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3. His dress — food - mode of life. Mat. 3. Mark 1. 4. What duty did he particularly en

Mat. 3. Mark 1. force - what answers.

5. The principal personage baptized } Mat. 3. Luke 3. - the circumstances.

6. What account did he give of Mat. 3. Luke 3. Christ. 7 John's disciples.

John 1. 8. What message did he send to

Mat. 11. Luke 11. Christ - what answer received.

9. John's death — the circumstances. Mark 6. Mat. 14.

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LESSON 69.

ST. PETER,

113. From the undermentioned chapters, give a connected account of the leading facts in the history of PETER.

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1. Peter - his father's

his

John 1. Mat. 4. original occupation.

2. The circumstances inducing him to Luke 5. Mat. 4. follow Christ.

} 3. Relate the circumstances showing } Mark 5. Mat. 16,17.

Mat. 14.

John 18.

Mat. 26. Mark 14.

his

4. The incident of his walking on the sea.

5. Peter's conduct when our Lord was apprehended.

6. Peter's denial of his Master.

7. Substance of his speech after our Lord's ascension.

8. Peter's first miracle after Christ's ascension.

9. Peter's conduct before the council. 10. Remarks.

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} Acts 3.

Acts 1.

Acts 4.

LESSON 70.

St. PAUL.

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114. From the undermentioned chapters, give a connected account of the leading facts in the history of Paul.

1. Paul – his other name — where born Acts 13. 22. - where and by whom educated.

2. Of what sect originally-when first noticed.

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Acts 7. 22, 23. * 3. State the remarkable change produced

Acts 9. 22. 26. in his mind — the circumstances. 4. How received at Damascus after his

Acts 9. change by the Disciples

5. Who introduced him to the Apostles – } Acts 9. how received. 6. On what occasion separated for the mi

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Acts 13. nistry - in what cities did he preach. 7. Circumstances of his separating from

} Acts 15. Barnabas.

8. His trials at Philippi along with Silas. Acts 16. 9. Paul's address to the Athenians.

Acts 17. 10. Substance or purport of his defence

Acts 26. before Agrippa.

11. Remarks.

how by the Seas

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BOOK III.

CHAPTER VI.

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE.

LESSON 71.

115. The object of this chapter is to furnish the student with a clear and familiar exposition of the principal Figures of Speech, a knowledge of which is necessary for rightly understanding the force and beauty of poetry, and for attempting any species of composition requiring the exercise of the imagination and literary taste.

116. FIGURES OF SPEECH are certain deviations either from the usual form or spelling of words from their syntactical construction, or from their proper and literal meaning.

They are divided into - 1st. the figures of Orthography ; 2nd. of Syntax; and, 3rd. of Rhetoric.

117. 1st. FIGURES ORTHOGRAPHY. The Figures of Orthography are deviations from the usual form or spelling of words, and consist of Elision, Prosthésis, Parogõgě, Synaēresis, Diaērēsis, and Tmesis.

118. Elision signifies cutting off a letter or syl

OF

lable, either at the beginning, middle, or end of a word. Elision thus consists of three kinds, usually denominated Aphaērēsis, Syncopě, and Apocõpě.

a. Aphaērēsis takes away a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; as, 'gan for began; 'gainst for against ; 'plaint for complaint.

6. Syncopě rejects a letter or syllable from the middle of a word; as, lov'd for loved; se'nnight for sevennight.

c. Apocòpě cuts off a letter or syllable from the end; as, th' for the ; morn for morning ; vale for valley ; scant for scanty.

119. Prosthěsis adds a letter or syllable to the beginning of a word; as, en-chain, dis-part, for chain, part.

120. Paragögě adds a letter or syllable to the end; as, awaken for awake.

121. Synaērēsis is the contraction of two vowels or of two syllables into one ; as, ae in Israel, ie in alienate, pronounced as if written Is-ral, Al-yenate. Two words, also, are frequently contracted into one; as, 'Tis for it is; 'twas for it was ; we'll for we will.

122. Diaērēsis is the division of one syllable into two, by placing the mark over the latter of two vowels; as, in zoology. This figure very rarely occurs in English.

123. Tmesis separates a compound word, by putting a word between; as, To God ward,” that is, Toward God.”

The preceding figures are exclusively confined to Poetry, consequently, they must not be introduced into Prose.

124. 2nd. FIGURES OF SYNTAX. — The Figures of Syntax are Ellipsis, Pleonasm, Enallăge, and Hyperbăton.

125. Ellipsis is the omission of words which are necessary to complete the full syntactical construction of a sentence, but not requisite to convey the meaning. — An Ellipsis must not be employed either when the meaning of the sentence would be rendered obscure, or its energy weakened.

. 126. a. Pleonasm is the use of superfluous words, and is allowable only in expressions of earnestness on some interesting subject,-in solemn language, or in poetical description; thus, we may say, “ We have seen with our eyes, we have heard with our ears." “The sea-girt isle."

b. Polysynděton, or the repetition of a conjunction, is a figure employed when we wish to dwell on each particular; as, “Power, and wisdom, and goodness, shine forth in the works of creation.”

c. Periphrăsis is the use of several words to denote one object; as, “ The juice of the grape," for wine. This figure is frequently necessary to render our meaning distinct.

127. Enallăge is the employment of one part of speech for another, and is entirely confined to Poetry; as, Slow rises merit, when by poverty depressed."

128. Hyperbăton is the transposition of words ; as, “Come, nymph demure,” for demure nymph."

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