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of baling them up, and the properest manner for an European to preserve his health in the country. The missioner, on the other hand, informs us, with what pleasure the country to which he was sent, embraced chris. tianity, and the numbers he converted; what methods he took to keep Lent in a region where there was no fish, or the shifts he made to celebrate the rites of his reli. gion, in places where there was neither bread nor wine; such accounts, with the usual appendage of marriages and funerals, inscriptions, rivers, and mountains make up the whole of an European traveller's diary; but as to all the secrets of which the inhabitants are poflefled, those are universally attributed to magic; and when the traveller can give no other account of the wonders he sees performed, he very contentedly ascribes them to the power of the devil.

It was an usual observation of Boyle, the English chemist, that if 'every artist would but discover what new observations occurred to him in the exercise of his trade, philosophy would thence gain innumerable improvements. It may be observed with still greater justice, that if the useful knowledge of every country, howsoever barba. rous, was gleaned by a judicious observer, the advantages would be inestimable. Are there not, even in Europe, many useful inventions known, or practised: but in one place ? The instrument, as an example, for cutting down corn in Germany, is much more handy and expeditious, in my opinion, than the sickle used in England. The cheap end expeditious manner of making vinegar without previous fermentation, is known only in a part of France. If such discoveries, therefore, remain to be known at home, what funds of knowledge

might not be collected in countries yet unexplored, or only passed through by ignorant travellers in hasty ca. ravans.

The caution with which foreigners are received in Asia, may be alledged as an objection to such a design, But how readily have several European merchants found admission into regions the most suspecting, under the character of Sanjapins, or northern pilgrims; to such, not even China itself denies access.

To send out a traveller, properly qualified for these purposes, might be an object of national concern ; it would in some measure repair the breaches made by ambition; and might shew that there were still some who boasted a greater name than that of patriots, who professed themselves lovers of men. The only difficulty would remain in chusing a proper person for so arduous an enterprize. He should be a man of a philosophical turn, one apt to deduce confequences of general utility from particular occurrences, neither swollen with pride, nor hardened by prejudice, neither wedded to one particular system, nor instructed only in one particular science: neither wholly a botanist, nor quite an antiquarian ; his mind should be tin&tured with miscellaneous knowledge, and his manner humanized by an intercourse with men. He should be, in some measure, an enthufiaft to the design; fond of travelling, from a rapid imagination, and an innate love of change; furnished with a body capable of sustaining every fatigue, and an heart not easily terrified at danger. Adieu.

VoL, 11.

LETTER CIX.

FROM THE SAME.

NE of the principal tasks I had proposed to myself on my arrival here, was to become acquainted with the names and characters of those now living, who, as scholars or wits, had acquired the greatest share of reputation. In order to succeed in this design, I fancied the surest method would be to begin my enquiry among the ignorant, that his fame would be greatest, which was loud enough to be heard by the vulgar. Thus predisposed, I began the search, but only went in quest of disappoint. ment and perplexity. I found every district had a peculiar famous man of its own. Here the story-telling shoe maker had engrossed the admiration on one side of the street, while the bellman, who excelleth at a catch, was in quiet possession of the other. At one end of a lane the sexton was regarded as the greatest man alive; but I had not travelled half its length, till I found an enthusiastic teacher had divided his reputation. My landlady perceiving my design, was kind enough to offer me her advice in this affair : it was true, she observed, that she was no judge, but she knew what pleased herself, and if I would reft upon her judgment, I should set down Tom Collins as the most ingenious man in the world, for Tom was able to take off all mankind, and imitate besides a fow and pigs to perfećtion.

I now perceived, that taking my standard of reputation among the vulgar would swell my catalogue of great names above the size of a Court Calendar; I therefore

discontinued this method of pursuit, and resolved to prosecute my enquiry into that usual residence of fame, a bookseller's shop. In consequence of this I entreated the bookseller to let me know who were they who now made the greatest figure either in morals, wit, or learning. Without giving me a direct answer, he pulled a pamphlet from the shelf, The Young Attorney's Guide; there, Sir, cries he, there's a touch for you, fifteen hundred of these moved off in a day: I take the author of this pamphlet, either for title, preface, plan, body, or in. dex, to be the completest hand in England. I found it was vain to prosecute my enquiry where my informer appeared so incompetent a judge of merit; fo paying for the Young Attorney's Guide, which good manners obliged me to buy, I walked off.

My pursuit after famous men now brought me into a print-shop. Here, thought I, the painter only reflects the public voice. As every man who deserved it had formerly his statue placed up in the Roman Forum, fo here probably the pictures of none but such as merit a place in our affections are held up for public sale. But guess my surprise when I came to examine this depositary of noted faces; all distinctions were levelled here, as in the grave, and I could not but regard it as the catacomb of real merit. The brick-duft man took up as much room as the truncheoned hero, and the judge was elbowed by the thief-taker ; quacks, pimps, and buffoons increased the groupe, and noted stallions only made room for mere noted whores. I had read the works of some of the moderns previous to my coming to England with delight and approbation; but I found their faces had no place here; the walls were covered with the names of authors: I had never known, or had endeavoured to forget ; with the little self-advertising things of a day, who had forced themselves into fashion, but not into fame, I could read at the bottom of some pi&tures, the names of **, and ***, and ****, all equally candidates for the vulgar shout, and foremost to propagate their unblushing faces upon brass. My uneasiness therefore at not finding my new favourite names among the number, was now changed into congratulation; I could not, avoid reflecting on the fine observation of Tacitus on a similar occasion. In this cavalcade of flattery, cries the historian, neither the pica tures of Brutus, Cassius, nor Cato were to be seen eo clariores quia imagines eorum non deferebantur, their absence being the strongest proof of their merit.

It is in vain, cried I, to seek for true greatness among these monuments of the unburied dead; let me go among the tombs of those who are confessedly famous, and see if any have been lately deposited there who deserve the. attention of posterity, and whose names may be tranf. mitted to my diftant friend, as an honour to the present age. Determined in my pursuit, I paid a second visit to Westminster Abbey. There I found several new monuments erected to the memory of several great men; the names of the great men I absolutely forget, but I will remember that Roubillac was the statuary who carved them. I could not help smiling at two modern epitaphs in particular, one of which praised the deceased for being ortus ex antiqua stirpe, the other commended the dead, because hanc ædem fuis fumtibus reædificavit : the greatest merit of one consisted in his being descended from an illustrious house ; the chief distinction of the other, that he had propped up an old house that was

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