« ПредишнаНапред »
is presented to us in a noble guise — a setting worthy of death being so terrible (for hee even cursed and blasthat renowned personage. The poem frequently rises into phemed to his last gaspe, and together with his breath an strains of great beauty, and anon swells with bold language, oath flew out of his mouth) that it was not only a manifest a suitable complement to the importance and greatness of signe of God's judgment, but also an horrible and fearfulle the subject. Of “ Hero and Leander," and the remaining terror to all that beheld him.” And then the record adds, minor productions and translations of the dramatist, but with the glee which could only fill the heart of a religious little room is left to speak. The first two books, or Ses- enthusiast and not of an ordinary historian, “ Herein did tiads, of “Hero and Leander,” were all which Marlowe the justice of God most notably appeare, in that hee comcompleted in their entirety; Chapman added the rest, pelled his owne hand which had written those blasphemies working into bis contribution some two hundred lines of to bee the instrument to punish him, and that in his brain another Sestiad which the conceiver of the task left behind which had devised the same.” A ballad, entitled “The him. The beauty and the swing of this poem have been Atheist's Tragedie," was also published, setting forth the fully and widely acknowledged ; it is at times gorgeous in heinousness of Marlowe's guilt in a religious point of view; its imagery, and it is everywhere pervaded by a true poetic and a prose document is in existence which goes more fully feeling. It has the merit of being as much an original than the ballad into the various points of his heterodoxy. work as a translation, for Marlowe did not suffer himself to The dramatist is charged with affirming that he could conbe bound to the form from which he extracted the idea. coct a better religion than the one then in vogue; that the We obtain a better apprehension of the width of the poet's Apostles were base fellows, and, with the exception of imagination from this work than perhaps from any other Paul, were men of no wit or worth; that all Protestants which he has written.
were hypocritical asses; and further (and this seems to The principle upon which he translated these Sestiads have been considered the acme of disgrace and villainy, for he did not always carry into his translations, the reproduc- the charge is printed in italics), that he, Marlowe, had as tion of Ovid's “ Elegies,” for example, being a line-for-line good a right to coin as the Queen of England. There aptranslation. His rendering of the “ Elegies " was, after his pears to have been little or no foundation for most of these death, fixed upon by the enraged bishops for the indignity charges; all is haze and perplexity in regard to them; and of burning by the common hangman; but we know that what positive evidence there is frequently tends to damage the publication of the translation was not of the dramatist's the character of Marlowe's assailants rather than his own. own doing. Were it not for the fear of doing injustice to Yet as regards his theological views, the probability is that the reader in supposing that he was not familiar with one they were not more greatly unorthodox than those of many of the most charming pastoral poems in the English lan- intellectual men and advanced thinkers of the present day. guage, we should quote the lines entitled the “ Passionate But the godsend of a colonial Bishop never came to the Shepherd to his Love,” in which Marlowe bas reached the dramatist, and the full weight of religious bigotry and inperfection of sweetness and grace. It will be remembered tolerance was thus expended upon bis name and fame alone. that it was to these lines Sir Walter Raleigh indited a reply, There were none to keep him in countenance, whilst hands which, though it exhibits much beauty of expression, is by were lifted up in dismay and deprecation against him. no means'equal to the poem that called it forth. One ex- We can now regard" bim more composedly, and in the traordinary translation of Marlowe's should be mentioned light of his work rather than as the individual man.
As an before closing this brief review — that, namely, of the First oak springing forth in an unlikely place, amongst plants Book of Lucan, the latter part of which may be described and trees of puny growth, we behold this poet rising above as a rushing torrent of eloquence. No halting weakness is his fellows, and stretching forth his giant arms in the early discoverable; the second workman has entirely possessed morn of dramatic literature. Appearing in an age marked himself of the spirit of the first, and revels in his strength by violence and excess, and devoted principally to the of vision. The whole thing is a dazzling coruscation of gratification of the fleshly lusts, the wonder is, not that he metaphor, description, and illustration.
failed to disentangle bimself altogether from what was imMarlowe, indubitably, was a magnificent genius. His pure and unworthy, but that he shook himself free so grand imagination impressed itself even upon his own age; largely from the influences which had hitherto choked genand those who unfeignedly disliked the man were com- ius in its inception. To the prodigious strength of his own pelled to admit his power. The charges brought against will and intellect was this result due ; and though his habhim on the ground of the negative character of his religious its may have been dissolute, and his ideas steeped in Paganviews received strength and importance, doubtless, from the ism, the spirit of a sublime independence animated his soul. feeling that such an individual must have immense influ. Beneath the full scope and license given to the passions in ence over others. A connection has been established be- his works, there struggles the thought which is hereafter to tween his scepticism and those dramas in which with keen make men great. His face is in shadow; it is one upon delight he dwells upon topics which were in his day sup- which the sun never fully shone; but even through the posed to be placed far above speculation and inquiry. His sombre veil which envelops it we see that the features are death was regarded as a judgment upon his wicked life, notable and majestic. He emerges from the darkness of and as a reward for his blasphemy and infidelity. The one age, but does not behold the full effulgence of its sucterrible nature of his religious delinquencies is fully set
His perpetual tribute is that of the illustrious pioforth in Beard's “ Theatre of God's Judgments,” published He divides the honors and the crown of Columbus ; in 1597. We there read that Marlowe, who is designated for like him, he discovered a new world. as “ a play-maker and a poet of scurrilitie,” by giving too large a swing to his owne wit, and suffering his lust to have the full reines, fell (not without just desert) to that outrage and extremitie, that hee denied God and his sonne Christ,
NICOLAS TRUBNER. and not onely in word blasphemed the Trinitie, but also (as is credibly reported) wrote bookes against it, affirming Among publishers who by their activity have exerted a our Saviour to be but a deceiver, and Moses to be but å civilizing and enduring influence in the domain of general conjurer and seducer of the people, and the Holy Bible to knowledge, and established new lines of commercial interbee but vaine and idle stories, and all religion but a device course with distant countries and peoples, Nicolas Trübner of policie. But see what a hooke the Lord put into the occupies a very prominent place. He was born in 1817, nostrils of this barking dogge! So it fell out, that, as at Heidelberg, where his father carried on the business of he purposed to stab one whom he owed a grudge unto, with a goldsmith. As a boy he manifested great vivacity of his dagger, the o:ber party perceiving so avoyded the temperament and manners, and in play and studies he was stroke, that, withal catching hold of his wrist, hee stabbed always the leader of his comrades.' The circulating library his owne dagger into his owne bead in such sorte that, not- of a family related to his own absorbed half of his leisure withstanding all the meanes of surgerie that could be time, literature and travels engaging his special interest. wrought, hee shortly after died thereof; the manner of his His father wished him to become a goldsmith, but mechan.
ical work was not to the boy's taste; to send him to college ature, Archæology and Philosophy. It records nearly would involve too much expense, and so it was decided to 1400 of his own publications, among which are many comhave him enter a bookseller's shop. He served his first prising numerous volumes and annual sets. The appendix apprenticeship with a book seller named Mohr. This gen- is made up of a number of valuable works published for tleman, who conducted his business in a very honorable the English government under the title, “Calendars of way, was peculiarly fitted by his firm and considerate bear- State Papers and Chronicles and Memorials of Great Briting to inspire the assiduous stripling with both respect and ain and Ireland during the Middle Ages,” the sale and love for the calling he had been induced to choose. Some distribution of which are committed to Mr. Trübner's care. thirty years ago the university of Heidelberg enjoyed the It is an undertaking resembling the publicatious issued in highest consideration. All branches of science were rep- Germany entitled " Monumenta Germanica." resented by teachers of distinction, – such as Thibaut, Mr. Trübner is the agent for forty-seven offices and Fachoriä, Mittermayer, Paulus, Schlosser, Tiedemann, learned societies in England, America, Denmark, and SweChelius, and others who were famous beyond the narrow den. At the coronation of Oscar II. of Sweden, Mr. limits of the university. Most of these men were on a Trübner published a memorial pamphlet which gives an friendly and social footing with the house of Mohr, and historical synopsis of Sweden, with a collection of poems the intercourse with them had an energizing and informing by the present king in an English translation. The pubeffect on Trübner's mind. His apprenticeship being com- | lishing establishment of Mr. Trübner is situated in Ludgate pleted, he entered in 1839, the old and well-known estab- Hill in a five-story building of Gothic style with a dash of lishment of Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in Göttingen as an
Oriental architecture. The relations of the house with assistant. Subsequently be entered the service of Hoffmann the East are aptly suggested by sculptured figures of ele& Campe in Hamburg. Here, instead of the grave and phants supporting the roof. The store is on the groundsolemn-looking, professors of the Heidelberg university floor and has room for 30,000 volumes which are placed in with whom he had bitherto been in contact, he became ac- galleries, and can all be reached without ladders. Adjoinquainted with the keen and fervent leaders of “Young ing are offices for business relating to the United States Germany," and the interminable libel suits and press chi and the English government. The cost of this building, caneries which they and their publishers at that time had all parts of which were specially adapted and arranged to endure. In 1842 he accepted a situation at Willman's for facilitating the business of the house, amounted to in Frankfort, whose business then included a line of foreign 250,000 gulden. publications, principally English. There he made the ac- Mr. Trübner's enterprise and energy have met with quaintance of Mr. Longman, of London, who secured Trüb- notable success. He is married to a lady of great intelliner for his own establishment. Working zealously and gence and amiability, the daughter of the Belgian Consul unremittingly in the extensive business of this house, be Delepierre in London. acquired a thorough insight into all the details and pecul- The foundation of the university library of Strasburg iarities of the English booktrade. Having reached middle was encouraged and materially promoted by Mr. Trübner's age Mr. Trübner conceived the idea of forming an estab- numerous and valuable gifts. lishment of his own. During his service as an assistant he His agents in Peking, Calcutta, Teheran, Constantinople, had busied himself largely with various private studies, Bulang, Cape Town, and Melbourne take notice of all imespecially philological, and had gathered a large and portant works as they appear, and send them to London varied mass of materials. With funds furnished him by whence they are distributed to the leading libraries on the some friends, he engaged in the business of introducing Continent. and circulating American literature in England. A journey through the principal cities of the United States procured him many valuable business connections. A cata
FOREIGN NOTES. logue published under the title of " Trubner's Bibliographical Guide to American Literature” was received with just grand opera entitled “ L'Indien.”
FELICIEN David bas completed the composition of a appreciation, not only in the United States, but even in France and Germany. It was the first work which gave a
Following the example set by Verdi in his Requiem systematic and comprehensive synopsis of American litera- for Manzoni, a Neapolitan composer named De Giosa has ture and had, therefore, great value for the American as well
written a Requiem for Donizetti. as the general scholar. In recognition of the value of this WILLIAM ALLINGHAM, the poet, was married last work several learned societies of the United States elected
month to Miss Helen Paterson, a very skilful artiste in Mr. Trübner an honorary member. A well-merited tribute
water-colors and drawings on wood. was rendered him in “ Allibone's Dictionary of English and American Authors,” Philadelphia, 1871. Desirous of
A VOLUME of notices and papers relative to the funeral extending his business, Mr. Trübner directed his attention obsequies of F. D. Guerrazzi has just appeared at Leghorn, to the literature of Asia, and established lines of communi
the proceeds from the sale of which are to go towards the cation with its principal cities for the export and import of subscription for his monument. literary works. As a repository for the scientific results of The great gallery of the Louvre facing the banks of the this colossal intercourse, Mr. Trübner founded a special Seine, after three years' work, will be shortly opened to literary periodical entitled “Tribner's American and Ori- the public. Its whole length is 700 mètres. Rubens' ental Literary Record,” the object of which is to give a “ History of Queen Marie de Medicis" occupies one fourth monthly synopsis of all important works issued in North of the gallery, which will be filled with paintings by masand South America, India, China, Australia, and the ters whose works have hitherto not found a place in the English colonies, including also the most notable literary collection. productions of Europe. This monthly periodical has been published for a number of years and is transmitted to all
A LETTER from Naples, in the Börsenzeitung, says that parts of the civilized world.
brigandage in Sicily is daily assuming larger dimensions. This extensive activity has been crowned with remarka
" Italy is perhaps the only state," says the correspondent,
“ in the whole of the civilized world where a band of robble success. The publishing establishment of Mr. Trübner is in its line one of the foremost in London ; its relations
bers spread over a territory of hundreds of square miles is with foreign countries are so comprehensive that thirty- regularly organized, and pursues its misdeeds under the three assistants hardly suffice for the work. The manage
very eyes of the authorities." ment and classification of the works in Sanscrit and Arabic GEORGE ROUTLEDGE AND Sons announce a new ediare intrusted to competent persons specially versed in tion of Hogarth's Works, to be published in about thirty Oriental languages.
monthly parts, which will contain nearly seventy more Mr. Trübner's list of publications forms an elegant vol. plates than any former edition. The text will be based on ume of 156 pages and is particularly rich in Oriental liter- that of Nichols and Ireland, but much new matter, biographical and anecdotal, illustrating many of the real char- | which will live longer than most large ones.
And some acters delineated by Hogarth, will be incorporated. There among the war poems, dealing with incidents of lowly life, will also be a life of the artist, containing much new in- strike a strong and deep chord, and express, as few things formation. Mr. James Maidment is to be the editor. in modern literature express, the emotions of a people in war A REMARKABLE polychromatic monument has recently sonal grief. Mr. Dobell was an intense patriot ; very much
time, with the continual clashings of patriotism and of perbeen raised in Florence to the memory of a young
a Conservative, but very much more an Englishman." prince who died in that town in 1870, on his way back from England to bis native land. His body, according to The practice of duelling in the Prussian army has been his own desire, was burnt on the banks of the Arno, and once more formally recognized, and under certain circumthis monument has been erected by his friends on the spot stances enjoined by a Royal order, recently published in where the strange funeral rites were celebrated. The the Prussian military journals, dated May 2, 1874. The mausoleum is of Oriental style of architecture, its chief feat- order deals generally with courts of honor and with the beure being a colored bust of the young prince, said to be a havior of officers towards one another and towards the civil good likeness. An inscription in English, Italian, and two population. Besides strict observance of the laws of honor, Oriental dialects, on the four sides of the monument, states dignified and polite demeanor is expected of them. They that it was erected “ to the memory of the Indian Prince are to abstain, moreover, from games of hazard and from Rajaram Chuttraputti, Maharajah of Kolhapur, who died in speculative operations on the Stock Exchange; to rememFlorence, at the age of twenty-one, on the 30th of Novem- ber that neither luxury nor material welfare are the obber, 1870." Charles Mant, Captain R. E., and an Ameri- jects of their profession, but honor and the good of the can sculptor, Mr. C. F. Fuller, are the artists of this un- State ; to avoid giving their word of honor too easily, but usual monument.
once having given it, to observe it scrupulously. The The last number of the London Court Journal says:
senior officers will do their best to develop and keep up “ Mr. Henry M. Stanley has at length left on bis perilous effect of their precepts,
example, instruction, warnings,
that spirit " which alone makes an army great;” and the exploration of Africa, a work which will continue probably and commands" will
be to render more and more rare such through two years. A farewell dinner of a private character was given on the eve of bis departure. Mr. Stanley
cases as can only be dealt with by courts of honor. The sets out in good spirits and in the best of health, but he object of these courts is to afford officers who conceive does not at all conceal from himself the perilous nature of
themselves aggrieved in their honor an opportunity of rebis undertaking, and the possibility of perishing in its ex
dress; and any officer receiving or offering a challenge is ecution. Upon his former expedition in search of Living- bound to submit it to a court of honor, either personally or stone, he knew comparatively nothing of the dangers that through a fellow-officer. The court will then take cognizance
of all the circumstances of the case ; when, should a duel he would encounter, and of the obstacles that he would have to overcome ; but now he goes with his eyes fully
be found necessary,“ either the president of the court or
one of the members will be present on the ground to see open, and with a very vivid realization of the hardships and perils that lie before him. We hope he will keep up his
and bear witness that by the accomplishment of the duel flesh as well as keep in it; when he returned he only however, are only to be permitted when some serious ques
the requirements of honor have been satisfied.” Duels, weighed 110 pounds, and has gained 60 pounds more Stanley since.
tion of honor is involved ; and groundless attacks on the
honor of an officer will be severely punished. “For,” says The French Academy bas held its annual meeting for bis Majesty, "I will no more tolerate in my army an officer the award of prizes for virtue, chiefly recompensing those who wantonly attacks the honor of a comrade than one persons who, out of their little, shared with the unfortu- who does not know how to defend his own." nate, that said, as it were, “ I am poor, and I wish to be more so in order to do good to those around me.” Rewards were bestowed on a young girl who only earns twenty-four sous a day, supporting out of it an old bed-ridden workman, who adopted her in her infancy; on a servant who though poor herself supports her once rich mistress, fallen
For years, dear friend, but rarely had we met ; into a state of indigence, but who lives in the illusion she
Fate in a different path our feet had set ; is wealthy still; on a clergyman that devotes his immense Space stretched between us, yet you still were near, fortune to succor the destitute, and is so much in want, And friendship had no shadows of regret. that the Academy awards its crown to such needy virtue
The ocean drear divided us, but naught This desire of persons for remaining poor, in order to be charitable, drew forth applause, as well as tears, from the
Obscured the interchange of word and thought;
The unbroken line of sympathy still throbbed, spectators, and the honored worthies, never thinking of the
And unto both its constant message brought. morrow, continue their good works, satisfied with their faith in Providence, who will temper the wind to the shorn And so I felt you were not far away. lamb. After this ceremony followed the award of prizes The mere material distance seemed to lay for excellent publications.
Brief barrier to our meeting, and I dreamed
That some day we should meet; ay, any day, SPEAKING of the late Sidney Dobell, the London Academy says : "Ill health had for many years prevented him That we again should clasp each other's hand, from pursuing with any steadiness or strenuousness the ca
Speak as of old, and face to face should stand; reer of literature, and thus his name, which was made
Renew the past, and plot and plan again, especially familiar twenty years ago by the publication of
As in years past we plotted and we planned. • The Roman’ and of Balder,' had dropped out of the That hope is vanished now; a sudden change common talk of literary society. Both these works com- Hath borne you from me far beyond the range manded great attention from a large public, and the merits Of that familiar life that here we knew, of both as works of literary art were somewhat fiercely Into a region dim and far and strange. fought over. We have lately been told that it is not the
A vaster sea divides us now, a stretch province of a work of art to excite the contest of different opinions, but rather to produce an harmonious pleasure.
Across whose space we vainly strive to reach,
Whose deeps man passes never to return, But the art of poetry, especially in its most original mani- From whose far shores there comes no human speech. festations, has generally produced contest as well as delight. Nevertheless, there are certain minor poems of Mr. In one swift moment you have passed and gone Sydney Dobell's about which contest of opinion is impossi
Out on the blind way all must iread alone, ble. His weird, extraordinary ballad, Keith of Ravel
Uncompanied, unfriended, none knows where,
Gone out into the vague and vast unknown. ston,' with its significant refrain, is one of those little work
TO CHARLES SUMNER.
A JOURNAL OF CHOICE READING,
N. B. THE ATLANTIC MONTALY and Every SATURDAY sent to one address
model his book upon one which was unnecessarily expenEVERY SATURDAY: sive, or had some fantastic trick very taking to the ama
teur's eye but prejudicial to the sale of the book. He PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY H. O. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY, would very possibly select a pattern of cloth for binding 219 WASAINGTON STREET, Boston:
which, becoming in itself, was so out of style or unpopular NEW YORK: HURD AND HOUGHTON;
with the booksellers, as at once to create a prejudice against Cambridge: The Riverside Press,
the book. He would be quite certain to attempt something
out of the ordinary way, and succeed in producing someSingle Numbers, 10 cts.; Monthly Par s. 50 cis.; Yearly Subscription, $5.00.
thing extraordinarily ugly. or $8.00
Now we do not say that the publisher would on all
these points make no mistakes, but it is his business to PUBLISHING AUTHORS.
study just the various points which all count up in the
successful book. His experience is not with one or two An author who at the beginning of his career finds it
books in one class, but with a hundred, it may be, of various impossible to get a hearing before the public without him
classes ; not with nicely suiting the taste of one or two culself bearing all expenses, becomes of necessity the pub
tivated friends, but with hitting the average taste of the lisher of his own works, even though his name does not so
general public. The publisher cannot write the book, but appear and he is not compelled to offer his own wares to
he has no business to be a publisher if he cannot take the the bookseller. Does that which necessity compels ever
manuscript and turn it into an edition of bound books, become a course prompted by prudence and self-interest ?
place it in every bookseller's shop in the country, and set It is impossible to consider all the various conditions
all the wheels in motion that go to forming and correcting under which books are written and published ; amongst public opinion. An author frequently mistakes the quiet them there would doubtless be found some conspiring to
and ease with which a publisher manages his book for inrender the publication of one's own writings very desirable
attention and indifference. The wheels of a perfectly adindeed; but taking into view the usual relations that exist justed publishing engine ought to run noiselessly. between authors, publishers, and the public, let us consider
The most important consideration, however, in the case one or two reasons for believing that publishers and book
lies where few suspect it. It seems an easy enough thing sellers are not unnecessary or superfluous factors in the
to receive orders and supply them, but every successful problem of literature.
publisher kuows that the difference between a good and a An author whose reputation is a guarantee for the suc
poor business will be gauged by the way stock is carried. cess of any work which he may put forth, may if he choose
He who is never out of books when they are wanted, and take his manuscript to a printer and engage him to set it
never has any left on hand when they are not wanted, is up and stereotype it in such style as may seem desir
the one who succeeds, and it is just in this delicate task able. He may buy paper of the paper-maker and engage that an author would fail, and lose profits far exceeding the printer to print an edition ; be may determine the
the commission of his publisher which he intended to save. style of binding into which he will put it, and obtain de
But after all, we shall be told that the supposititious signs for the dies with which the cloth will be stamped,
case is not an ordinary one; that the real question is, why and finally contract with a binder to bind the whole edi
an author, bearing all expenses, should not employ a pubtion, or such part as he may deem judicious. In this way
lisher to use all his experience and tact and services, payhe may control the manufacture of the book throughout. ing him a regular commission for this ; in a word, reversing He may then go to three or four leading jobbing houses
the ordinary custom, the author taking the risks and payand agencies, and sell his edition outright; rather, if he is
ing the publisher ten per cent., instead of taking no risks a shrewd man, he would get his orders from them before
and receiving ten per cent. from the publisher. Very well, giving his binding orders. He
let us look at this question in our next paper. We do not which he will send the book for notice, and entrust the
wish to dismiss it too peremptorily in this. copies to the wholesale buyers of his book for distribution. He may, at the proper time, insert an advertisement in
NOTES. leading papers, and if he will go a step further, prepare and print a circular for use on the railway trains; and if
- We were compelled last week to omit two of the his book have a special character, he may send his circu
serial stories to make room for Tyndall's address, and this lars through the mail to lists of persons, getting his boys week the publication of Huxley's address allows us to find and girls to address the envelopes at rates considerably
room only for “Far from the Madding Crowd.” “ The below the market rates of clerk hire.
Three Feathers ” will be resumed in the next number. Thus our author, acting as his own publisher, seems to
The special interest attaching to the two scientific pahave done a very easy, sensible thing to have dispensed pers is sufficient justification in the minds of our readers, with a publisher, to have saved the commission he would
we doubt not, for this disposition of the contents of the two have paid that encumbrance, and by an expenditure of time
numbers. and money received all that, under ordinary arrangements, A work of unique interest is promised in the “ Stapublisher and author together would receive. Why should tistical Atlas of the United States," by Francis A. Walker, not an author pursue this course? It is evident on ex- which, with the descriptive letter-press, is to be published amining our supposed case that there is no one process under an appropriation by Congress. It will consist of which the author may not perform, and with one or two fifty maps, in which will be shown, by an ingenious adjustexceptions his cash would probably buy as much labor and ment of shades of color, the relative proportion of the material as the publisher's cash could buy. But practi- prevalence of certain features in the different parts of our cally, at each step a publisher would have the advantage country. Part I. will consist of maps illustrative of the of the author. Briefly, his experience would lead him to physical features of the United States, embracing its river avoid mistakes into which an author with a favorite book systems and forest growths, its geology, hypsometry, and would be likely to fall. The author would quite likely meteorology. This Part is almost wholly made up of con