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VOL. 6.]
Visit to Walter Scoll.

41 which Mrs.Jardine requested me to ac- ludicrous and offensive in a singular decept the loan of her own best psalm- gree. But of a truth, these are things book, and her daughter, Miss Currie, (a no listener can attend to while this great very comely young lady,) was so good preacher stands before bim, armed with as to shew me the way to her pew in all the weapons of the most commanding the church. Such, I presume, is the in- eloquence, and swaying all around him tense interest attached to this preacher, with its imperial rule. At first, indeed, that a hotel in Glasgow could not pre- there is nothing to make one suspect tend to be complete in all its establish- what riches are in store. He commences ment, without having attached to it a in a low, drawling key, which has not spacious and convenient pew in this even the merit of being solemn, and adchurch, for the accommodation of its vances from sentence to sentence, and visitors. As for trusting, as in other from paragraph to paragraph, while you churches, to finding somewhere a seat seek in vain to catch a single echo, that unappropriated, this is a thing which gives promise of that which is to come. will by no means do for a stranger who There is, on the contrary, an appearance bas set his heart upon hearing a sermon of constraint about him, that affects and of Dr. Chalmers'.

distresses you : you are afraid that his You have read his Sermons ; and breast is weak, and that even the slight therefore I need not say any thing about exertion he makes, may be too much the subject and style of the one I heard, for it. But then, with what tenfold richbecause it was in all respects very simi- ness does this dim preliminary curtain lar to those which have been printed. make the glories of his eloquence to But, of all human compositions, there shine forth, when the heated spirit at is none surely which loses so much as a length shakes from its chill confining sermon does, when it is made to address fetters, and bursts out, elate and rejoicitself to the eye of a solitary student in ing, in the full splendour of its disimhis closet-and not to the thrilling ears prisoned wings ! of a mighty mingled congregation, through the very voice which Nature

VISIT TO WALTER SCOTT. has enriched with notes more expressive I did not see Mr. S--, however, than words can ever be, of the meanings immediately on my arrival ; he had and feelings of its author. Neither,

gone out, with all his family, to shew perhaps, did the world ever possess any ihe abbey of Melrose to the Count von orator, whose minutest peculiarities of B- and some other visitors. I was gesture and voice have more power in somewhat dusty in my apparel, (for increasing the effect of what he says -- the shandrydan had moved in clouds whose delivery, in other words, is the balf the journey,) so I took the opporfirst, and the second, and the third, ex- tunity of making my toilet, and had not cellence of his oratory, more truly than quite completed it, when I heard the is that of Dr. Chalmers. And yet, trampling of their horses' feet beneath were the spirit of the man less gifted the window. But in a short time, havthan it is, there is no question these, his

ing finished my adozination, I descenlesser peculiarities, would never have ded, and was conducted to Mr. S-'-, been numbered among his points of whom I found by himself in his library. excellence. His voice is neither strong Nothing could be kinder than his recepnor melodious. His gestures are neith- tion of me; and so simple and unaser easy nor graceful; but on the con- suining are his manners

, that I was trary, extremely rude and awkward : quite surprised, after a few minutes had his pronunciation is not only, broadly elapsed, io fiod.myself already almost national, but broadly provincial--dis

at home in the company of one whose torting almost every word he utters in

presence I had approached with feelings to some barbarous povelty, which, had

different from those with wbich his hearer leisure to think of such things, a man of my age and experience is acmight be productive of an effect at once castomed to meet ordinary strangere.

F ATHENEUM VOL. 6.

so very

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my host.

There was a large party at dinner, conversation. On the contrary, every for the house was full of company, and body seemed to speak the

more much very amusing and delightful con- that he was there to hear ; and his preversation passed on every side around sence seemed to be enough to make evme ; but you will not wonder that I ery body speak delightfully, as if it had found comparatively little leisure either been that some princely musician bad to hear or see much of anything besides tuned all the strings, and, even under

And as to his person, in the the sway of more vulgar fingers, they first place, that was almost perfectly could not choose but discourse excelnew to me, although I must have seen, lent music. His conversation, besides, I should suppose, some dozens of en- is for the most part of such a kind, that gravings of him before I ever came to all can take a lively part in it, although Scotland. Never was any physiogno- indeed none that I ever met with can my treated with more scanty justice by equal himself. It does not appear as the portrait-painters ; and yet, after all, if he ever could be at a loss for a single I must confess that the physiognomy is moment for some new supply of that of a kind that scarcely falls within the which constitutes its chief peculiarity limits of their art. I have never seen and its chief charm ; the most keen perany face which disappointed me less ception, the most tenacious memory, tban this, after I had become ac- and the most brilliant imagination, hava quainted with it fully ; yet, at the first ing been at work throughout the whole glance, I certainly saw less than, but of his busy life, in filling his miod with for the vile prints, I should have look- a store of individual traits and aneced for; and I can easily believe that dotes, serious and comic, individual and the feelings of the unioitiated, the un- national, such as it is probable no man cranioscopical observer, might be little ever before possessed ; and such, still different from those of pure disappoint- more certainly as, no man of great ment. It is not that there is deficien- original power ever before possessed, cy of expression in any part of Mr. in subservience to the purposes of inScott's face, but the expression which ventive genius. A youth spent in is most prominent is not of the kind wandering among the hills and valleys which one who had known bis works, of his country, during which he became and had heard nothing about his ap- intensely familiar with all the lore of pearance, would be inclined to expect. those grey-haired shepherds, among The common language of his features whom the traditions of warlike as well expresses all manner of discernment as of peaceful times find their securest and acuteness of intellect, and the ut- dwelling place ; or, in more equal conmost nerve and decision of character. verse with the relics of that old school He smiles frequently; and I never saw of Scottish cavaliers, whose faith had any smile which tells so eloquently the nerved the arms of so many of bis own union of broad good-humour with the race and kindred : such a boyhood keenest perception of the ridiculous : and such a youth laid the foundation, but all this would scarcely be enough to and established the earliest and most satisfy one in the physiognomy of lasting sympathies of a mind, which Walter Scott.

was destined, in after years, to erect Himself temperate in the extreme, upon this foundation, and improve up(some late ill health has made it neces- on these sympathies, in a way of which sary he should be so,) be sent round his young and thirsting spirit could bis claret more speedily than even I have then contemplated but little. could have wishea—(you see I am de- Through his manhood of active and termined to blunt the edge of all your honoured, and now for many years of sarcasms)—and I assure you we were glorious, exertion, he has always lived all too well employed to think of mea- in the world, and among the men of the suring our bumpers. Do not suppose, world, partaking in all tlie pleasures and however, that there is anytbing like dis- duties of society as fully as any of those play or forinal leading in Mr. Scott's who had nothing but such pleasures

VOL. 6.]

Varieties : Critical, 8c.

43

and such duties to attend to. Unit- most part, be rather beard than seen. ing, as never before they were united, Mr. Scott paused at the rustic bridge the habits of an indefatigable student which led us over the ravine, and told with those of an indefatigable observer, me that I was treading on classical and doing all this with the easy and ground ; that there was the Huntly careless grace of one who is doing so, Burn, by whose side Thomas the not to task, but, to gratify his inclina- Rhymer of old saw the Queen of Faery tion and his nature, is it to be wonder- riding in her glory; and called to this ed that the riches of his various acqui- hour by the shepherds, from that very sitions should furnish a never-failing circumstance, the Bogle or Goblin Burn. source of admiration even to those who From this we passed right up the have known bim longest, and who hill, the ponies here being as persectly know him best?

independent as our own of turnpikeNext morning I got up pretty early, ways, and as scornful of perpendicular and walked for at least two hours be- ascents. I was not a little surprised, fore breakfast through the extensive however, with Mr. Scott's borsemanyoung woods with which Mr. Scott ship; for, in spite of the lameness in has already clothed the banks of the one of his legs, he manages his steed Tweed, in every direction about his with the most complete mastery, and mansion. Nothing can be more sost seems to be as much at home in the and beautiful than the whole of the sur- saddle as any of his own rough-riding rounding scenery : there is scarcely a Deloraines or Lochinvars could have single house to be seen ; and, except- been. He is indeed a very strong man ing on the rich, low lands, close to the in all the rest of his frame, the breadth river, the country seems to be almost and massiness of his iron muscles being entirely in the hands of the shepherds. evidently cast in the same mould with

After a breakfast a la fourchette, those of the old “Wats of Harden" served up in the true style of old Scot- and

“ bauld Rutherfuirds that were tish luxury, which a certain celebrated fow stout.” novelist seems to take a particular pleasure in describing ; a breakfast, name

From the Monthly Magazine, ly, in which tea, coffee, chocolate, toast, PAINE'S ESCAPES FROM THE and sweetmeats officiated as little better

GUILLOTINE.* than ornamental outworks to more solid and imposing fortifications of mutton

I was one of the pine members that ham, bung beef, and salmon killed over. composed the first Committee of Cop: night in the same spear and torch-light

stitution. Six of them have been desmethod of which Dandie Dinmont was

troyed ; Sieyes and myself have surso accomplished a master, After do- vived. He, by bending with the times, ing all manner of justice to this interest. and I, by nors:ending. The other suring meal, I spent an hour with Mr. S. vivor

joined Robespierre, and signed in his library, or rather in his closet;

with him the warrant for my arrestation. for, tho' its walls are quite covered with After the fall of Robespierre, he was books, I believe the far more valuable seized and imprisoned in his turn, and part of his library is in Edinburgh.

sentenced to transportation. He has We then mounted our horses, a nuc ed the warrant, by saying, he felt him

since apologized to me for having signmerous cavalcade, and rode to one of the three summits of Eildon-bill, which self in danger, and was obliged to do rises out of the plain a little way bebind

it. Herault Sechelles, an acquaintance Ad, and forms, io almost every

of Mr. Jefferson's, and a good patriot, point of view, a glorious back-ground

was my suppléunt as a member of the to its towers and rising woods. We

Committee of Constitution; that is, he passed, before leaving Mr. Scott's terri- was to supply my place, if I had not tories, a deep dingle, quite covered with accepted or bad resigned, being next in

He was imall manner of wild bushes, thro' which number of votes to me. a little streamlet far below could, for the Thomas Clio Rickman, just published.)

* Written by himself. (From Life of Thos. Paine,h

was

PEDESTRIANISM.

prisoned in the Luxembourg with me, but it happened, if happening is a prowas taken to the tribunal, and to the per word, that the mark was put on the guillotine ; and I, his principal, was left. door when it was open and flat against

There were but two foreigners in the the wall, and thereby came on the inConvention, Anacharsis Cloots and side when we shut it at nigbt,—and the myself. We were both put out of destroying angel passed it by. A few the convention by the same vote, ar. days after this Robespierre fell ; and rested by the same order, and car- the American ambassador arrived and ried to prison together the same night. reclaimed me, and invited me to bis He was taken to the guillotine, and I house. was again left. Joel Barlow was with During the whole of my imprisonus when we went to prison.

ment prior to the fall of Robespierre, Joseph Lebon, one of the vilest cha- there no time when I could racters that ever existed, and who made think my life worth twenty-four hours : the streets of Arras run with blood, was and my mind was made up to meet its my suppléant member of the conven- fate. tion for the department of the Pays de Calais. When I was put out of the convention, he came and took my

The Cambridge Chronicle says: "We inplace. When I was liberated from serted some time ago an account of an extra- .

ordinary nuinber of miles performed by Joprison, and voted again into the con- seph Meads, a mail-guard.

We have now vention, he was sent to the same prison, further to state, that the same individual has and took my place there ; and he went ly 11, 1814, to Sunday July 11, 1819, betwixt to the guillotioe instead of me. He Northampton and London, performing the supplied my place all the way through. halting one night; which, including the bis

One hundred and sixty-eight per- sextile, amounts to 120,516 miles; being sons were taken out of the Luxem- above forty times the computed length of bourg in one night, and a hundred and with mail-coaches, as guard, 547,742

miles ;

Europe. The same individual has travelled sixty of them guillotined the next day, which is above two-and-twenty times the of which I know I was to have been computed circumference of the globe.” one; and the manner I escaped that fate is curious, and has all the appear

Some wiseacres at Henly-upon-Arden, a ance of accident. The room in which few days ago, having rubbed a living rat over I was lodged was on the ground-floor, with spirits of turpentine, set it on tire, and and one of a long range of rooms un- min, thinking it would drive the rest out. der a gallery, and the door of it open- The plan succeeded, but in a different way ed outward and flat against the wall; from what they intended; the barn being

burnt to the ground.---Gent. Mag. July 1819. so that, when it was open, the inside of the door appeared outward, and the MR. MOLLIEN'S JOURNEY TO THE SOURCE OF contrary, when it was slat. I had three comrades fellow-prisoners with

Several journals have affirmed, that a

young Frenchinan, named Mr. Mollien, a me: Joseph Vanhuile, of Bruges, nephew of the peer of that name, had arrived since president of the municipality of at Tombuctoo, which is owing to a mistake that town, Michael Robins, and Basti- in a name. The following are the particulars

of the case ;--pi, of Louvaio. When persons by

Mr. Mollien, only 21 or 22 years of age, scores and by hundreds were to be ta- by the Gambia and Rio Grande, and had dis

had last year visited the countries watered ken out of prison for the guillotine, it covered the source of these rivers: he penewas always done in the night, and trated to Timbo or Tiembo, the capital city,

He believed that he had found the real those who performed that oflice had a

source of the Senegal, which according to private mark or signal, by which they this, would lie more to the south than has knew what rooms to go io, and what before been inagined. After he had endur

ed all the dangers and fatigues which accomnumber to take.

pany a journey among an upcultivated peoWe, as I said, were four, and the ple, he returned by the Bissagos Islands to door of our room was marked, unob- the French colony at Senegal, and arrived

on the 15th of January at the Island of St. berved by us, with that number in chalk; Louis.

AN OLD PABLE LITERALLY VERIFIED.

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THE GAMBIA.

vol. 6.]

Matthews's New Patent Safe Coach.

45

INVENTIONS.

PATENT SAFE STAGE COACH. The Invention of Mr. Henry Matthews , of Greeton-place, East, Bushnal-green. Tais Coach is calculated to evsure safety in dents do not happen, instead of blaming an eminent degree: it is scarcely possible them (though it is a fact which can be proved, for it to turn over; and should it break down that not one in eight of those which do occur accidents cannot happen. It is light, elegant, ever appears in the public prints.) The Safe. and quite dissimilar to those in use, the nar- Coach will be as difficuli to turn over as a rowness of which destroy all comfort, be- column of half this height. The wheel-horses, sides being very dangerous ; and they often by this plan, are also relieved from that unappear like baggage-waggons, from the in- equal variation which is occasioned by the discriminate mixture of persons and packa- weight being placed so high as to vibrate ges. This new construction admits neither from side to side ; sometimes falling to one passengers nor parcels on the roof. There horse and sometimes the other, they are comare commodious seats provided at about six pelled to an equal pace, with a jerking, feet six inches from the ground; the luggage unequal draught. This the inventor says he is secured from wet and pilfering, under has proved by experiment: and to produce lock, and is not more than three feet six inches further demonstration of the bad effect of from the ground, instead of eight feet nine placing the weight much above the level inches, thereby lowering the centre of grav- with the line of draught, 841b. to a line, which, ity between two and three feet. It cannot passing over a pulley, moved a stage-coach lose its balance: it is broader than usual, weighing 17 cwt. Seven half-hundred weighte and allows more room for passengers. The were then placed on the roof, when it reperch, body, and boot, are shorter; so that all quired 2516. more to move it. The seven the weight is much nearer, and more at the half-hundred weights were then placed down command of the horses.

in the boot, when it required only 141b.: The preseot coaches, which carry passen- thereby proving, that to place the weight gers on the top, and loaded outside and nearer on a level with the line of draught not within, are as easily turned over as a (as in the Safe-Coach,) is a saving, of labour column of fifteen feet in height, and only to the horses, of 11lb. in every 25 of draught. four feet eight inches in diameter. Let a If a person were to fix a pound weight at thinking person only contemplate an inclin- the top of a ten foot rod, and run with it at ing road, with this column going at the rate the rate of seven miles in the hour, this would of seven miles in the hour, they will then show how much more labour it required, than give stage-coachmen credit that more acci- if brought down on a level with the hand.

[graphic]

Passengers four inside, and twelve out. The wheels to this coach are nearly the only bave to fall three feet four inches (not same in size as those of the mails, and are between eigbt and nine feet, as from the fastened op with lock and key, thereby for present coaches.) With the pendant springs ever putting to rest all apprehension of however, there will be no concussion. wheels dying off.

In order to prevent that uncomfortable The iron crutch, with a spring at bottom, intermixture, now so prevalent on the outside which bangs pendant on each side the coach, of stage-coaches, the front seat is devoted to and forms convenient steps, considered rath- those who choose to pay a dd. per mile more. er as a superabundant caution, than a thing The charges to other passengers (both iosida absolutely necessary : it may be omitted and out) will be no more than at present. without dacger, as the wheels on either side Improvements like this should be paid for by will run ou a bank more than twice the the public, and not the coach-master. height other coacbes can, and not lose its It exceeds every other carriage both for balance; and should a wheel break down, ease and pleasantness. Passengers in the the end of the arm comes to the ground be- four horse coach sit without

incommoding or fore the carriage passes the line of gravity: even touching each other. The lover of

This proves the impossibility of its turning Nature will obtain a better view of the over. It is true the concussion might shake country than from a post-chaise, being higher some of the passengers oft: they would then and having more windows.

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