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[With a view of Loch-LOMOND--Representation of a Monument erected to

the Memory of EDWARD I. - and a New Song.

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84 69 73

30.0253 0.03

(Thermometer A STATE of the BAROMETER in inches and deci- lat Noon, taken

mals, and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open at Highgate air, shaded from the sun's rays, talen between twelve pnear London. and three o'clock afternoon, and the quantity of Rain- June

61 water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the 29th of 33

73 June to the 30th of July 1785, near the foot of Ar-25 65 thur's Seat.



27 80 Days. Ther. Barom. Rain Weather.

28 77 Inch. Inch.

29 78 83 30.025 Clear.

83 76

29.9175 0.15 Ditto, small shower. 78 29.4425

Ditto, 3 67 29.83

Ditto. 4 68 30.865 0.15 Ditto, ditto.

75 68 30. Ditto.

73 63

S Ditto, ditto.

66 0.03 7 74 30.19375

Ditto, ditto.

65 8 75 30.28375 Ditto.

73 9 72 30.1875


Ditto. 67 30.11

Ditto, Il 68 30.11125 Ditto.

176 12 64 29.9625


77 13 59 29 83375 Ditto.

74 68 28.0625 Ditto.

76 15 67 29.8875


бо 16 29.855 Ditto.

70 17 29.8625 0.03 Ditto, ditto.

65 18 65 29.32


70 19 69 29.54 0.025 Clear, ditto.

69 20 70 29.425

Ditto. 69 29.4825

Ditto. 22 64 29.69375

Ditto. 23 65 30.13625

Dirto. 24 71 29.901875


76 25 75 29.88375


70 83 29.98

Ditto, ditto.

82 27 76 29.73375 0.5

Rain. 74 29.7525

Clear. 29 71 29.8565 0.2 Rain. 30 61 29.92875





68 70



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64 65




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1.445 Total


46 Lowest state (before sun-rise).
62 Mean state (of July).

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OCH-LOMOND, the most extensive and the most beautiful lake in Great Britain. It is 24 miles in length, and in some places

about fix or seven miles in breadth ; displaying above 20 green illands covered with wood, some of them covered with corn, and many of them stocked with red deer. They belong to different gentlemen, whose seats are scattered along the banks of the lake, which are agreeably romantic beyond all conception.

The mountains on the west side of the Loch are cloathed near the bot. tom with woods of oak quite to the water edge ; their summits lofty and craggy On the east fide they are equally high ; but the tops form a more even ridge parallel to the lake, except where Ben-Lomond, in height 3240 feet, like Saul amidst his companions, overtops the rest. At the head or northern extremity of the Lake, the hills are high, black, and rugged; but towards the fouth they fink gradually into small hills; and the land is highly cultivated, well planted, and well inhabited.

Retrospective View of Indian Affairs. IN giving a detail of those transac- man can pretend to foretel; though,

tions in India, the accounts of from the events to be afterwards menwhich have arrived in this country tioned, conjectures may be formed, fince the commencement of our pub- which we shall not anticipate. l'o lication, it will be necessary to review Mr Hastings is to be attributed some events preceding that period, this war; to his efforts also muft we and also to mark the different lines attribute the subsequent pacificaof conduct which men of different sen- tion, timents seem to think most suited to The government of Bombay, whose the policy of the Company. With. conduct was afterwards fanctioned by out this the transactions themselves the presidency of Bengal, commencannot well be understood.

ced a war with the Marattas. DuThe system of a trading company ring the progress of this war, a ought naturally to be a fyftem of strange and unheard, of confederacy peace : yet war, in all its forms, and took place betwixt the most jarring to a very great height, has now, for powers in India. The Marattas and a confiderable number of years, whe- Hyder Ali, whose enmity seemed to ther from the unavoidable course of be irreconcileable, formed a strict alevents, or from a mistaken policy, liance together, supported more or less been the almost constant lot of the by the other great powers in India, East-India Company. At present, and of which the avowed purpose was indeed, there seems to be a calm. Of to drive the English from Hindostan. how long duration it may be, no This dangerous confederacy will not




foon be forgotten, which shook our cordingly continue in their former power in India to its very basis, and sentiments to this hour. These forced that nation to struggle for ex- things being premised, we proceed istence which had formerly marched now to the detail of those accounts ; only to conquest. This war, its mo- which have arrived fince the comtives, the manner in which it was mencement of our Magazine. conducted, every thing, in short, con- The first of these is Mr Ha. nected with it, were repeatedly and stings' letter from Lucknow, dated decidedly condemned by the Court of April 30, 1784. In this letter we Directors, and perfifted in with equal find the exhausted fituation of the obstinacy by the servants of the Com- province of Oude, by the failure of pany. Whether their merit ean com- the periodical rains for a whole fea: peplate for their disobedience, we for, and the alarming condition to Icave undetermined, as we mean only which it was said to have been redu. to state facts. The cry of one part ced, fully confirmed. The reliance of the nation was loud against Mr of Mr Hastings, however, on the Hastings. In parliament he was con- gratitude and unbounded confidence demned by the general voice; he was of the Nabob (to whom, if this be called “i madman” hy Mr Dundas ; the case, Mr Hastings must have and a motion to recal him was made been an undoubted, though cunceal. by the fame gentleman, to which the ed, benefactor) is such, that even House of Commans gave their fanc- under this disadvantage he promises tion. At last the bill of Mr Fox ap- himself success of equal to any ex. peared, which held out a remedy to all pectations which may be formed, the grievances of India, but which however fanguine,” provided he is seemed in the end to be thought worse not counteracted by orders that he than the disease. The affairs of India cannot resist. Several accounts of could not, however, be dismissed with payments by the Nabob are also the difmiffion of this bill. Another transmitted, with other things needmeasure was adopted by parliament, less to be enumerated. But there is of the effects of which we cannot yet one circumstance of such importance pretend to judge. The opinion of that it cannot be passed over. While Parliament, in the mean time, as well Mr Hastings was at Lucknow, the as of the nation, with regard to Mr eldest son of the king of Dehli, so Hastings, seemed every day to be the Great Mogul is now called, fed growing more favourable. That Gen. from his father's capital to Lucileman had at last accomplished a know. His description of his own peace, by relinquishing every thing wretched situation, and the miserable for which the war had been original condition of his father, is pathetic in ly begun, and abandoning the cause a high degree, and cannot fail to imof those men in defence of whose press the mind of every man who reclaims he had drawn the sword. fects, that, even according to the Peace was cheaply purchased, upon account of Mr Hastings, the Empewharever conditions, and whatever ror of Hindostan, the fovereign to concessions might be made. The whom the East-India Company are nation thought so; and the author tributaries and subjects, is deftitute of the war was forgotten when we of the necessaries of life, and that his beheld the author of the peace. The son “ had scarce a change of raiment only men almost in the kingdom for his own use !” The prince spokę whom this oblivion did not seize, something of a war; but Mr Hawere the old Rockingham party, and fings prudently declined it. their numerous adherents. They ac.

A subsequent letter of Mr Ha.

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Aings to the Court of Directors, has been established on the merit of is dated Benares, Oct. 1. 17849 much more important services, will as well as in the former letter, Mr receive little addition from this triHastings continues confident of the bute paid to it; yet the circumstangood intentions of the Nabob Vizier. ces under which they were yielded on The utmost tranquillity, too, he says, this occasion, would not allow me to prevails in every part of the Nabob's suppress it, as he had formed the redominions. And he assigns a very solution of religning the service fuss good reason ;-" the universal con- the recovery of a very declining viation of a power and a disposition health, and had actually bespoke his actually existing; the one equal to pallage in one of your hoine-ward the fuppression of any movement of bound ships, when his friendthip and fedition, and the other determined public zeal induced him to remain at to the punithment of it.” He also in- my solicitation, and to accompany timates to the Court of Directors, me on this deputation. As I have that he had assured the Nabob of occasionally mentioned the number of their ratifying and confirming what gentlemen who composed my family. ever he (Mr Hastings) had eltablish. I have a pride and a pleasure in aded betwixt the Nabob and the Com- ding, that they all contributed, by the pany :-And finally informs them, correctness of their manners and conthat he had provided in one year for ciliating behaviour, to maintain that the complete discharge of a debt ac- familiar and cordial intercourse which cumulated in many; and that too I have already described to have subfrom a country “ whose resources fifted between the Nabob and myself, had been waited and diffipated by and to leave a laiting and favourable three fucceffive years of drought, and impression of the British character bne of anarchy."

with his subjects." This letter concludes with a com. Mr Hastings himself has lately are pliment to Mr David Anderson, rived in Britain. A parliamentary which, as its justice will be acknow. inquiry into his conduct has been ledged by all parties, we insert with proposed by Mr Burke. This, howthe highest pleasure.

ever, cannot be expected in the " Whatever may be the event of course of the present feffion, already this transactioni, I cannot conclude borne down by the weight of business. the report of it, without teftifying my From this inquiry, when it is inftiacknowledgment of the very useful tuted, we may, perhaps, at length allistance which I have received from discover, whether Mr Hastings has the skill and abilities of Mr David been the scourge, as some say, or the Anderson. His reputation, which saviour of India.


Scme short Account of the Caves on the Elephanta Ifand, near Bombay ; by

Lieutenant-Colonel BARRY. N several parts of the coast about these disused, or dead languages, beremote antiquity, that neither tradi- there are, in India, many remains. tion nor records can reach their ori

I am told the Jews at Cochin have gin: in many of them are infcrip- yet the grant of their fynagogue, at tions, written in a language and cha- present uuintelligible; this, I once tacters now totally unknown; but of conjectured, might be in the primitive


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