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S this Part contains a description of the establish

ment of Liberty in Rome, it begins with a view of the Grecian colonies fettled in the fouthern parts of Italy, which with Sicily constituted the Great Greece of the Ancients. With these colonies the Spirit of LIBERTY, and of Repnblics, spread over Italy; to Ver. 32. Transition to PYTHAGORAS and his philosophy, which he taught thro' those free states and cities; to Ver. 71. Amidst the many small Republics in Italy, Rome the destined seat of LIBERTY. Her establishment there dated from the expulsion of the Tarquins. How differing from that in Greece; to Ver. 88. Reference to a view of the Roman REPUBLIC given in the First Part of this Poem: to mark its Rise and Fall, the pecute liar purport of This. During its first ages, the greates? force of LIBERTY, and Virtue, exerted; to Ver. 103. The Source whence derived the Heroic Virtues of the Romans. Enumeration of these Virtues. Thence their Security at home; their glory, success, and empire, abroad; to Ver. 226. Bounds of the Roman empire geographically described; to Ver. 257. The siates of Greece restored to LIBERTY, by Titus QUINTUS FLAMINIUS, the higheft instance of public generosity and beneficence; to Ver. 328. The lofs of LIBERTY in Rome. Its causes, progress, and completion in the death of BRUTUS; to Ver. 485. Rome under the emperors; to Ver. 513. From Rome the GODDESS of LIBERTY goes among the NORTHERN NATIONS; where, by infusing into them her Spirit and general principles, She lays the ground-work of her future establishments; sends them in vengeance on the Roman empire, now totally enslaved; and then, with Arts and Sciences in her train, quits earth during the dark ages; to Ver. 550. The celestial regions, to which LIBERTY retired, not proper to be opened to the view of mortals.



ERE melting mix'd with air th' ideal forms,

That painted still whate'er the GODDESS fung. Then 1, impatient.--" From extinguish'a GREECE, “ To what new region stream'd the Human Day?" She, softly fighing, as when Zephir leaves,

5 Resign'd to Boreas, the declining year, Resum'd.-Indignant, these + last'scenes I fled ; And long ere then, Leucadia's cloudy cliff, And the Geraunian hills behind me thrown, All LATIUM ftood arous'd. Ages before,

10 Great mother of repablics! GREECE had pour'd, Swarm after Swarm, her ardent youth around. On Asia, Afric, Sicily, they stoop'd, But chief on fair HESPERIA's winding fhore ; Where, from * Laciniurn to Etrurian vales, 15 They rolld encreasing colonies along, And lent materials for my ROMAM REIGN. With them my Spirit spread ; and numerous states And cities rose, on Grecian models formid; As its parental policy, and arts,

20 Each had imbib’d. Besides, to each assign'd A Guardian Genius, o'er the public weal, + The last struggles of Liberty in GREECE.

* A promontory in Calabria. VOL. I.



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Kept an unclosing eye; try'd to sustain,
Or more sublime, the soul infus’d by Me :
And strong the battle rose, with various wate,
Against the Tyrant Demons of the land.
Thus they their little wars and triumphs knew;
Their flows of fortune, and receding times,
But almost all below the proud regard
Of story vow'd to Rome, on deeds intent
That Truth beyond the flight of Fable bore.

Not so the | SAMIAN SAGE ; to him belongs
The brightest witness of recording Fame.
For these free states his native şifle forfook,
And a vain tyrandis tranfitory fmile,
He sought Crotona's pure falubrious air,
And thro' Great Greece his gentle wildom taught;
Wisdom that call’d for || listening years the mind,
Nor ever heard amid the storin of zeal.
His mental


first launch'd into the deeps 40 Of boundless ether ; where unnumber'd orbs, Myriads on myriads, thro' the pathless sky Unerring roll, and wind their steady way. There he the full consenting choir beheld; There first discern'd the secret band of love, 45 The kind attraction that to central suns Binds circling earths, and world with world unites. Instructed thence, he great ideas form’d. Of the whole moving all-informing God, The Sun of beings ! beaming unconfin'd Light, life, and love, and ever-active power:

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+ PYTHAGORAS. & Samos, over which then reigned the tyrant POLYCRATIS.

# The southern parts of Italy and Sicily, so called because of the Grecian colonies there settled. ! His scholars were enjoined Glence for five years.



Whom nought can image, and who best approves
The silent worship of the moral heart,
That joys in bounteous heaven, and spreads the joy.
Nor scorn'd the soaring sage to stoop to life,

And bound his reason to the sphere of Man.
the four yet


reigning virtues name ;
Inspir’d the study of the finer arts,
That civitize mankind, and laws devis'd
Where with enlighten'd justice mercy mix'd. 603

even, into his tender system, took
Whatever shares the brotherhood of life :
He taught that life's indissoluble flame,
Froni brute to Man, and Man to brute again,
For ever shifting, runs th' eternal round;
Thence try'd against the blood-polluted meal,
And limbs yet quivering with some kindred soul,
To turn the human heart. Delightful truth !
Had he beheld the living chain ascend,
And not a circling Form, but-rising Whole. 70

Amid these small republics one arose,
On yellow Tyber's bank, almighty ROME,
Fated for ME. A nobler spirit warm'd
Her sons; and, rous’d by tyrants, bobler still
It burn'd in BRUTUS; the proud Tarquins chas'd, 75
With all their crimes ; bade radiant aeras rise,
And the long honours of the Consul-line.

Here from the fairer, not the greater, plan
OF GREECE I vary'd; whose unmixing states,
By the keen foul of emulation pierc'd,
Long wage'd alone the bloodless war of arts,
And their best empire gain'd. But to diffuse
O’er Men an empire was my purpose now ::
To let my martial majesty abroad )

* The four cardinal virtues, to
Zu 2



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