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The Editor cannot conclude this address, without mentioning his obligations to Mr. RAWORTH's useful and interesting publication, the “ Cambridge University Calendar ;” which has spared him an infinite deal of labour, and afforded him an appropriate and amusing Introduction.

1

CON T E N T S.

ix

Х 106 115 78

119 121 72

93 (Fairs

98 90

112 21

90

102

95 XVIII

89

D ADDENBROOKE's Hospital 90 Degrees, account of Amusements,&c. of Cambridge 92

when conferred Arrington

i Denny Abbey B

Devil's Ditch

Downing college Balls, Commencement, &c. 93

E Barnwell

104 Bene't college

18 Ely, description of Bishops and eminent characters, a

Cathedral of list of subjoined to their respec

Emmanuel college tive colleges.

F
Book Society, &c.
Botanic Garden

9 Free School Burwell, account of

117

G
dreadful fire at ib. Gogmagog Hills
С

Gonville and Caius college
Caius college

21 Grammar school Cam, (river)

H Cambridge, ftown) origin of 81 Harraden's views

description of 84 Heads of colleges, list of

population of 85 Hobson, the carrier Cambridgeshire, description of 102 Honorary degrees, on whom Carriers

129 conferred Castle of Cambridge, &c.

9 Hospital [Addenbrookes] Castle Hill

ib. Catherine Hall

48

Jail, Town Catledge Hall

114

Jesus college Ceremonies, University

Impington Charitable institutions

90 Inns, at Cambridge Chesterton

105 St. John's college Childersley

107 Chippenham park

18

K Christ's college

King's college

52 Churches in Cambridge

86

Chapel Circulating Library

Kneesworth house

97 Clare Hall

L Coaches, (stage)

128 Library, University Coffee Houses

Circulating
Concerts, at Cambridge
Conduit, in the market place 89 Long Stanton
Corporation of Cambridge 85

M
Grand days held by 101 Madingley
Corpus Chrifti college

Magdalen college
Sex Bene't Market-place &c.
Cottenham

106 St. Mary's, the University County, description of

church,

ix 90

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12

98
92 Linton

6 97 113 106

107 59 88

102

86 102

22

128

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124

Masters and Teachers in

Scholarships

xii Cambridge

94 Schools, public Meeting houses

92 Senate, Members of the Members of Parliament

Senate house Midsummer Fair 98 Shire hall

88 Milton, village of 106 Sidney Sussex college

75 N Spinney Abbey

119 Newmarket

115

Stage coaches Number of members in the

Waggons

129 University xiv Sturbridge Fair

99 O

Theatre

100 Offices in the University

Swaff ham 'vi, vii

116 Officers of do.

xviii

T Orders different in the

Teachers and Masters

94 University

viii Terms, of the University Origin of the University

Theatre at Sturbridge Fair IDO - Town

81 Accident at P

Thorney Abbey Paintings, descriptions of fubjoined

Town of Cambridge

81 Town hall

88 to the accounts of the colleges and Buildings.

Trade of Cambridge

94 Pembroke hall

16
Trinity college

61 St. Peter's college

Chapel

63 10 Library

65 Players at Sturbridge Fair Police of Cambridge

85

Trinity hall Population of do.

ib.

U the University

xiv Views(Harraden's of Cambridge 95 Post days at Cambridge

130

University, origin of Prizes, annual

Present state of

vi Proctors,cycle of

xili

Prizes Professors, lift of

Population of

xiy Public schools

Ceremonies
Library

Offices

vi, vii Pythagoras's school

Officers present xviii
Library

6 Q

Church

86 Queen's college

W
R
Rivers in the county

Waggons and carriers
Round church

Wards of Cambridge

87
S
Willingham

114

Wimpole, the feat of the Earl St. John's college

54 of Hardwicke St. Mary's church St. Sepulchre's church

87 | Woodcock (Mrs.) case of 105 Şcarlet, litany, & anthem days xxi

I

92

XX

XV

46

102

129 85

107

86 Wisbech

· 125

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THE NEW

CAMBRIDGE GUIDE,

&c. &c.

ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSITY

THE origin of this celebrated seat of learning has been

much disputed ; and is so enveloped in the obscurity of the times, that the most diligent researches have never been able to ascertain it indisputably. Without relating therefore, the numerous accounts which have been recorded concerning it ; many of which are manifeftly fabulous, and many of doubtful authority; we shall merely relate the most popular opinions,

The supporters of its antiquity have affirmed that it was founded by Cantaber, a Spaniard, 375 years before the birth of Christ; but

it appears the honour of founding the Univerfity is due to Sigebert, King of the East-Angles, 630 years after Christ; who instituted à School for the instruction of Youth, which moft Authors have agreed to place at Cambridge; but the tamultuous spirit of the times prevented its peaceful continuance, for it is said to have been several times demolished and revived again by fucceeding generations : though the principal merit of restoring it belongs to Edward the Elder, who appointed Professors, &c. and after the Nor. man conquest

, we find it had attained so much celebrity, that Henry I. was educated here ; and, on account of his proficiency, obtained the name of Beauclerc, or the learned fudent.

Originally, as in the filter University, the students hired Halls or Hotels for performing their exercises, and boarded with the townsmen. There is an ancient structure of this kind ftill remaining, called Pythagoras's School, situated Weft of the river ; and, though it is now used only as a barn, is the only relick of the old University. In process of time Colleges were founded and endowed, and the method of Audy rendered more comfortable and easy. The first College appears to have been erected in the Reign of Henry III.

B

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