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like those of dreaming passion, too often exhibited at the Louis Philippe, it would have been said, might have died cost of our personal self-respect. Queen Mab delights in on the throne but for the infatuation of his minister, and making us ridiculous, and exposing us to fancied public Guizot might have placed the monarchy beyond the dread shame. People seem to come and go without the least of revolution if his great intellect had not been blinded by warning, and one person is unaccountably exchanged for his ungovernable pride. another, so that we address them wrongly, and tell them In the main, we think, these denunciations would have what ought not to be told. All this makes us feel very been just; but they would have left out of sight a large much ashamed of ourselves, but we cannot help it. The part of Guizot's life, and the best part of his character. simplest plight, however, of conscious impotence is when | Happily the Revolution of 1848 banished him forever from in our dream we have something to say or to do, and find office, and forced him to live in the solitude of Val Richer that we cannot open our lips, or move hand or foot. In for a quarter of a century. Few men have been better this instance probably the motor nerves have been faintly fitted by nature and by training to enjoy a country life, and stirred by a summons of the will, but not with sufficient the solitude of his Normandy home not only brought out energy to act upon the muscles.

all that was best.in Guizot's character, but softened the An endless variety of absurd conditions might be related memory of his political errors. It enabled his enemies to by a diligent historian of authentic dreaming experiences. see how great a man he remained, even after justice had In general, it inay be owing to indigestion, or to some ob- assailed him with a stern indictment. English people, in struction of the breathing or in the circulation of the blood, particular, soon forgot the questionable part of his career. that dreams are pervaded by a vague anxiety which con- They had always found good reason to like him. He had tinually invents some fictitious blunder or disaster. There studied our history as deeply and as reverentially as if he is always a propensity to conceive that something has gone had been an Englishman, and he had written books of perwrong, because the overloaded stomach, or the brain over- manent value on the men of our greatest revolution. Our charged with too much business and study, disturbs the form of government, and the temper in which we usually spontaneous action of those faculties still allowed to play. conduct political disputes, had been the subject of his adTheir dramatic representations, in which, from the unsleep- miration. He was never tired of telling his own countrying and absorbing egotistic consciousness, the dreamer him-men that they must strive to acquire the political fairness self is a chief performer, borrows from his bodily uneasiness of the English. Such admiration, coming from such a man, a complexion of discomfort. He may not become in his was the most powerful of all flattery, and it is no wonder, sleep the murderer of his wife and children, but he will then, that the English public admired M. Guizot in turn. perpetrate grievous mistakes and hear sundry voices of re- He had also other attractions of almost equally great force. buke and complaint. The subject of complaint, indeed, He was a Protestant, and he was proud of his creed. Calthough it appeared a serious matter in the dream, may umny had never dared to whisper a syllable against his afford him a hearty laugh when his eyes open in the morn- private life, and all knew it to be stainless. M. Guizot had ing: A curious instance of this kind befell the present displayed all these good qualities when he had lived in writer. He thought he was an undertaker, and reëntered London as the ambassador of Louis Philippe, and they his workshop after a brief absence. “ Ob, sir,” his journey could not be forgotten when he lived as an exile in Brompman or apprentice said to him, “ that old gentleman you

ton. He was likewise fond of English ways, the English buried on Tuesday bas been bere again, to say his coffin is language, and English people. He himself was a master a very bad fit, tbree inches too short. He says he never of our tongue, although he never lost the French accent, had such an uncomfortable coffin in his life." Here was and his family spoke English as well as if they had been something wrong with a vengeance, and the dreamer felt natives of these islands. sincerely sorry, as a good tradesman should be, that one Daring his later years, the old statesman drew many of bis customers was so badly served.

English visitors to Val Richer, and they were charmed by the simplicity and the beauty of his life. His studious habits, his walks with his grandchildren, bis cheerfulness,

the affection and respect which he inspired, the daily readM. GUIZOT.

ing of the Bible in the midst of his family, the worship in

which he took part with patriarchal fervor, and the freshHAD M. Guizot died in 1847, after he had brought about ness of the interest with which he studied and discussed the Spanish marriages, or in 1848, after he had pulled the daily events of his own afflicted country, — all made down the monarchy of Louis Philippe, the general judg- up a beautiful picture of a green and great old age. ment of his character would have been very different from During his visits to Paris he showed more of his old restwhat it is to-day. Men of the world, as well as stern less self. The drawing-room of his daughter, Madame de moralists, would have said that he had heartlessly bound a Witt, in which he received his friends, was the scene, if young queen to a man whom she did not love, whom she not of intrigue, at least of political talk at once animated could not love, and who was to be her husband only in and fervidly Royal; and at the age of eighty-four, or even name. They would have said that the austere professor of eighty-six, Guizot flung bimself into the conversation as of a Puritanic creed and the pattern of domestic virtues eagerly as the youngest of the throng. Little more than had been guilty of a crime which even the cynicism of the two years ago, on one of these occasions, the present writer world itself does not condone. They would have said found the old philosopher as erect, as lively, and seemingly that so base an intrigue could not serve France in the as vigorous as men of half his age. The grasp of his hand long-run, and that events would yet prove Guizot to have had almost the strength and the firmness of youth, and his been as short-sighted as he had been unscrupulous. A voice had a ring and a steady power which suggested that different class of censors would have uttered an equally he might still have won honors in the tribune. emphatic condemnation after the Revolution of 1848. His immense fund of energy found vent in the deliberaHow, they would have asked, could Guizot have believed tions of the French Academy, to which he went oftener that a constitutional monarchy, the most delicate of all than many of the younger members. He was ever ready political machines, could be supported in France, the most to take part in discussions on philology or style ; and volcanic of all countries, on so limited a suffrage as to M. Cuvillier-Fleury tells us that only a few weeks ago the constitute the bourgeoisie a new aristocracy, and by the wonderful old man vigorously debated literary and gramaid of what was substantially a vast system of bribes ? matical questions. And he domineered in the Academy How could so able a man have persuaded himself that he as much as he had once domineered in the Senate. He could resist the demand for an extension of the suffrage ? ruled that body with a rod of iron. His word could exHow could so profound a student of the British constitu- clude a candidate or make a prayer for admission certain tion and of English history have taught himself that a to succeed. It was he who a few months ago raised the king whose title came from an Act of Parliament could tempest respecting the reception of M. Emile Ollivier. rely on a mingled system of corruption and main force ? He would not permit the political trifler who had made war against Germany with a " light heart" to praise

“ light heart” to praise France, in spite of M. Thiers, in spite of the satirists, in the man of Sedan in the theatre of the Palais Mazarin, and spite of his Protestantism, and in spite of the fact that he he stigmatized M. Ollivier to his face, with some of the was feared rather than loved even by his followers. Such angry contempt which had once flung forth the famous re- a man was surely great in force of character. tort, “ Montez, messieurs, montez! vous n'arriverez jamais His literary work can be spoken of with more comfort. à la hauteur de mon dédain." His capacity for discharg- Guizot was not a great writer in the same sense as our own ing the bitterest and most Olympian scorn could be easily Carlyle, for neither his thought nor his style was so discredited by any person who had even once seen his intense tinctive or so moving as to constitute a landmark in literand eager expression, his finely-chiselled features, his high ary effort. His reflections tended to become thin, and his but retreating brow, his pale and emaciated face, and those rhetoric lacked the incomparable simplicity, brevity, and lines of the lips which seemed to imply everlasting deter- easy flow of the best French prose. He has written no mination. No one could wonder that such a man could book that has made a marked change in the current of debate a point of philology as fiercely as he could argue a opinion, nor bas he left a single page of classic style. If question of state. And the Protestant Consistory felt his we look at the quality of his writing, we should call him power as much as the French Academy. He was not only eminent rather than great. And yet it is, again, difficult a Protestant, but a Protestant of the oldest and most bibli. to deny the title of “great” to a man who in his youth cal orthodoxy. He was, perhaps, the only man of our time wrote the works on the Civilization of Europe and of whose intellect was first-rate, whose philosophical percep- France, and who in later years so powerfully told the story tions were of European extent, and yet whose theological of our own Puritan revolution. His philosophical writing creed was that of the sixteenth century. He seems to have stands, at all events, on a high plane. It is free from the absolutely hated the Latitudinarian party. Hence all the slightest tinge of provincialism, and is, indeed, addressed attempts of M. Cocquerel fils, and the other representatives to the whole of educated Europe. He would have left a of French Latitudinarianism, to expand the compass of the high name in literature, even if he had written nothing old Huguenot belief, and to soften the austerity of its dogmore than his books on the philosophy of civilization. matic deliverances, found in Guizot the most implacable of There is one damning blot on his character, and that is foes. He seems to have regarded these Unitarians as al. the share which he took in the negotiation of the Spanish most wicked; and he was the leader of the party who, marriages. It was he who must be held responsible for during a memorable debate in the Consistory two years that foul transaction. In vain do his friends plead that ago, defeated the attempt to include the Unitarians within the selfish ambition of Louis Philippe was the cause of the the legal bounds of Protestant belief. His enemies styled intrigue; for Guizot could have left office rather than have him "Pope Guizot," and he merited the title. A more lent his genius to the perpetration of such an infamy, and Hildebrandine personality has not been cast into the strifes the truth is that he flung himself into the grimy business of this century.

with amazing zeal. Equally in vain is it to say that the Guizot lived so long, and did European work so early, rival diplomatists were not a wbit more high-minded. that it is not difficult to guess the place which he will hold That is not true of Lord Aberdeen, and if it is true of the in the estimation of posterity. As a statesman, he cannot others, it furnishes no excuse to the Puritanic Guizot. be accounted great, if the proof of greatness be success. He ought to have risen above so base a thing. It would His political career was a splendid disaster, and it was such seem that essentially theological natures, when

they plunge because he knew books better than men. He boasted that into intrigue, are peculiarly apt to blur the plain lines of he was a doctrinaire, but he meant that he was a philo-morality by the subtlety of their manipulation. No nest sophic statesman. In reality he had so begirt himself with of secular intrigue is so gross as an ecclesiastical synod, the armor of pedantry, that he could not move freely among and Guizot seems to have carried a dangerous habit of the shifting throng of the world. He fancied that he could casuistry into the Council-chamber and the Senate. He import the British constitution, and what he did import was one of those high-minded men whose subtlety often was a constitutional rock on which the monarchical ship leads them to do acts which shock even the rough moral went to pieces. Had he been less of a professor, had be sense of the crowd. Nor, when laboriously telling the been more teachable, or bad he not regarded bis fellow-be- miserable story in his own memoirs, does he betray any ings with infinite disdain, France might still have been a perception of the fact that he had been sinning against an monarchy, with Louis Philippe II. as her king. Guizot was elementary law of human nature. He forgets every other mainly responsible for the ruin of his own party. But it consideration in the desire to show that he had preëmiwould be a mistake to deny the claim of greatness to all pently served bis master and France. But in reality he statesmen who have missed the main object of their life; had injured both, wbile he had brought woe to Spain. and it is difficult to withhold such a title from Guizot, Let it be added, however, that the negotiation of the Spanwhen we look more closely at his career.

ish marriages is the one sinister record of his career, and In bis youth, before he entered the Chamber of Deputies, that the purity of his private life was as marked as the he was for years the mainspring of the Ministry of the In- fatal flaw in his public. On the whole, he was a great if terior. As Minister of Public Instruction, he effected a erring man; great in the intensity of his ambition, and greater change in the educational system of his country the force of his will, and the domineering strength of his than any of bis successors. For eight years he was in character; great in his freedom from the frailties of our fact, if not in name, Prime Minister of France, and during nature ; great in the place which he has carved for himall that time he was, on the whole, the first of European self in European history; and his greatness was softened statesmen. His immense knowledge of political facts, his into something like beauty by the serene evening of his faculty for work, his vigorous pen, his splendid powers of long and illustrious life. debate, bis iron will, and the strength of his personality, enabled him to crush a host of foes, and to hold the chief place in a country which is more difficult to rule than any other. Nor did he hold his place by playing upon the affections or the vanity of the men whom he managed. He

FOREIGN NOTES. never condescended to flatter or troubled himself to please. He lectured King Louis Philippe, the vainest of men, and Tennyson has a babit which is exasperating to the therefore the most impatient of dictation. He lectured the reader, and must be particularly exasperating to his pubChamber of Deputies, the most turbulent body in Europe. lishers — that of rearranging and adding to each new ediHe lectured his subordinates. We suspect that he tried to tion of his old poems, thereby rendering the previous edilecture Lord Palmerston, and he certainly attempted to

tions incomplete. The forthcoming volume of the (Lonbrowbeat Lord Aberdeen. The habitual attitude was that don) Cabinet Edition of the Laureate's works will contain of a lecturer to the whole human race, and hence he stirred two new pieces, “ In the Garden at Swainton,” and “ The up a host of enemies. Yet he held the front place in Voice and the Peak."

Messrs. HENRY S. King & Co. announce a volume Metz, as Trochu and Ducrot at Paris, as Bourbaki and from the pen of Mr. H. Curwen, in which the main idea Clinchant in the East. He forgot all that when he became has been to select the most typical examples of Literary President of the Republic;' and the whole letter is full of Strugglers in the chief countries of the world. The writers similar insults or innuendoes. The Duc d'Aumale is nattreated of are: Novalis, as representing Germany; Henri urally assailed with a peculiar bitterness, to which he may Murger and André Chénier, France ; Edgar Allan Poe, be more or less reconciled when he reads the glowing eulogy America ; Alexander Petöfi

, Hungary ; Chatterton, Eng. passed on Marshal Lebæuf. The letter is utterly without land; and Tannahill, Scotland.

historical value, except as an exhibition of a very coarse THERE has been discovered at the Castello di Malpaga,

and vulgar character.” near Bergamo, a fresco which is attributed to Titian, rep- In consequence of the great development in other cities resenting the visit of Christian 1., King of Denmark, in of Germany of the special branches of industry, as watch 1454, to the famous condottiere Bartolomeo Colleoni, who and toy-making, of which Nürnberg at one time enjoyed, if had retired and held his court there in his old age, after

not the monopoly, at any rate the principal share, the Bahaving successively served the Visconti against Venice, varian Government has determined, by the establishment Venice against the Visconti, Milan against the Duke of of more efficient local schools of art, to give the Nürnberg Saxony, and Florence against the Duke of Urbino. artisans the opportunity of recovering their lost prestige.

A PERFORMANCE for the benefit of Mlle. Déjazet, who' | Of late years the specialties of Nürnberg have been almost at the conclusion of a long career, is in need of assistance, wholly cheap toys, playthings, and fancy articles of inferior is being arranged in Paris. M. Sardou has contributed a

quality ; in olden times, however, the reputation of the play, and the companies of the Vaudeville, the Variétés, town was of a very different character, and there is and the Palais Royal have promised their assistance.

A scarcely an art collection in any part of Germany that is significant comment upon the uncertain tenure of theatrical

without evidence of the skill of the Nürnbergers of past prosperity is afforded in this demand in favor of an actress ages. Every art connoisseur is familiar with the drinkingwho has enjoyed an amount of popularity almost unprec- cups, goblets, christening-mugs, silver and gold plate, and edented.

all the clocks, watches, and other ingenious inventions for

which the place was specially famed in the Middle Ages; Tue influence of forests on the rainfall has long been the while in the city itself the memorials of its past artistic subject of discussion. MM. Fautrat and Sartiaux have re

excellence and ingenuity meet one at every turn. In cently communicated to the Academy of Sciences of France the present day, however

, Nürnberg no longer gives evi, the result of some large experiments which appear to deter- dence of artistic proficiency in any branch of industry, and mine the question. In various parts of the forest of Halatte, it is to reawaken its lost sense of the beauty and the excelthey fixed rain-gauges and other instruments. Similar in- lence of its old works of art, that the Government has struments were fixed by them over open ground. The result opened new schools of art and an art museum, which is of six months' observations has been to show that in the

to be in connection with the older local art schools. forest 192.50 mm. of rain fell, and in the open ground 177 mm., a difference of 15.50, in favor of the forest. Hence, they consider that forests are a provision to secure an increased rainfall. There is at last good official evidence, apparently, of

THE FUCHSIA. the existence of a cuttle-fish of not less portentous dimensions than that described by Victor Hugo. It was seen in

Within the mountain lodge we sat

At night, and watched the slanted snow Conception Bay, off Newfoundland, last October, and the

Blown headlong over hill and moor, intelligence was communicated by Lord Kimberley to Mr.

And heard, from dell and tarn below, Frank Buckland, but the correspondence only appeared in

The loosened torrents thundering slow. Land and Water last week. Two fishermen, out in a small punt, saw what they supposed to be a large sail or the

'Twas such a night as drowns the stars, débris of a wreck. On striking it, it raised a parrot-like

And blots the moon from out the sky; beak as big as a six-gallon keg, and began to twine two

We could not see our favorite larch, huge, livid arms about the boat. Happily for their lives,

Yet heard it rave incessantly,

As the white whirlwinds drifted by. and also for their credibility, they instantly cut off the arms with an axe, whereon the creature moved off, bleeding ink

Sad thoughts were near; we might not bar which darkened the water for two or three hundred yards,

Their stern intrusion from the door; while it raised a tail some ten feet broad. They estimate

Till you rose meekly, lamp in hand, the octopus to have been sixty fee: long and five in diame

And, from an inner chamber, bore ter, and one of the arms, now in St. John's Museum, sus

A book renowned by sea and shore. tains the marvellous tale. It measures nineteen feet, is of a pale pink color, and entirely cartilaginous. The Sea

And, as you flung it open, lo! Serpent will, no doubt, next pay with part of his person.

Between the pictured leaflets lay –

Embalmed by processes of Time The Spectator says: “M. Bazaine has not improved

A gift of mine, a fuchsia spray, his position by his appeal to the editor of the New York

I gathered one glad holiday. Herald. The Atlantic has been somewhere described as a vast Lethe, for those who cross it, as regards the people

Then, suddenly, the chamber changed, whom they meet on the other side; but American opinion

And we forgot the snow and wind; has not as yet much influence in rehabilitating those who

Once more we paced a garden-path,

With even feet and even mind conceive themselves wronged by European tribunals; and

That red spray in your hair confined. the New York Ilerald itself is hardly regarded as a true conduit to the highest and most equitable region of Ameri

The cistus trembled by the porch, can opinion. Russian opinion is indeed that of which M.

The shadow round the dial moved : Bazaine himself, apparently, most values the testimony.

I knew this, though I marked them not, • Its appreciation, of which I am very sensible, bas

For I had spoken, unreproved, often brought me precious consolation.' One act of jus

And, dreamlike, knew that I was loved. tice, at least, must, he says, be rendered to M. Bazaine. . It is that I have imitated the conduct of the Emperor ;

Sweet wife! when falls a darker night,

May some pure flower of memory, that I have never accused any one, or sought to cast re

Hid in the volume of the soul, sponsibility on others.' In the very next paragraph he

Bring back, o'er life's tormented sea, says, “MacMahon was as unfortunate at Sedan as I at

As dear a peace to you and me.

He says,

or $8.00.

creased at the same time that the cost of importation has EVERY SATURDAY: lessened, and English books have rushed in again, leadA JOURNAL OF CHOICE READING,

ing publishers who wished to make some show of publishPUBLISHED WEEKLY BY H. O. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY, ing illustrated books, to buy foreign electrotypes and 219 WASHINGTON STREET, Bostox :

translate text, or adapt new text. NEW YORK : HURD AND HOUGHTON;

Again, engraving on wood is a slow process at its best. Cambridge: The Riverside Press.

As in its sister art of engraving on steel, the best workmen Single Numbers, 10 cts.; Monthly Parts, 50 cts.; Yearly Subscription, $5.00.

are conscientious artists, and so every one who needs woodN. B. THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY and EVERY SATURDAY sent to one address cuts tries his best to get the result of engraving without

paying for the time and study wbich an engraver must

give, and the result is a dozen different“ processes," all ILLUSTRATIONS NOW AND THEN. claiming to contain the secret of getting engravings with

out engraving. These processes vary in their excellence, As the holiday season draws near, we look for picture but all are cheap, cheap as dirt, one may say on looking books as, confidently as we expect snow and ice; the sea

at the result they produce. They all require first-class son may be backward, it may be open or severe or what

work, by the way, to start with. They ask to have a clear ever else a winter is, but a winter without any snow or

engraving given them, something that has had work and ice would be as great an anomaly as a winter without

time put into it, and then they will copy it and do it some new picture-books. What the picture books are to

cheaply. be the coming holidays, we will not now specify, but

We are not quarrelling with the processes. They serve indulge ourselves in some of those “odorous comparisons”

to satisfy the demand for some picture or other, and there that find their parallel in the sort of talk one hears

is little doubt that they admit of and will show improveabout the snow-drifts which used to block the country

ment in quality ; but it may as well be understood by everyroads when “we that have children were children.”

body concerned that the quality in engraving on wood or Looking back to the war-time and that immediately

in steel which is inseparable from the best results in following it, we invite a comparison with the past year or

those arts is a personal, spiritual quality, and not a chemtwo, and ask whether on the whole book illustration has

ical, mechanical one. The artist must disappear before advanced or not. In point of quantity the present time is

slow, excellent engraving on wood disappears. Commerbehind the earlier period ; there was a profusion of illus

cially speaking, engraving on wood for book illustration is trated books that is not to be found now, but the marked

not at its highest in America now, not nearly so high as difference is in the fact that the earlier books were in the

ten years ago; but there is something in the nature of the majority of cases illustrated from designs made by American

work which will not suffer it to disappear from among the artists, engraved on wood by American engravers, while

fine arts. now the illustrated books are mainly made from foreign electrotypes; and we think the practice has also grown of im

NOTES. porting sheets of illustrated books to be bound in this country with American title-pages. One or two other facts are The next (November) number of The Atlantic will to be noted : that steel-plate engraving has nearly died out,

contain a most interesting sketch of the late Professor so far as illustrated books are concerned, and that the new

Jeffries Wyman, by Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, whose heliotype is taking the place which it was supposed the

tender obituary notice in the Boston Advertiser will be

remembered by many. photograph would occupy in book illustrations, but which the photograph never did really secure.

The leading publishers and dealers in books met There are reasons which, we think, adequately explain recently at the Grand Central Hotel in New York for this change. In the matter of steel plate engravings, we the purpose of adopting measures for the protection of the may say not merely that the fashion has changed, but also trade. For years the sale of books has been encroached that since the war the government and bank note compa- upon by fancy goods men, dealers in boots, shoes, dry nies bave made such demand upon the engravers, and have goods, and other commodities outside of publications. In paid such high prices, that publishers in general, with their

numerous instances such persons would add books to their desultory work, have not been able to compete for their retail stock and dispose of them at rates lower than the service, and our paper money has thus something more to publisher could produce them, merely for the purpose of answer for. Besides, the higher class of steel-plate en- inducing other trade. The organization now formed will graving supposes a high condition of art; it calls for tend to obviate this evil, as it commits the publishers artistic power, and means patience, the subjection of one's and book-jobbers to a certain policy, from which they self to noble ends, the willingness to be poor. Are these cannot depart without violating every principle of merqualities common in any art or calling ?

cantile honor and rectitude. The newly adopted constiWith regard to engraving on wood there is a combina- tution and by-laws are now the rules by which sellers and tion of causes at work. In the first place, the war and the purchasers have to be guided, and any violation of the subsequent high rate of exchange acted substantially as same will subject the offender to severe penalties. The an embargo upon English books, and designers, engravers, convention was a most respectable and influential body. printers, and publishers, stimulated also by the quick Nearly every publishing house of any note in the Eastern life that was flowing in the country, instinctively saw States was represented, either directly or indirectly. their opportunity and produced illustrated books which Following is the most important of the by-laws adopted : mark the high tide of book-making in this country. “ The executive committee, after consultation with each Many painters turned their attention to this work, and publisher, shall recommend to the association a scale of many young men who ought to have been studying found maximum discounts to be given to booksellers by bookthat they could sell their drawings on wood, and they sold jobbers, and also a scale of maximum discounts to be them. But with the decline of gold and the higher given to ministers, teachers, schools, libraries, professional cost of living, the expense of illustrating books has in- men generally, and other large buyers outside of the trade, and, when adopted, shall cause the same to be now show twenty-four fine, healthy animals, all of Washoe printed for distribution among the members of this asso- growth. The camel may now be said to be thoroughly ciation only.” In defining the term "booksellers," the acclimated in Nevada. The owners of the herd find it organization decided that such are “ dealers in books only, no more difficult to breed and rear them than would be exor principally books and stationery only, drugs, books, and perienced with the same number of goats or donkeys. The stationery only, and news-dealers." The name of the

ranch upon which they are kept is sandy and sterile in new organization is the Central Booksellers' Association, the extreme; yet the animals feast and grow fat on such and it includes among its members the publishers, jobbers, prickly shrubs and bitter weeds as no other animal could and dealers in New York and neighboring cities.

touch. When left to themselves their great delight, after - A correspondent of the New York Tribune proposes

filling themselves with the coarse herbage of the desert, is

to lie and roll in the hot sand. They are used in packa monument to Father Marquette, the great missionary explorer of the Northwest, who died on the 16th May, ing salt to the mills on the river, from the marshes lying in 1675, near the Marquette River, on the east shore of Lake

the desert, some sixty miles eastward. Michigan. Two years after his death,” says the writer,

- The Bostoner Volksblatt comments thus upon the fact “ in 1677, the Indians took up his remains and conveyed

that the girls in the New York normal school have them to the Mission of Mackinac, situated on Point St. Ignace. They were here buried, but the precise spot of lately shown by their choice a preference for the study of

German over French. Of 1150 students 918 chose Gerinterment is not now known. There is, however, here an

man and 187 French. “ Who would have looked,” it ancient burying-ground on East Moran Bay, near the

says, “ for such a result ten, or even five, years ago? point, where his remains are supposed to lie. In 1821 a

French was then almost the only foreign tongue taught in priest of Detroit visited the place at which he died, and

the highest institutions for the education of young ladies. erected there a rude cross. The most appropriate spot It was not studied thoroughly, but a little superficial parfor the monument is on Point St. Ignace, being celebrated

lor-talk was needful for 'good tone.' The mention of for its historic association, and within sight of both old

of -Ge

German would be greeted only with a gentle elevation of

the nose. The change of sentiment is so great that it ers of Francis Parkman's histories might be safely relied

must be ascribed not only to the increased need of a upon, if caught when reading certain passages, to contrib

knowledge of the German language in the daily social and ute to the funds for the monument.

business life of the land, but also to a greater liking for The opening of the college term at Harvard was sig- Germany and its rich literature. This option of the New nalized by an event of unusual importance to the student, York normal school is a favorable and remarkable sign for breakfast in the great dining hall. Forty tables, each

the future position and growth of the German element in serving the needs of twelve students, were spread, and the this country.” students could take their oatmeal and consider their hardheaded ancestors, whose portraits cover the walls. We - Mr. Sidney Woollet opened a course of lectures in look upon this new feature in college life as a real addi- Boston by reading a new poem by Longfellow, “The tion to the educational privileges of Harvard. Why not Hanging of the Crane,” which is to be published soon, let our rich men stop building libraries and laboratories with illustrations, by J. R. Osgood & Co. There is a for a while, and turn their attention to dining halls ? If French custom, akin to our house-warming, which consists only our young men could be taught to eat dinner leisurely in the hanging of a crane in the fire-place of a new house. in a scholarly and cheerful manner!

A letter-writer reports that Longfellow's “Golden Le- Two of “the Emperor's boys," as the Chinese stu- gend” has been made the text for music by Liszt, who

has dedicated his work to the poet. dents in New England are called, were lately admitted to Yale College Scientific Department, having passed a good examination. There are now sixty Chinese students in

Bonamy Price, Professor of Political Economy at

Oxford, has come over here to find us in a bad way, Massachusetts and Connecticut, all of whom are supported

a very bad way. Professors are coming to the front by their government. Thirty came to this country two

in England and America, a position they have held more years ago, thirty arrived one year ago, and thirty more are expected in about a fortnight. The students are placed positively in Germany. Professor J. H. Seelye of Amat first in educated families, two in a place, that they may

herst has lately been named for Congress in his district,

and when there is a vacancy in the Connecticut senatorlearn the English language, and each one spends from two to four weeks a year at the head-quarters of the Chinese ship, we hope somebody will mention President Woolsey's

There would be a senator worth having. In fact, Educational Commission in Hartford, where he is exam

we need a few schoolmasters in Congress. ined as to his habits and progress. Praise is given to the uniform air of refinement and intelligence of these young

- There is to be a statue of Daniel Webster in the men, and to the excellence of their habits. Their apti

Central Park, given by Mr. Burnside. The statue is to tude as well as their eagerness to acquire knowledge is

be executed by Mr. Thomas Ball, whose equestrian statue surprising. The Emperor allows each one about $700 a

of Washington rightly stands so well placed in the Public year for expenses.

Garden in Boston. Mr. Ball was familiar with Webster's – Upon a ranch in Nevada, on the Carson River, there face, and was a personal friend, we think. Bostonians would is a herd of twenty-six camels, all but two of which were meanwhile cheerfully lend the Central Park the statue of bred and raised in Nevada. Some years ago nine or ten Webster that stands in front of the State House. The were imported into that State, but of these only two lived great ex-pounder is there shown, with his pounding instruto become acclimated, and from this pair have been raised ment in his hand, just after performing his professional the twenty-four. The men who now have them are French- feat. The only good word said for this statue, we bemen, who had formerly some experience with camels in lieve, is bestowed on the trousers, which were carefully Europe. They find no difficulty in rearing them, and can copied from nature.


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