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battles in Flanders, and received but one wound through the breast, which is troublesome to this day.

" When the peace came on, I was discharged: and as I could not work, because my wound was sometimes painful, I listed for a landman in the East India company's service. I here fought the French in fix pitched battles; and verily believe, that if I could read or write, our cap. tain would have given me promotion, and made me a corporal. But that was not my good fortune, I soon fell fick, and when I became good for nothing, got leave to return home again with forty pounds in my pocket, which I saved in the service. This was at the beginning of the present war, so I hoped to be set on shore, and to have the pleasure of spending my money; but the government wanted men, and I was pressed again before ever I could set foot on shore.

“ The boatswain found me, as he said, an obftinate fellow: he swore that I understood my business perfectly well, but that I pretended sickness merely to be idle: God knows, I knew nothing of sea business! He beat me without considering what he was about. But still my forty pounds was some comfort to me under every beating; the money was my comfort, and the money I might have had to this day; but that our ship was taken by the French, and so I lost it all!

“Our crew was carried into a French prison, and many of them died, because they were not used to live in jail; but for my part it was nothing to me, for I was seasoned. One night however, as I was sleeping on the bed of boards, with a warm blanket about me, (for I al

ways loved to lie well) I was awaked by the boatswain, .. who had a dark lanthorn in his hand. “ Jack, says he to me, will you knock out the French centry's brains ?" -“I don't care fays I, striving to keep myself awake, if I lend a hand. Then follow me, says he, and I hope we shall do his business.” So up I got, and tied my blanket, which was all the clothes I had, about my middle, and went with him to fight the Frenchmen: we had no arms; but one Englishman is able to beat five French at any time; so we went down to the door, where both the centries were posted, and rushing upon them, seized their arms in a moment, and knocked them down. From thence nine of us ran together to the quay, and seizing the first boat we met, got out of the harbour, and put to sea; we had not been here three days, before we were taken up by an English privateer, who was glad of so many good hands, and we consented to run our chance. However, we had not so much luck as we expected. In three days we fell in with a French man of war of forty guns, while we had but twenty-three; so to it we went. The fight lasted for three hours, and I verily believe we should have taken the Frenchman, but unfortunately we lost almost all our men, just as we were going to get the victory. I was once more in the power of the French, and I believe it would have gone hard with me, had I been brought back to my old jail in Breft: but by good fortune we were re-taken, and carried to England once more.

“I had almost forgot to tell you, that in this last en. gagement I was wounded in two places; I lost four fingers of the left hand, and my leg was cut off. Had I had the good fortune to have lost my leg and the use of my hand on board a king's ship, and not a privateer, I should have been entitled to cloathing and mainte

nance during the rest of my life, but that was not my chance; one man is born with a silver spoon in his mouth and another with a wooden ladle. However, blessed be God, I enjoy good health, and have no enemy in this world that I know of, but the French and the justice of peace.” .

Thus saying, he limped off, leaving my friend and me in admiration of his intrepidity and content; nor could we avoid acknowledging, that an habitual acquain. tance with misery is the trueft school of fortitude and philosophy. Adieu. .

miration

owledging, school of

LETTER CXX.

FROM THE SAME.

I HE titles of European princes are rather more numerous than ours of Asia, but by no means fo fublime. The king Visapour or Pegu, not satisfied with claiming the globe and all its appurtenances to him and his heirs, asserts a property even in the firmament, and extends his orders to the milky way. The monarchs of Europe, with more modefty, confine their titles to earth, but make up by number what is wanting in their sublimity. Such is their passion, for a long list of these splendid trifles, that I have known a German prince with more titles than subjects, and a Spanish nobleman with more names than shirts.

Contrary to this, “ The English monarchs, (says a writer of the last century,) disdain to accept of such ti

Vol. 11.

tles, which tend only to increase their pride without improving their glory; they are above depending on the feeble helps of heraldry for respect, perfectly satisfied with the consciousness of acknowledged power.” At present, however, these maxims are laid aside ; the En. glish monarchs have of late assumed new titles, and have impressed their coins with the names and arms of obscure dukedoms, petty states, and subordinate employments. Their design in this, I make no doubt, was laudably to add new lustre to the British throne, but in reality; pal. try claims only serve to diminish that respect they are designed to secure.

There is, in the honours assumed by kings, as in the decorations of architecture, a majestic simplicity, which best conduces to inspire our reverence and respect; numerous and trifling ornaments in either are strong indications of meanness in the designer, or of concealed deformity: should, for instance, the Emperor of China, among other titles, assume that of Deputy Mandarine of Maccau: or the Monarch of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, desire to be acknowledged as Duke of Brentford, Lunenburgh, or Lincoln, the observer revolts at this mixture of important and paltry claims, and forgets the emperor in his familiarity with the duke or the deputy.

I remember a similar instance of this inverted ambition, in the illustrious King of Manacabo, upon his first treaty with the Portuguese. Among the presents that were made him by the ambassador of that nation, was a sword with a brass hilt, which he seemed to set a peculiar value upon. This he thought too great an acquisition to his glory, to be forgotten among the number of his titles. He there. fore gave orders, that his subjects should style him for the future, Talipot, the immortal potentate of Manacabo, Messenger of Morning, Enlightener of the Sun, Poffessor of the whole Earth, and mighty Monarch of the Brass-handled sword.

This method of mixing majestic and paltry titles, of quartering the arms of a great empire and an obscure province, upon the fame medal here, had its rise in the virtuous partiality of their late monarchs. Willing to testify an affection to their native country, they gave its name and ensigns a place upon their coins, and thus, in some measure, ennobled its obscurity. It was, indeed, but juft, that a people which had given England up their king, should receive some honorary equivalent in re, turn: but at present these motives are no more; England has now a monarch wholly British, and it has some rea-'. son to hope for British titles upon British coins.

However, were the money of England designed to circulate in Germany, there would be no flagrant impropriety in impressing it with German names and arms. but though this might have been so upon former occafions, I am told there is no danger of it for the future ; as England, therefore, designs to keep back its gold, I candidly think Lunenburgh, Oldenburgh, and the rest of them may very well keep back their titles.

It is a mistaken prejudice in princes, to think that a · number of loud-sounding names can give new claims to

respect. The truly great have ever disdained them. When Timur the Lame had conquered Asia, an orator by profession came to compliment him on the occasion. He began his harangue, by ftyling him the most omnipotent, and the most glorious object of the creation ; the emperor seemed displeased with his paltry adulation, yet

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