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Actress, the benevolent,
19 Christ, the humiliation of
228, General Propositions,

Address, Mr. Owen's
30, 54 Collecting money in Churches,

229 | Greek funeral,

to Congress, &c.
99 Christmas ceremonies,
243 Gambling,

President Noll's
390 Christian experience,
250 Goodness

Administration, new list of London 51 Clergy, the popular, of the present day, 294

Association, southern,
46, 82 Courtship,
300 Hector with a reply

New Hampshire,
82 | Consolation, the Christian

302 Hell,

102, 152
Hudson River,
149 Complaint--the weather
310 Heresy,

Anecdotes, 62, 151, 172, 181, 192, 359, 363, Christian Politicians,

317 Hastings, the family or

367 Calvinism in practice,
344 Henry, patrick, anecslove or

Avalanche, great

100 Chinese, Religion and worship o 350 355 Holmes, Geo. P. a convert to the trutli, 289
Ancient copies of the Scriptures, 113, 133 Camden. on one Lord and one faith, 381 Herald or a better time,

Arininianism and Calvinism, equally im-

Hicks, Elias, lelleis liom

13, 350


House hunting,
Dissensions, religious
America, North


8. B. on future retribution,


to the Editors, with a reply,
Antiquities, Arabian &c.

Dialogue concernining Matt. xxv. 74, 82, 91,94
between a parent and child, 128,130

Hobart Bishop, Leller of
A time to keep silence and a time to speak, 181
between Dr. Franklin, (when

A new fire,

Atmospheric pressure,

a boy) and his father, 153, 163 Inquisition, Calvinism
Dedication and installation,

144 Items, interesting 8, 14, 151, 190 191 230,
Affecting occurrence,


of the church at Middleville, N.J. 301 243, 248, 255, 272, 287, 302, 301, 318,:36]
Atonement, sketches on

Divine Providence, by Peter Collins,

384,392, 400

Drinker, Edward, account of
264 Intemperance, effects of

Awful catastrophe at a public execution, 277 Debts, pleasure of paying

suppression or

308, 980
Ahmed the Cobbler,

282, 290, 299

109 Islands newly discovered
Appeal to the world,

Intelligence, sagacity, and affection of ani-
Aww, remarks on the word


quals, 247, 264, 272, 283, 296, 320, 328,
Atheist, Jeremiah Taylor's idea of an 348 Eloquence, Pulpit


335, 310, 372, 383, 396
379 Error, the acknowledgment of, the mark


Almost a Christian,

of a wise mai,

14 Ireland, Ecclesiastical court of 274, 283
Eternal misery, sermon on


Barnes, Lucy, serious questions, &c. 18 Elephants, anecdotes of

Judgment, day of



John Champe, sketch of the rharacier of 167
Benevolence, (anti) Christian

Enoch, the prophet, the book of

Jewish Address,

204, 210, 218, 228
Burning of a ship at sea,
63 Eagle, attempt of &c.

Julius Cæsar, character or


70, 106, 126 Enterprize, spirit of

Judge Desassur's decree on the rejected
Bonaparte and Massena,

Endless misery, reasons for rejecting the


doctrine of
Biblical criticism,
117, 141, 166, 245

250, 252
Victims to the doctrine of

Journey to the West, Rev. T. Whitri-

Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, 131, 137

Beth, on mystery Babylon,

Election and Reprobation,


Judgment after death

Bigotry, dernier resort of


Balfour's Essays,

Earthquake at Topayan,

Kneeland, Rev. Abner, resolutions, &c.

Benevolence, modest

Ecclesiastes, reinarks on

K., on the variety of matter, &c.

Election and calling sure
328, 340, 351


Buike, character of

Reply to a subscriber.
Eternal Torments,


on the execution of Strang,
Baptists, Reformed, in North Carolina,

Error corrected,


00 public executions,
Brown, D. B., a convert to the truth,

Excommunication, attempled for killing a
bear on Sunday,

Kneeland, Br. A., Declaration of

Ballou, Rev. Adin

Mr. and the Prince-st. church, 205
Bellamy's Bible,

313, 333

Friends of "lis Rer. Almer-Kiteeland,

Councils, Ecclesiastical
14, 20, 28 Faith, meritne having-irue :

15 La Perouse,

Chubb, Thomas, Posthumous works of 22, Fear, employed as means of instruction, 20 Liberties of editors,

38, 42, 51, 57, 65 Fortitude, by a Layman,

74 Leller to the Rev. J. Campbell,

99, 162
China, empire of
23 Flax and Teasel,

86 from Mr. Ballou to Mr. Kneeland, 93
Antiquities of


A new metkód of.bleaching • &c. 183 Letters to Mr. Kneplanıl, extracts from 119
Columbia, botany of
23 False teachers.. ::
139 Letter to Rev.John E. Beckler,

Conversion in the ministry, Rev. M.
Fate, the doctrine of, with a reply, 219 Lying to children,

31 Female heroism,

for Christ's sake,

Convention, Southern
50, 59 Friendship,

256, 308 Leller froin Mr. P. Morse 10 Mr. Kreeland, 190
Church, the infallible
61 Future retribution not essential to Chris-

to Rev. H. Ballou, with a reply,

Conversation on Universalism,



to Mr. Kneeland, with a reply, 199
Creed, Nicene
85 Fanaticism,

373 from Dr. Franklin to Rev. G. White-
of Marcus, Bishop of Arethuse 105 Fatalism of the Turks,


106 Franklin

407 from Dr. Stiles to Dr Franklin,with
102, 188, 295

a reply,

Curious piece of mechanism--do. fact, 103 God is Love,

2, 9, 17, 25 from Rev. R. Surecier, on the death
Correspondence between two school-mates, 135 Gospel, the moral precepts of the

of his child,

Cook, Maria, a true story,

Advocate &c.


from Mr. Ballou to Mr. Kneeland, 258
Canning, the death of, predicted by Nixon,152 Gibralter,

70 to Mr. Kneeland,

215, 261, 296
Council, a certain, on the subject of reviv God, the universal goodness of

to the Editor,

334, 374, 385
154 Repentence in
147 of a young lady in Boston,

Christianity in the hour of death,
159 The character of

from New-Harmony,

fate of in Japan,
216God manifest in the flesh,

to the Rev.John Chambers,

Castigator—a dream,
176 Gratitude,


from the Rev. Hosea Ballou to Rev.
Conference at Auburn,
202 | General convention of the U. S. &c. 239

Dr. Beecher,


278, 281




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London, the upiversity of
219 ! Pronouncing spelling Book,
48, 56 Spring, sweet is the breath of

Lardner on the Logos,
234, 241, 249 Preaching, specimens of

53 Spirit of Christianity,

409, 412
Lord Byron, character of
235 Practical education, institution of


Letters to Rev. Hosea Ballou, 237, 270 Polar regions, ground swell in the 95 Tracts, N. Y. U. Book Society
from Ramınohun Roy,
257 Presbyterian candor, (alias falsehood) 101 The Lord reigneth

Ledyard, on women,
327 | Preacher, the liberal
111 The Souvenir

336 Population of the world,
112 Truth, what is

Library of useful knowledge,
375 Pickering, Rev. David
115 | The wife

Lawrence's Lectures,
310 Priest-crali, Crusades &c.
158 Turkey, the wild

160 Truth and error, a comparison

Murray, Rev. John
1,168 Parody,

172, 256 Thanksgiving, a proclamation for 200
sketches of 297, 306, 315, 324, Proscription,

179 | The Church

330, 353, 362 Potatoes, raising of

184 To our Patrons

269, 410, 411
Morality, Confucius'
29 Prince-street church,
198 Toleration

Miracle, a modern
35 Pride, prejudice and sectarianism, 203 The Devil's doctrine

Dluider of Ackerman,
40,309 Presbyterian hierarchy,

212 | Three reasons, &c.

of Karbrough and Wilkinson, 79 Penny system,

216, 224 | Turkish marriages

Masonic Recorder, remarks of the &c, 59 Perpetual motion,

228 Triangle

129, 167, 178 | Pride reproved,

302 Taylor, trial of for blaspheniy

Machines, labor saving
140 Predestination,
305 Triumph of art

142, 160, 172 Parental neglect, consequences of 359

Universalism in the west


Mammoth, skeleton of -
143 Prejudice, the face of

in Buffalo

Mystery, Christ, God,


in Vermont

Manuscrips, Ethiopic, Arabic &c. 172 Questions, Mathematical


Progress in South Carolina146,178

116 Universalist society, the second


to the Rev. Doctors

271 Universulists, the Cheuango Association of 188
Mechanical powers,

on Trinitarianism &c.


General Convention of 194,202,211
Maclay, Rev. A.
309 Querist to Mr. K. with remarks,


Northern association of 195
Missionaries, Mr. Jefferson's opinion of 351


Convention of &c.

Mistake corrected, &c.

381 Remarks &c.

11, 198, 273, 366

Rights of

Manifesto of the Turks,

389 Religion, have you got
26, 227, 279 Union of Church and Slate


Influence of
147, 254 Unitarian, the first No. ofibe

Narative-Editor of the Liberalist,

Pure and undefiled,
67, 94 Universalison


in Persia,

in the hour of death

Rev. Mr. Kneeland,
76 Review of biblical criticism,
155 Universal grace and Salvation

New-York Universalist Book Society, 6,7 Revival of Fanaticism, Woburn, Mass.

161 Uncle Josey

370, 377
New system of Orihography, key to the 8, 59 Resist the devil,

186 Union, Sunday School Bill

334, 335, 337
New-York, Strangers in
23 Red Jacket,
204 | Vulcanies

New Society, Organization of, conteinplated,39 Resurrection of the dead,


Nature, the works of
74 Religious Test,
253 Warnings, awsul

New Birth,

317 Washington Irving,

New Alphabet, Queries concerning the 182 Request to the Clergy.

267 Witness rejected &c.


Women, the Roman

N - Masocic Hall,
200, 213 | Story, Hindon

21 Witchman upon the walls

It w Orthography, 144, 238, 351, 363 Spelling Book, the American &c. 32, 64. 87 Wochester, Rev. Elhanan

New-Jersey, our prospects in

The Pronouncing

48, 56

307 Spanish Colonies, &c.

34. 41
An ancient Spanish Poem,

Napoleon, Empereur
389 Superstition,

37, 284
i mother's gift

Serinon, on Psalm ix. 17-58, 66, 73, 81, 89,97 Calvinism, Arminianism and Universalisma
Olive Branch, Prospectus of

President's Noli's

Death, hy Mrs. Hemaps,

Orthography, New System of 16, 24, 32, 40

Compendium OG
169, 177 Finaticism,

Original Sin,
53, 61, 69, 77, 85, 93. Scotchi preacles

187 Forest Girl, the \merican,
Orarion, Fourth of July,
Estrici fiom å

305 Farewell, the three natives'
Faded hours,

Obituary-Death of Abram Bogari,

Of 16e Rr3yropction 322,332,339,345 Grave, my father's

Death of Mrs. Banks,

R. IV: 1191100 Hibini's
371 Go mark her cheek,

Deab of Gov. Clinton,

391, 393, 401 Hymn to Praise,
Death of President Holly, 119
Bei minha D:Chalmer's

395 Home, the spells of
Here we three have met again,

@wl's Head, an excursion to
140 Synagogue, dedicato a ne riew

Hymn to nature,
Orthodox preaching
403 Sectaria, Corporations, 90, 101, 109,117, 127 Israel, the restoration of


Orthodoxy, modern, a Universalist's opi-
133,141,149,157,165,173,181,189,197, 205, Joy of earth and soul of heaven,

213,221,229,237,245,253,261,269, 277, 285 Lines by C. Smart, &c.
Lipes by Rev. W. Fessenden,

Falsehood and low wit prooss o! 223

293,301, Lives on the death of an infant,

Decline of
283 Shipwreck, melancholy

95 ! Old map's comforts,

The spirit of
373 Schooley's inountain, tour to

157 Omnipresence of the Deits,

Officers, Revolutionary
220 saian, on the term, 185,193,201,209,217.2233


Orthodox tyranny
233, 242, Recollections of childhood,

nation of Indians,
348 Such things ought not to be
244 Restoration of all things,

Oaths and affirmations,
279, 303 Scon psiversalist Society &c.

The Day Star,
Olive Branch and Christian Inquirer. $99 Sectarian Bequest

The rise of preaching,

269 To the albion,

Press, the freedom of the
5) School discipline

308 The bible of Natore,

The Gepius of Niagara,
upon the liberty of the
33, 53 Sorial communities

The image of lava

Punishment, endless, inconsistent &c. 15 School of Industry

349 To the Bible,
Prstalozzi and Fellesberg, death of 44 Sodom and Gomorrah

366 The Soldier's infant,

Pection of the 16th century revived 406 Scriprum explained

885 The Rainbow,
What is time,

46, 268 Suicid-, wiib remarks on

Why should God he partial,

Piracy and Murder,
47 | Sin against the Holy Ghost
397 Zoroaster's Religion,



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176, 310


248 Spring,





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arts, sciences, and comforts of life, which necessary to mark it with quotations. Thus FOR PUBLISHING BY SUBSCRIPTION, doubtless have received their momentum and he writes, A WEEKLY PAPER,

componnd vigour within the latter period, A young lady, of irreproachable life, reENTITLED

from the disclosure and circulation of truths, markable for piety, and highly respected by THE OLIVE BRANCH. which had been withheld in the former, or

the Tabernacle congregation and church, of

which I was a devout member, had been enbut scarcely gleamed a ray on a world wrap-snared; to my great astonishment, she had “Behold how good and how pleasant it is for Brethren

ped in ignorance. to dwell together in anity."

been induced to hear, and having heard, she CONDITIONS.

had embraced the pernicious errors of a This paper will be issued weekly from THE OLIVE BRANch will be delivered to

Mr. Relly, she was become a believer, the press of the New-York Universalist city subscribers at $2 50 a year, payable in versal redemption! Horrible! most horri

a firm, and unwavering believer of uniBook Society, corner of Bowery of Pell advance; to country or mail subscribers, $2 ble! So high an opinion was entertained street, and will succeed the Gospe! Herald a year, payable on the receipt of the first of my talents, having myself been a teacher when the seventh volume of that work is number.

among the Methodists, and such was my completed.

The paper will be printed on a full sheet, standing in Mr. Whitfield's church, that I The Olive BRANCH will be issued under medium size, quarto.

was deemed adequate to reclaiming this

wanderer, and I was strongly urged to the the immediate sanction of the Universalist It will be issued on Saturdays, and the

pursuit. The


deluded young woman Book Society, and at all times subject to its first number appear early in May next. was abundantly worthy our most arduous revision and superintendence.

It is put at a reduced price to country sub- efforts. He, that converteth the sinner from As it is to succeed a paper whose columns scribers, in consequence of their being obli- the error of his way, shall save a soul from have been open and devoted to liberal dis-ged to pay postage.

death, and shall hide a multitude of sins. cussion, the character of the OLIVE BRANCH Those who will forward ten dollars, the Thus I thought, thus I said, and, swelled with will be based on the most liberal principles ; price of five papers, shall receive a sixth, accompanied by iwo or three of my, Chris

a high idea of my own importance, I went, therefore its columns will always be open gratis; and in the same proportion for a tian brethren, to see, to converse with, and, for decorous and well-written essays of ev- greater number.

if need were, to admonish this simple, weak, ery species of interesting matter, concerning No subscription for a less term than one

but as heretofore believed, meritorious fethe welfare of society, whether religious, year, (which includes one whole volume)

male, Fully persuaded, that I could easily moral, scientific, or literary. Truth being its will be received.

convince ber of her errors, I entertained no ultimate object, and the advancement of so

doubt respecting the result of my undertaNew-York, March, 1827.

king. The young lady received us with ciety its end, writers of all denominations

nuuch kindness and condescension, while, as are invited to contribute to its columns. THE REV. JOHN MURRAY. I glanced my eye upon her fine countenance, Being persuaded that nothing can be lost by There are many sketches in the life of the beaming with intelligence, mingling pity and free discussion, the society deems it no sac- venerable John MURRAY, highly interesting

contcmpt grew in my bosom. Afier the first rifice to promulgate the liberal principles on to the reader: and among the many striking length I drew up a heavy sigh, and uttered a

emonies, we sat for some time silent; at which the paper is to be conducted, believing anecdotes, interspersed through his life, there patletiç sentiment, relative to the deplorable as it does, that untrammelled discussion leads are but few, perhaps, if any, more import- condition of those, who live, and die in unto the perfection of human reason, and is the ant to the enquirer after truth, than the cause belief; and I concluded a violent declamaavenue to truth. and manner of his conversion (as given by

tion, by pronouncing with great earnestness, The members of the Universalist Book himself) from the limited and partial system

He, that believeth not, shall be damned.

" And pray, sir," said the young lady, Society have reason to feel a greater interest of Calvinism, to the unbounded and universal) with great sweetness, “ Pray sir, what is the in the diffusion of the proposed paper, when system of grace, as displayed in the salvation unbeliever damned for not believing ?” they reflect on the comparative circumstan- of ALL MANKIND. As this circumstance was What is he damned for not believing? ces of the human race; betwixt the last fifty sufficient to open the eyes of the high spir- Why, he is damned for not believing. years and the half century that preceeded; ited Murray, when fired with the zeal and “ But, my dear sir, I asked what was that, a difference nearly as great as between mid- vigour of youth, with a mind inflated with which he did not believe, for which he was night darkness and the effulgence of day. all the high notions of the straitest sect,"

damned?" Being persuaded that this happy tempera- it is possible that the parration of this his

Why, for not believing in Jesus Christ, to

be sure. ment in the moral, religious, and social torical fact may have the same effect on world; is the effect of free discussion, they others, whose minds, perhaps, from various damped, for not believing there was such a

“ Do you mean to say, that unbelievers are cannot but congratulate their fellow-men on causes, may be in a similar state to that in person as Jesus Christ?” the present occasion that its tendency has which his was then involved. We shall give No, I do not; a man may believe there. copspired directly to shed a lustre on the the narrative in his own words; but it is un- was such a person, and yet be damned.



6. What then, sir, must he believe, in order them, a short narrative of his late tour in the time is not far distant, when we shall not be to avoid damnation ?"

country. In compliance with numerous re- far behind our brethren of the North. The Why he must believe, that Jesus Christ is quests he made twelve different appoint light is breaking out on every side, Virginia, a complete Saviour,

ments in the Counties of Dublin, Onslow, South Carolina and Georgia, yield their re“Well

, suppose he were to believe, that and Sampsou ; and left Wilmington on Mon- spective aids, and soon the Sun of RightJesus Christ was the complete Saviour of day, March 26th for their fulfilment. As eousness must chase away, the clouds of others, would this belief save him ?” these appointments were advertised in the ignorance and superstition.

No, he must believe, that Christ Jesus is Liberalist, with the exception of one in The tour of the Editor has been extremely his complete Saviour ; every individual must Sampson, it is not necessary to repeat them. fatiguing though pleasant and healthy. He believe for himself, that Jesus Christ is his The Editor was absent from Wilmington, cannot withhold his hearty acknowledgecomplete Saviour.

Nineteen days, travelled about Three Hun- ment, from the numerous families he has “Why, sir, is Jesus Christ the Saviour ofdred miles, and preached to Twelve differ- visited, for the extreme politeness, affability any unbelievers 2"

ent Congregations, from Five to Fifteen and hospitality, those noble characteristics No, madam.

miles apart, and arrived in Wilmington on of North Carolinians, that he has experien“Why, then, should any unbeliever be- Saturday April 14th. The season of the ced from them. God reward them accordlieve, that Jesus Christ is his Saviour, if he year was unpropitious, the Planters gener-ing to their work of kindness. As a proof. be not his Saviour?"

ally, being engaged in preparing for their that his labours were acceptable, and the I

say, he is not the Saviour of any one, crops, yet such was the desire to hear the cause advancing, the Editor would merely until he believes.

word, that the Meeting Houses were well say, that by the most pressing solicitationsof, “ Then, if Jesus be not the Saviour of the filled, and many persons travelled to them, a the people, he has been induced to add seven unbeliever, until he believes, the unbeliever is distance of Twenty, and a considerable num- to twelve appointments for May, making in called upon to believe a lie. It appears to ber of Gentlemen even. Forty miles, accom- all Nineteen, in the Counties of Duplin, Onsme, sir, that Jesus is the complete Saviour of panying the Speaker to various places of low, Sampson and Jones. unbelievers ; and that unbelievers are called meeting. In many instances the places of upon to believe the truth; and that, by be- worship were crowded with hearers, and in

A SERMON, lieving, they are saved, in their own appre- one, the number of Ladies was so great, that hension, saved from all those dreadful fears all the Gentlemen except Ten, were obliged the following is one of the eight Lectures dewhich are consequent upon a state of con- to retreat out of doors, the progress of Uni

livered by Mr. Kneeland, at Philadelphia, in scious condemnation." versalism in the Country, exceeds the most

the Autumn of 1818; called KNEELAND'S. No, madam; you are dreadfully, I trust sanguine hopes of its warmest friends. In

LECTORES. not fatally, misled. Jesus never was, nor those places, where the Editor had before ever will be, the Saviour of any unbeliever. preached, he found a numerous company of

LECTURE II. “ Do you think Jesus is your Saviour, sir ?" firm believers, and substantial friends; and

God is Love. 1. John iv. 8. I hope he is.

in the other neighbourhoods, those who had Under this article, God is love, it will be pro“Were you always a believer, sir ?" been long in the faith, now embraced

per, as I have proposed, to speak of the relation. No, madam.

the opportunity to

declare themselves. which exists between God and his rational off“ Then you were once an unbeliever ;/ These facts are honourable to the friends of

spring. that is, you once believed, that Jesus Christ truth, considering the powerful, though blind

It must be obvious to every one who is capawas not your Saviour. Now, as you say, he and ignorant opposition, the doctrine of im- ble of exercising any reason at all, that there is never was nor ever will be, the Saviour of partial Grace meets with, in every part of the same natural relation existing between God any unbeliever ; as you were once an unbe- the country; and the hazard of contumel and all animated nature, man not accepted ; and liever, he never can be your Saviour." and reproach, to which they expose themHe never was my Saviour, till I believed. selves, who openly embrace it.

in this sense, as the wise man has expressed its "Did he never die for you, till you be I would not be understood as representing

“a man has no pre-eminence above a beast lieved, sir ?

the preaching of the doctrine, as producing yea, they have all one breath-all are of the Here I was extremely embarrassed, and one of those powerful excitements, techni- dust, and all turn to dust again,” (Eccl. iii. 18– most devoutly wished myself out of her cally termed revivals ; converting the pas- 20.) But it is no less true that there is a moral habitation ; I sighed bitterly, expressed deep sions, without informing the understanding relation existing between God and his offspring commisseration for those deluded souls, who Tlie work, going on in these parts, is a revo- man; as St. Paul, appealing to the Grecian pohad nothing but head-knowledge ; drew out lution of the mind, a correction of the feel- ets, has said, “ We are also his offspring.” For my watch, discovered it was late ; and, re- ings, an extension of the views, and expan- unless there be a moral relation between God collecting an engagement, observed it was sion of the heart. And the powerful means and man, how could man be subject to a moral time to take leave.

by which it is effected, is the “still small I was extremely mortified; the young voice” of Scripture and Reason combined, law, any more than other aniınals ? The moral lady observed my confusion, but was too which, like the chemical agent on the chain faculties given to man prove this moral relagenerous to pursue her triumph. I arose to of iron operating, silently, and gradually, tion; and it is the only principle on which man depart; the company arose ; she urged us though powerfully and irresistibly, corrode can be considered accountable to his Maker. to tarry; addressed each of us in the lan- and finally destroy the fetters of priestcraft Where there is no moral capacity, there is no guage of kiudness. Her countenance seem- and superstition. Much pains have been ta- moral accountability ; and every man is aced to wear a resemblance of the heaven, ken to counteract the effects of the doctrine, countable to his Maker exactly in proportion to which she contemplated; it was, stamped by but in vain ; the movements of its oppo. the degrees of capacity which he hath given benignity, and when we bade her adieu, she nents are carefully watched, and their mo him to understand his moral law. But it is the enriched us by her good wishes.

tives duly appreciated.
Our cause is yet in its infancy, and its but one degree of capacity to understand a di-

height of absurdity to suppose that he who has
march 'must necessarily be gradual. But its
From the Liberalist,

vine or moral law, is equally accountable as the progress is certain. Already, we are enaNARRATIVE. bled to form several societies, (little flocksman who has ten degrees or more.

It will be seen, however, at once, that this Thinking it may be somewhat interesting to be sure,) and an association, which emto his readers to know something of the pro-brace a very respectable number of Gentle limits the accountability of man; and if his acgress of Truth, in her march through this men, of the first class, for character, talents countability be limited, his criminality is limregion, the Editor is induced to offer to and influence; aud we fondly hope, that the lited of course. But this subject will be more

fully explained when we come to treat of chasteneth. A correction in love, however, is It is on this moral relation that God claims the nature of sin. not unmerciful.

the souls he has made as his own. If the relaIr there be a moral relation between God and

On this principle 'we may see that justice and tion were destroyed, they would be no longer his offspring man, it is evident that this rela- mercy are not two opposite attributes of the his; if not his, they could not sin against him. tion, in its nature, 'is'exactly the same to each Deity, as has been too often imagined ; and For if all or any part of mankind have ceased individual of the human race, notwithstanding hence it has been concluded that,

to become the children of God, in the sense we the different degrees of capacity which may

“ A God all mercy is a God unjast."

are now speaking, and have of right and in jushave been implanted in their moral nature.

Young. tice become the children of the devil, then the The father stands in the same relation to all his

But if justice and mercy be opposite to each ooly sin they can commit, while in this state, is, children, notwithstanding their different dispo- other in their nature, neither of them can be in keeping the commandments of God, in disositions, or different degrees of capacity. As infinite ; and although this will not be admitted, bedience to their rightful sovereign, the devil! the relation does not depend at all on the capa- in so many words, yet conclusions have been For he who has a right to my person or being city of the children, so different degrees of ca- drawn which amount to about the same thing has a right to my services; and it would be paeity, or even a total want of capacity, does For it has been supposed that just so far as mer. wrong 'in'me not to submit. These statements not alter the relation.

cy is displayed, justice is dispensed with, (al are made in this clear light, that the absurdity, This relation is immutable, and co-existent least, as it respects the creature,) and just so far of supposing that the moral relation which exwith the existence of the parties. If a child as justice is executed mercy gives up its claim. isted between God and man in creation is disrevolts from its parent, or the parent abandons I am well aware that it has been attempted 10 solved by sin, might more fully appear. the child, it does not destroy the relation. And be shown that, with respect to the objects of If this moral relation be not dissolved, then it is on the principle of this relation, and this re- mercy, justice is satisfied in another; but the the reign of sin and satan is altogether unjust, lation alone, that an obligation can be maintain futility of this will appear when we consider the unrighteous, and unlawful. The question now ed on the part of the child, or a right to govern

immutability of justice. How is justice satis- is, whether God will ever sanction this reign, on the part of the parent. Hence if a parent fied ? or how could it have been satisfied, with and settle the adversary of souls peaceably over be under the least obligation to a child, in con that which it did not require? or how could it the greater part, or even any part, of those missequence of having been the means of bringing give up what it did require, and yet be satisfied ? taken nortals whom he has deceived and led it into the world, that obligation must continue

All this difficulty will be solved, by only sup- astray ? and thereby declare his reign, which as long as the child is dependant, and the pa- posing that justice does not require an unmer- was altogether usurpation, unjust, and wicked rent is able to provide for its support. This ciful punishment; and that mercy will not op- in the first place, now to be legal, just, and obligation cannot be destroyed by the conduct pose a just punishment. For a punishment, 10 right? insomuch, that he shall no more be moof the child, let that be as it may; for, the obli- be just, must have in view for its object some lested in his dominions, to the wasteless ages of gation having existed previous to the child's good, and a good too, which overbalances the eternity!! having done either good or evil, the obligation evil; hence, (unless it be inflicted from the latv My soul shrinks with horror from the awful cannot be either increased or diminished by the of necessity, which will not apply to the Deity,) 'thought. If this be the secret of the Lord, conduct of the child ; and to argue otherwise the punishment must embrace the good of the which is with those that fear him, I can truly would strike at the root of all civil society. It individual punished, or else it does not em- say, in the sincerity of my heart, “O my. soul, will be seen that I am not arguing on the prin- brace the good of the whole ; because the good come not thou into their secret ; unto their asciple of merit; but am speaking of that obliga-of the whole (of any thing whatever) includes sembly, mine honour, be noi thou united !" (Gen. tion which grows out of the cominon law of the good of each individual of all the particu. xlix. 6.) For how can that, which was at first our moral nature, and the relation which exists lars which compose that very whole.

unjast, be made just by its long continuance? between parents and children. The argument Now, the question is, does mercy every op-If tire devil be the proper owner of any part of therefore, will hold equally good, and infinitely pose such a punishment? Certainly not. For the human race, there can be no more justice more forcible, when applied to the nature of their it did, mercy itself would oppose the good or for ang I can see, in God's attempting to reDesty, and the relation which exists, and ever the creature! Is it so ? says the hearer, let me deem them out of his hands, (unless it be by a will exist, between him and his rational off-look at the statement again. If mercy oppose mutual agreement) than there was in the serspring.

a punishment designed for the good of the sin. pent's beguiling our mother Eve! But the “ If ye are without chastisement, whereof all ner, then, inasmuch as it does so, inercy oppo- conciliation and redemption of inan is always are partakers," saith an apostle, “then ye are

ses the good of the sinner. It is so ! Nothing represented in the scriptures as the work of bastards and not sons.” This shows that the can be more plain! then, God forbid, that sovereign power and goodness ; destroying the apostle considered the relation between God we should have such dishonourable thoughts of works of the devil; subduing his kingdom ; and all mankind the same; for if any are not mercy! that darling attribute of beaven! No, qpening the prison doors, and letting the caphis children in a moral sense, (God forgive the this cannot be, mercy must ever be the sinner's tives go free; and that too, without even asking inquiry,) on what principle, or by what right, best friend. Ah! iny dear sir, I am glad to see the consent of the adversary; all of which predoes he chastise them?

you ave such honourable views of mercy; but supposes his dominion to be unjust, ünriglieous, When we see a person correcting a child permit me to inforın you, my worthy friend, and unlawful. what do we naturally infer from it? Answer: that it is only a mistaken notion of divine jus If it were to be contended that the dominion 1. That the person correcting is the parent rice, which has led men to suppose that the jus- of satan should finally be established oder all master, or guardian of the child : and, 2. that rice of God any more opposed the salvation of the works of God, and that God will give up all the correction is designed for the good of the sinners, than this mercy. It is not justice, hul his rational offspring into his hands, there are cbild. And if we should be justified in ma- it is cruelty, that would inflict an unmierciful none but what would see its impropriety at king any other conclusion, we should certainly punishment! And that tenderness, which once. Yea, to contend for such a doctrine ag consider the correction not as disciplinary chas- soinetimes exists in earthly parents, which this, viz. that Gort will abandon the works of his tisement, but as abuse; and that there was some world withhold a just punishment, is not mercy, own hand, and give them (i. e. human nature) thing very wrong in the person correcting. but it is weakness! Thus, on this groun, we all up to his arch-adversary, the devil, or in “ He that spareth the rod," saith Solo,non, " ha- shall see justice and mercy weet together, righto other words, make them all endlessly miserables teth his Son.” Hence, a inan may use the rouleousness and peace embrace each other, in the would be giving the eternal Jegova! the black. of correction, and yet love his son whom he salvation of man.

est characier possible!


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