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This is a play which all men admire, and which most women dislike. Many revolting expressions in the comic parts, much boisterous courage
in of the graver scenes, together with Falstaff's unwieldy person, offend
female auditor; and whilst a facetious Prince of Wales is employed in taking purses on the highway, a lady would rather see him stealing hearts at a ball, though the event might produce more fatal consequences.
The great Percy', they confess, pays some attention to his wife, but still more to his horse : and, as the king was a rebel before he mounted the throne, and all women are naturally loyal, they shudder at a crowned head leagued with a traitor's heart.
With all these plausible objections, infinite entertainment and instruction, may be received from this drama, even by the most delicate readers. They will observe the pen of a faithful historian, as well as of a great poet; and they ought, surely, to be charmed with every character, as a complete copy of nature; admiring even the delinquency of them all, far beyond that false display of unsullied virtue, so easy for a bard to bestow upon the creatures of his fancy, when
truth of description is sacrificed to brilliant impossibilities.
The reader, who is too refined to laugh at the wit of Sir John, must yet enjoy Hotspur's picture of a coxcomb; and receive high delight from those sentences of self-reproach, and purpose of amendment, which occasionally drop from the lips of the youthful and royal profligate.
If the licentious faults of old fashioned dialogue should here too frequently offend the strictly nice, they must, at least, confer the tribute of their praises upon every soliloquy. It is impossible for puritanism not to be merry, when Falstaff is ever found talking to himself; or holding discourse over the honoured dead. It is nearly as im possible for stupidity to be insensible of the merit of those sentiments, delivered by the prince, over the same extended corse; or, to be unmoved by various other beauties, with which this work abounds.
In order to form a proper judgment of the manners and conversations of the characters in this play, and, to partake of their genuine spirit, the reader must keep in mind that the era, in which all those remarkable personages lived, thought, spoke, and acted, has now been passed more than four hundred years.—The play begins with the news of Hotspur having defeated the Scots, under the Earl of Douglas, which battle was fought on the fourteenth of September, 1402; and it closes with the defeat and death of Hotspur, which happened on the twenty-first of July, 1403-thus comprising every event here introduced, within the time of ten months.
It will be vain to endeavour to prevent many tender-hearted readers, who sigh over the horrors of a battle, from wishing, that the prince's challenge to Hotspur had produced the single combat he desired; and that the victory of the day had been so decided.
Such tender and compassionate persons should not suffer their estimation of honour ihus to sink into an equality with the cowardly Falstaff's; but they should call to mind—that, though it was, in ancient times, considered as a token of valour, for a prince at the head of an army, to challenge to single contest the chief warrior on the opposite side; yet,, in molet down, to save the effusion of blood, this act of self-sacrifice was tonsidered as a token of mere mad
HENRY IV. KING OF ENGLAND Mr. Murray. HENRY, PRINCE or Wales Mr. C. Kemble. Prince JOHN OF LANCASTER Mr. Curties. EARL OF WESTMORELAND
Mr. Waddy ARCHIBALD, EARL OF DOUGLAS Mr. Claremont. EARL OF WORCESTER
Mr. Cory. EARL OF NORTHUMBEPLAND Mr. Creswell. HOTSPUR
Mr. Kemble. SIR WALTER BLUNT
Mr. Chapman. Sir RICHARD VERNON
Mr. Brunton. Sir John FALSTAFF
Mr. Cooke, SHERIFF
Mr. Field, Poins
Mr. Powers. GADSHILL
Mr. Wilde. BARDOLPH
Mr. Davenport. РЕто
Mr. Atkins. FIRST CARRIER
Mr. Emery. Second CARRIER
Mr. Beverly. FRANCIS
Mr. Knight. Ostler
KING HENRY IV.
THE FIRST PART.
ACT THE FIRST.
The Palace in London.
Flourish of Trumpets and Drums.
KING HENRY, PRINCE JOHN OF LANCASTER, EARL
OF WESTMORELAND, Sir RicHARD Vernon, Sir Walter BLUNT, and other GENTLEMEN discovered.
K. Hen. So shaken as we are, so wan with care, Find we a time for frighted peace to pant. No more the thirsty entrants of this soil Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood; No more shall trenching war channel her fields, Nor bruise her flowrets with the armed hoofs . Of hostile paces : Therefore, friends, As far as to the sepulchre of Christ