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violent and unruly. Go you to Angelo : answer his Provost, a word with you.
requiring with a plausible obedience : agree with his Prov. What's your will, father?
demands to the point; only refer yourself to this Duke. That now you are come, you will be gone. advantage,-first, that your stay with him may not be Leave me awhile with the maid: my mind promises long, that the time may have all shadow and silence with my habit no loss shall touch her by my company. in it, and the place answer to convenience. This Prov. In good time.
[Exit Provost. being granted in course, and now follows all: we shall Duke. The hand that hath made you fair hath made advise this wronged maid to stead up your appointment, you good : the goodness that is chief in beauty makes go in your place; if the encounter acknowledge itself beauty brief in goodness; but grace, being the soul of hereafter, it may compel him to her recompense; and your complexion, shall keep the body of it ever fair. bere by this is your brother saved, your honour unThe assault, that Angelo bath made to you, fortune tainted, the poor Mariana advantaged, and the corhath convey'd to my understanding; and, but that rupt deputy scaled. The maid will I frame, and make frailty hath examples for his falling, I should wonder fit for his attempt. If you think well to carry this, as at Angelo. How will you do to content this substitute, you may, the doubleness of the benefit defends the and to save your brother?
deceit from reproof. What think you of it? Isab. I am now going to resolve him. I had rather Isab. The image of it gives me content already, my brother die by the law, than my son should be and, I trust, it will grow to a most prosperous perfecunlawfully born. But 0, how much is the good duke tion. deceived in Angelo! If ever be return, and I can Duke. It lies much in your holding up. Haste you speak to him, I will open my lips in vain, or discover speedily to Angelo : if for this night he entreat you to his government.
his bed, give him promise of satisfaction. I will preDuke. That shall not be much amiss; yet, as the sently to St. Luke's; there, at the moated grange, matter now stands, he will avoid your accusation : he resides this dejected Mariana : at that place call upon made trial of you only. Therefore, fasten your ear me, and despatch with Angelo, that it may
be quickly. on my advisings: to the love I have in doing good a Isab. I thank you for this comfort. Fare you well, remedy presents itself. I do make myself believe, that good father.
[Exeunt. you may most uprighteously do a poor wronged lady
SCENE II.-The Street before the Prison. a merited benefit, redeem your brother from the angry law, do no stain to your own gracious person, and
Enter Duke, as a Friar; to him Elbow, Clown, and
Officers. much please the absent duke, if, peradventure, he shall ever return to have hearing of this business.
Elb. Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but that you Isab. Let me hear you speak farther. I have spirit will needs buy and sell men and women like beasts, to do any thing that appears not foul in the truth of we shall have all the world drink brown and white my spirit.
bastard. Duke. Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful. Duke. 0, heavens! what stuff is here? Have you not heard speak of Mariana, the sister of Clo. 'Twas never merry world, since, of two usances, Frederick, the great soldier who miscarried at sea? the merriest was put down, and the worser allow'd by
Isab. I have heard of the lady, and good words went order of law a furr'd gown to keep him warm; and with her name.
furr'd with fox and lamb-skins too, to signify that craft, Duke. Her should this Angelo have married ; he was being richer than innocency, stands for the facing. affianced to her by oath, and the nuptial appointed : Elb. Come your way, sir.--Bless you, good father between which time of the contract, and limit of the friar. solemnity, her brother Frederick was wrecked at sea, Duke. And you, good brother father. What offence having in that perish'd vessel the dowry of his sister. hath this man made you, sir? But mark how heavily this befel to the poor gentle- Elb. Marry, sir, he hath offended the law : and, sir, woman: there she lost a noble and renowned brother, we take him to be a thief too, sir; for we have found in his love toward her ever most kind and natural; upon him, sir, a strange pick-lock, which we have sent with him the portion and sinew of her fortune, her to the deputy. marriage-dowry; with both, her combinate husband, Duke. Fie, sirrah : a bawd, a wicked bawd ! this well-seeming Angelo.
The evil that thou causest to be done,
Duke. Leftherin her tears, and dried not one of them What 'tis to cram a maw, or clothe a back,
So stinkingly depending ? Go mend, go mend. Isab. What a merit were it in death to take this Clo. Indeed, it does stink in some sort, sir; but yet, poor maid from the world! What corruption in this sir, I would provelife, that it will let this man live ! But how out of this Duke. Nay, if the devil have given thee proofs for sin, can she avail ?
Thou wilt prove his. Take him to prison, officer: Duke. It is a rupture that you may easily heal; and Correction and instruction must both work, the cure of it not only saves your brother, but keeps Ere this rude beast will profit. you from dishonour in doing it.
Elb. He must before the deputy, sir; he has given Isab. Show me how, good father.
him warning. The deputy cannot abide a whoremasDuke. This fore-named maid bath yet in her the ter: if he be a whoremonger, and comes before bim, continuance of her first affection : his unjust unkind-he were as good go a mile on his errand. ness, that in all reason should have quenched her love, Duke. That we were all, as some would seem to be, hath, like an impediment in the current, made it more from our faults, as faults from seeming, free!
that he was begot between two stock-fishes; but it is Eld. His neck will come to your waist, a cord, sir. certain, that when he makes water, his urine is con
Clo. I spy comfort: I cry, bail. Here's a gentleman, geald ice: that I know to be true; and he is a motion and a friend of mine.
ingenerative, that's infallible. Lucio. How now, noble Pompey! What, at the Duke. You are pleasant, sir, and speak apace. wheels of Cæsar? Art thou led in triumph ? What, is Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this in him, for there none of Pygmalion's images, newly made woman, the rebellion of a cod-piece to take away the life of a to be had now, for putting the hand in the pocket and man? Would the duke that is absent have done this? extracting it clutch'd ? What reply? Ha! What Ere he would have hang'd a man for the getting a say'st thou to this tune, matter, and method ? Is't not hundred bastards, he would have paid for the nursing drown'd i' the last rain ? Ha! What say'st thou, a thousand. He had some feeling of the sport: he troth? Is the world as it was, man? Which is the knew the service, and that instructed him to mercy. way? Is it sad, and few words, or how? The trick Duke. I never heard the absent duke much detected of it?
for women: he was not inclined that way. Duke. Still thus, and thus : still worse!
Lucio. O, sir! you are deceived.
Lucio. Who? not the duke ? yes, your beggar of Clo. Troth, sir, she hath eaten up all her beef, and fifty; and his use was, to put a ducat in her clack-dish. she is herself in the tub.
The duke bad crotchets in him : he would be drunk Lucio. Why, 'tis good; it is the right of it; it must too; that let me inform you. be so: ever your fresh whore, and your powder'd bawd: Duke. You do him wrong, surely: an unshunn'd consequence; it must be so. Art going
Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his. A shy fellow to prison, Pompey?
was the duke; and, I believe, I know the cause of his Clo. Yes, faith, sir.
withdrawing. Lucio. Why 'tis not amiss, Pompey. Farewell. Go; Duke. What, I pr’ythee, might be the cause ? say, I sent thee thither. For debt, Pompey, or how ? Lucio. No,-pardon :- 'tis a secret must be lock'd Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd.
within the teeth and the lips; but this I can let you Lucio. Well, then imprison him. If imprisonment understand,--the greater file of the subject held the be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his right: bawd is he, duke to be wise. doubtless, and of antiquity too; bawd-born. Farewell, Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. good Pompey: commend me to the prison, Pompey. Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing You will turn good husband now, Pompey; you will fellow. keep the house.
Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or misClo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be my bail. taking: the very stream of his life, and the business Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey; it is not the he hath helmed, must, upon a warranted need, give
I will pray, Pompey, to increase your bondage : him a better proclamation. Let him be but testiif you take it not patiently, why, your mettle is the monied in his own bringings forth, and he shall appear Adieu, trusty Pompey.--Bless you,
friar. to the envious a scholar, a statesman, and a soldier. Duke. And you.
Therefore, you speak unskilfully; or, if your knowLucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? Ha! ledge be more, it is much darken'd in your malice. Elb. Come your ways, sir; come.
Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. Clo. You will not bail me then, sir?
Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and knowLucio. Then, Pompey, nor now.-What news abroad, ledge with dearer love. friar? What news?
Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know. Elb. Come your ways, sir; come.
Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know not Lucio. Go; to kennel, Pompey, go.
what you speak. But, if ever the duke return, (as our [Exeunt Elbow, Clown, and Officers. prayers are he may) let me desire you to make your What news, friar, of the duke ?
answer before him : if it be honest you have spoke, you Duke. I know none. Can you tell me of any ? have courage to maintain it. I am bound to call
upon Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of Russia ; you; and, I pray you, your name? other some, he is in Rome : but where is he, think you? Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio, well known to the | Duke. I know not wbere; but wheresoever, I wish duke. him well.
Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may live to 1. Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, to steal report you, from the state, and usurp the beggary he was never Lucio. I fear you not. born to. Lord Angelo dukes it well in his absence : Duke. O! you hope the duke will return no more, be puts transgression to't.
or you imagine me too unhurtful an opposite. But, Duke. He does well in't.
indeed, I can do you little harm: you'll forswear this Lucio. A little more lenity to lechery would do no again. harm in him : something too crabbed that way,
friar. Lucio. I'll be hang'd first: thou art deceived in me, | Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity must friar. But no more of this. Canst thou tell, if Claudio cure it.
die to-morrow, or no? Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great kin- Duke. Why should he die, sir? dred: it is well allied; but it is impossible to extirp it Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. I quite, friar, till eating and drinking be put down. would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd again : this They say, this Angelo was not made by man and ungenitur'd agent will unpeople the province with convonan, after the downright way of creation : is it tinency; sparrows must not build in his house-eaves, true, think you?
because they are lecherous. The duke yet would have Duke. How should he be made then?
dark deeds darkly answer'd; he would never bring Lucio. Some report, a sea-maid spawn’d him: some, them to light: would he were return'd! Marry, this
Claudio is condemn'd for untrussing. Farewell, good Escal. One that, above all other strifes, contended friar; I pr’ythee, pray for me. The duke, I say to especially to know himself. thee again, would eat mutton on Fridays. He's now Duke. What pleasure was he given to? past it; yet, and I say to thee, he would mouth with Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, than a beggar, though she smelt brown bread and garlic: merry at any thing which profess'd to make him resay, that I said so. Farewell.
[Exit. joice: a gentleman of all temperance. But leave we Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality him to his events, with a prayer they may prore Can censure 'scape: back-wounding calumny prosperous, and let me desire to know how you find The wbitest virtue strikes. What king so strong, Claudio prepared. I am made to understand, that Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue ?
you have lent him visitation. But who comes here?
Duke. He professes to have received no sinister Enter EscaLUS, Provost, Bawd, and Officers. measure from his judge, but most willingly humbles Escal. Go: away with her to prison !
himself to the determination of justice; yet had he Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me; your honour framed to himself, by the instruction of his frailty, is accounted a merciful man: good my lord.
many deceiving promises of life, which I, by my good Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still for- leisure, have discredited to him, and now is he resolved feit in the same kind ? This would make mercy swear,
to die. and play the tyrant.
Escal. You have paid the heavens the due of your Prov. A bawd of eleven years' continuance, may it function, and the prisoner the very debt of your callplease your honour.
ing. I have labour'd for the poor gentleman to the Bawd. My lord, this is one Lucio's information extremest shore of my modesty; but my brother jusagainst me. "Mistress Kate Keep-down was with child tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me to by him in the duke's time: he promised her marriage; tell him, he is indeed—justice. his child is a year and a quarter old, come Philip and Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of his Jacob. I have kept it myself, and see how he goes proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein if he about to abuse me!
chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much licence:-let Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner. Fare you him be called before us.—Away with her to prison! well. Go to; no more words. [Exeunt Bawd and Officers.] Duke. Peace be with you! Provost, my brother Angelo will not be alter'd; Claudio
(Exeunt Escalus and Provost. must die to-morrow. Let him be furnished with divines, He, who the sword of heaven will bear, and have all charitable preparation : if my brother Should be as holy as severe; wrought by my pity, it should not be so with him. Pattern in himself to know,
Prov. So please you, this friar hath been with him, Grace to stand, virtue to go; and advised him for the entertainment of death. More nor less to others paying, Escal. Good even, good father.
Than by self offences weighing. Duke. Bliss and goodness on you.
Shame to him, whose cruel striking Escal. Of whence are you?
Kills for faults of his own liking! Duke. Not of this country, though my chance is now Twice treble shame on Angelo, To use it for my time: I am a brother
To weed my vice, and let his grow! Of gracious order, late come from the See,
O, what may man within him hide, In special business from his holiness.
Though angel on the outward side!
likeness, made in crimes,
SCENE I.-A Room at the moated Grange.
Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice Mariana discovered sitting : a Boy singing.
Hath often still’d my brawling discontent.
I cry you mercy, sir; and well could wish
You had not found me here so musical:
Let me excuse me, and believe me so,
My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my woe.
Duke. 'Tis good : though music oft haih such a Seals of love, but seal'd in vain.
charm, Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee quick To make bad good, and good provoke to harm. away:
I pray you,
any body inquired for me
bere to-day? much upon this time have I promis'd Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go : here to meet.
Our corn's to reap, for yet our field's to sow. [Exeunt. Mari. You have not been inquired after: I have
SCENE II.-A Room in the Prison. sat here all day. Enter IsabelLA.
Enter Provost and Clown. Duke. I do constantly believe you.—The time is Prov. Come bither, sirrah. Can you cut off a man's come, even now, I shall crave your forbearance a head ? little : may be, I will call upon you anon, for some Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can ; but if he advantage to yourself.
be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I can Mari. I am always bound to you.
[Exit. never cut off a woman's head. Duke. Very well met, and welcome.
Prov. Come, sir ; leave me your snatches, and yield What is the news from this good deputy ?
me a direct answer. To-morrow morning are to die Isab. He hath a garden circummur'd with brick, Claudio and Barnardine: here is in our prison a comWhose western side is with a vineyard back'd; mon executioner, who in his office lacks a helper: if And to that vineyard is a planched gate,
you will take it on you to assist him, it shall redeem That makes his opening with this bigger key : you from your gyves; if not, you shall have your full This other doth command a little door,
time of imprisonment, and your deliverance with an Which from the vineyard to the garden leads; un pitied whipping, for you have been a notorious There have I made my promise upon the heavy
bawd. Middle of the night to call upon him.
Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out of Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find this mind; but yet I will be content to be a lawful hangway?
I would be glad to receive some instruction Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't :
from my fellow partner. With whispering and most guilty diligence,
Prov. What ho, Abhorson ! Where's Abhorson, In action all of precept, he did show me
there? The way twice o'er.
Abhor. Do you call, sir ?
Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark; in your execution. If you think it meet, compound And that I have possess'd bim my most stay
with him by the year, and let him abide here with you; Can be but brief: for I have made him know, if not, use him for the present, and dismiss him. He I have a servant comes with me along,
cannot plead his estimation with you: he hath been a That stays upon me; whose persuasion is,
bawd. I come about my brother.
Abhor. A bawd, sir? Fie upon him! he will discre! Duke. 'Tis well borne up.
dit our mystery. I have not yet made known to Mariana
Prov. Go to, sir; you weigh equally: a feather will A word of this.—What, ho! within ! come forth. turn the scale.
[Exit. Re-enter MARIANA.
Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour, (for, surely, sir, I pray you, be acquainted with this maid :
a good favour you have, but that you have a hanging She comes to do you good.
look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a mystery? Isab.
I do desire the like. Abhor. Ay, sir; a mystery: Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect you? Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a mystery; Mari. Good friar, I know you do, and have found it. and your whores, sir, being members of my occupation, Duke. Take then this your companion by the using painting, do prove my occupation a mystery; but hand,
what mystery there should be in hanging, if I should Who hath a story ready for your ear.
be hang'd, I cannot imagine. I shall attend your leisure : but make haste;
Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.
thief. [Exeunt Mariana and ISABELLA. Clo. If it be too little for your thief, your true man i Duke. O place and greatness! millions of false eyes thinks it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, Are stuck upon thee. Volumes of report
your thief thinks it little enough : so, every true man's Ran with base, false and most contrarious quests
thief. Cpon thy doings: thousand escapes of wit
Re-enter Provost. Make thee the father of their idle dreams,
Prov. Are you agreed ? And rack thee in their fancies !
Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your hangRe-enter MARIANA and ISABELLA.
man is a more penitent trade than your bawd : he doth Welcome! How agreed ? oftener ask forgiveness. Isab. She'll take the enterprize upon her, father, Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and your axe If you advise it.
to-morrow, four o'clock. Duke. It is not my consent,
Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in my But my entreaty too.
trade: follow. Isab. Little have you to say,
Clo. I do desire to learn, sir; and, I hope, if you When you depart from him, but, soft and low, have occasion to use me for your own turn, you shall * Remember now my brother.”
find me yare; for, truly, sir, for your kindness I owe Mari,
Fear me not.
you a good turn. Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all. Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio : He is your husband on a pre-contract:
[Exeunt Clown and Abhorson. To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin,
Th' one has my pity; not a jot the other, Sth that the justice of your title to him
Being a murderer, though he were my brother.
Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, belike thinking Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death : me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this un'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow wonted putting on; methinks strangely, for he hath Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnardine? not used it before.
Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless labour, Duke. Pray you, let's hear. When it lies starkly in the traveller's bones :
Prov. [Reads.] " Whatsoever you may hear to the He will not wake.
contrary, let Claudio be executed by four of the clock; Prov.
Who can do good on him? and, in the afternoon, Barnardine. For my better satisWell, go; prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? faction, let me have Claudio's head sent me by five.
[Knocking within. Let this be duly perform'd; with a thought, that more Heaven give your spirits comfort !-By and by :- depends on it than we must yet deliver. Thus fail not
(Exit Claudio. to do your office, as you will answer it at your peril." I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve,
What say you to this, sir ? For the most gentle Claudio.– Welcome, father. Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be exeEnter Duke.
cuted in the afternoon ? Duke. The best and wholesom'st spirits of the night Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up and Envelop you, good provost! Who call'd here of late ? bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old. Prov. None, since the curfew rung.
Duke. How came it, that the absent Duke had not Duke.
Not Isabel ? either deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed him? Prov. No.
I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. Duke. There will then, ere't be long.
Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for him : Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ?
and, indeed, his fact, till now in the government of Duke.
There's some in hope. Lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful proof. Prov. It is a bitter deputy.
Duke. It is now apparent? Duke. Not so, not so: his life is parallel'd
Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. Even with the stroke and line of his great justice. Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in prison ? He doth with holy abstinence subdue
How seems he to be touch'd ? That in himself, which he spurs on his power
Prov. A man that apprehends death no more dreadTo qualify in others : were he meal’d with that fully, but as a drunken sleep; careless, reckless, and Which he corrects, then were he tyrannous;
fearless of what's past, present, or to come: insensible
[Knocking within. of mortality, and desperately mortal. But this being so, he's just.-Now are they come.- Duke. He wants advice.
[Èxit Provost. Prov. He will hear none. He hath evermore had This is a gentle provost : seldom, when
the liberty of the prison : give him leave to escape The steeled gaoler is the friend of men. [Knocking. hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if not How now?' What noise ? That spirit's possessed with many days entirely drunk. We have very oft awaked haste,
him, as if to carry him to execution, and show'd him That wounds the resisting postern with these strokes. a seeming warrant for it: it hath not moved him at all. Re-enter Provost.
Duke. More of him anon. There is written in your Prov. [Speaking to one at the door.] There he must brow, provost, honesty and constancy: if I read it not stay, until the officer
truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; but in the boldArise to let him in: he is call’d up.
ness of my cunning I will lay myself in hazard. Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet, Claudio, whom here you have warrant to execute, is But he must die to-morrow?
no greater forfeit to the law, than Angelo who hath Prov.
None, sir, none. sentenced him. To make you understand this in a Duke. As near the dawning, provost, as it is, manifested effect, I crave but four days' respite, for the You shall hear more ere morning.
which you are to do me both a present and a dangerProv.
ous courtesy. You something know; yet, I believe, there comes Prov. Pray, sir, in what? No countermand : no such example have we.
Duke. In the delaying death. Besides, upon the very siege of justice,
Prov. Alack! how may I do it, having the hour Lord Angelo hath to the public ear
limited, and an express command, under penalty, to Profess'd the contrary.
deliver his head the view of Angelo? Enter a Messenger.
my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the smallest. Duke. This is his lordship’s man.
Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you: if Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon.
your guide, let this Barnardine Mes. My lord hath sent you this note ; [giving a be this morning executed, and his head borne to Angelo. paper) and by me this further charge, that you swerve Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will discover not from the smallest article of it, neither in time, mat- the favour. ter, or other circumstance. Good morrow; for, as I Duke. O! death's a great disguiser, and you may take it, it is almost day.
add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard; and say, Prov. I shall obey him.
[Exit Messenger. it was the desire of the penitent to be so bared before Duke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by such sin, his death: you know, the course is common. If any
[ Aside. thing fall to you upon this, more than thanks and good For which the pardoner himself is in :
fortune, by the saint whom I profess, I will plead Hence hath offence his quick celerity,
against it with my life. When it is born in high authority.
Prov. Pardon me, good father: it is against my
oath. When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended,
Duke. Were you sworn to the Duke,
Prov. To him, and to his substitutes.
or to the