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chronicled with all possible pains and accuracy every word | ures. Surely the most “hanging" judge in the world that occurs in his poems. The sole use that a Concordance would be lenient in such a case, and wink with the utmost serves for such persons is that it enables them to find a readiness at an occasional slip of the pen or the composiquotation. Mrs. Cowden Clarke's famous compilation is tor's fingers. valuable in their eyes on this account only; and such an

Ubi plura nitent in carmine, non ego paucis end may well seem to fail in justifying the means, seeing

Offendar maculis quas aut incuria fudit that the means involve weariness and painfulness and

Aut bumana parum cavit natura. watchings. But far other is the estimate of such productions that is made by the student. Familiar as he is with

We say that everybody would be willing to show indul. the wild assertions incessantly volunteered as to what is gence towards such a minute register. Mrs. Cowden Shake peare's and what is not, he is profoundly grateful for

Clarke, with all her excellence, is not independent of any help in analyzing the genuine work of the poet. The

indulgence. But we must not speak as if Mrs. Furness existence of Concordances, and the judicious use of them,

stood in special need of consideration. So far as we have might have stifled half the follies of which many a critic

at present used her work, we have only found reason to be

astonished at the accuracy with which it is executed. aster has been proudly guilty. And the age of criticasters

We may just add, that by “the Poems" Mrs. Furness is not past; perhaps, indeed, it is only now fully come. The effrontery of these gentry is amazing. They “have

means the pieces usually printed along with Shakespeare's no bands” in their statements. Conscience never makes a

Plays. Some of them are not by Shakespeare ; but Mrs. coward of them. Now against such persons what is the

Furness has done well, we think, in following the popular

attribution. Those to whom her Concordance will be antidote? How are we to disinfect ourselves and get rid of them? The unfailing antiseptic is facts. They cannot

most useful are in no danger of being misguided. away with facts. Only let facts be laid about everywhere,

We heartily thank Mrs. Furness for her work. It is a and they will soon be extirpated. For them and their

| credit to herself, to her sex, and to her nation. Properly kind it is difficult to conceive a more deadly book than a

considered, it is a most valuable contribution to true Concordance. It is mere hemlock. “By my troth” they

Shakespearean study, by the side of which much of what “ cannot abide the smell of" it. The appearance, there

passes for Shakespearean lore is shown in its foll worthfore, of a companion volume to that of Mre. Clarke is really

lessness. & memorable event.

The new volume is in shape uniform with the valuable “ Variorum Shakespeare " now issuing by the husband of

FOREIGN NOTES. the compiler. In point of typography there is nothing to be desired.

The author of " Guy Livingstone" is out with a new It contains a record of every word occurring in the

in the , novel. Poems, even of prepositions and conjunctions, in short, of A London firm (Cassell, Petter, and Galpin) bave in every word without exception. The tabulation of the, for preparation, and will shortly publish in serial form, & cominstance, occupies no less than twenty columns.

prehensive illustrated history of the United States. "As it is impossible," runs the Preface, “ to limit the pur

A VIENNESE lady has given, as a subscription to the poscs for which the language of Shakespeare may be studied, | proposed statue to Schubert, three manuscript works by or to say that the time will not come, if it has not come already, him, two psalms and a serenade, the words by Grillparzer. when his use of every part of speech, down to the humblest con

MR. WILLIAM BLACK, the author of “A Princess of junction, will be criticised with as much nicety as has been bestowed upon Greek and Latin authors, it seems to me that

Thule," etc., is about to publish a collection of his briefer in the selection of words to be recorded, no discretionary powers

sketches under the title of “ The Maid of Killeena, and should be granted to the harmless drudge' compiling à Con.

Other Stories.” The chief story, giving the title, is cordance. Within a year or two a German scholar has pub Hebridean, and deals with the life of the fisher-people. lished a pamphlet of some fifty pages on Shakespeare's use of

The last number of The Saturday Review makes the the auxiliary verb to do, and Abbott's Grammar shows with

following surprising statement: “We have next to notice what success the study of Shakespeare's language in its minut

a handsome edition of Shakespeare's • Midsummer Night's est particulars may be pursued. "I have, therefore, cited in the

Dream,' published by Messrs. Roberts of Boston, and profollowing pages every word in his Poems."ibA

fusely illustrated by the American artist, Mr. Konewka." Also the number of the line, not only the number of the

A PARAGRAPH in the Daily News calls attention to the poem, in which each word occurs is given, a detail which

fact that the monument to Bunyan in Bunbill Fields, will save the explorer many a minute. In these two re

erected by public subscription in 1862, is already in a very spects, Mrs. Furne-s's work is more exact than that of

dilapidated state. The figure of Bunyan is crumbling Mre. Cowden Clarke. In one way it is less complete ;

away in places, and much wanton injury has been done to but no one will grudge the difference.

the bas-reliefs. “ Having adopted,” says Mrs. Furness, “ the rule of recording THE “ newest toy out" in Paris is the evasion trick, conevery word, I thought it needless expenditure of space to insert

sisting of a little tower in colored tin; a soldier in lead is in every instance the entire line in which a word occurs. I have given the clause in which the word stands and the number

suspended by a thread over a little boat below, and the of the line, and then, that nothing may be wanting to the con.

ability consists in turning a bit of wire, which, sending the venience of the student, the Poems themselves are reprinted at

boat round the tower, will cause it to arrive at the moment the end. If in any case the citations appear meagre, the origi.

| when the soldier drops, and so receive him. nal is instantly accessible."

SIGNOR VERDI has just obtained an injunction in the Mrs. Furness's design is most satisfactory; happily, the

cotiefactory. happily the

local court

local court of Bonlogne to prevent the performance of his execution is no less so. Of course it is improbable that

urse it is improbable that “ Messe" without orchestral accompaniments. The conthere are not some few errors both of omission and com

ductor proposed to give the Mass with an accompaniment mission. Mrs. Furness is as conscious of this possibility

of four pianos, to which the composer strongly objected, as her “ dearest foe" - only there cannot be any such

| and, finding remonstrances useless, took legal proceedings.] monster - could be. “As the pages are stereotyped," An endeavor is now being made to have some of the she writes, “ corrections can be made at any time of mis- | London music halls opened on Sundays for the performprints, against which it seems no human vigilance can ance of concerts of sacred music, in pursuance of the sug. guard, and I shall be grateful to the kindness that will gestion of the National Sunday League, an association notify me of them." It would, indeed, be a marvel if every formed for the purpose of introducing into England wbat is entry was faultless, or if no claimant for enrolment had known as a “Continental Sunday." The same society been overlooked; for there are some 33,000 entries, each bave originated the movement for the opening of museums one consisting of several words, and from one to five fig- on Sundays.

Rossini had a favorite provision merchant. One day | named Giuseppe Ricci, who certainly seems to have taken the latter rather bashfully said to Rossini, “I have for å rather a long constitutional. Having come some months long time wanted to ask you a favor.” “Name it,” said | ago from Alexandria to Constantinople in search of em. the maestro. “It is," replied the merchant, “ that you will ployment, but being unsuccessful in his object, Ricci give me your photograph, with a few words under it.” resolved to return to Alexandria. A slight difficulty, how" Willingly," responded Rossini, and he took a photograph ever, arose at the very commencement of his journey, from his pocket-book, and wrote under it, “ To the friend owing to the fact of his having no money, - a serious of my stomach."

drawback to a bonâ fide traveller, for, notwithstanding

the “ wretched impotence of gold," it is uncommonly A STRASBOURG paper complains of the production of ar

difficult to travel comfortably without it. Ricci at first tificial wine at Kebl, where there is a large establishment tried to work his passage back in & steamer or ship, but much patronized by Strasbourg wine-merchants, into which

failing also in this endeavor he set his face resolutely a grape has never entered. This colored and sweetened southwards, and determined to work or beg his way to Rhine water is recognized by the Excise as grape wine.

| Egypt. He accordingly started off “ with a light heart In tbe Rheingau and the Palatinate there are hundreds of and a thin pair of breeches," and after marching for 158 similar establishments. The Rhenish and Alsacian wine days across the peninsula of Asia Minor, and along the growers intend to urge the Reichstag to pass a stringent coasts of Syria and Palestine, he arrived in safety at Alexlaw against the falsification of wine and other drinks. | andria, where, by latest accounts, he was enjoying the

repose he was justly entitled to after his fatiguing walk. A man named Justin has just died at Bicêtre, whose lunacy had a very singular origin. He was an exhibitor

A hiatus in a theatrical placard caused by an overof waxwork figures, and one of his models was the figure

sight or a practical joke has lately mystified the public of of a young girl, remarkable for her graceful form and per

Bordeaux. The talented actress Mlle. Paola Marié has fect features, her hair falling in long curls over her naked been delighting play-goers in that city ; but as the time of shoulders. Justin showed a latent insanity long before his

her sojourn on the banks of the Garonne drew to a close, mind actually gave way, for he fell passionately in love

the manager of the Théâtre Français posted up a notice with his waxen Galatea, and would contemplate her in si

stating that the engagement of Mlle. Paola Marié expiring lent admiration for bours. His wife could not be expected

on Friday next, the “ Périchole" would be played but to take the matter with such indifference, but her remon

four times more. The words “ the engagement of " did strances only infuriated him. One day she could stand it

not, however, appear on the placard, which therefore bore no longer, and she gave to the wax beauty sundry blows

the sinister announcement that, Mlle. Paola Marié expirwith a broomstick. The enraged husband then tried to ing on Friday next, the “ Périchole ” would be played but kill his wife, but neighbors interfered, and saved her from

four times more. The faithful admirers who bastened to his violence. Deprived of his treasure, he went mad, and

| pay their last homage to the popular actress and to witness sojourned at Bicêtre five years. To the last, it is said, the

these four “ positively the last" performances sought in vision of his inanimate charmer was before him.

vain, it seems, for any symptom, in the countenance and

manner of their favorite, of a state of health justifying so The details of a case of poisoning reported from Wait. serious a reason for the cessation of her performance of the zen by the Spenersche Zeilung recall these refinements of part of Offenbach's lively heroine. They took care, howmurderous science. The daughter of a physician in that ever, in spite of many favorable signs, to keep on the safe place fell dead in her father's room, and it was ascertained side by showering down in the shape of bouquets as many that she had died from poison. She had a suitor whose “sweets to the sweet” as graced the fair Ophelia's courtship was not regarded by her parents with a favora funeral. ble eye, and she was, after a time, induced to contemplate

A CORRESPONDENT of the Times has written a singularly marriage with another. The wedding was to take place

interesting account of what may fairly be called the disinin a week, when she took a walk with her former lover, at

terment of the Coliseum, now proceeding under the directhe end of which he left her at her own door, and then

tion of Signor Rosa ; and the picture which it presents of went down to his father's country place. He there con

the engineering ingenuity, as well as architectural splendor, fessed that he had placed a strong poison, the smell of

which the Romans devoted to their truculent sports is which alone will kill, in the pocket of his beloved, knowing

rather awful. The excavations have now laid bare part of that as soon as she lifted her handkerchief to her face a

the Arena, which is proved to have been a solid floor, fatal result would follow. It appears from the event that

paved with herring-bone work, and not a movable platbe had not miscalculated the powers of the drug, the nat

form. Upon the arena converged a number of large, tun. ure of which has not yet transpired.

nel-shaped corridors, having a series of lateral chambers, The Rappel states that MM. Monduit Béchet et Cie.,

vast enough to accommodate scores of animals, and with who were charged with the restoration of the Colonne

an adjustment of gates such that, without danger to the Vendôme, have nearly completed their difficult work, and

keepers, even the hundred lions, recorded by Vopiscus as that the column will probably be set up again in the course

having bounded on its floor together, might be admitted to of the autumn. The Vendôme Column was not erected

the view of the 87,000 lords of creation in the Amphithea. according to the original idea of Napoleon I. The first de.

tre. A magnificent corridor, not yet perfectly cleared, but cree for its erection is dated October 1, 1803, and is signed

having evidently no lateral galleries, doubtless represents by the First Consul. By this decree we find that the de

the passage through which the gladiator emerged to his sign for the column was to be similar to that of Trajan at

duel and the martyr to his cross. Through it, too, it would Rome, that it was to be ornamented with 108 bronze figures

seem, were removed the slaughtered corpses and carcasses, representing the departments of the Republic, and sur.

while the applause of the audience and the bellowing of the į mounted by a pedestal adorned with olive leaves, on the

other beasts waiting for their gates to swing round must top of which a statue of Charlemagne, the representative

have made terrible harmonies. monarch of France, was to be placed. But all this was

THE Moniteur de l'Armeé calls attention to the fact that changed after the great victories of 1806. The column the sword of the late Latour d'Auvergne,“ premier Grenawas then consecrated to the glory of the Grande Armée," dier de la France,” has been left by his nephew, lately and was cast from 1200 cannon taken from the enemy, Na deceased, to Garibaldi ; and the French military journal poleon I. taking the place of Charlemagne. He first ap expresses a hope that some means may be taken for prepeared in classical costume, but before long the well-known venting its departure from France, so that it may remain figure of " Le petit Caporal ” was set up.

as an heirloom in the country, if not in the family, of the

illustrious private. Latour d'Auvergne was killed just A REMARKABLE pedestrian feat bas, according to the seventy-four years ago, at Oberhausen; and the curious Finanza of Alexandria, been lately performed by an Italian and somewbat melodramatic practice was thereupon

adopted in the 46th half-brigade, to which Latour d'Au- | ing for the printing and publishing of the work, the managvergne belonged, of treating him as though he were still | ing committee have invested the surplus in Italian stocks, alive and with his regiment, until, on his name being for the benefit of the author. called out, some one replied, “Mort au champ d'honneur!”

A ROMANCE in very bigh life has just been brought to It appears that this custom, which was at length aban its last act. One of the most noted of the South German doned, has lately been reintroduced by the present com

nobles was the Prince of Thurm and Taxis. He had been mandant of the 46th half-brigade, Colonel Aubry ; and

Minister to the late King of Bavaria, and his son was aidethat wben at Satory, where the 46th half-brigade is now

de-camp to the present King. It is this son who is the stationed, the Grenadier Latour d'Auvergne is asked for,

hero of the German romance. Long ago the Lord of Bur. the regulation answer, “ Mort au champ d'honneur," is

leigh chose bis wife from the peasantry, and King Copronounced. Latour d'Auvergne's sword hangs in the

phetua swore a Royal oath that a beggar maid sbould be Church of the Invalides, -- called, when it was first placed

his bride ; but neither of these traditional lovers went so far there by the Republicans, “ Temple of Mars," -- and proba

as the young Bavarian Prince of our day. It was an obbly on receiving it Garibaldi will restore it to what has

scure actress who fascinated bim, and for whom he was been its resting-place for the last three quarters of a

content to sacrifice everything. These conventional words century.

meant a great deal in this case. The marriage actually It is a remarkable fact, says the Pall Mall Gazette, that was solemnized, but it was made subject to conditions of a women, in their search for employment, have never turned very rigorous character, which were imposed upon the their attention towards that of “mutes" at funerals. The bridegroom as a condition of the family assent. He was to duties of a mute are such as could not only be well per. renounce all his paternal rights, and even his name. He formed by woman, but are in many ways peculiarly adapted

was to be no longer the Prince of Thurm and Taxis, but a for her. As a mute she would have an opportunity of ex plain bourgeois, and he was to receive an annual allowance ercising her taste in quiet, uppretentious garments, and of 1 of 5000 forins. It might seem that such conditions would preserving silence; she would also be regarded with a be impossible. The only answer is that they were exacted, sober seriousness while engaged in her duties, which could that the marriage did occur, and that the Prince descended not fail to be most gratifying to the strong-minded of her into plain M. de Fels. He had, however, a very fine tenor sex. A most successful funeral in which woman played an voice and a very beautiful bride, and he made his debut a important part took place at Padua in 1518, and, indeed, short time ago at the theatre at Zurich. The story so far in some respects, the arrangements of this funeral were in reminds one of Mario's history, who was Marquis of Canall ways less depressing than the run of ordinary burials. dia in his own right; but here the resemblance ceases. An eminent lawyer, by name Lodovich Cartusius, who The Swiss are not an imaginative people, and care very died in July of that year, before his death strictly forbade little for romantic sacrifices. M. de Fels was hissed off the his relations to shed any tears at his funeral, and enforced stage at Zurich, and retired into private life. It was easy this order on his heir by a heavy penalty in case of dig. to descend from rank and position; it was difficult to reobedience. He further directed that fiddlers should take acquire them. The young Prince was brother-in-law of the place of mourners on the sad occasion, and that twelve the Duchess of Bavaria, nephew of the major-domo to the maids in green habits should carry his remains to the Court of Prince Oettingen; so great efforts were made to church of St. Sophia, where he was buried, the ceremony restore this would-be tenor within the princely circle. At to be enlivened by songs from these ladies, who were to be last a way was found to achieve the end. On the Lake of recompensed for the service by a handsome sum of money | Chiem, King Ludwig had an estate known as Herreninsel, allotted for their marriage portions. The monks of the and there it has been the custom to give gr-at water-parconvent at Padua, who were invited to the funeral, were ties and nautical fêles. A theatre is to be built there, of on no account to wear black habits, lest they should throw which the artists are to consist almost exclusively of the a gloom over the cheerfulness of the procession. If funer. aristocracy. Scenes out of Wagner's operas are to be repals were conducted in this fashion, there would perhaps

resented, and Offenbach and Hervé are also to appear on be a fainter call for cremation, and woman would have no

the bills. But for this distinguished tbeatre a dignified necessity for repressing her natural delight at the obsequies manager has to be provided, and the Grand Duchess of of man.

Bavaria, who has a taste for diplomacy, has thus found the GARIBALDI's new work, “ I Mille," has appeared at Turin

means of introducing her nephew within the ring fence of in the form of a handsome volume, consisting of 450 pages,

his native aristocracy. The name of Paul de Fels, wbich and having a title-page inscribed with Petrarch's lines :

appeared in the Zurich playbill, will be heard of no longer,

and the Prince of Thurm and Taxis will be known in fut“ Virtu contra furore

ure as Marshal of the Royal Palace and Master of the Prenderà l'armi e fia il combatter corto,

Revels to the young King of Bavaria. It is the babit of
Chè l'antico valore
Negl' Italico cor non è ancor morto."

some foreign editors to admit statements into their journals

“ under all reserve," and when this sentence is seen, it is It bas a long preface, addressed to the youth of Italy, who

tacitly understood that imagination bas something to do are reminded that politics are every man's concern, since with the announcements ; but no such qualification has aceach one has an interest in knowing whether his bark will be

companied the reports of this chapter of romance. steered against rocks, or turned straight to port. Appealing to the Roman youth specially, he begs that such an example of quiet, dignified energy may be set by them, that their city shall be as a pole-star to every other Italian com

MAN'S NESCIENCE. munity, until Italy shall have secured her place as a flour

How soon Man's ray of science, spent, ishing and honored land. The main part of the work,

Dead in the circling darkness falls ! comprising sixty-three chapters, is occupied with the nar

As the pale light to prisons lent rative of the exploits of the thousand volunteers, from

Expires upon their murky walls. which it takes its name. It concludes with an address to the 4322 subscribers for the volume, who are assured that

The captive's lamp, that flickering shows the author feels that his active share in political events is

His cell's dim vault and dusky floor, over, and that in giving them this work as a memento of

Flares in its socket to disclose his past exertions for his fatherland, he is conscious of the

The chain, the lock, the iron door. faults which it exhibits, regrets he was unable to produce

The grate that mocks the wistful breath, anything more worthy of their acceptance, and assures

The lattice-bars in stern array, them of his sympathy. It appears that only 1942 persons

Level life's lurid walls, O Death! have paid in their subscription of five francs, but the money

And give the time-imprisoned Day! thus obtained has already been disposed of, and after pay

J. 8. D.

even more than ever deserving or that large share of pub

ic favor which it has hitherto always enjoyed. EVERY SATURDAY:



17 Bromfield St., Boston.

Cambridge: The Riverside Press.

- The November Allantic will contain a fa ihful sketch Single Numbers, 10 cts.; Monthly Paris, 50 cts.; Yearly Subscription, $5.00.

of a Suuthern negro woman, by “ Mark Twain.” The huN. B. THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY and Every SATURDAY sent to one address for $8.00.

morist scarcely appears at all in bis own person, but he puts the character he draws in a very clear light.

- " William Story has finished in the clay,” says a corSPECIAL NOTICE.

respondent writing from Rome, “a statue of Alcestis. The

figure is of beroic size, standing, and represents the deThe publishers of Every SATURDAY announce to the

voted wife in the first moment of her return to life and the subscribers of that journal and to the public generally,

upper world from the sbades, redeemed from the death she that under an arrangement with Messrs. Litteil & Gay,

had voluntarily accepted, as the condition of her husband's EVERY SATURDAY will, after the number for October

life, by the enterprise and might of Hercules. Those who 31st, be merged in Littells Living Age. The two period

have never made acquaintance with the myth from the icals are issued weekly and cover the same general ground,

tragedy of Euripides may probably have been familiar80 far indeed that the contents of one frequently appear

ized with it by one of the most remarkable of Mr. Brownin the other. There seems to be no good reason why the

ing's more recent poems. Mr. Story shows her to us at same field should be occupied by both. The combination

the moment she is stepping into the new life to which she of the two journals will leave The Living Age the only ec

has been reconducted from the death to which she had lectic weekly published in the country; and the unexpired

devoted herself. And perhaps what first strikes the specsubscriptions to EVERY SATURDAY, and its advertising

tator is the completeness with which the story is told contracts, will be filled by The Living Age. To the readers

combined with the extreme simplicity of the means used, of EVERY SATURDAY we take pleasure in commending

for the telling of it. A female form, with head and face, The Living Age; it will complete the serials now publish

slightly raised, clad in soft drapery, which falls from the ing in EveRY SATURDAY, its larger subscription price is

hinder half of the head to the feet, so as to hide half of made up by its greater amount of matter, and its reputa

them, in the simplest and apparently most unstudied folds tion is too well established to need words of praise from us

gathering her drapery about her with her right hand and CARD FROM LITTELL & GAY.

arm, visible from the elbow downward, and with the right

leg and foot advanced (so far only as to show the front LITTELL's Living AGE, the pioneer in its special half of the advancing foot below the falling robe), is adfield, will on the first of November, through the arrange vancing with slow and hesitating step toward the spectament above mentioned, again become the only periodical tor. The left leg and foot follow doubtfully and almost of the country which places before American readers in reluctantly. And the left arm and band bang by her side cheap and convenient form, and at the same time with with an entire absence of action, the truly wonderful exsatisfactory freshness and completeness, the productions of pressiveness of which is more eloquent of all that the artist the ablest foreign authors as contained in the periodical has to tell the spectator, than any conceivable action could literature of Europe, and especially of Great Britain. This be. The face is a very noble one, and the full arch of work it has successfully performed for more than thirty the top of the head, large in the development which is years, and under the arrangement now announced, it will deemed to indicate the vigor of the moral feelings, together go forward with increased resources and vigor.

with the purity and openness of the features, speaks the It will continue and complete the serials left unfinished woman capable of acting as the myth tells us that Alcesin EVERY SATURDAY, viz., the remarkable story, “Far

tis acted. The face is in no wise clouded by doubt. It is from the Madding Crowd,” by Thomas Hardy, and the open, frank, and full of the gentle fearlessness which is a “ Three Feathers,” by the charming writer, William Black. large constituent part in the noblest female natures. But Although a higher-priced periodical, it will be sent with it is full also of unbounded surprise, and o a gradual recout additional charge to fill out the unexpired subscrip- ognition of the truth of the marvel which has happened to tions to EVERY SATURDAY now on the subscription list her. Mr. Story's reputation already stands very high ; of Messrs. H. 0. Houghton & Co.

but if I am not wholly mistaken, the Alcestis will add The attention of those who have been purchasing Ev to it.” ERY SATURDAY of booksellers is also respectfully called - It is noticeable in running the eye over recent in• to The LIVING AGE as its only substitute, which though ventions and patents, how many have reference to raillarger in price is proportionately larger in the amount of ways and affect the travelling public: inventions to im“ the best periodical literature of the world” which it pre- prove couplings and brakes, improved smoke-stack and sents. For further particulars their attention, and that of spark-arrestors, and among others an improved car step, the public generally, is invited to the prospectus of THE which is apparently one of those elaborate improvements LIVING AGE which will be found in this number of Ev which are intended to prevent people who use borse-cars ERY SATURDAY. Particular notice of the Club Rates, from distressing conductors by running unnecessary risks. contained in the prospectus, is requested, whereby sub-| Each step is so arranged that by moving a hand lever the gcribers may obtain The Living Age with The Atlantic conductor can raise it or turn it on hinges so as to cap Monthly, or any other of the leading American periodi over the edge of the platform. On the entrance or exit cals, at considerably reduced rates.

of the passenger, the step is lowered, and the weight of No effort will be spared to render THE LIVING AGE | the person, acting on suitable levers, moves spring pawls,

and, through them, a ratchet-wheel governing a dial above and the felt saddle-cloth is to be used on requisition, to the car door, which registers the fact; so that every time

gether with a really serviceable saddle-blanket. In aca person gets off the crowded car to accommodate a pas coutrements, the most noticeable change is a set of carsenger, he counts one for the conductor. In addition to tridge loops on the belt, invented by General Hazen, for their office of operating the registering apparatus, the steps the rapid use of metallic ammunition. The cartridge boxes prevent passengers getting on or off the cars at will, where- | are also improved in shape. A nose-bag, perforated for by many accidents are avoided. They are also a check on ventilation, is to be added to the present equipment. the conductor, since a failure to raise the steps wbile the - The Troy papers contain accounts of a wonderful car is in motion would be considered equivalent to an piece of mechanism which has recently been produced by attempt to defraud the railroad company.

F. Shroeder, an Amsterdam jeweller. It is called the – Archæological students, says Frank Leslie, will doubt “Great Mechanical City," and is twenty feet long by fifless be much gratified with the opening of two new fields teen wide. There are houses, castles, churches, and stores for investigation – one in Southern Arizona, the other in in it, just as they appear in almost any European city. Illinois. About a year ago the construction of irrigating | People walk and ride about. Horses and wagons and canals was commenced in the Pueblo Viejo Valley, lying railway cars pass through the streets. Boats pass up and on the south of the Gila River. While thus at work, sur down the river, while some are loading and others unloadveyors very unexpectedly came upon a chain of cities in ing at the docks. Mills are in motion. A fountain plays ruins, in some instances the walls being above the surface. | in the public park, and a band of musicians fills the air An examination of the countless tumuli in the vicinity re- | with melody. There are also forts with soldiers parading vealed large quantities of pottery, household utensils, and about them, blacksmith's shops with artisans at work in human bones, but no weapons of war. Some of the ham- them, and pleasure gardens with people dancing in them. mers or axes were of a quality of stone harder than any | Other scenes go to make this a wonderful structure indeed. nów in use, while of the clay vessels many showed the ' - In his “ Key to North American Birds," Mr. Coues clearest evidences of the Roman style of decoration. Peb expressed his apprehensions that the English sparrow bles of ebony hue externally, but transparent when held to would molest and drive away our native species. He now the light, were scattered about. Various conjectures were writes to the American Naturalist that these apprebenformed of the race of people who built and inhabited these sions have already been verified. From a letter written cities, as well as the cause of the destruction. From the by Mr. Thomas G. Gentry, it appears that, in the neighquantity of human bones and the mass of charcoal lying ) borhood of Germantown, Pa., the English sparrows are close to them, it is possible either that the cities were de- driving away the robins, blue-birds, and native sparrows. stroyed by fire, or that the places in question had been de- “ They increase so rapidly, and are so pugnacious, that voted to the purpose of cremation. Some have considered our smaller native birds are compelled to seek quarters these remains as representing a semi-civilized tribe con- elsewhere.” It is chiefly on this account that Mr. Coues quered by Montezuma; while others claim that Mexico nev- has already been opposed to the introduction of the Enger produced specimens of pottery similar to those of this lish sparrow, but also for other reasons. He holds that place. The second field is a high table-land on Rock River, there is no occasion for them in this country, and that the Illinois, some six miles from Rockford City. Excavations good they do in destroying certain insects has been overwere made in a great mound, and at a depth of nine feet rated. The time will come, he says, when it will be a tablet of Niagara spar was found, with traced and bevelled deemed advisable to take measures to get rid of these edges, and a series of eccentric carvings that probably birds, or at least to check their increase. were designed to perpetuate some event. Six of the figures - A gentlewoman who lives in St. Mark's Place, New correspond perfectly with Libyan characters, letters of the York city, says the New York Observer, owns a pure-bred oldest African nations. Fourteen distinct figures may be Spanish spaniel, which some time ago evinced a musical talent. traced on the tablet, including those of a well-formed fish,

One day its mistress was singing “No one to love," and a lizard, and two serpents. As in Arizona, a quantity of

was surprised at hearing the dog join in the song; and bones and small pieces of rock exhibiting perfect fin-marks

turning round she saw it standing on its hind feet, endearwere found near the tablet. This is the most recent ex

oring to keep time with the music. Taking it in her lap amination of the work of the Mound-builders in the West;

she resumed the song, and the dog, sitting on its haunches, and as further excavations are to be made, many theories

with its fore paws on her neck, threw its head back and concerning the early settlement of Wisconsin, Ohio, Illinois,

began to howl, keeping perfect time with her, stopping to Indiana, Mississippi, and West Virginia may be established take breath when she stopped, and taking up a new strain thereby.

when she commenced. The dog seems to have taken - A board of cavalry officers has just reported on the such a fancy to this song that it is impossible to persuade equipments of the service, which have hitherto been rather it to join in when any other is being sung; in fact, it clumsy, though capable of standing a good deal of wear manifests great uneasiness at hearing any other, but imand tear. The board suggests but few alterations, all mediately on the striking up of the well-known strains its tending to lightness and service, but is very particular as agitation ceases, and wagging its tail with joy, it joins in to the minutiæ of shaping saddle-trees, the great deficiency the song. in our cavalry sets being in the awkward fits of saddles, and

- The number of canary birds in the United States is consequent sore backs among the horses. The new saddle

estimated at 900,000, of which number 300,000 were imis a model of lightness and strength, without flaps, and

ported last year. Additions come only from importation, provided with saddle-bags that will really be of use to a

since the number raised in this country, yearly, only about soldier, holding all he needs except forage, which is carried

equals the number lost through various causes. Of other in the useful forage sack, invented but not patented by our cave birds there are about 100,000, and the whole conrough and ready dragoons during the civil war. The only sume about 175,000 bushels of seed in a year of this item that remains, which seems subject to rapid decay, is amount more than two thirds is canary-seed, and the rest the wooden stirrup, which is substantially unchanged. |

is hemp-seed, rape-seed, millet, cracked wheat, etc., to the The old heavy bit gives place to one seven ounces lighter,' value of more than $2,000,000 annually.

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