits against bail, ...........
appearance............. II, 285, 360
removal of causes, ..........

pleadings and set-offs, ....... 11, 362
default, and proceedings thereon, .. 11, 368

judgments, ................. FL, 370

docketing and effect thereof, &c., IL 373
executions, and duties of officers there-
on,...............

.......... 11, 376
against property, ............ 11, 378
levy, sale of personal property, 1 379
ib. real estate, ........

...., ., 381
proceedings against joint debtors, ... 11, 391

on bonds for performance of cove-
Dants ......

......... II, 392
consolidating and referring causes. 11, 398
in particular actions,
ejectment, ......

....... 11, 311, 349
suits to compel determination of

claims to land, ....... 11, 321, 349
partition, .............. 31, 325, 349
nuisance, ............. 1), 343, 349
waste,............
trespass, .....
account, ............

replevin, .......
in real actions generally, .......... II, 353

actions in favor of the state, .. 11, 553
in ciril actions generally,

abatement of suits by death, &c.,

.... II, 527

....... 3.1, 344

.....41, 349
... 17, 349, 400

....., 1, 538

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revival of suits, &c., ......... 11, 401
taking conditionally, testimony of

witnesses within this state,. 11, 407
taking testimony of witnesses out

of this state, ............. 11, 409
proceedings to perpetuate testi-

mony, .................. II,
compelling attendance of witnesses,

11, 716

trial of issues, .............. 11,
notice and other proceedings pre-

paratory to, .............. 11,
return and summoning of jurors,

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II, 313

for not sending or accepting chal-
lenge, .......

....... II, 716
Pot and pearl ashes, inspectors of, -. II, 89, 105
Poughkeepsie,

school moneys in,................ I, 454
Pound-breach, when cattle distrained, pen-

alty for, ......................... II, 519
Pound-masters. how appointed. ........ I 313

their allowance for keeping cattle dis-
trained, .....

::............ II, 535
their fees on receiving such cattle,. I, 329
Pounds, towns may establish, &c.,...... I, 331
Powers, devises in trust, when to be deemed
powers,

........ I, 678
; as heretofore existing, abolished,... I, 681

future, defined and provided for, ... I, 682
Powers of attorney, ....... ....... I, 714
Practice, how far it may be regulated by
courts, .......

...... II, 181, 208
in personal actions, .............. II, 357

commencement of suit,.. II, 358, 477
procese, ...

...... II, 285
arrest, ... ......... II, 359, 444
privilege from, ....... 1, 152, 11, 418
insolvents when exempt from,. 11, 23

imprisonment on, ........... II, 445
bail to sheriff, .............. II, 359, 396

assignment of bail bond, &c.,.. 11, 360
special bail how put in, &c.,... 11, 394

special juries, ...............
trial and its incidents, ....... 11
amending pleadings and proceed-

ings, ..........
suggestions, ...............11,
imprisonment on civil process,. II, 446
admitting to liberties of jails,. II, 450
taxation of costs, ...........
various special provisions as

the practice in civil cases, ..
in special cases,

suits by poor persons,........
proceedings by and against in-

fants, ...................1
ib. executors, &c., ........... 11, 466
ib. heirs, devisees, legatees, &c., 11, 469
ib. corporations in courts of law,

1, 476

ib. in courts of equity,....... 11, 483
against towns, counties, and other

bodies or officers having corpo-
rate powers,..............

379

ureg

.......... II, 502

2

560

564
697

79

...... II, 455

Practice, in special cases :

PAGE. | Printed or written reflections, for not fight- PAQL
against sheriffs, and other officers, ing duel, &c., punishment of, ........ 11, 716

on official bonds, .......... II, 498 Printers, fees for publishing legal notices, 11, 667
actions for penalties and forfeit Priority of executions, ...

...... II,
of attachments, .........

...... 11,
proceedings for admeasurement of

Prisons,
dower, ......

......... II, 510 county prisons, ........
for recovery of rent, ........ II, 516

[See County prisons and Jails.]
of possession of demised premi-

state prisons, ......
ses,.....

[See State prisons. 1
................. II, 521
forcible entries and detainers.. 11. 523 provisions concerning all prisons, .. 11, 818
summary proceedings to recover

persons committed for offenses against
land in other cases, ........ II, 528

United States, to be received in,. 11, 781
in distraining cattle, &c., ..... 11, 534 keepers of, exempt from military and
in proceedings as for contempts to

jury duty,.......

...... II, 819
enforce civil remedies, &c.,..

female prisoners, not to be whipped for
upon arbitrations, &c., ....... II,

misconduct, .........
in the foreclosure of mortgages by

spirituous liquors not to be brought in,
advertisement,............ II,

without permit,........... "
upon writs of habeas corpus, .. II,

convicts in, when witnesses, and how
upon writs of scire facias, .... 11,

brought up, ....

..... II, 820
upon informations in nature of Prisoners,

quo warranto, &c., ......... 11, 602 in civil suits, arrest of, &c., ... II, 444, 458
on writs of mandamus and pro-

how kept and imprisoned, 11, 391, 444
hibition, ................. II, 608

when to be admitted to liberties of
on the writ ad quod damnum,. 11, 610

jails, .................... II, 450
on writs of error, ............ II, 612

escapes of, and liability of sheriffs
on writs of certiorari and of error,

for, .......
in certain special cases, .... II, 625

declarations against, ......... 11, 361
on appeals from court of chan-

when to be charged in execution,
cery, .................... II, 627

11, 677
from surrogates' courts, .. II, 62

• habeas corpus to testify, ..... II, 580
66, 631

committed under authority of Uni-
from circuit judges, ..... II, 631

ted States, ............... II, 462
from courts of common pleas,

proceedings to arrest, on criminal

1, 54, 634 charges, &c., .................. II, 730
in criminal cases, ................ 11, 727

when arrested, before what magis.
prevention of offenses, ....... II, 727

trate to be brought, ........ II,
arrest and examination, ...... II,

examination of, ............. II,
trials before special sessions,..

when to be discharged, when
indictment and proceedings to tri-

bailed,................... II, 732
al, .......... ........... II,

powers of different officers, to let
trials, bills of exception, &c.,. . II,

to bail, .................. II, 733
judgments, &c., ............. JI,

trial of, by special sessions, ... 11, 734
writs of error and certiorari,.. II, 764

when arrested, may be conveyed
special proceedings, coroner's in-

through other counties in cer-
quest, &c.,........... II, 767, 770

tain cases, ............... II, 774
Precept for juries, to be issued by district

neglect to try, .............. II, 761
attorneys,........................ II, 215

may be brought before court in
Prescribing medicine when intoxicated, .. II, 716

same county, by order, ..... II, 773
Presentment for crime, ................1,

to be remanded to same jail,.. JI, 580
President of the senate, ...........

how discharged, &c., on habeas
may administer oath of office, ..

corpus or certiorari, ....... U, 583
to act as governor, ..........

when and how relieved by war-
of canal commissioners, ...

rant, .................... II, 593
of colleges, ..........

. 1, 404

[See Habeas corpus and Certiorari.]
President and vice-president, electors of, how

when discharged for want of pro-
chosen, ................. 1, 117, 132, 139

secution, not to pay fees, ... II, 773
proceedings of electors, ........... I, 143

when to be closely confined, .. II,
Presumption of death, in certain cases,.. 1, 700

provisions as to their manage.
(See Evidence.)

ment, ................... II, 780
Pressed hay, packing and sale of, ....... I,

when to labor in jail, ........ 11, 780
Pretended heir, producing, with intent to de-

when on highways, ..... II, 781
fraud, ........................... II, 696

insane, how disposed of, ..... II, 781
Pretended titles to land, buying, &c., .... 11, 713

lists of, to be delivered to courts,
exception as to certain mortgages, . 11, 714
Priest,.................. I, 361, 466, 11, 145

not indicted, when to be dis-
[See Minister of the gospel.]

charged, ................. 11, 784
Principals in second degree, in felonies, how

unable to pay fines, how dis-
punished, .......... .......... II, 721

charged, .......... ...... II, 784
I.--100

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383
383

385

......

I, 336

Prisoners, charges :

not to be removed after opening

of oyer and terminer,...... II, 784
in state prisons, discipline of, ...... II, 808

punishment for breaking from, or

attempting, &c., by force, ... 11, 707
from different districts, in what

prison to be confined, ...... II, 808
oscaping, rewards to be offered
for, ......

..... II, 813
when insane, to be removed to
hospital, .....

..... II, 810
bodies of those dying, to whom to

be delivered, ............. II, 816
when to be sent from one prison to

other, .... ............. II, 809
sentenced for life, civilly dead, II, 724

for less than life, civil rights,

&c., suspended, ....... 11, 724
removal of, in cases of pestilence,

&c., ..................... 1, 810
certified copy of sentence to be

delivered with them, to agent

of state prison, ........... II, 809
females not to be whipped. ... IL. 819
custody of those committed under

authority of United States, in
criminal cases, ..

..... II, 781
Private roads, .......

...... I, 472
Private secretary to governor,... I, 86, 95, 165
Privileges of electors, .... ......!, 116

of members of legislature, ........ I, 152
limitation of suits, how affected by, II, 309
of counties,.....
of citizens, ...

...... 83
Privy seal, ....

.. I, 163, 169
Probate, of wills, ...

. . II, 59,
when evidence, ...
contesting thereof, ........

..... IL, 61
Process, to be free to all, ........
civil, to be in name of people, ..... II, 285

how sealed, ............ II, 185, 285
in English language, ......... II, 285
teste of, ........... 11, 205, 206, 287
how subscribed, ............ II, 288
time between teste and return of,

II, 576
how returnable,..... .. II, 206
how executed and returned, .. II, 458
not to be served during elections, I, 116

nor during town meeting, . I, 315
proceedings in case of resistance
to,.....

................... II, 459
not affected by adjournment of

courts, .................. II, 287
issuing of, to save limitations,. 11, 308
[See Attachment, Capias ad respon-

dendum, and Execution.]
Proclamation, of special election, ....... 1, 118

of oyer and terminer, ............ II, 215
of town meeting, ..........

....... I, 316
Profane cursing and swearing, how pun-
ished, &c., ..............

........ I, 626
Profession of opinion, free, ............1, 84
Prohibited acts, doing them a misdemea.
nor, ............................

............ II, 719
Prohibition, writ of, by what court to be
issued, &c., ...................... II,

returu may be adopted by party, &c., II, 609
judgment in,....

..... II, 610

PAGE
Proof of conveyances, &e., ............ 9, 106
Promissory notes, .........
[See Bills of Exchange and promissory

notes.]
Promulgation of statutes,

I, 155
Property, liable to taxation,

360
of the state, ........

. I, 183
real, ...

[See Land]
personal, title to,....

1, 715
liable to execution, ..........

what exempt therefrom, 11, 271, 380
liable to distress for rent,..... II, 517

exempt from distress,.... 11, 517
accumulation of, ............
transfer by corporations,......

suspension of ownership, .....
Protests, in case of pestilence in N. York,

damages upon, in certain cases, ....
by notaries, when evidence, ......

fees on,.........
Public administrator, in New York, ....

in other counties,.......
Public buildings and erections, ....
Public decency, offenses against, ....
Public health, .....

health officers in New York, .....
quarantine, &c., at New York,..
preservation of, in New York, ..... I, 387
ib., in other ports and places, ......394

practice of physic and surgery, ...., 398
Public instruction,......
university of the state, .......

powers of regents, .......
powers, &c., of trustees of colleges,.
foundation of academies, ..........

powers, &c., of their trustees,.. ”
Lancasterian or select schools, .....,
common schools, ................
powers, &c., of superintendent, 1, 413,
apportionment of school moneys, ...),
distribution of common school fund, 1,
powers, &c., of town superintendents, 1,
inspectors of common schools, ......
school districts, &c., ..............
duties of county clerk in respect to,
local regulations as to schools,....
instruction of deaf and dumb, .....
gospel and school lots, ...........

Lewiston school fund, ............
Public lands, ..................

intrusion on,.................
powers and duties of commissioners

land office,.....
survey and appraisement of,.......
sale thereof, ....................
protection thereof, ............
belonging to canal fund, .......:

belonging to common school fund,
Public notaries, (See Notaries public,)....
Public officers. (See Officers, public,].....
Public and private roads,..............
Public stages, ......................
Pulteney estate, conveyances to agent of, :
Punishments, cruel, &c., not to be inflicted, !,

prescribed by common law, abolished,
prescribed by revised statutes, see Felo-

nies and misdemeanors.

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Quo warranto:

practice on, generally, ........... II, 606
judgments, costs how collected, ... II, 606
powers of chancery on judgments

against corporations, ........... II, 607
copies of such judgments to be filed

with secretary of state, &c., .... II, 607

void, ....,

Purchase, who capable of, ............. I, 667

money, mortgage for, to be preferred, I, 700
Purchaser, conveyances made to defraud,

...................... II, 142
making such conveyances, a mis-

demeanor, ............... II, 713
putting them in use, a misdemea-

nor, .................... II, 713
for valuable consideration, &c., when
protected, .. I, 678, 688, 690, 699, 707

714, 11, 138, 190, 379
not affected by pendency of suit in chan-

cery, unless notice be filed, &c.,.. II, 181
may bring ejectment, ............ II, 312
at sheriff's sale of lands, when he may

recover in case of eviction, ..... II, 389
Purity of elections, .................. 1, 145
Putnam county, named, ...............1, 80

to have one member of assembly, .. I, 150
supervisors, when and where to meet, 1, 339
loan officers in, .............. I, 89, 105

Racing of animals prohibited, ....... 1, 625

public officers to prevent races and bind

over offenders, ................ I, 625.
penalties, ....................... I, 625
in New Utrecht, ................. I, 626
of horses within a mile of court,... 11, 715

drawing stages or other carriages,

prohibited, ................ I, 649
Raffling for money, &c., prohibited, ..... I, 617

contracts on account of, void,...... I, 617
money paid for chances may be re-

covered back, ................. I, 618
Rags, keeping of, .................... I, 390
Rape, different kinds of,.............. II, 683

punishment of, .................. 1, 683

certain proof sufficient in trial for,. II, 760
Real actions, ancient, abolished, and eject-

ment substituted, ................. 11, 356
Real property, act concerning its acquisition,
enjoyment and transmission, ........ 1, 665

tenure of, ....................... 1, 666
persons capable of holding, &c.,.... I, 667
estates therein, nature and qualities

thereof, ...................... I, 669
alienation of estates therein, 1, 669, 11, 138
title to by descent, ............... 1, 701
by special provisions of law,...... II, 1
actions relating to, .............. II, 349
bound by judgments, ............ II, 371
title by devise, .................. II, 58
by judicial sales, ............ II, 381, 389
fraudulent conveyances and contracts
relating to, ...................

.......... II, 138
actions relating to, .............. JI, 312
time of commencing, ............ II, 303
determining claims to, ........... II, 321
partition of,...................."
summary proceedings to recover posses-

sion of, ................. II, 523, 527
offenses against, ............ II, 715, 718
liable to taxation,................ I, 360

[See Land, Conveyances, &c.)
Receipt in actions relating to land, abolished,
_&c., ............................. II,
Receipts, forging of, ................. II, 693
Receiver at state pier, Sagg Harbor,. 1, 91, 105

his duties, &c., .....
Receivers of public moneys, when their

offices may be declared vacant by gov.
ernor,............................ I, 112

on dissolution of corporations, .... II, 490
on proceedings against corporations, II, 484

(See Corporations.]
Receiving property by falsely personating
another, ........

....... II, 696
embezzled, knowingly, ........... II, 699
stolen, knowingly,....
conviction for, may be had withont

convicting principal, ........... II, 701
in what county may be tried, ..... II, 750
dead bodies unlawfully disinterred,
knowingly,......

....... II, 716

I,

91

Quakers, &C...

when not liable to penalty for not

serving as assessors, ........... I, 320
marriages of, .......

........... II, 147
not to sit on trials of capital offences, 11, 759
Qualifications of electors, ............. 1, 116

of the public officers of the state, 1, 85, 106

of town officers, ................. 1, 318
Quarantine at port of New York, regula-
tions concerning, .................. I, 385

foreigners dying at, ............. II, 125
weigher at, ..................... I,

at Albany, Troy and Hudson, ..... 1, 395
Quartering of soldiers, ................1, 8
Quashing indictment, when another found, ii, 750
Queens, county of, named, ............. 1,

to have one member of assembly,.. I, 150
supervisors of, when and where to

meet, ......................
wreckmasters in, ................"
measurers in, ...................4

335
overseers of highways in, .........1, 333
Queensbury, town clerk of, to record marks
on timber, .....

............ I, 653
Quit-rents, invalid sales for, how canceled, 1, 185
Quorum of state canvassers, ...........

of inspectors, ..................
of legislature, ...................
of commissioners of land office,..
of canal commissioners, ..........
of supervisors, ..................
of regents of the university, .....
of trustees of colleges, ..........
of commissioners of highways, 485
of corporators, ......

........
of officers generally,...........
Quo warranto, informations in, ......

cases when to be filed, ..........
proceedings on, ....
holding to bail for usurping office,
judgment and proceedings, .......
against corporate bodies, when filed,
leave to file, by whom granted, .... 05
proceedings to compel defendant's ap-

pearance, ...... ......... II, 605
against several persons claiming same
office, ....................

........ II, 606

........... II, 324

137

97

52

97

2

20

340
403

......... I, 215

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PAGE | Regents of the university:

PACZ
Recognizances, not to bind lands, .......

II, 374

officers of colleges or academies not to
in criminal cases how to be taken in

be regente, ................... 1, 410
courts of record, ...

nor to act as trustees, ............ I, 410
to be signed in all other cases, ..., II, 771 Register of city and county of New York,
how estreated,...

how chosen, &c., ........... I, 88, 103,
suits thereon, judgment & execution, II,

where to reside, .................
powers of common pleas to remit, .

to act until successor is qualified, .. 1
proceedings for that purpose, .....

resignation of,.....
when respited, ....

may be removed on charges, ......
Recognizances of witnesses,

proceedings on such charges,..
when to be taken, ... .......

vacancy in office when filled by
when with surety, .....

ernor, &c., .....
of prisoners and witnesses,

when by election, .......
to be certified to court, ...........

to record conveyances, &c.,..
also when taken by clerk of court, II, 733 his office hours, .........
Recorder of Albany, state canvasser, .... I, 137 to have indexes to recorda, .......
Recorders of cities, how appointed, &c., I, 88, 96 his fees, ..................
where to reside, .................. 92

Registers in chancery, how appointed,
oath of office, ................... I, 109 their powers and duties, .........
their authority as to beggars, &c.,.. I, 585 Rejoinder of several matters may be allow
ib. as to profane cursing & swearing, I, 626 by court, ........................
ib. proof, &c., of deeds, ........... I, 708 Religion, free exercise of, secured,......
ib. in cases of absconding and insol. Religious meetings, disturbance of, ......

vent debtors, &c., ....... II, 3, 17, 35 Religious opinion, to be free, ...........
ib. in solemnization of marriages, .. II, 145 Remainder, what estate so termed, .....
ib. as supreme court commissioners, II, 292 vested and contingent,............
ib. in cases of forcible entry and de-

when void for undue suspension
tainer, .................. II, 523, 526

power of alienation, ............l
ib. in removing tenants,.......... II, 528 limitation of, on successive estates for
ib. to require sureties of the peace, II, 727

life, &c.,..
in the arrest of offenders, &c., ..... II, 730 upon estates for life of third persons, L 673
their fees,......................

on life estates and terms for years, . I,

,
[See the several cities in this index.]

in terms for years, &c., ...........
Recording conveyances, &c., ..........., 706 meaning of "heirs" and "issue" in
Records, papers filed, &c., stealing them. II, 700

certain, ...................... I, 613
of judgments, .............. II, 292, 372 in what cases a contingent remainder in

ib. in common pleas.......
Redemption of lands sold under mortgages

fee may be created, ............ I, 613
on pleas, ............. II, 219

when on a term for years, .... I, 673
to the state, ...................... 1, 213

may be created expectant on the
sold under judgments, .....
....... II, 384

determination of a term for
Referees, when and how to be appointed by

years, ....................1,613
courts of law, .................... II,

not to be void on account of the
proceedings thereupon, .......... II,

probability or improbability of
ib. in actions of account, ......... II,

contingency, ..............1,613
ib. in cases of absconding and insol-

other rules in regard to, ...... 1, 674
vent debtors, ................. II, 46

not to be defeated by termination
ib. in cases of accounts against deceased

of precedent estate, ........ ļ 614
persons, ..

............. II, 91 Remainderman and reversioner, remedy of,
their fees, ...

for injuries to estate, ...............,
trial by, ....................... II, 426 may maintain waste and trespass,.. 1, 701
References, table of, .... ........., 1 when to be admitted to defend, .... 11, 350
Regents of the university, their organization . action by, after default of tenant... II, 350
and powers, ......

:........ I, 403 certain recoveries void as to,...... II, 351
number; how appointed, &c.,...... I, 403 proceedings to determine their claims
officers, and their duties, .....

to land, .....................
meetings, when to be held, &c., .... I, 403 how affected by proceedings in parti-
power of visitation,

tion of land, .................. II, 332
by-laws and grants to, ............ I, 404 writ of error by,................ II, 614
may confer degrees; their effect, I, 401, 404 proceedings to discover death of per-
powers in cases of vacancies in colleges

sons on whose lives estates depend,
and academies,........

....... 1,404
in respect to literature fund, 1, 195, 404 Remission of damages in justices' courts, II, 264
in foundation of academies, ... I, 408 Removal from office, provisions concerning,

of Lancasterian or select schools, I, 411
reports to be made to, ............ I, 405 when vacates office, .............. I, 113
their annual report to legislature, .. I, 406 of causes,...................... II, 404
to prescribe forms of returns from col-

of indictment, ................. IL,
leges, &c., .................... I, 406 | Rensselaer county, named, ..............,80
expenses of printing, &c.,......... I, 406 to have four members of assembly,. I,

....... I, 403

....... I, 404

II, 354

, lll, 112

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