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Coroners:
PAGE | Corporations :

PAGL
their accounts, a county charge,.... I, 354 turnpike, future, how incorporated, . . 1, 535
to take charge of wrecks, ......... I, 644

subscriptions for stock,....... I 536
actions against, within what time to be

election of directors, .......... I, 536
brought, ..................... II, 307

powers and duties of directors, 1, 537
their duties in the execution of process

prohibitions on, .......... 539
where sheriffs are parties,...... 11, 460

forfeiture of corporate powers, I, 538
to act when sheriff is a party, in reple-

dissolution of corporation,.... 1, 538
vin, .......
.......... II, 551
road, how laid out,....

538
compensation for their services gene-

duty of commissioners, &c.,.... 538
rally,.........
......... II, 666

road, how constructed,......... 539
when to summon jury to inquire, &c., II, 767

mile stones,...

539
proceedings thereon,......... II,

guide posts,...

539
authority to issue subpænas,...... II,

damages assessed and paid, ... I, 540
to issue warrant to apprehend of-

land, when entered on, .... I, 541
fender, .......

tolls, when to be collected, &c., 1, 542
testimony, inquisitions, recognizances,

future and existing, inspectors of,.. I, 543
&c., to be returned,............ II, 768

their powers and duties, ...... I, 544
their compensation to be audited by

their compensation,.......... I, 545
supervisors, .................. II, 777

penalty on toll gatherers,...... I, 545
when aldermen in New York may act

commutation, ............ I, 546
as, .......................... IL, 777

penalties on travelers,........ 1, 546
when to hold inquests on persons

hoist gates, ................. 1, 546
dying in state prison,.......... II, 811 corporations generally, notices for appli-
Corporate rights of towns,........... 310

cations for, or relative to, how pub-
of counties, ...................

337

lished, ....................... I, 154
Corporations, .......

635

when and how to be assessed, 1, 362,
banking. (See Banks.]

374
dividends, ...................... L 558

their general powers, privileges
limitation to debts,..

• I, 659

and liabilities, ............. I, 556
transfers of property,.........

such general powers to vest in all
elections in, ................. I, 560, 561

corporations hereafter created, I, 556
by-laws,.........

not to possess additional powers
buying notes forbidden, ........... I, 561

unless given by charter, .... I, 557
loans by,....................... L, 562

especially banking powers, 1, 661
foreign, right to gue, on giving se-

notes, &c., to, made contrary to
curity,.......

these prohibitions, void, .... I, 661
except for acts contrary to our

penalty for violating same, I, 661
laws, .................... II, 477

when stockholders may be re-
suits against them by attachment, 11, 479

quired to pay balance on stock,
when entitled to double costs

I, 557, II, 486
against plaintiff,........... II, 481

when majority may act,.. 1, 557
appearance of defendants,.... 11, 481

to commence business in one year,
discharging attachment,...... II, 481
apportioning property among seve-

dissolved by certain acts and omis.
ral plaintiffs, .............. II, 481

sions, ................... II, 484
moneyed, restrictions and prohibitions

who to settle affairs of, on dissolu-
on, .................... I, 547, 560

tion, ................
calculations of dividends, &c.,.. 1, 548

repeal of corporate powers, .... I, 557
losses, how to be charged, .... 1,

dissolution of,............... I, 557
loans, when to be called in,....,

may proceed under laws against
hypothecated stock,..........

absconding and insolvent debtors,
certain conveyances for use

II, 37
invalid,...............:

devises to, when valid, ....... II, 58
certain conveyances by, invalid, 1, 549

certain demands against, excepted
penalties on directors violating

from statute of limitations, . . II,
law, ..................... I, 550

ib. as to certain liabilities of direc-
liability of directors, .......... I, 557

tors and stockholders, ...... II, 310
annual report, ............... I, 550

proceedings in suits at law against,
affidavit to be filed before business

II, 477
commenced,............... I, 552

when judgment against to be ren-
election of directors of,... I, 552, 560

dered at first term, ........ II, 478
proceedings if election be not held,

preference in issues in suits against,
654

479
by-laws concerning, .......... I, 554

existence of, not to be proved, ex-
transfer books, .......... I, 554, 558

cept on issue by plea....... II, 477
remedy of persons aggrieved by

acts of incorporation not to be set
election, ................. I, 554

forth,........

.... II, 479
construction of the provisions con-

mistake in naming, how waived, 11, 479
cerning moneyed corporations, I, 555

proceedings against, in equity, 11, 482

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$ 557

....... I, 557

.................. IL, 643

Corporations :

PAGE | Costs :
how restrained from usurping pow.

exception of executors, &c., ....... 1,639
ers,

.......... 11,482 amount limited in certain cases,.... II,
jurisdiction of chancery over Offi-

several suits on same instrument,. 11, 638
cers, .................... II, 482 when to be recovered by defendants, 1L, 639
sequestration of property on return

when by one of several defendante, IL, 639
of execution against, ....... II, 483 when in suit settled before judgment, 11, 640
stockholders, how and when com-

single costs only on recovery of double
pelled to pay in amount due on

or treble damages, ............
their stock,............... II, 486 when double costs to be recovered
discovery by them and their offi.

defendant,................... II, 640
cers, how enforced, ........ II, 486 double costs in such cases defined, . II, 640
answers of officers, when com-

to belong to defendant only,...... II, 641
pelled, ................... II, 486 how awarded in case of several issues,

effect of, as evidence, .... II, 487
suits at law against, when to be

in cases of general demurrer,.....
restrained, ............... II, 487

on plea of misnomer,............. II,
religious and other corpora-

on confession without action, .....
tions excepted, ....... II, 487 in error, and when may be double,
how dissolved on application of

on appeals from chancery, ........
directors, &c.,............. II, 488 on appeals from surrogates' courts,

decree on dissolution,.... II, 489 op countermanding notice of trial,
receivers to be appointed, their

judgment for, against executors, &c., II,
duties, &c., ............ II, 490

people liable for, in suits by them,. IL, 642
acts void, after presenting petition,

in such cases, how paid, ...... I, 673

II, 490 adjudged to the state to be recovered
appeals from orders and decrees of

by attorney-general,............ 4 180
court,..................., II, 494 in suits for protection of lands belong.
religious and other corpora-

ing to canal fund, how paid, ..... 211
tions excepted, ........ II,

relators liable for,........... II, 573, 643
proceedings on indictments ag'st,

on refusing mandamus, ....... I, 643

on granting peremptory manda-
distringas against, when to issue, II,

mus, .............
fines upon, how collected,.... II, 773

on attachment,.............. II, 643
special provisions, ........... 1,

assignees suing in name of another
corrupting jurors, &c., ... II, 704, 716

liable for,............... 11,
corrupt conduct at elections, ... I,

double, plaintiff liable to, in guits against
Cortland, county of, named, ............1

foreign corporations, ...........,
to have two members of assembly,. I, 150

security for payment of, ...... II, 644
supervisors of, where and when to

bail in justifying, &c., ........ II, 645
meet, ........................ I, 339

liability of attorney for, when no
trial for escheated lands in,........ I, 255

security, .........
Costs, poor persons when not liable for, 11, 463

:

when to be given by individual
in suits by legatees ag'st executors, II, 470

bringing ejectment in name of
how apportioned in suits against lega-

state, .................... 101
tees, heirs, &c., ............... II, 471 in particular cases,
on proceedings for forcible entries and

in certain suits against persons for
detainers, ....... ....... II, 525

public moneys, ............ 1, 174
in summary proceedings, to recover

in the foreclosure of state mort.
possession of land, ............ II, 533

gages, .................... 1, 211
in chancery, when and how awarded,

in suits by and against towns,.. I, 330
IL,
II, 636

.by and against counties, .. 1, 367
in certain actions at law, to be recov-

on claim of property, in case of
ered in all courts, .............. II, 636

absconding debtor, ......... 1,
when full supreme court costs to be re-

on contesting validity of will.. I, 62
covered,......... ......... IL, 636

on issue awarded by circuit judge
when common pleas costs in suits in

on appeal from surrogate,... , 67
supreme court ............... II,

in certain suits against executors of
when no more costs than damages in

administrators, ....... ... 14
supreme court,................ II, 637

on seigned issue awarded by sur
in actions of replevin, in supreme court,

1, 637

in suits for divorces, ..........
when plaintiff not to recover costs in

on discontinuance in justices' cour
supreme court, ................ IL, 637
when demand reduced by set-offs, &c.;

limited in justices' courts,......
II, 637

in suits by owners of wrecked pro.
on removal of causes from common

perty, .....................
pleas, &c.,......

....... II, 637 taxation of, in supreme court, ...ved
in suits in common pleas, when to be

in courts of common pleas, ..**
recovered,....
...... , 638

in mayors' courts,...

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................. II,

PAGE,

&c.,........

Costs, taxation of:

PAGE
fees to be allowed for one counsel,

attorney, &c., only, ........ IL, 670
disbursements of solicitors and at-

torneys, to be allowed, ..... II, 656
not to be taxed for counsel unless

employed,................ II, 670
for what purposes prospective costs

may be taxed,............ II, 670
charges for warrants of attorney,

precipes and venires, abolished, 11,
one draft of process, &c., only to

be allowed, ...........:
pleadings, &c., copied, not to be

charged as drafts, ......... II,
copies of papers filed, may be

taxed, .....
witnesses' fees not to be allowed

to counsel, &c., ........... IL, 671
same person not to charge fees in

two capacities,............ II, 670
fees to be taxed on settlement of
execution, ................ II, 671
and on settling attorneys?

costs, ................
on foreclosing mortgages, items to

be taxed, ................ II, 671
duty of taxing officer in all cases, II, 672
amount due on bond, to be proved,

....... I, 399

IL, 672

County charges :

support of poor,.................1 572
County courts, judges of, their number, ... 87

must reside within county, ........ I, 92
oaths to be filed with county clerk,. I, 110
first judge of, vacancy in his office,

..................., 97
powers and duties of, to compel

delivery of books and papers, 1, 114
under election laws, ..... I, 119, 148
when to designate coroner to act

as sheriff, &c., ............. I, 353
powers and duties as to wrecks, 1, 643

as to habitual drunkards,. II54
when to act as surrrogate,.... II, 80
may grant orders to stay waste on
land sold under execution, .. II, 347

proceedings thereon, ..... II, 348
his fees, .......

.......... II, 657
judges of, to form common pleas and
general sessions, .............. II, 217
proceedings by, to remove jus-
tices, ......

...1, 91
also on complaints against phy:

sicians, ........
their powers and duties as to com-

missioners of deeds,...... \ 91, 99
duty under election law, ..... I, 121
ib. on appeals from commissioners

of highways,......... ... 1, 466
ib. in administering oaths to offi-
cers, ......

...! 109
against occupants of state lands, 1, 206
in deciding on sureties of sheriffs,

&c., ..................... I, 350
taking affidavits, ............ II, 295
ib. in complaints against sheriffs, 1, 113
may take proof, &c., of deeds, . . I, 706
when certificate of county clerk

must be subjoined, ......... I, 708
when applications against abscond-

ing and non-resident debtors, may

be made to, .............. II, 35
when by and against insolvent and

imprisoned debtors, . ....... II. 35
proceedings, how continued, if offi-

cer die, &c., .............. 0, 36
may stay proceedings on justices

judgments, ................ II, 263
general powers, ..........

.... II, 293
their authority in cases of forcible

entries and detainers, ...... II, 523
their power to remove tenants in

certain cases, ............. II, 529
fees for services in such and other

cases, .............. 11, 655, 657
their daily pay for attending

courts, .................. II, 657
their authority to keep the peace,

II, 727
to require sureties of the peace, I, 727

[See Peace, sureties of the.]
their authority to arrest offenders,

729
their warrants may be executed

in any county, ............ II, 730
[See Arrests on criminal charges.]

to take examinations of prisoners,

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certain charges to be proved,., II, 672
evidence of right to costs, in case

of set-offs, ................ IL, 673
ib. in case of malicious trespass, IL, 673
in other cases, .............. IL, 673

cotton damaged, ..
Counsel, party accused to be allowed, ... I, 84

II, 285
not to be allowed fees for attending as
witnesses, .....

........ IL, 671
to maintain state sovereignty,..... 1, 79

for the state in suits, ............. I, 164
Counsellors (See Attorneys & counsellors], 1 89
Counterfeiting, ......

........ II, 689
[See Forging and counterfeiting.)
Counties, enumerated, ......

......... , 80
erection and alteration of,. I, 81, 151, 154
powers, &c., as bodies corporate, ....., 336
may sue and be sued, .

............., 356
process, how served, ............. I, 357
judgments, how paid, ............ I, 357
limitation of their corporate powers, I, 337
effects of a division of, on corporate
powers, &c., ................... I, 337

on judgments and suits pending 1, 577
on mortgages for loan-office mo-

neys, .................... I, 346
suits by and against, ...... I, 356, II, 494
new, when not to be erected, ...... I, 151

applications for, .............104
laws to be sent to, ........... 1, 168

and reports, ............. I, 168

[See Supervisors, board of.]
County lands, ....................... I, 337
County canvassers, .......... I, 118, 119, 133
County clerks, .................... 1, 88, 3

(See Clerks of counties.
County charges enumerated, ........... I, 357

accounts for, how presented, &c.,..: , 357
election expenses, ................ 1, 148

..... 1391

n, 731

(See Examination of prisoners.]

............ II, 733

County courts :

PAGR.
cases in which they may be let to

bail, ............
when to sit in courts of special

sessions, ................ II, 734
[Seo Courts, Courts of common pleas, and

Courts of general sessions.)
County officers, general duties of, viz. :

board of supervisors, ............. I, 338
clerks of counties, ............... I, 348
county treasurer, .......

I. 341
county superintendents of the poor, I, 569
district attorney,.......

....... I, 355
loan officers and commissioners of
loans, .........

....... , 343
sheriffs and coroners, .....

350
surrogates, ......

354
their accounts for services,

358
County prisons, solitary cells in,.

341
how repaired, ........... .., 340
purposes for which to be used as

jails, ........................ II, 179
what prisoners to be closely kept in, 1, 780

provisions for their management,

County treasurers :

Pack
dutes as to corporations who neglect

to pay the taxes assessed on them, 4, 317
their warrants against collectors, re-

turns of, how enforced, ...... II, 576
losses sustained by them, to be charged

to their counties, .............. I, 379
duties in regard to distribution of

school moneys, ............... \ 415
powers and duties as to poor and poor
moneys, ............ 570, 573, 579

as to excise moneys, .......... 1, 636

as to tax on dogs,........... I, 657
to be public administrators in each

county except New York, ...... II,

their powers and duties as such, .. IL 133
Court-houses, circuit courts to be held
except, &c. ......
when destroyed by fire, &c., wh

courts to be held, .............
liquors when not to be sold in,....
applications for removal of, .......154
and jails, to be repaired at expense of

counties, .................... 1, 341
Courts, officers of, how appointed, &c.

1, 99 to 103
not to sit during elections, ........ 1, 116
general powers and duties of,..... 11, 284
in construing conveyances, &c., to carry

into effect intent of parties, ..... l
to sit publicly, .................. II, 284
judges not to sit or act in certain cases,

U. 284
nor to have partners in their

courts, .................. 11, 285
nor to receive fees in certain

cases, ...................
not to be opened on Sunday,......
process and proceedings of,.......
ib. of courts of record, ..........
duties, privileges and liabilities of oli-

cers of courts of records, ...... IL
seals of, ......
power to punish for criminal con-

tempt, ......................, 208
for misconduct in nature of contempts,

II, 780

......... II,

1, 552

labor by, and on highways, &c., 11, 781
keepers of, to furnish lists of prisoners,

I, 592, II, 781, 784
designating jail of other county, &c., II, 756
insane convicts in, how disposed of, II, 781
inspectors of, their powers and du-

ties, ......................... II, 782
keepers of, to receive prisoners com-
mitted by United States authority,

.................. II, 781
inspection of, ................... II, 782
County sealers, number limited, ........1 91

how to be appointed, &c., ......... I, 105
County poor-houses, when to be erected,
&c., .............................. , 570

exempt from taxation, ...... I, 360, 583

rules for, how made, ............. I, 569
County superintendents of the poor,

to be appointed in each county, .... I, 569
their powers and duties, .... I, 568 to 585
to report annually to secretary of

state, ......................... 584
to determine questions of settlement, 1, 575
powers, &c., as to county paupers,., 1, 575
ib. as to paupers removed from another

county, ...................... 1, 581
accounts and statements by,....... I, 579
powers, &c., as to bastards, ... 1, 595, 606
duty as to apprentices, ........... II, 167
entitled to receive stolen property not

claimed, ...................... II, 772

annual report, ....... ..........
County treasurers, to be appointed, ..... I,

how and for what term, &c., ...... I, 105
their general powers and duties, ... !
when to prosecute district attorney, I, 356
compensation a county charge, ..... I,
to charge collectors of towns with

amount of the moneys they are to

collect, ...................... I, 368
to issue warrant against delinquent

collector, ..................... I, 372
to proceed against sheriff in certain

cases by attachment, .... I, 372, 11, 576
forms of instructions for assessors, . I, 380 |

miscellaneous provisions concerning, 1, 301
all persons may have counsel,..... II, 700
new, to proceed according to common

law, ......................... 84
Courts of special sessions, by whom to be
held in New York, ........... 11. 233, 129

by whom held in other counties... 1, 233
judgments of, by whom executed, . II, 233
in counties out of New York,..... 11,
in New York, ............
provisions concerning, generally, ..
certiorari to, .................;;14

[See Special sessions, courts of.]
Courts of common pleas,

powers and jurisdiction, ..........
by whom to be held, ............
seals of, ............
writs how tested, ...........
forms of records in, .............
continuances after issue, . .......
times of holding, ..............,
in the city and county of New York, II,

of Albany, ... 1

.

.

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..... D1, 477

...... II, 138

.......... 11. 226

Courts of common pleas :
PAGE,

PAGE.
may grant licenses to ferries, ...... 1, 486 Courts held by justices of the peace, ... II, 323
may regulate fisheries, ........... I, 642

[See Justices' Courts.]
may relieve imprisoned debtors on pe Courts, Mayors' .................... II, 226
tition, &c.,..
:::::.............. II, 31

[See Mayors' courts.
powers as to habitual drunkards,.. , 54 Courts, special justices', ............... II, 233
power over justices' judgments, ... I, 263

[See Special justices' courts.]
over executions on justices' judgments, Court, supreme, .........

..... , 87
-

II,

II, 271 Court of chancery,................... II, 173
power to remit fines & recognizances, II, Court, superior, ....................1, 88
their authority in admeasurement of Covenant, actions of, on certain bonds in
dower, ....... ......... II, 510 justices' courts, ....

.... II, 235
power to award restitution of land in Covenants, not to be implied in mortgages, 1, 689
certain cases, ................. II,

nor in conveyances,.............. I, 689
appeals from, in cases of dower, .. II, Creditors, remedies in favor of, against
algo in cases of habitual drunkards, II, 634 absconding, concealed and non-resident
certiorari to, on decisions relative

debtors, .....

....... II, 1, 41
absent and absconding debtors, . IL, 625 against deblors confined for crimes,
Courts of general sessions,

II, 14, 41
charge to grand jury, ....... 1, 147 against debtors imprisoned, .... II, 24, 41
by whom to be held, ............ II, 217 against judgment debtors, ......... II, 180
powers and jurisdiction, ......
......... II, 217

against persons having interest in land
duty as to indictments not triable,. 11, 218

under contract, ......

..... I, 696
and as to those not tried, .... II, 218

corporations, ....
certain judges not to sit on appeals, , 219 protected against fraudulent conveyan-
in New York, .........
......... II, 224

ces, fc., ........
in Albany,..................... ,

of deceased persons, when entitled to
their powers as to relatives of paupers, I, 566

administration, ............... II,
as to estates of persons absconding

may apply to have executor give
and leaving families chargeable to

bond or be removed, ...... II,
the public, ................ 1, 566

may attend upon taking of inven-
as to bastards, .............. I, 600

tory, .................... II, 84
as to committee of lunatics, ... I, 589

when and how to be paid, .... II,
as to disorderly persons, ...... I, 592

certain preferences abolished,. II,
as to apprentices and servants, and

notice to, to exhibit claims,...
· their masters, ........ 11, 166, 167

proceedings on claims exhibited, II,
proceedings in, on recognizances to

may cite executors or administra-
keep the peace, .............. II, 128

tors to account, . .... II,
may be opened by county judge for

proceedings thereupon, ...... II,
special purposes, ......

..... 11, 773

may compel sale of real estate by
clerk of, in New York, .......... 88

executors, &c., ............ II,
Courts of common pleas and general sessions,

by judgment or decree, may acquire
proceedings if judges do not attend, 1, 218

interest of purchaser at sheriff's
process, ......
........ II, 219

.... II, 385
duration of terms,

conveyances to defraud, punishment
times of holding in the several coun-

for making, .iiii.....

.... II, 713
ties, ........

... II, 220

putting them in uso, how pun.
Courts of. oyer and terminer,

- ished, .....
charges to grand jury, ...........1, 147 Crier of court of errors, ....... .....I, 87
two to be annually held in each county Criers of supreme court, ...
except New York, ....

210 I of courts generally, their accounts in
and four in New York, .......... IL, 210

certain cases, county charges, ... I, 357
by whom held, ................. II,

| Crime, definition of term,

.... II, 726
who to preside in,.........

II, 211

infamous, definition of the term, -. II, 726
their powers and jurisdiction,

.... IL, 214

to be answered to,... ..... , 84
when to send indictments to general Crimes committed in this state cognizable
sessions, .......

II, 214
in its courts, ....

.... II,

720
special commissions of, .......... 214 attempts to commit, punishments for II, 720
special courts of oyer and terminer,

second offenses, how punished, .... II, 722
oath of commissioners, .........

773 accusations for, how made,. ...... I, 84
precepts for, by district attorney, . . II, 215 punishable with death,
proclamation for,................ IL 215 against the person punishable by im-
seals and process, ............... II, 215

prisonment in a state prison, ... II,
clerks of, ........

against property punishable by imprig-
clerks of, in New York, ........ 1, 88, 98

onment in a state prison, ....... II, 686
Court for the trial of impeachments and cor

affecting administration of justice,.. IL, 701
rection of errors, ............ I, 87, 1, 170 against public peace, &c., punishable

mode of conducting impeachments, in 171 by imprisonment in a state prison, I, 707
its powers as a court for the correc-

against nature, ................. II, 711
tion of errors, ............... II, 172 . (Seo Felonies and misdemeanors.]

112

gale, .........

.... II, 220

....... II, 713

..... 1,

86

214

....... II, 216

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