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For then young sportive life was void of toil, 25
Demanding little, and with little pleas'd :
But when to manhood grown, and endless joys,
Led on by equal toils, the bosom fir'd ; -
Lewd lazy rapine broke primaeval peace,
And, hid in caves and idle forests drear,

From the lone pilgrims and the waud'ring fwain,
Seiz'd what he durft not earn. Then brother's blood
First, horrid, smoak'd on the polluted skies.
Awful in justice then the burning youth,
Led by their temper'd fires, on lawless men, 35
The last worst monsters of the Shaggy wood,
Turn'd the keen arrow, and the Tharpen'd spear.
Then war grew glorious.. Heroes then arole;
Who scorning coward self, for others liv'd, -
Toil'd for their ease, and for their safety bled. 40
West with the living day to GREECE-I came :
Earth smil'd beneath my beam : the Muse before
Sonorous flew, that low till then in woods
Had tun’d the reed, and sigh'd the shepherd's pain ;
But now to fing, heroic deeds, she swellid

45 A nobler note, and bade the banqyer burn.

For Greece my sons of Egyer I forfook;. A boastful race, that in the vain abyss., Of fabling ages lov'd to lofe their fource, And with their river trac'd it from the skies. While there my laws alone despotic reign'd, And King as well as People, proud obey'a, I taught them science, virtue, wisdom, arts ; By poets, fages, legislators fought ; The school of polish'd life, and human kind. 55 But when mysterious Superstition came, And, with her * Civil Sister league'd, insolva

Civil Tyranny.

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In study'd darkness the desponding mind !
Then Tyrant Power the righteous scourge unloos'd ::
For yielded reason speaks the soul a llave. 60
Instead of useful works, like Nature's great,
Enormous, cruel wonders crush'd the land :
And round a tyrant's + tomb, who none deferv'd,
For one vile carcase perish'd countless lives.
Then the great | Dragon, couch'd amid his floods, 65.
Swell'd his fierce heart, and cry'd—“This flood is mine,
« 'Tis 1 that bid it flow."-But, undeceiv'd,
His phrenzy foon the proud blafphemer felt;
Felt that without my fertilizing power
Suns lost their force, and Niles o’erflowed in vain. 70,
Nought could retard me: nor the frugal state
Of rising PERSIA, sober in extreme
Beyond the pitch of Man, and thence revers'd
Into luxurious waste ; por. yet the ports.
Of old PHOENICIA ;, first for letters fam’d,

That paint the voice, and silent speak to fight.
Of arts prime source and guardian ! by fair Atars,
First tempted out into the lonely deep ;;
To whom I first disclos'd mechanic arts,
The winds to conquer, to subdue the waves, 80
With all the peaceful power of ruling trade
Earnest of BRITAIN. Nor by these retain'd;
Nor by the neighbouring land, whose palmy shore
The silver Jordan laves. Before me lay. 84
The promis'd LAND OF ARTS, and urg'd my flight.

Hail Nature's utmost boast ! unrival'd GREECE ! My fairest reign ! where every power benign Conspir’d to blow the flower of human kind, And lavith'd all that génius can inspire:

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The Pyramids.

The Tyrants of EGYPT.




Clear sunny climates, by the breezy main,
lònian or Ægæan, temper'd kind:
Light, airy soils. A country rich and gay:
Broke into hills with balmy odours crown'd,
And, bright with purple harvest, joyous vales.
Mountains, and streams, where verse spontaneous flow'd;
Whence deem'd by wondering men the seat of Gods,
And still the mountains and the streams of Song:
All that boon-Nature could luxuriant pour.
Of high materials, and My restless Arts
Frame into finish'd life. How many states,
And clostering tawns, and monuments of fame,
And scenes of glorious deeds, in little bounds;
From the rough tract of bending mountains, beat-
By Adria’s here, there by Ægaan waves ;
To where the deep-adorning Cyclade Illes 10 si
In shining prospect rife, and on the fhore
Of farthest Crete resounds the Lybian Main !

O'er All two rival cities rear'd the brow,:
And balanc'd All. Spread on Eurota's bank,
Amid a circle of Soft-rising hills,

IIO The patient SPARTA One: the fober, hard, And man-subduing city; which no shape: Of Pain could conquer, nor of Pleasure charm. LYCURGUS there built on the folid base Of equal life so well a temper'd state;

115 Where mix'd each government in such jaft poise, Each power fo checking, and supporting each; That firm for ages, and unmov’d, it stood, The fort of GREECE, without one giddy hour, : One sbock of faction, or-of party-rage.

I 20) For, drain'd the springs of wealth, Corruption there Lay wither'd at the root. Thrice happy land!' Had not neglected art, with weedy vice


Confounded, sunk. But if Athenian arts
Lov'd not the soil; yet there the calm abode 125
Of wisdom, virtue, philosophic ease, ·
Of manly sense and wit, in frugal phrase,
Confin’d and press’d into Laconic force.
There too, by rooting thence still treacherous self,
The Public and the Private grew the same. 130
The children of the nursing Public All,
And at its table fed, for, that they toild,
For that they liv'd entire, and even for that
The tender mother urg'd her son to die.
Of softer genius, but not less intent

To seize the palm of einpire, ATHENS rose,
Where, with bright marbles big and future pomp,
* Hymettus spread, amid the scented sky,
His thymy treasures to the labouring bee,
And to botanic hand the stores of health. 140
Wrapt in a foul-attenuating clime,
Between + Iliflus and Gephilsus glow'd
This hive of science, shedding sweets divine.
Of active arts, and animated arms.
There, passionate for Me, an easy-mov'd, 145
A quick, refin'd, a delicate, humane,
Enlighten'd people reign'd. Oft on the brink
Of ruin, hurried by the charm of speech,
Enforcing hasty counsel immature,
Totter'd the rafh Democracy; unpois'd, 150
And by the rage devour'd, that ever tears
- A populace unequal; part tooʻrich,
And part or fierce with want or abject grown.
Solon, at last, their mild Restorer, rose:

* A mountain near Athens.
☆ Two rivers betwixt which Athens was situated


- Allay'd the tempest; to the calm of laws' 153 *Reduc'd the settling Whole; and, with the weight Which the* two Senates to the Public lent, As with an anchor fix'd the driving state.

Nor was my forming care to these confin'd. For Emulation thro’ the Whole I pour'd, 160 Noble contention! who should most excel In government well.pois'd, adjusted best To public weal; in countries cultur'd high; 'In ornamented towns, where order reigos, Free social life, and polish'd manners fair; 165 In exercise, and arms, arms only drawn For common GREECE, to quell the Persian pride : In moral science, and in graceful arts.

Hence, as for glory peacefully they strove, The prize grew greater, and the prize of all.'

173 By contest brighten'd, hence the radiant youth Pour'd every beam; by generous pride inflam'd, Felt

every ardor burn; their great reward The verdant wreath, which founding Pifa I gave.

Hence flourish'd GREECE ; and hence a race of men, As Gods by conscious future times ador'd; 176 In whom each virtue wore a smiling air, Each science shed o'er life a friendly light, Each art was nature. SPARTAN valour hence, At the ti fand Pass, firm as an isthmusstood ; 18

The Areopagæs, or supreme court of judicatore, which Solon reformed and improved: and the Council of Four Hundred, by him inftituted. In this council all affairs of stare 'were deliberated, before they came to be voted in the affembly of the people.

Or Olympia, the city where the Olympic games were of lebrated. 4 The Straits of Thermopylae.. A


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