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Executors:

| Executors and administrators:

PASL
when to be summoned to appear and

notice of sale, ..................

108
qualify, .......
.......... II,

time and place, ............... 103
proceedings thereon, ............ 11, 72 who not to purchase, ..........
oath or affirmation, .............. II, 72 credit on sales, ...............

103
power of, before letters granted, ... II, 73 when sale may be vacated, ...
executor of executor not to adminis-

when to be confirmed, ........... 109
ter, .......
........ II, 73 deed when to be executed, .......

IL 109
to have no rights as such,........ II, 468 sales subject to incumbrances, .... 109
of their own wrong, liable as trespassers,

effect of sale on heirs and devisees,

II, 110
II, 468

proceeds, how accounted for, &c.,.. 11, 110
to account, &c., ..

...... I, 82 notice of distribution, ........... 11, 111
complaint against executor, ....... II, 73

proceedings thereon, ........ 11, 111
duty and powers of surrogate thereon,

proceedings of creditors, to compel sale,
II.

11, 112
may prove will, and how, ........ II,

penalty for illegal sales, ......... 11, 114
citation to, when probate or will is

irregularity when not to affect validity
contested, .................... II,

of purchase, ........ ....... n, 114
notice to, on revocation of probate, II,

in former sales, how rectified,. II, 114
foreign, entitled to administration on

interest under contracts for land, when
estates of non-residents, ....... II,

to be sold, &c., ................ II, 115
sale by one or more executors, under

rights and liabilities of, certain promises
will, when valid, .............. II, 113

by, to be in writing, .......... TI, 117
sales under will, how conducted, &c., II, 113 when they may maintain actions of
actions of account by and against

trespass, ............... .... II, 117
them, ....................... II, 117 when liable to such actions, ...... II, 118
when may bind out minors, ....... II, 161 judgments against heirs when to bar
estates vested in, to be held in joint

suits against them,............ IT, 118
tenancy, ......

....... I, 676 when and how sued for legacies, . . 11, 118
certain devises to, in trust, to be

or for distributive share, ..... II, 118
deemed powers, ................ I, 678 when suits not to be abated, ...... II, 119
Exccutors and administrators,

payment of debts, &c., may be decreed
one becoming incompetent others to

by surrogate, ......

save, ... ........... II, 120
proceed, ........ ...... II, 79 bond when to be sued,.......... II, 120
all becoming so, new letters to issue, II, 80 executions against, ...... II, 90, 120, 376
acts of, when valid, though they are

remedy of, for arrears of rent,..... ,697
afterwards removed, &c., ....... II,

ib. for rent accruing to tenant for life, 1, 697
duties of, in taking and returning in-

when not to pay mortgages from as-
ventories, .......

...... II.

sets, ........................ . 100
their inventories how far evidence, 11, 468 of joint-tenants and tenants in com.
duties of, in paying debts, &c., .... II,

mon, by and against ........... L 701
in rendering account upon order of

of fathers of bastards, when liable to
........ II,

actions on order, .............. I, 605
proceedings on such account, ..... II,

assessment of property held by them, 1 363
they may also institute proceedings for

when they may become petitioning
tinal settlement of their accounts, ir,

creditors of insolvent, ......... II, 17
commissions to be allowed to them, ,

when may assign indentures of ap
when not allowed, ....

prenticeship, ................ 11, 167
payment of debts and legacies when

not to be held to bail, unless, &c.,. II, 359
to be decreed,

...... II,
set-offs in suits by and against,....

II, 367
mode of payment,.

ib. in justices' courts, .........
when moneys may be retained, .... II,

suits by and against them, ....... II, 466
order of distribution of surplus, ...

certain actions for wrongs,.... II, 467
advancements to children, ........

not to be held to bail, &c.,........ II, 467
shares of minors, ......

..... IT,

executions against, when and for what
surplus when to be paid into treasury,

sums to be issued.......... II, 90, 120

not to be against their bodies or
advance of parts of legacies and dis-

property, unless, &c., ...... II, 376
tributive shares,

proceedings on appearance of one only,
when they may apply for order to set

1,267
real estate, ......... ........ IL 104

104 limitation of actions by and against
petition therefor........ ..... IL. 104

them, extended, .............. 11, 467
proceedings thereon, ...

liability for false pleading abolished, n, 468
order to show cause, .......

real estate of deceased not affected by
publication and service, .....

105

judgments against them, ....... 1, 468
hearing, ...................... II, 105 subsequent executors, &c. to have exe-
issue when to be awarded, .. ...... II, 106

cutions on judgment of predecessors,
debts established to be entered, ... II, 106

- 468
order of sale, or for lease, &c., .... II, 106 their inventory, its effect as evidence,
bond when to be executed, ....... II, 107

. . II, 468

surrogate, ..........

II, 252

102

104

:::::

104

104

| Fees of officers :

PAGK,
ib. of court for correction of errors,. II, 646
masters' fees in chancery,......... II, 649
circuit judges for services as masters,

641

II, 651

for services as supreme court com-

missioners, .............. II, 655
examiners in chancery,....... II, 651
register and assistant register,

161

II, 651

654

307

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Executors and administrators:

PAGE
Buits against them by legatees, .... II, 469
not liable for costs in suits by them,
except, &c., ................

.... II, 639
judgment against, for costs, ........
Excemption from taxes, ................ I, 360

from execution, ....... .... II, 380
Exoneration of bail, proceedings for, ... 394
Expelled from legislature, ............. I, 152
Expenses of legislature, ...............,
Expenditures, state, .......

..............1, 188
Exposing poison to cattle, ............ II, 711
Exposing child to abandon it, &c.,...... II, 685
Extortion in taking fees unlawfully, II, 669, 778
attempt at, .......

............. II, 712
Extra session of legislature,
Failure of title on judicial sales,.... II, 389
False heir producing with intent to defraud,

696
False imprisonment by officers without legal
proooss, ......................... II, 714
actions for, within what time to be

brought, ....................
False personating another, and marrying, II,

or becoming bail as such, ........ 696
or confessing a judgment, ........
or acknowledging deeds, ......... II, 696
or doing any act in suits, &c., to injury

of another,................... II,
receiving property in false character,

to be deemed stealing, ......... II, 696
indictment for marrying in false char-

acter how and when to be found, II, 696
producing false heir, ......

1alse neir, ............. II, 696
producing false child, ............ II, 696
False pleading, liability of executors, &c.,
for, abolished, .........

... II, 468
False swearing, when perjury,......... IL, 701
at elections,.....

......... I, 145
False tokens and pretences, obtaining pro-
perty by, .......

......... II, 697
obtaining signature to instrument by,

11, 697
Father, of pauper, bound to support him,
&c., ............................ I, 566

absconding, ...................ob
of bastard child, his liability, &c., .. 1 566

(See Bastards. ]
when to be guardian of infant, .... I, 666
when to inherit, ................. I, 702
when legacy to child, may be paid to,

II, 93
may dispose of custody of his minor

children, .................... 11, 156
consent of, to binding out of child, 11, 160

(See Child, and Children.]
February twenty-second, discharging fire-
arms, on, &c., .......

:...................1,613
Free simple, defined, &c., ...............h

670
Fees of officers,
is before legislative committee, ...... I, 159
of secretary of state, .............., 189

account thereof, .............
of comptroller, ...................

account thereof, .............
of surveyor-general, ..............1, 189

account thereof, ............. I, 187
clerk of the court for the trial of im-

peachments, ....... ......... 11, 646

clerks in chancery, .......... II,

653
sergeants-at-arms in chancery, 11, 653
counsellors in chancery,....

II, 653
solicitors in chancery,........
supreme court commissioners, ..... II, 655
first judges, in common pleas, ..... II, 657
recorders in mayors' courts, ....... II, 657
county judges for attending courts, II, 657.

ib. for specific services, II, 655, 657, 658
commissioners of deeds, &c., ...... II, 658
of justices of the peace in civil suits, II, 272

in other cases, .............. 11, 658
clerks of courts and of counties, ... I1, 659
register of deeds in New York, .... II, 659
clerks of cities or towns, on certificates
of marriage, .....

II, 146
on proving a will, ........ II, 60
in justices' courts, ...........

II, 273
commissioners to make partition, .. II, 662
ib. to admeasure dower,..

II, C62
referees, ..................

II, 662
jurors, .......

II, 662
provisions for their daily pay,. II, 662
in New York, ......
in mayors' courts, ......

in special proceedings, &c., ... II, 663
sheriffs in all cases, .......

II, 663
on executions on justices' judg-
ments, ..

... II, 274
coroners, .......

...... II, 666
constables, in special proceedings, . . II, 666
in justices' courts, .

...... II, 273
notaries public, .........
canal commissioners, &c., ......... II, 667
printers publishing legal notices, . . II, 667
attorney-general, ............

........... II, 668
of certain officers in service of habeas

corpus, ...................... II,
of persons not being officers, how as.

certained in such cases, ...... II, 596 ·
general provisions concerning, .... II, 669
when special provision is made for par.

ticular service, ............. II, 669
state officers may search gratuitously,

II, 662
...... II, 663

.......

II, 666

term "folio" defined,............ II, 669
judicial officers not to receive fees in

certain cases, ................. II, 285
officers, &c. not to receive fees unless

allowed by law,............... II, 669
fees not to be charged unless services

performed, ................... II, 670
same person not to charge fees in two

capacities, ................... II, 670
remedy to recover fees wrongfully col-

lected on justices' judgment, .... II, 274
in criminal cases,

of justices of the peace, ..... II, 775
of courts of special sessions,. II, 775
of constables, ............. II, 775

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187

L. 351

.......... II, 676

Fecs of officers, in criminal cases :

PAGE] Felonies :
of criers in criminal courts, .. II, 776

officer falsely certifying deed,. , 691
of clerks of criminal courts, . . 11, 776

counterfeiting current coins, .... II, 691
of district attorneys, ........ II, 776

coins of foreign country,. II, 692
to be verified by affidavit, II, 777

making, &c., plates like bank bills,
certain provisions not to apply to

I, 692
New York, .............. II,

having in possession with intent,
coroners', to be audited by super-

&c., ..................... II,
visors, ................... II, 177

selling, &c., counterfeit potes, with
of sheriffs, ................. 11, 778

intent, &c.,............... II, 692
to be county charges, &c., II, 778

process, pleadings, orders, &c., , 693
foreign witnesses in criminal cases

any instrument affecting pecuniary
to be paid, ............... II, 778

interests, ................ II, 693
poor witnesses, also, ......... II, 778

false entries in books of public
definition of term, "folio,".... II, 778

accounts, &c., ............ II, 693
prohibition against taking more

or in books of banks,.... II, 693
than legal fees, ........... II, 778

having counterfeit notes in pos-
Feigned issues on appeal from proof of will,

session, with intent, &c., ... 11, 693
&c., ......................... II, 66, 632

possessing other forged instru-
awarded by surrogate when debts are

ments, with intent, &C.,, ... IL, 694
contested, .................... II, 106

having in possession counterfeit
on bill for divorce for adultery,.... 0, 150

coins, &c., ..............., II, 694
Feigned recoveries, ................... ,

uttering forged instruments or
Felo del se assisting, manslaughter, .... II, 681

coins, .........

......... IL 694
Folonies,

when punishment for, mitigated,
forfeitures in, abolished, ......... II, 724

II, 694
damages done by, how recovered,. II, 723

making false instruments in one's
what offenses are, generally,...... II, 726

own name,.............. II, 694
treason, ....................... 1

false personating another, .... 11, 696
murder, ............

receiving property in false charac-
arson in first degree, ............ II, 676

ter, larceny,............. II, 696
in second degree, ........... II, 686

producing pretended heir, .... 11, 696
in the third and fourth degree, II, 686

substituting one child for another,
manslaughter, in first, second, third and

II, 696
fourth degrees, ............... II, 680

cheating by false pretences, &c., 11, 697
rape, ......................... II,

false token of bills of banks not
carnally knowing woman by stu-

existing, ................ 11, 697
pifying her, &c., .......... II, 683 robbery in first degree and in second
compelling woman to marry, &c., II, 683

degree, ...................... IL, 697
taking, with intent to compel to

sending, &c., threatening letters to ex
marry, ...........
..... II, 683

tort property,................. 11, 698
taking female under 14 from father,

embezzlement by clerks, servants, &c.,
&c., to prostitute, ......... II, 683

11, 698
maiming a person, .............. II, 683 receiving property embezzled,..... II, 699
kidnapping, ..........
........ II, 684

carriers converting property entrusted
accessory to, after fact, ........11, 684

to them without breaking box, &c., 11, 699
selling colored person kidnapped,

grand larceny, stealing property worth

more than 25 dollars, .......... 11, 699
decoying child under 12 years,

if committed in a dwelling house, ship
&c., ................... II,

or vessel, ........
parents, &c., abandoning child under

if committed in the night time from the
six years old, ................. II, 685

person, ..... ........ 1, 699
assaulting with deadly weapons, with

severing from the soil and converting
intent, &c., ..........
...... II, 685

property, larceny, ............. II, 700
giving poison with intent to kill, .. II, 685 stealing records, papers filed, &c.,.. , 700
poisoning food, springs, &c., ...... II, 685 fraudulently withdrawing public docu-
assaults to commit felonies, &c., ... II, 685

ments, ...................... IL, 700
burglary in first, second and third de-

buying stolen property, .......... II, 700
grees, &c., ................... II, 688 perjury, different punishment in diffe-
forging of wills or deeds, ......... II, 690

rent cases, ................... II, 701
proof of them, &c., .......... II, 690

subornation of perjury, .......... I, 702
certificates of public securities, II, 690 offering reward for perjury,....... II,
evidence of debt by the people, II, 690 bribery of governor and other public
indorsement thereof, ........ II, 691

officers, ........
public seals, &c., ...

........ II, 691 accepting bribe, ....
records of wills, &c., ........ II, 691

.. II, 704
records of judgments, decrees,

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assisting in same, ........

compelled to testify,
&c., ......
....... II, 691

place of trial, ........
returns to process, .......... II, 691 jurors, arbitrators, referees, accepting
entries in books of records, .. II, 691

bribes, .........

., II, 704
*... II, 704

*******. II, 704

PAGE

PAGL.

Felonies:

corrupting or attempting to corrupt

jurors, arbitrators or referees, ... II,
conveying instruments into jails to aid

escapes, ..................... II, 705
aiding felons to escape from any

prison, ...................... II, 705
forcibly rescuing any prisoner, .... II,
aiding prisoners not felons to escape, 1,
aiding escape of prisoner from officers,

:: II, 710

breaking, &c., from state prison,... I,
or from county jail, .

..... IL
attempting by force to escape from

state prison, ..............
fighting duel,...................
challenging to duel; accepting ch

lenge, ........
seconds, &c., present at duel, .....
assisting to a duel, ..............
bigamy and polygamy,...........
single person marrying wife, &c.,

another, ..................... II, 710
incest, .......:

710
removing dead bodies from grave with

intent, &c. ...................
purchasing, &c., bodies so removed, 11, 710
opening grave to remove body, &c., 11, 710
or to steal coffin, &c., ............ 1, 710
giving or exposing poison to cattle, II, 711
taking reward to abstain from prose-

cuting felonies, .............. II, 711
crime against nature, ............

711
Female convicts, ..................

809
Females may not be arrested, ......
Fences, removal of, on open road, .......
division,........

:::........ \ 326
[See Division fences.]
encroaching on highways, order to re-

move, &c., .................... 1 482
forfeiture for disobeying order, ....1
proceedings, if encroachment be denied,

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Fines :

power of common pleas to remit,.. n, 508
proceedings for that purpose, ..... II, 509
costs of collecting to be paid, ..... II, 609
remitting those imposed by special ses-

sions, &c., .................... II, 509
on sheriffs and constables for not exe-

cuting process in special proceedings,

&c., ...................... II, OTI
extent of, for misconduct in nature of
contempt,.........

........... II, 557
in proceedings by mandamus, may be
imposed on officers, &c. neglecting,

II, 608
extent of, for misdemeanors,...... 11, 719

[See Misdemeanors.]
not exceeding $200 may be imposed

on convictions for felonies and other

offences, ..................... II, 723
imposed by special sessions, how ap-

plied when collected, .......... 11, 741
suit for neglect to pay over fines,.. II, 741
on sheriffs, &c., not executing process

in special proceedings, ......... II, 571
on constables for similar neglect,., II, 571
on sheriffs and constables for not at-
tending juries in such proceedings,

IL, 572
proceedings to collect such fines, . . 11, 572
Fines and common recoveries, abolished,. II, 354
Firemen to be discharged from juries, . . II, 432
Firing of woods, ................

..................1,650
First judge of county courts, ......

: ......l 87
[See County courts.]
of N. Y. com, pleas, ..........1, 87, 96
Fiscal concerns of state, .............. 1, 170
Fishing and Fisheries,

use of cocolus indicus prohibited, ... I, 640
salmon not to be taken at certain times, I, 641
fish not to be taken at certain times on

Sunday, ..................... I, 641
drift nets in certain waters, ........ 1. 641

at Saratoga or Fort Miller falls, I, 641
spearing pike prohibited, ..........1 641
hoop nets, &c., may be used in parts of
Hudson river, .........

.... I, 641
Staten Island excepted from preceding
may be regulated by order of court of

common pleas, ...... ..... I, 642
executions for penalties, under laws

relative to,....................11, 268
Flatbush, part of 'school moneys to be paid

to academy of Erasmus Hall, ....... I, 454
Floating timber, ..................... I, 651
Flour inspectors, .................... 89
Flushing, provision as to certain school

moneys of,........................ I, 455
Folio, to consist of 100 words,.... II, 669, 778
Forced loans, &c., prohibited, ..........1, 83
Forcible entries and detainers, ..... II, 349, 523

complaint how made, &c., ........ II, 523
jury of inquiry; inquisitions, ..... II, 624
traverse of inquisition,........... II,
ib. by landlord of tenant, ......... II,
trial and evidence thereon,........ II, 524
judgment; restitution, ........... II, 525
certiorari to remove proceedings,.. II, 526
power of criminal courts to award res-

324
326

651

regular, consequence of neglect to

keep, ........................ 1, 326

sufficiency of, rule of evidence as to, 1 328
Fence viewers, assessors and commissioners
of highways to be, .................

I, 313
their powers, &c., in regard to strays,
to division and other fences, .......
to floating timber, ...............

to damages done by dogs,......
Feoffment, conveyance by, abolished, . 689
Ferries, regulation of, ...
Ferry at Westchester, ................
Feudal tenures, abolished, ............. 666

certain rights, &c., not to be affected, 1, 666
Figures,............................ II, 285
Fines to be reasonable and not excessive, 1, 85

in justices' court, on witnesses for not

attending,.................... II, 257
ib. defaulting jurors, ............ II, 261
proceedings to impose, on jurors not

personally notified, ............ II,
imposed by courts, proceeding to col-

lect.......................... II, 505
where to be paid ; how accounted for,

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333

4

II, 508

titution, .................... II, 527

where to be paid when imposed by
mayor's courts, .... .......... 4, 508

........... II, 479

Forcible entries, &c.:
PAGE. | Forgery, &c., in the fourth degree:

PAGL
officers authorized to execute this title,

or counterfeit coin, with like in-
II, 526

tent, .................. 11,
Foreclosure of mortgages, in equity, II, 195, 198

uttering to be punished same as
by advertisement, ........
...... II, 564

forgery, ................. 11,
ib. of state mortgages,............ 1, 211

except when counterfeit received
[See Mortgages.]

in good faith, &c., ......... II, 694
Foreigners, being minors, may bind them-

false instruments in one's own
selves to service, &c.,............. II, 162

name,..

.......... II, 694
Foreign corporations, suits by them,.... II, 477

punishm'nt for different degrees, IL, 695
suits against them,.....

total erasure, &c., to be deemed
(See Corporations, foreign.]

forgery, ................. 11, 695
Foreign criminals, may be delivered over by

joining parts of several instru-
governor, .....................

ments,................... II,
proceedings therefor,............. I, 163

what papers and signatures to be
Foreign wills, .......

..... II, 68

deemed writings,.......... II,
jury how obtained, .............. II, 427

intent to defraud in, against whom
Foreman of grand jury, when he may ad-

it may be, .......

......... 11, 695
minister oaths, ................... II, 747

signatures of pretended officers of
Forfeited estates, how recovered, &c., .... I, 256

corporations, ............. 1, 695
Forfeiture of precedent estates not to affect

counterfeiting lottery tickets, . . 1, 624
expectant estates, ....... ......... I, 674 Former acquittal, when a bar to further
of tenant's estate not to be produced

prosecution, ...................... 11,
by his conveyance of greater estate, I, 690 on indictment for offenses of different
of dower, &c., ................... L 692

degrees, ..................... 11,
of corporate powers, .............1, 557 when not a bar, ................. 11,
of property to this state, &c., how en-

sending challenge out of the state, . II,
forced by information,.......... II, 607 fighting duel out of the state,.....

on convictions of felony abolished,. II, 724 for stealing property out of the state,
Forfeitures and penalties, actions for,.... II, 502 Fort Ann, bounty moneys in,.....
(See Penalties and forfeitures.]

Fort Miller falls, fishing at,..
Forgery and counterfeiting,

Fractions to be rejected, &c., ...........
in first degree, ................... II, 690 Franklin, county of, named,............ , 80
of wills, deeds, certificates of proof

to have one member of assembly,...
of deeds or wills,.......... II, 690 supervisors of, when to meet,...... 1,
public securities, scrip in public

towns in, may allow certain bounties, 1,
stock, ................... II, 690 Fraud, marriages obtained by, may be dis-
assignments of securities or scrip,

solved, .......................... II, 147

in confessing judgments relieved ag'nst
in the second degree, .............. II, 691

in chancery,.................. II, 181
public seals, or of courts, or corpo-

in making conveyances,..... II, 138, 713
rations, &c., ......

in putting such conveyances in use, 11, 713
altering records of wills, deeds,

by insolvent debtors applying for dis-
judgments, returns, ........ II, 691

charge, &c., ........... II, 24, 36, 713
entries in books of record, .... II, 691 bills to relieve against, to be filed in six
false certificates by officers, of

years after the discovery thereof, 11, 307
proof of deeds, ............ 11, 691 limited partners guilty of, ......... 1 719
counterfeiting current coins,.. 11, 691 Fraudulent conveyances and contracts,
making, &c., false plates of bank

relative to lands, ................ II, 138
bills, .................... 11, 692 conveyances with intent to defraud pur-
having impressions from such

chasers, how far void, ......... 11, 138
plates,................... II, 692 conveyances with power of revocation,
passing counterfeit notes, &c.,. II, 692
offering or receiving for sale, ex-

writing when necessary to convey in-
change, &c., ............. II, 692

terest in lands, ................ II, 139
having notes of banks in posses-

geal when necessary,.............1
sion with intent to pass,.... II, 694 other requisites, .......
counterfeiting coin of foreign coun-

contracts to sell or lease land, to be
try to export, ............. II,

writing, &c., ..................
in the third degree, ... ...... II,

grant to one, on consideration paid by
process, pleadings, orders, &c., II,

another, ............
instruments affecting property of

[See Uses and trusts.
another, &c., ..

relative to goods, chattels and things in
false entries in books of public ac-

action, ........
counts, .................. II,

deeds of gift, &c., void as to credi-
ib. in books of moneyed corpora-

tors, ........

........ II, 140
tions,.................... II, 693

certain agreements to be in writing,
in the fourth degree, .............. II, 694
having in possession certain coun-

requisites to validity of contracts,
terfeits with intent to pass,. II, 694

11, 691

.... II, 691

..... L, 689

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