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Title shall commence and take effect; and whenever the term "hereafter" occurs, it shall be construed to mean the time after such Chapter or Title shall commence and take effect.

§11. Whenever in the Revised Statutes, or in any other ib., pinrai statute, words importing the plural number, are used in wor 8'**' describing or referring to, any matters, parties or persons, any single matter, party or person, shall be deemed to be included, although distributive words may not be used; and when any subject, matter, party or person, is described or referred to by words importing the singular number or the masculine gender, several matters and persons, and females as well as males, and bodies corporate as well as individuals, shall be deemed to be included; and these rules of construction shall apply in all cases, unless it be otherwise specially provided, or unless there be something in the subject or context repugnant to such construction.

§ 12. For the purposes of construction, the said Revised n>., repogStatutes shall be deemed to have been passed on the same day, SSiV*?~ notwithstanding they may have passed or taken effect at different times; but if any provisions in the different parts or chapters are repugnant to each other, that which shall be the last in the order herein before declared, shall prevail, and so much of any prior provision as is inconsistent with such last provision, shall be deemed repealed thereby.

§ 13. When the printing of the Revised Statutes shall be Revised completed, the revisers, or any two of them, shall certify the Decertified. same to have been examined and compared by them with the original acts, and with the acts amending such originals; and shall deposit a copy so certified, in the office of the secretary of state, which shall be conclusive evidence of such statutes.

§ 14. Such certificate shall be printed in each copy of the certificate, Eerised Statutes published under the direction of the revisers: pSwithel and every copy so printed by the printers employed for that purpose, in which such certificate shall be inserted, may be read in evidence in all courts of justice, and in all proceedings before any officer, board or body, in this state.

§ 15. This act shall be published with, and as a part of the This act, Bevised Statutes. SKX*"

AN ACT to repeal certain Acts and parts of Acts.

Passed December 10, 1828.

The People of the State of New-York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

§ 1. From and after the thirty-first day of December, in certain the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, the jSrt»to?*na following acts and parts of acts, heretofore passed by the p^aiedfrota legislature of this state shall be repealed, viz.: Sdnltr

Dec 1828.

Nothing In this act to be construed as repealing Revised Statutes, Ac

Statutes of England and GreatBrltlan, not in force.

Nor statutes of colony of New-York. Saving clause, as to acts done, rights accrued, &c.

lb., as to offences committed, or penalties Incurred.

lb., as to

frosecuions for offences or penalties.

Statutes heretofore repealed, to continue so repealed.

[Here follows an enumeration of the statutes and parts of statutes repealed.]

% 2. Nothing herein contained, shall be construed to repeal any statute consolidated and published in the Revised Statutes; nor any act of the legislature passed since the ninth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, unless such act be consolidated and re-enacted in tbe said Revised Statutes.*

§ 3. None of the statutes of England or Great Britain shall be considered as laws of this state; nor shall they be deemed to have had any force or effect in this state, since the first day of May, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eightyeight.

g 4. No statute passed by the government of the late colony of New-York, shall be considered as a law of this state.

§ 5. The repeal of any statutory provision by this act, shall not affect any act done, or right accrued or established, or any proceeding, suit or prosecution had or commenced in any civil case, previous to the time when such repeal shall take effect; but every such act, right and proceeding, shall remain as valid and effectual as if the provision so repealed, had remained in force.

§ 6. No offence committed, and no penalty or forfeiture incurred previous to the time when any statutory provision shall be repealed, shall be affected by such repeal; except that where any punishment, forfeiture or penalty shall have been mitigated by the provisions of the Revised Statutes, such provisions shall apply to and control any judgment to be pronounced after the said statutes shall take effect, for any offence committed before that time.

§ 7. No prosecution for any offence, or for the recovery of any penalty or forfeiture, pending at the time any statutory provision shall be repealed, shall be affected by such repeal; but the same shall proceed in all respects, as if such provision had not been repealed; except that all such proceedings had after the time when the Revised Statutes take effect, shall be conducted according to the provisions of the said statutes, and shall be in all respects subject to the said provisions.

§ 8. All statutes and parts of statutes which were repealed or abrogated by, or were repugnant to, any law hereby repealed, and which have not been re-enacted and consolidated in the Revised Statutes, shall continue to be so repealed, and shall be deemed abrogated.

§ 9. The repeal by this act, of any statute or part of a statute heretofore repealed, shall not be construed as a declaration or implication that such statute or part of a statute has been in force at any tune subsequent to such first repeal.

Though repealed by

repi thlt

sact.

* The statutes spoken of In the flrst clause of this section as "putilttud In the Revised Statutes," are those portions of the First Part which took effect on the 1st of January and 1st of May, 1828, and which were published by the state printer iu December, 1827.

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§ 10. "Where any statute not hereby repealed, refers to and J*^ect01f0£>nadopts any statute or part of a statute which is herein whHrean repealed, the statute or part of a statute so referred to and TMeMed0t adopted, shall not be deemed repealed by the provisions of ^3$* this act, but shall be in force so far only as the same shall have been so adopted, and for no other purpose, and subject to the provisions of the two next sections.

§ 11. But if the statute or part of a statute so referred to l^H£{TMe and adopted, shall have been revised and consolidated in the so rea-md Revised Statutes, all provisions contained therein repugnant to, reViedecn or inconsistent with those of the said Revised Statutes, shall be deemed repealed at the time specified in this act; and every such provision so referred to and adopted, which shall be modified by the Revised Statutes, shall be deemed to .be so modified in respect to any use or purpose, for which such provision is herein declared to be in force, from and after the time when the Revised Statutes shall take effect.

g 12. Where any statute or part of a statute, which is not Jjjj- ^£ hereby repealed, refers to and adopts any provision or rule of "referred law which is abrogated or modified by the Revised Statutes, hasten such provision or rule shall be deemed to be so abrogated or »br°s»tedmodified, as the case may be, as well in respect to such statute or part of a statute not repealed, as otherwise, from and after the time when the Revised Statutes shall take effect.

§ 13. The seventh section of the "act concerning the Revised J'f^JfJ0' Statutes, passed at the present meeting of the legislature," former »ct» passed December 4, 1827, is hereby repealed; together with repea so much of the said act, as declares that the Chapters of the First and Second Parts of the Revised Statutes therein specified, shall commence and take effect on the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine.

§ 14. The repeal by this act of any statutory provision, ^p^^,^ which is consolidated and re-enacted in the Revised Statutes, underact* by virtue of which any appointment shall have been made, not to be' or any office is or shall be held, shall not be construed to affectedvacate such office, or in any way affect such appointment; but the said appointments shall continue, and the said offices shall l>e held subject to the provisions of law in force after the repeal of such statutory provision.

§ 15. Cut where any office is abolished by the repeal of any J^J1^^, act, and such act is not consolidated and re-enacted in the abolished Revised Statutes, such office shall cease at the time such repeal, repeal shall take effect.

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AN ACT relative to the printing of the Revised

Statutes.

Passed April 19, 1830.

The People of the State of New-York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Rovlscd § 1. Any person or persons residing in the state of Newmaybo* York may print and publish the whole or any part of the printed. Revised Statutes of this state; but to entitle any copy of a law certwcate so published to be read in evidence, there shall be contained of "state"17 in the same book or pamphlet a printed certificate of the secretary of state, or of two of the Revisers, that such copy is a correct transcript of the text of the Revised Statutes, as published, except such typographical errors in the original as may be corrected in such copy, and except such parts as shall have been altered by acts of the legislature; and that with respect to such parts it conforms to the acts by which such alterations shall have been made, paging to § 2. The editions to be printed under the provisions of this «or?e<L act shall be paged in conformity to the first edition published under the authority of this state.

REVISED STATUTES

OP THE

STATE OF NEW YORK.

PART I.

AN ACT concerning the territorial limits and divisions, the civil polity, and the internal administration of this State.

Whereas it is expedient that the several statutes of this state, relating to its territorial limits and divisions, its civil polity, and its internal administration, should be consolidated and arranged in appropriate chapters, titles and articles; that the language thereof should be simplified; and that omissions and other defects should be supplied and amended: Therefore,

The People of the State of New-York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do declare and enact as follows:

CHAP. I.

Of the Boundaries of the State and its Territorial Jurisdiction.

(Took effect 1 Jannary, 1830.)

Title 1. — Of the boundaries of the State.

Title 2. — Of the sovereignty and jurisdiction of the State.

Title 3. — Of the places ceded to the United States.

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