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Infamous crime:

PAGE.
convicts how punished for voting, .. 1, 128
definition of term, as used in statutes,

II, 726

Inns and taverns, keeper of:

to keep up a sign, ........... 4, 632

penalty for neglect, ...... I, 633
when not to trust, ........... \ 633
not to sell liquor to minors, &c., 4, 634
not to receive property from them,

1, 634
license to, when and how re.
voked, ..................

[See Excise.]
Inquests by coroners, ................ 4,767

[See Coroners.)
Inquiry, writ of, in certain actions on bail
bond, ........................... 11, 370
to ascertain damages for taking lands

for the state, ................. II, 610
also for lands taken by United States,

....

11, 612

"........ I, 694

203

........

II.

Infancy of beir, not to suspend remedy on
judgment against deceased person, ... II, 381

See Limitation of suits, &c.]
Infants under the age of twenty-one years,
custody of,........
guardianship of, .......... 1, 666, II, 156

.:.................... II, 155

[See Guardians.]
cannot hold offices, ........

...1, 106
emancipation and settlement of,.... I, 573
cannot alien lands, ..

667
nor devise lands,.....

........ II, 58
but if over 16 and 18, may make wills

of personal estate, ..... ..... II, 61
cannot be administrator, ......... II, 76
marriages by, under the age of consent,

when and how dissolved, ...... II, 148
when and how bound to apprentice-
ship or service, ............... 11, 160

(See Apprentices and servants.]
not to be prejudiced by collusive recov.

ery of dower,..
legacies to, how paid, &c., ........ II, 93
suits by, for legacies or share, .... II, 119
holding lands in trust, how compelled

to convey,........... ........ II, 202
specific performance by, when and how

decreed, ....... ........ II, 202
real estate of, when to be sold, &c., II, 202
application therefor, ..

202
proceedings thereon,....
authorized to maintain suits,...... II, 464
ib. in justices' courts ....

248
next friend for, how appointed,.... II, 465
ib. in justices' courts, ..
liable for costs, ............ II, 248, 465
when bond to be given by, ....... II, 465
defendants, guardians ad litem for,. II, 465

extent of liability for costs, ....... II, 466
hfected places, intercourse, with regulated, 1, 386
Informations in nature of quo warranto,. II, 602

[See fuo warranto.]
to recover property forfeited, ..... II, 607
Inhabitants of the state, rights of,......!
hheritance, ......................... 1,
Injunction from chancery not to issue till
bill be filed,...................... II, 186
to restrain judgment debtor from dis-

posing of his property, ........ 11, 180
to restrain usurpation of corporate

powers, ..................... II, 482
to restrain alienations of property by

corporations, ................. II, 483
to restrain insolvent corporations,.. II, 484
to stay proceedings at law, ......... IT, 196
effect of, as to statute of limitations, d, 310

ib. as to lien of judgment, ........ , 371
Innholder, justice of peace becoming, not to
act, ..........

........... II, 241
Inns and taverns, gaming in, prohibited, . 1, 613
licenses to keep, when granted, &c., I,
fee therefor, ........

631
form and effect of, ...........,
keeper of, his qualifications, ........ I, 632

bond to be executed by him, .. 1, 632
to provide & keep certain articles, I, 632

penalty for neglect, ...... I, 632

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[See Ad quod damnum, writ of.]
Insane convicts under sentence of death,

execution how and when suspended. ,
Insane persons,

acts done by, not punishable, ...., II,
cannot be tried, while so, ........
nor punished, ..................., 720
reprieve of, under sentence of death,

[See Idiots, lunatics, &c.]
Insolvent debtor,
may apply, with two-thirds of his

creditors, for his discharge, ..... II,
application to whom made, .... , 18,
who may be petitioning creditors, 11, 17, 37
on what debts, ................... 37
affidavit of petitioning creditors, I, 17, 38
insolvent's schedule and affidavit.. y 18
order to show cause, ............
time and place of showing cause, ..
notice of publication .....
fee for printing, ..........
hearing,......
demand of jury,
proceedings before, ..............
attendance of witnesses, ....
examination of insolvent's wife, 11,
examination of insolvent, ........
when payment or security required

from him,...................
when debarred from discharge, ... !
assignment and effect thereof, 11, 21,
proceedings where assignee refuse to

certify, ...........
discharge and effect, ......... 11, 22,
discharge when void,

........ 11, 24,
proceedings if insolvent be arrested, 11, 39
applying without his creditors, to ex.

onerate his person from imprison-
ment, ....................... ,
petition to whom presented,... I, 28,
insolvent's schedule and affidavit,.. IL
order; notice and proceedings,.... 11,
assignment and its effect, ...., Il,
discharge and its effect, ...... 11,
proceedings if insolvent arrested,.. Ily

concealment of estate, books, &c., .
Insolvent notices, fee for printing, ....... 2,
Inspection of county prisons, ..........
Inspection of salt, ................

of flour and meal, ..........
of beef and pork, .........

631

632

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Inspection :

РАав,
of pot and pearl ashes, .........
of fish,......................... I, 511
of fish or liver oil, ............

513
of lumber,...

514
of staves and heading, ......
of flax-seed, .................

521
of sole leather,..................
of hops,...................

524
of distilled spirits,...............

526
of leaf tobacco, .................

527
general provisions concerning inspec-
tion of produce, ......

528
Inspectors of flour and meal, how appointed,
&c.,...............

ib. beef and pork, ..............
ib. ashes,.....................
ib. fish, ...................
ib. lumber, ......
ib. staves and heading, ......
ib. sole-leather,.............
ib. flax-geed, ...............
ib. tobacco, ..................
ib. salt, ......
ib. oil, .............
ib. distilled spirits, ..........
ib. hops, ..............

91
of elections, ........... 1, 118, 121, 123
of county prisons, .............
of state prisons,........... I, 89, 11, 785
of turnpikes,.....

[See Turnpikes.)
of common schools, ......... I, 313, 422
Insurance of lottery tickets prohibited, .. 1, 620

by foreign associations and companies

prohibited,.................... I, 663

by associations in other states, .... I, 663
Intent to defraud, respecting whom it may

be charged, ........
Internal police of the state, .........

.. I, 564
Intestates' estates, administration of,..., II, 74

[See Administration, Administrator, &c.]
distribution of, ................. 11, 98

[See Distribution.]
their real estate how to descend,... I, 701

[See Descent.]
Interest rate of, at 7 per cent,.......... 725

prohibition against taking more, ... I, 725
greater interest may be recovered

back, ....................... I,
when by officers of poor, ......... I, 726
contracts for greater rates void, ..., I, 726
negotiable instruments when excepted,

I, 726
bills of discovery, &c.,............ I, 726
rules as to computation of interest,. I, 726

[See Time, computation of.]
when to be collected on judgments, 11, 377
Interest money, accumulation, .......... 1, 727
Intruders on state lands, ........... I, 80, 209
Inventory of estate of dead persons, .... 11, 83

how far evidence, ............... II, 468

of estate of insolvent, ..... II, 18, 29, 32
Irregularity, setting judgments aside for, 11, 371

ib. sheriffs' sales, when not to vitiate, 11, 383

ib. in surrogates' sales, .......... II, 114
Issue, meaning of, in certain remainders, 1, 673
feigned,............ II, 54, 67, 106, 150

[See Feigned issue.
Issues of fact, how tried, ............. II, 426

PAGE
Ithaca, inspector of sole leather in,.....I 90

how appointed, &c., .............. I, 105
inspector of hops in, ......

.. I, 91
how appointed, &c., ..... .. 1, 105
Jails in counties,.. I, 340, 352, 11, 446

461, 779
when jails of contiguous counties to

be used, &c., ................. II, 447
removal of prisoners to different jails

in same county,............... II, 448
ib. in case of fire, ............... II, 448
ib. in case of pestilence, ......... II, 449
physicians to, to be appointed, &c., 11, 449
liquor not to be sold in, ..... II, 449, 819

nor used without permit,..... 11, 449
liberties of, . .............

who entitled to,..
bond to be executed, ........

for whom held, ........ II,
prisoner when re-committed,.. II, 453

sureties may surrender him, .. II, 453
escapes from, and suits for ....... II, 453
used for United States, ...... II, 462, 781

breaking and escaping, ........... 11, 707
Jailers, ................. I, 352, 1, 446, 780

[See Sheriffs.
Jamaica, powers of electors of, as to certain

moneys, ......................... I, 335
January, first of, discharging fire-arms on, i, 613
Jefferson, county of, named, .......

to have three members of assembly, 1, 150
supervisors of, when & where to meet, 1, 339
inspector of sole leather in, ..

90
inspector of fish in, ..............

90
Jeopardy, twice for same offense, .......
Jews, inspector of beef killed for, ...... 89
marriage among, ...........

147
Joint ballot, ........

..... 1, 95
Joint debtors, to this state, ........ I, 174, 181

proceedings against,............. 11, 391

ib. in justices' courts, ....... II, 264,
Joint tenants, who to take as, ........

remedies by and against, ..
ejectment by one against other,....
partition between, ........

[See Partition.]
committing waste liable to action,..
Jointure, when to bar dower, .......... I, 692

and dower, election between, ......

when barred, .......
Journals of senate and assembly, .

pay of clerks for indexing,
printing of, ......

distribution of, .........
Journeymen, certain agreements, &c., with,

in restraint of trade, void, .......... II, 167
Judge-advocate-general, ........... 1, 190,
Judges not to sit or act in certain cases, II, 284

not to practice in their own courts, i,
not to have a partner practising in

their own courts, .
when not to take fees, .
[See the several courts treated of in this

Index.]
Judge of county courts, ........ I, 87, 96, 109
Judge, first, of common pleas, .........., 87
Judgments in personal actions,

in dollars and cents,... ..... I, 564

84

... II, 726

4

725

......

1. 692

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Judgments in personal actions :
PAGE | Judgments on convictions:

PAGE
general provisions, .............. II, 370

to be filed; how far evidence, . 1, 763
docketing, ..................... II, 373

copy of minutes, &c., evidence of
on escapes, ..................... II, 453

convictions, .............. II, 763
setting aside for irregularity, ..... II, 371

copies to be furnished sheriff,. II, 764
land and chattels real, bound by,.. 11, 371 against counties, ................ I,
from what time, ........

against towns,................... 330
lien when to cease, ..............

II, 371

Judicial officers, appointed by governor and
against dead person, .............

372 senate, ..........................
signing record, .................

372 by courts of justice, ..............
by confession, how entered,

372 by the local authorities, ..........
frauds in, how relieved against, 181 elected by the people, ............
docketing of, .................. II, 373

powers and duties of certain, .....
form of docket, &c., ............. II, 373

their duties, privileges, &c., .......
ib. when for taxes advanced,...... II, 373 | Judicial sales, ........
transcripts of dockets to other clerks, 11, 374 Jugglers and shows, ...

......... I, 612
canceling of dockets, ............ II, 375 July, fourth of, discharging of fire-arms
certificate thereof to other clerks,. II, 375 on, .............................. I, 613
in particular cases,

gaming tables at celebrations of, ... 1, 613
when confessed by sheriff brought Jurisdiction, of the state,...........1, 76, 79

up on attachment, ......... II, 361 over crimes, of courts of this state, 11, 720
in cases of set-offs, .......... II, 366 Jury, right of trial by, secured,........ 1 84
on assessment of damages, ... II, 369 issues of fact in courts of law, to be
in suits on bail bonds, ....... II, 370

tried by, or by referees,........ II, 426
against joint debtors, ........ II, 391

certain issues of fact, in chancery, to
on bonds for performance of cove-

be tried by,.............. 11, 150, 181
nants, ................... 1,

392 of part aliens, abolished, .... 11, 437, 758
on reports of referees, ....... II, 400 foreign, how obtained, ........... 11,
in actions of account, ........ II, 400 | Juries, grand, lists of, how prepared, &c., II,
of nonsuit, : ............... II, 441 provisions respecting, ............ II,
against executors, &c., effect of, on

[See Grand juries.]
real estate of deceased, .... II, 468 special, when ordered,............ II, 435
against executors, &c., not appear-

mode of striking, &c.,........ II, 435
ing, effect of, ............. II, 467 | | Jurors, who qualified, ......... I, 669, 11, 428
against legatees, ............ II, 471 who exempt....... 1, 251, 278, 324, 631
on award of arbitrators, form and

lists, &c., by town officers, ....... IT, 428
effect of,................. II, 563 ballots by county clerk, ......
in ejectment, .................... II, 31.7 when destroyed, &c.,....
in proceedings to compel determination

term of service, ..............
of claims to land, ...........

322

new lists, ..................
in partition, .................

330 lists in cities, ...................
in nuisance, ................

343 drawing, number, notice of, &c., ... II, 430
in waste, ..................

number how increased, .......... 11, 434
in all suits relating to land,

summoning and return of, ........ II, 433
in justices' courts, ............

certain objections in respect to officers
ib. by confession, ................ II, 262

drawing or summoning, removed, 11, 437
to be in dollars and cents, &c., ..... I, 564 copy of lists to applicants, ........ II, 433
proceedings in equity to obtain satis-

fines on jurors for default, ........ II, 432
faction of, out of interest under con-

collection or remission thereof, 11, 508
tracts, ............

who to be discharged,............ II, 432
ib. out of other property, ........ II, 180 who excused, .................. II, 453
limitation of actions upon,........ II, 307 from bystanders, .....

:.......... II, 437
contribution between owners of lands

not disqualified by liability to pay
subject to, ................... II, 390 taxes, ....................... II,
scire facias to revive, .....

nor by being entitled to penalty,... II, 571
restitution of land on reversal of,.. II, 350 ib. in cases in which counties are inter-
against joint debtors, ............ II, 391

ested, ........................1,
or division of a county, .......... II, 577 inhabitants, when town is a party,. 1,
in U. S. courts, ................. II, 578 drawing of jury, at trial, ......... II, 438
on convictions for offenses, . ....... II, 762 Inay give special verdicts, ........ II, 439
record of, to be made by district

not to be questioned, ............ II,
attorney, ................ II, 763 misconduct of, when punished by pro-
when defendant may make up, 11, 763

ceedings as for contempt, ...... II, 553
to be particularly entered in min-

in justices' court, ............... II, 259
utes, .................... II, 763 in criminal cases, on trials of indictments,
court to inspect, ............ II, 763 members of grand jury not to be, 11, 758
district attorney to furnish state-

certain persons not to be, on trial
ment, ................... II, 763

for capital offenses, ........ II, 759
transcripts sent to secretary of

penalty on, for not attending spe-
state, ............
..... II, 763

cial sessions, ............., 742

346

..... II, 597

•• II, 439

PAGE

657

568

Jurors, in criminal cases :

PAGE | Justices of the prace generally:
not to receive fees for such attend

their authority as to beggars, &c., .. I, 585
ance, ................... II, 742 their powers and duties in respect to
in special cases,

lunatics,.......

............. I, 586
application of insolvent, &c., 11, 19, 27, 29 ib., as to habitual drunkards, ...... I, 590
penalty for neglecting to attend, 11, 38 ib., as to disorderly persons, ....... I, 592
may be discharged, if they cannot

ib., as to bastard, and father and mo-
agree, ................... II, 575

ther thereof, ................. 1, 594
fees of, at circuits and common pleas, 11, 662

[See Bastards.]
provision for their daily pay,.. II, 662 ib., as to jugglers and shows, ..... I, 612
in New York, their fees, ..... II, 662 ib., as to disorderly practices, ......1, 613
in mayor's court, ............ 11,

ib., as to racing of animals, ....... I, 625
in special proceedings, their fees,

ib., as to profane swearing,........ I, 626

II, 663 ib., as to disturbance of religious meet-
attempting to bribe,......... II, 439, 716

ings, ......................
accepting bribe, ................. II, 116

ib., as to observance of Sunday,.... I, 628
attempting improperly to influence,. II, 716 their authority as commissioners of ex.
agreeing to give verdict for any party, 11, 716

cise, .......................... 631
receiving any information, &c., without

their duty as to wrecks,........... 1, 647
disclosing it.................. II,

as to fire in woods, .......... 1, 650
drawing for court, misconduct in,.. II,

when to order dogs to be killed, .... I,
Justice to be speedily administered, &c.,.. I,

powers and duties as to pawnbrokers, 1, 660
Justices in cities, .....................I, 90

when to grant search warrants for goods
how appointed, &c., .............. I, 97

removed from demised premises,. 11, 518
local offices, ......................, 92 power to put landlord in possession of
[See the several cities in this Index.]

deserted premises, ............ II, 528
Justices of the peace in towns, number of,. I, 88 to administer oaths to arbitrators and
when and how elected, ........... I, 101

witnesses, ................... II,
tenure of office, ................. 1, 101 to issue subpænas for witnesses before
must reside in town, &c.,.......... I, 92

arbitrators, ........

.......... II, 561
removal of, on charges,....

proceedings by, for draining swamps, 11,
resignation of,......

........ 1, 112 their fees in special cases, ........ II, 658
in new towns,

their authority to keep the peace,.. 11, 727
classes, how to be determined,. I, 102 to require sureties of the peace, ... II, 727
when more than four to hold, .. I, 102

[See Peace, sureties of the.]
proceedings when number reduced,

their authority to arrest offenders, . II, 729

warrant need not be sealed, .. II, 730
ib. when elected for unequal terms,

to indorse warrants from another couu-
I, 103

ty,.......................... II, 730
Justices of the peace generally,

[See Arrests on criminal charges.]
their oath of office, .....

to take examinations of prisoners, 11,
duty under election law, .......... 1, 147

proceedings thereon, ......... II, 732
power as to sick persons, ......... I,

(See Examination of prisoners.]
may hold courts, ...

....... II, 235

to bind over witnesses to testify, .. II, 732
but not if they become innhold-

may require sureties of them,..... II, 733
ers, .....

or commit them for neglect, ... 11, 733
when not obliged to act, ......... II, 242 to certify recognizances to court, .. II, 733
may issue subpoenas for sheriffs, clerks,

also examinations, ........... 11, 733
&c., against whom complaint is made,

how compelled, ......

..... II, 733
1, 114 may associate another justice with
ib. warrants against canal agents, &c., I, 250 him, ........................ II, 733
to preside in town meetings, &c.,... I, 315 cases in which they may let to bail, 11, 733
when to supply vacancies in town offi-

when and how to form courts of special
cers, ......................... I, 320

sessions, .................... II, 736
may accept resignations of,.... I, 320

See Special sessions, courts of.
with supervisor, &c., auditors of town

duty of, to pay over fines collected, 11, 741
accounts, ..................... I, 328 liable to suit for neglect, ......... 11, 741
powers and duties, on complaints for

to subpæna witnesses to special ses-
not working on highway, ....... I, 460

sions, ....................... II,
ib., assessing damages on opening

authority to preserve order in criminal
roads, ........................ I, 474

proceedings,................. II, 773
ib., as to encroachments by fence on

their fees in criminal cases,. I, 358 11, 775
highway, ..................... 1, 482 may sit in courts of general sessions, , 217
ib., hawkers and peddlers, ........ I, 534 Justices' courts, jurisdiction of,......... II, 235
ib., persons absconding and leaving fa-

in what towns actions to be brought, 11, 242
milies a public charge, .......... 1, 567 suits, how commenced, &c., ....... I, 243
their authority to afford relief to poor

summons and proceedings thereon,. 11, 243
persons, ...................... 1,576 warrant and proceedings,......... II, 244
their accounts for services under poor

custody of defendant on warrant,

1, 102

2

398

..... II, 241

II, 245

Justices' courts :

РАСв.
attachment and proceedings, ....... 11, 245
appearance of parties, ............ II, 248

next friends and guardians for in-

fant parties, ........ ..... II, 248
pleadings, when to be had, &c., .... II, 249
how made, ................

II, 250
set-offs and proceedings thereon,

II, 250

pleas, &c., of title to land, .... II, 253
bond and subsequent proceedings,

Justices' courts, executions :

PAGL
return, how enforced, .... II, 271
property exempt from execution, 11, 271
fees of officers, witnesses, jurors,.II, 272
general provisions, application of general
statute to certain special courts. II, 275

process, ................... IL. 275
constables taking rewards..... II, 275
justices and constables buying se-
curities, &c.,.............. II, 275

defense founded thereon,. 11,

proceedings on defense, .. 11
books to be kept by justices, .. II,

entries therein, ......... II, 277
book, when evidence, ........ II, 278
transcripts, when evidence, ...

other proof of proceedings, II, 278
affidavits, .................
filing papers, ............... II,
indexes to docket books, ..... 11,
depositing papers with town clerk,

II, 253
II, 254

adjournments, .......
witnesses, subpoenas for, .......... II, 257

attachment against, ......... II, 257
fine for refusing to appear, &c., II, 257

proceedings to collect, ... II, 258
also liable for damages, ...... II, 258
competency of,.............. II, 260
their oath, ................. II, 261
refusing to be sworn, may be com-
mitted, &c., ....

... II, 282
proceedings when justice a wit-
ness, ..........

......... II, 259
trial, when by justice, ........... II,

when by jury,.............. II, 259
venire for, &c.,.

1.......... II, 259
fine on jurors in default, ..... II, 261
verdict, ...........

..... II, 261
jury, when discharged, and new

venire, .................. II, 261
judgments, and filing transcripts there-

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262
262

by confession, ............... II, 262
requisites of, ............... II, 262
affidavit, when required, ..... II,
when void, .................
staying proceedings on, &c., ... II, 263
of nonsuit, ................. II. 263
for defendant, .............. II, 263
against joint debtors, ......... II, 264
other provisions as to judgments,

II, 264
costs, ......

... II, 264
transcript of judgment, filing of, &c., 11, 264

judgment thereupon becomes a lien
on real estate, .........

... II, 265
certain judgments may be re-
vived, .......

........ II, 265
executions to issue,.....

.......... II, 265
within what time, ........... II, 266
stayed by bond to pay debt .. II, 267
against joint debtors, ........ II, 267
form of, when for certain penal-
ties,.....

......, II, 268
date and return of, .......... II, 268
renewal of,....

......... II, 268
further execution, ........... 11, 268
duty of constable on execution, ii, 269

sale, notice, return, ...... II, 269

constable not to buy at sale, 11, 269
females not to be imprisoned,.. 11, 270
remedy for not returning, .... II, 270
not to be acted under after return
day,.....................
exception,...........

..... II, 270
remedy for money collected by con-

stable and not paid over, . II, 270
when issued by county clerk, .. II, 271

form and effect thereof, .. II, 271

cortificate in book,.....
justice dying, &c., town clerk to
demand papers, &c., ....... II, 279

delivery, how compelled, . 11, 279

entries, how far evidence,. II, 279
powers of justices when term of

office has expired, &c., ..... 11, 279
justices neglecting to pay over

money, a misdemeanor, .... II, 280
justice dying, &c., appeals how
served and returned, ...... II, 280
action on judgment before such

justice, .............. II, 280
returns by justices out of county,

II, 281
removal of constable for not pay.

ing over money, .......... IL, 281
execution of process by private

person,.................. II, 281
cases of criminal contempt, in
which justices may punish,. II, 281

proceedings, &c., ........ II, 282
witness refusing to be sworn, . II, 282
suits against unknown persons, 1, 282

constable after office expired,.. IL 283
Justices of the marine court of New York, 1, 87, 97
powers of, in certain cases, ....... II, 529

[See New York.]
Justices of the supreme court, 1, 87, 96, IL, 205

289
[See Supreme court.)
Justices of the superior court, ... ......I, 88
Juvenile convicts, to house of refuge, ... II, 724
Keene, town of, fees of collector in, 1, 382
Kidnapping another, defined, &c., ......

where tried, ........
consent, when not defense, .......

accessory after the fact in,........
Killing a human being, when murder,

when justifiable homicide, ........
when excusable homicide, ........
when manslaughter in the first deg.,

in the second degree,
in the third degree,.......

in the fourth degree, .........
in heat of passion, cruel manner, &c.,
in passion, by dangerous weapon, .. II,

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"... II, 270

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