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§ 6. No by-law of the directors and managers of any incor- CJ^„ by. porated company, regulating the election of directors or '"^^ officers of such company, shall be valid, unless the same shall pn 6 have been published for at least two weeks in some newspaper in the county where such election shall be held, at least thirty days before such election; and in all cases where the 5ljJ^eeof right of voting upon any share or shares of the stock of any rote. incorporated company of this state, shall be questioned, it [604] shall be the duty of the inspectors of the elections, to require the transfer books of said company, as evidence of stock held in the said company; and afi such shares as may appear standing thereon in the name of any person or persons, shall be voted on by such person or persons, directly by themselves, or by proxy, subject to the provisions of the act of incorporation.

Laws of 1825, 451, § 11; 5 N. T., 566; 19 W., 45, 139.

§ 7. The inspectors who may be appointed to conduct any SjSoilrf election of directors or any other officer of any incorporated e'ectl°n|»company of this state, shall be required, before entering on the duties of their appointment, to take or subscribe the following oath or affirmation: "I, A. B., do solemnly swear, [or affirm, as the case may be,] that I will execute the duties of an inspector for the election now to be held, with strict impartiality, and according to the best of my ability."

Laws of 1825, 451, § 12; 19 W., 135, 636.

g 8. If at any time hereafter, the election for directors of On failure any bank or other incorporated company of this state, shall another day not be duly held on the day designated and appointed by the act incorporating such bank or other incorporated company, it shall be the duty of the president and directors of such bank or other incorporated company, to notify and cause an election for directors to be held within sixty days immediately thereafter; and in all cases, no share or shares shall be voted whoentiupon, except by such person or persons who may have o^uchsabappeared on the transfer books of said company to have had Be«uTMtd*ythe right to vote thereon, on the day when, by the act of incorporation of such company, the election ought to have been held; which said right so to vote shall be exercised by the persons so appearing as aforesaid upon the transfer books of such company, on any day when such election may be held.

Laws of 1825, 450, § 13; 11 N.T., 162; 4 Pai., 247.

§ 9. It shall not be lawful in any company incorporated for corporation banking purposes, its officers, agents or servants, or any of cera, Ac. them, directly or indirectly to purchase or be interested in the chaae°i&ur' purchase of any promissory note, or other evidence of debt, 2°ico1itta issued by any such company, at a less sum than appears by the face thereof to be due and payable; and any person Penalty, offending against the provisions of this section, shall forfeit and pay three times the nominal amount of the note or other evidence of debt so purchased, to be recovered, with costs of L —71


T1TLE L suit, by any person who will sue for the same, in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Laws of 1825, 451, § 15.

officers, &c. g 10. It shall not be lawful for any person being president, tions^ot to director, cashier, clerk, agent, or any way interested or conc°rui£on cerned in the management of the concerns of any such comn'M pany, to discount, or directly or indirectly make any loan upon any note, bill or other evidence of debt, which shall Noui, to., have been offered to such directors for discount; and every T0 [eoaj note, bill, or other evidence of debt so discounted, or upon which any loan shall have been made by any of the persons aforesaid, knowing that such note had been so offered and refused, shall be utterly void; and the person offending herein, knowing that such note had been so offered and refused, by making any discount or loan, shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay to any person who will sue for the same, twice the amount of any such discount or loan, to be recovered by action of debt, with costs of suit in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Laws of 1825, 452, § 16; IN. Y., 86.

§ 11. The provisions of this Title shall not apply to any incorporated library, or religious society; nor to any monied corporation which shall have been or shall be created, or whose charter shall be renewed or extended, after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twentyeight, and which shall be subject to the provisions of the second Title of this Chapter.

Eighteenth subdivision of § 15, of the "act concerning the Revised Statutes," pussed December 10, 1828; 6 H., 221; see Laws of 1829, ch. 94; 1838, ch. 260; 1840, ch. 363; 1841, ch. 319; 56; 1839, ell. 355.


Of the Computation of Time, of Weights and Measures, and the Money of Account.

[ Took effect January 1,1830. ]

Title 1. — Of the computation of time.
Title 2. — Of weights and measures.
Title 3. — Of the money of account.



Sec. 1. Time to be computed according to Gregorian or new style.

2. What to be deemed leap years; such years to consist of 366 days.

3. Year, Ac, defined; added day of leap year how to be computed.

4. Term "month" to mean calendar month, unless otherwise expressed.

New styio g l. Time shall continue to be computed in this state, tSnoed!011" according to the Gregorian or new style; and the first day of January, in every year, which has happened, according to TITLBl such style, since the year one thousand seven hundred and fifty-two, and which shall hereafter happen, shall be reckoned to be the first day of the year.

<$ 2. For the purpose of preserving the method of reckoning Le»P year*, and computing the days of the year, in the same regular course, as near as may be, in all future times, the several years one thousand nine hundred, two thousand one hundred, two thousand two hundred, two thousand three hundred, or any other future hundredth year, of which the year two thousand shall be the first, except only every fourth hundredth year, shall not be taken to be bissextile or leap years, but shall be taken to be common years, consisting of three hundred and t606] sixty-five days; and the years two thousand, two thousand four hundred, two thousand eight hundred, and every other fourth hundredth year, from the year two thousand inclusive, and also every fourth year, except as first above mentioned, which, by usage in this state, is considered to be a bissextile or leap year, shall be taken to be bissextile or leap years, consisting of three hundred and sixty-six days.

§ 3. Whenever the term " year," or "years," is or shall be Year, &c, used in any statute, deed, verbal or written contract, or any deflne4 public or private instrument whatever, the year intended shall be taken to consist of three hundred and sixty-five days; a half year of one hundred and eighty-two days; and a quarter of a year of ninety-one days; and the added day of a leap year, Added day and the day immediately preceding, if they shall occur in any ofleap period so to be computed, shall be reckoned together as one day.

§ 4. Whenever the term "month," or "months," is or shall con«treo^ be used in any statute, act, deed, verbal or written contract, "month."" or any public or private instrument whatever, it shall be construed to mean a calendar, and not a lunar month; unless otherwise expressed.



[ This title was repealed by "An act in relation to weights and meaenres," passed April 11. 1861—Laws of 1851, ch. 134, and a new euactment made In its place, bat such new enactment was not made a part of the Revised Statutes, but Btanding as a general statute, will be found in a subsequent volume.]

TITLE III. [6ii]


Sbo. 1. Public accounts to bo kept in money of account of United States.

2. Judgments, kc, to be in dollars and cents; omission of fractions not erroneous.

§ 1. All accounts and other computations of money in the currency of treasury and other public offices, whether state or local, and «i "* °pt all accounts arising from proceedings in courts of justice, [eiaj shall be kept and made out, in the money of account of the United States, that is to say: in dollars or units, dimes or

Chap. ». tenths, cents or hundredths, mills or thousandths; a dime being the tenth part of a dollar, a cent the hundredth part of a dollar, and a mill the thousandth part of a dollar.

1 R. L., 168.

§ 2. In all judgments or decrees rendered by any court of justice, for any debt, damages or costs, and in all executions issued thereon, the amount shall be computed, as near as may be, in dollars and cents, rejecting lesser fractions; and no judgment, or other proceeding, shall be considered erroneous for such omissions.

Same In judgment ana decrees.


Of the Internal Police of this State.

(Took effect January 1, 1880.)

Title 1. — Of the relief and support of indigent persons.

Title 2. — Of beggars and vagrants.

Title 3. — Of the safe keeping and care of lunatics.

Title 4. — Of the care of habitual drunkards.

Title 5. — Of disorderly persons.

Title 6. — Of the support of bastards.

Title 7.— Of the importation into this state of persons held in slavery, of their exportation, of their services, and prohibiting their sale.

Title 8. — Of the prevention and punishment of immorality, and disorderly practices.

Title 9. — Of excise, and the regulation of taverns and groceries.

Title 10. — Of the navigation of rivers and lakes, and the obstruction of certain waters.

Title 11. — Of fisheries generally, and particularly in Hudson river,

and at and below the city of New-York. Title 12. — Of wrecks.

Title 13. —Of the law of the road, and the regulation of public stages.

Title 14. — Of the firing of woods.

Title 15. — Of the embezzlement of timber floating.

Title 16. — Of the preservation of deer and certain game and animals.

Title 17. —Of dogs.

Title 18. — Of the destruction of wolves, and other noxious animals.

Title 19. — Of brokerage, stock-jobbing, and pawn-brokers.

Title 20. — Of unauthorised banking, and the circulation of certain notes or evidences of debt issued by banks.

Title 21. — Of insurances on property in this state made in foreign countries, and by individuals and associations unauthorised by law.



Sec. 1 to 1. Relatives to support pauper.

8 to 13. Cases in which property of father, Ac., absconding, may be seized.

14. Who shall be relieved as poor persons.

15. County superintendents to be appointed.

16. To be a corporation; their powers and duties enumerated.

17. County poor-houses may be erected; expense limited; how collected. ^

18. Superintendents of county poor-houses, to be superintendents of the poor.

19. Excise money to be paid to county treasurers.

20. Also monies collected from relatives of paupers; penalties, Ac.'

21. When all paupers made a county charge, notice to be given, Ac

22. Application of excise money and penalties, in other counties.

23. In Warren, Washington, Saratoga and Genesee, poor to be a county charge.

24. In all other counties, supervisors may declare poor a county charge.

25. Copy of resolution to be served on clerks of cities, towns and villages.

26. In such case, excise money and penalties to be paid to county treasurer.

27. Payment enforced by suit by county treasurer.

28. In other counties than those before specified, poor how to be supported.

29. Settlements how gained.

30. Certain residences not to give settlement

31. Paupers not to be removed; how supported.

32 A 33. Proceedings to determine in what town pauper is settled.

34. Town chargeable with pauper, to support him.

35. County paupers, who are such.

36 A 37. Proceedings where there are no county poor-houses.

38. Decisions of superintendents to be entered and filed; their effect

39. Provisions in counties where there are poor-houses.

40. Expense of removal and temporary support, how allowed and paid.

41. Paupers sent to county poor-house, how supported.

42. Proceedings when pauper cannot be removed.

43 A 44. Relief how afforded in counties not having poor-houses.

45. If pauper has no settlement in the county, notice to be given, Ac.

46. County poor how supported in counties not having poor-houses.

47. County treasurer to keep accounts with towns liable.

48. Superintendents to state charges against such towns.

49. Accounts to be laid before supervisors; balances how collected. 60. Sums necessary to support county poor, how raised and kept.

51. Accounts to be kept by overseers of the poor in counties not having poor-houses.

52. When to be submitted to town auditors.

53. Penalty for neglect to render accounts.

54. Overseers' accounts to be exhibited at town-meeting.

65. Money for support of town poor, how ascertained, raised and paid.

56. Accounts in certain cities, to whom exhibited; monies how raised.

57. Accounts of overseers and justices, how audited and paid.

68. Penalty for removing, Ac., paupers, with intent to charge any city, town ofcounty.

59. Pauper removed, how supported; notice of removal, Ac., to be given.

60. Officers receiving notice, to take pauper, or deny their liability.

61. Consequence of neglect.

62. Upon denial being made, suit to be brought

63. Penalty for neglect to render accounts or pay over monies.

64. (Repealed.)

65. Penalties when collected, how to be applied; to whom to be paid.

66. Duty of overseers to prosecute for penalties. 1614]

• See Act amendatory, Laws of 1942, ch. 214.

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