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the, and Margaret does not seem inadequate as the height And all is dross that is not Helena. of earthly bliss for him; but Marlowe's Faustus is made of I will be Paris, and for love of thee, sterner stuff. He is cast in a larger mould, and when he

Instead of Troy shall Wittenburg be sacked ; demands beauty he must bave presented to him Helen of

And I will combat with weak Menelaus, Troy. Charles Lamb even, that gentle being, felt that there

And wear thy colors on my plumèd crest :

Yea, I will wound Achilles in the heel, would have been an incompatibility between the real Faust

And then return to Helen for a kiss. and Margaret. Marlowe's hero experienced not the depth

Oh! thou art fairer than the evening air of the intellectual difficulties which beset Hamlet, or Goe

Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars; the's Faust, but he had a more insatiable thirst of heart. Brighter art thou than flaming Jupiter Let us look a little at this oldest dramatic form in which When he appeared to hapless Semele. the well-known story of Faust and his compact is presented.

But the season of voluptuous delights is now fast wan

But the Marlowe, in the first act, depicts the learned Dr. Faustus

ing. The hour draws nigh when the final condition of the in his study, and after much" cogitation we find him deliv

contract sealed with his blood must be completed, and as ering the sum of his thoughts in the opinion that “ a sound

| it approaches the dramatist makes Faustus already suffer magician is a demi-god,” with a greater sovereignty than

the mental tortures of the lost. A vision of the terrible that of emperors and kings. But how to get this deity

nature of his fate passes before him, and he comprehends embodied in his own person? The daring idea is pursued

something of its horrors. Nor is this all; the being to with the aid of evil spirits who arrive opportunely upon the

whom he gave the indelible writing laughs at his tears and scene. Intoxicated with his conceptions he heeds not the

bids him despair, for such is his fate, since “ fools that warnings of the scholars who remonstrate with him; but

will laugh on earth must weep in hell." And then comes in the third scene, by the charm of a Latin invocation, calls

the rejoicing (which is always depicted as keener than up Mephistophilis. 'An argument takes place between the

paradisal bliss), that one irremediably doomed and godless two, in which the magnate of bell declares that the conjur

soul feels over another whom it has dragged into the same ing of Faust was only the accidental cause of his appear

dark and everlasting abyss. All this we behold faithfully ance :

and powerfully drawn in the concluding pages of this enFor when we hear one rack the name of God,

thralling drama. Then arrives the final anguish of Faustus Abjure the Scriptures and his Saviour Christ,

before his destruction, when he emits the agonizing cry as We fly in hope to get his glorious soul :

he nears that awful midnight, Nor will we come unless he use such means

Oh, I'll leap up to heaven! Who pulls me down? Whereby he is in danger to be damned.

See where Christ's blood streams in the firmament:
Therefore the shortest cut for conjuring

One drop of blood will save me. Oh, my Christ,
Is stoutly to abjure all godliness,

Rend not my heart for naming of my Christ;
And pray devoutly to the Prince of Hell.

Yet will I call on him. Oh, spare me, Lucifer !
Another idea, however, is prevalent at the present day

Where is it now? 't is gone!

And see, a threatening arm, an angry brow! as to the raising of spirits, though wbether it is yet suffi

Mountains and hills, come, come, and fall on me, ciently successful to have caused Mephistophilis to revise

And hide me from the heavy wrath of heaven. his opinions we are unable to say. Returning to Marlowe, in this third scene occurs a passage which the commenta

Then will I headlong run into the earth ; tors have pointed out as having suggested a striking figure Gape, earth! Oh no, it will not harbor me. to Milton, though the discovery is one which would be

You stars that reigned at my nativity, made by any reader of the two poets. After Mephis

Whose influence hath allotted death and hell, tophilis has informed Faustus that he is forever damned in

Now draw up Faustus, like a foggy mist, hell with Lucifer, the following dialogue occurs :

Into the entrails of yon laboring cloud;

That, when ye vomit forth into the air, Faust. How comes it, then, that thou art out of hell ?

My linbs may issue from your smoky mouths;
Meph. Why, this is hell; nor am I out of it.

But let my soul mount and ascend to heaven.
Think'st thou that I that saw the face of God,

[The clock strikes the half-hour. And tasted the eternal joys of heaven,

Oh, half the hour is past; 'twill all be past anon.
Am not tormented with ten thousand hells

Oh, if my soul must suffer for my sin,
In being deprived of everlasting bliss ?

Impose some end to my incessant pain.

Let Faustus live in hell a thousand years This passage immediately brings to mind familiar lines

A hundred thousand — and at last be saved ; in “ Paradise Lost,” but especially the one —

No end is limited to damned souls.
Which way I fly is hell; myself am hell.

Why wert thou not a creature wanting soul?

Or why is this immortal that thou hast ? The idea is thus incontrovertibly supported that Milton,

. . . . The clock strikes twelve. as we have already surmised, was thoroughly versed in

It strikes ! it strikes ! Now, body, turn to air, Marlowe's works; but, if necessary, other extracts could

Or Lucifer will bear thee quick to hell be given which would make the tale of proof irrefragable.

[Thunder and rain. There is one scene in the second act of the drama of

O soul, be changed into small water-drops, " Faustus” – that in which is beheld a procession before

And fall into the ocean : ne'er be found! the Doctor of the Seven Deadly Sins — which must have

(Enter the devils. been one of the interpolations in the text complained of,

Oh! mercy, heaven, look not so fierce on me! and not Marlowe's work. The humor is somewhat com

Adders and serpents, let me breathe a while. mon and coarse, and various lines, as is the case with other

Ugly hell, gape not! Come not, Lucifer ! passages which could be cited, are weak and halting In

I'll burn my books! Oh, Mephistophilis ! the third act, we return again to the real author, where The crushing eloquence of this stupendous burst of feelFaustus and his infernal tutor play their mad pranks upon | ing falters a little in the last four lines, but taken altothe Pope, to the scandal of the cardinals, friars, and bisb- gether it is a prodigious effort. One is rather curious in ops. The drama proceeds, very unevenly in merit, it must speculating upon what Shakespeare would have made of be confessed, till in the fifth scene Helen of Troy is intro this catastrophe, which is, perhaps, the finest single inciduced to Faustus, who thus addresses her:

dent in the world for the writer of tragedy ; but it is Was this the face that launched a thousand ships,

questionable whether even he could have accomplished a And burnt the topless towers of Ilium ?

more impassioned strain, or one so suitable to the dread Sweet Helen, make me immortal with a kiss,

conception. Her lips suck forth my soul! See where it flies;

The “ Jew of Malta” inevitably challenges comparison Come, Helen, come, give me my soul again.

with “ The Merchant of Venice” as regards its leading Here will I dwell, for heaven is in these lips,

character. Marlowe's play is worth little except for the


strong individuality with which his Jew is put upon the can- | “Edward the Second " is worthy of high commendation, vas. The avarice of the race to which Barabas belongs is though we scarcely think it warrants the lavish praise beforcibly exemplified, but the exaggerations of the populace stowed upon it by some critics. The author is again witrespecting the excesses of the Jews which were prevalent in nessed in his real strength, master of his theme, and his his day have been adopted by the dramatist in order to verse marches with all the stateliness that should attach to heighten the effect of his work. The passions of the Jew the subject. As an historical play it may be at once cose are greatly distorted, and before Marlowe has arrived at ceded that it has had few equals, while it was the first of such the end of his drama he has lost control over its leading plays of any moment ever produced. The weakness of Edcharacter. From a startling realism with which he is con- ward's character is preserved, and he is not unduly allowed ceived and elaborated in the earlier acts, we pass on to a to excite our pity, misfortunes rapidly accumulating upon grotesque exhibition of fiendish traits without truthfulness his head through his mad partiality for the favorite Gatesto nature, till we arrive at a conclusion which, instead of ton. The speeches scattered through the drama attain to evoking the sense of the sublime, rather excites the sense a noble expression ; witness that of the King to his friend of the ludicrous. Very different is Shakespeare's method Leicester after he has been placed in captivity, which is with Shylock, a character whose unity is preserved from full of exalted thoughts and imagery. In his lament Ed. his first appearance in the play till the very last. There ward says very finely, is some degree of interest created in the daughter of Barabas, but she is too slightly sketched, a fault observable in

The griefs of private men are soon allayed,

But not of kings. The forest deer, being struck, many of the characters. Occasionally, however, we meet

Runs to an herb that closeth up the wounds; with isolated passages in the play which have a strong

But when the imperial lion's flesh is gored, touch of the writer's best quality in them. This, for in

He rends and tears it with his wrathful paw, stance, is a striking simile, and one such as the author's

And highly scorning that the lowly earth genius is very felicitous in producing; it occurs in a solilo

Should drink his blood, mounts upward to the air. quy by the Jew:

And so it fares with me, whose dauntless mind

Th'ambitious Mortimer would seek to curb.
Thus, like the sad presaging raven, that tolls
The sick man's passport in her hollow beak,

The pathos of the concluding portions of this play has been
And in the shadow of the silent night

rarely surpassed for its unstrained force and depth, and the Doth shake contagion from her sable wings;

drama, taken as a whole, shows what a field might have Vexed and tormented runs poor Barabas

been open to Marlowe's successful cultivation, bad but the With fatal curses towards these Christians.

Fates been propitious. He assuredly demonstrates the The miser is most thoroughly devoted to his consuming

capacity for imagining the splendors of courts and the regal passion, so much so that he affects the daring of appealing

bearing of kings. to the God of Abraham, “ who with the fiery pillar led the

Although the next dramatic effort in order of considerasons of Israel through the dismal shades," to lead him safely

tion — “The Massacre of Paris ” – is but a fragment, inin the quest of wealth. It is difficult to say, nevertheless,

complete, disjointed, and unsatisfactory, it contains one of wbether this passion, or the hatred of the Christians, is

the most spirited speeches to be found within the range of

the author's works ; namely, that of the plotting Duc de stronger in his breast. His denunciations of the latter are most fierce and acrid, and an idea of their bitterness may

Guise, the principal instigator of the infamous Bartholomew be gained from the following lines, in which he vents his

slaughter. The lines breathe of the cruel and ambitious

spirit of this man, who was resolved to rise, although his feelings towards this “ heretical" division of humanity :

downfall should possibly be the deepest bell, and who We Jews can fawn like spaniels when we please,

burned to become the great centre of interest with his And when we grin we bite, yet are our looks

countrymen, a mark which should be so conspicuous as to As innocent and harmless as a lamb's.

cause the world to wonder “ as men that stand and gaze I learned in Florence how to kiss my hand, Heave up my shoulders when they called me dog,

against the sun." In every other respect except that of the And duck as low as any barefoot friar,

remarkable individuality of several of the characters, and Hoping to see them starve upon a stall,

two or three outbursts of passion, the fragment is almost Or else be gathered for in our Synagogue;

worthless. “ Dido, Queen of Carthage," presents a checkThat, when the offering basin comes to me,

ered appearance in the workmanship, as though it had been Even for charity I may spit into it.

collaborated by a master mind and a poetic buffoon. Much

of it is unquestionably Marlowe's, but other passages, which This exceedingly pleasant individual is made to over

savor of doggerel extraordinary, are as unquestionably not. reach himself at the end of the drama in an absurd manner,

It is affirmed that the dramatist's old assailant, Nash, bad and such as we should not have predicted upon our first in

a finger in the completion of this drama, and if so, it is by troduction to him. In the fury begotten of his losses he

no means the worst kind of revenge he could have taken almost loses his reason, and certainly all that cunning and

upon the great writer, while pretending to make it a conthat coolness which are supposed to distinguish his tribe in

pliment. The student, however, will very easily divide the moments of supremest danger. It is here, we think, that

chaff from the wheat, for Marlowe attains to a high excel. the dramatist has failed. Barabas holds that “it's no

lence here, which only serves to place his assistant's work sin to deceive a Christian," a doctrine which enables him to become a robber upon principle ; but having been de

in a more contemptible light. The illustrious Æneas loses

much of the digniiy generally associated with his character ceived in turn he is so beside himself with rage that he is

when we find him addressing Ascanius in these absurdly incapable of doing justice to his own principle and of re

colloquial terms, which could not fail to arrest the attention ducing it to practice. So, after a good deal of plotting and

of even the most casual reader: counterplotting – in which it must be admitted the Jew very neatly arranges that two of his enemies should kill

Alas! sweet boy, thou must be still awhile, each other - we arrive at the final stage of the play. Ba

Till we have fire to dress the meat we killed ; rabas, who had prepared a very clumsy trap for certain of

Gentle Achates, reach the tinder-box,

That we may make a fire to warm us with, his enemies, falls into a much simpler one himself, and his

And roast our new-found victuals on this shore. last words to his fellow-mortals are oaths and execrations. Amidst these he expires, and the Christians feel that they This is not the "mighty line” along which the English are relieved of a bugbear. The second part of the drama drama advanced to perfection. But there are other pasdoes not display the careful workmanship to be found in sages, notably in Act II., where Æneas relates bis heroic the preceding acts; it is as if the artificer had become tired story to Dido, which could only have proceeded from of bis work, and having conceived his character, lacked the | Marlowe himself: they are full of strength and nervous patience to follow out its proportions.

energy. The passion of Dido, with its tragical ending, is In every respect a contrast to this tragedy, the drama of traced with gathering feeling; and the Queen of Carthage

is presented to us in a noble guise — a setting worthy of death being so terrible (for hee even cursed and blasthat renowned personage. The poem frequently rises into phemed to his last gaspe, and together with his breath an strains of great beauty, and anon swells with bold language, oath flew out of his mouth) that it was not only a manifest a suitable complement to the importance and greatness of signe of God's judgment, but also an horrible and fearfulle the subject. Of “ Hero and Leander,” and the remaining terror to all that beheld him.” And then the record adds, minor productions and translations of the dramatist, but with the glee which could only fill the beart of a religious little room is left to speak. The first two books, or Ses enthusiast and not of an ordinary historian, “ Herein did tiads, of “Hero and Leander,” were all which Marlowe the justice of God most notably appeare, in that hee comcompleted in their entirety; Chapman added the rest, pelled his owne hand which had written those blasphemies working into his contribution some two hundred lines of to bee the instrument to punish him, and that in bis brain another Sestiad which the conceiver of the task left behind which had devised the same.” A ballad, entitled “ The him. The beauty and the swing of this poem have been Atheist's Tragedie,” was also published, setting forth the fully and widely acknowledged ; it is at times gorgeous in heinousness of Marlowe's guilt in a religious point of view; its imagery, and it is everywhere pervaded by a true poetic and a prose document is in existence which goes more fully feeling. It has the merit of being as much an original than the ballad into the various points of his heterodoxy. work as a translation, for Marlowe did not suffer himself to The dramatist is charged with affirming that he could conbe bound to the form from which he extracted the idea. coct a better religion than the one then in vogue; that the We obtain a better apprehension of the width of the poet's Apostles were base fellows, and, with the exception of imagination from this work than perhaps from any other Paul, were men of no wit or worth; that all Protestants which he has written.

were hypocritical asses; and further and this seems to The principle upon which he translated these Sestiads have been considered the acme of disgrace and villainy, for he did not always carry into his translations, the reproduc the charge is printed in italics), that he, Marlowe, bad as tion of Ovid's “ Elegies,” for example, being a line-for-line good a right to coin as the Queen of England. There aptranslation. His rendering of the "Elegies” was, after his pears to have been little or no foundation for most of these death, fixed upon by the enraged bishops for the indignity charges; all is haze and perplexity in regard to them; and of burning by the common hangman ; but we know that what positive evidence there is frequently tends to damage the publication of the translation was not of the dramatist's the character of Marlowe's assailants rather than his own. own doing. Were it not for the fear of doing injustice to Yet as regards his theological views, the probability is that the reader in supposing that he was not familiar with one they were not more greatly unorthodox than those of many of the most charming pastoral poems in the English lan- | intellectual men and advanced thinkers of the present day. guage, we should quote the lines entitled the “ Passionate But the godsend of a colonial Bisltop never came to the Shepherd to his Love,” in which Marlowe bas reached the dramatist, and the full weight of religious bigotry and inperfection of sweetness and grace. It will be remembered | tolerance was thus expended upon his name and fame alone. that it was to these lines Sir Walter Raleigh indited a reply, There were none to keep him in countenance, whilst hands wbich, though it exhibits much beauty of expression, is by | were listed up in dismay and deprecation against him. no means'equal to the poem that called it forth. One ex We can now regard him more composedly, and in the traordinary translation of Marlowe's should be mentioned light of his work rather than as the individual man. As an before closing this brief review - that, namely, of the First oak springing forth in an unlikely place, amongst plants Book of Lucan, the latter part of which may be described and trees of puny growth, we behold this poet rising above as a rushing torrent of eloquence. No halting weakness is his fellows, and stretching forth his giant arms in the early discoverable; the second workman has entirely possessed morn of dramatic literature. Appearing in an age marked himself of the spirit of the first, and revels in his strength | by violence and excess, and devoted principally to the of vision. The whole thing is a dazzling coruscation of

gratification of the fleshly lusts, the wonder is, not that he metaphor, description, and illustration.

failed to disentangle himself altogether from what was imMarlowe, indubitably, was a magnificent genius. His pure and unworthy, but that he shook himself free 80 grand imagination impressed itself even upon his own age; largely from the influences which had hitherto choked genand those who un feignedly disliked the man were com ius in its inception. To the prodigious strength of his own pelled to admit his power. The charges brought against will and intellect was this result due; and though his habhim on the ground of the negative character of his religious | its may bave been dissolute, and his ideas eteeped in Paganviews received strength and importance, doubtless, from the ism, the spirit of a sublime independence animated his soul. feeling that such an individual must have immense influ. Beneath the full scope and license given to the passions in ence over otherg. A connection has been established be his works, there struggles the thought which is hereafter to tween his scepticism and those dramas in which with keen make men great. His face is in shadow; it is one upon delight he dwells upon topics which were in his day sup | which the sun never fully shone; but even through the posed to be placed far above speculation and inquiry. His sombre veil which envelops it we see that the features are death was regarded as a judgment upon bis wicked life, notable and majestic. He emerges from the darkness of and as a reward for his blasphemy and infidelity. The one age, but does not behold the full effulgence of its sucterrible nature of his religious delinquencies is fully set cessor. His perpetual tribute is that of the illustrious pio. forth in Beard's “ Theatre of God's Judgments,” published neer. He divides the honors and the crown of Columbus; in 1597. We there read that Marlowe, who is designated for like him, he discovered a new world. as “ a play-maker and a poet of scurrilitie,” by “giving too large a swing to his owne wit, and suffering his lust to bave the full reines, fell (not without just desert) to that outrage and extremitie, that hee denied God and his sonne Christ,

• NICOLAS TRUBNER. and not onely in word blasphemed the Trinitie, but also (as is credibly reported) wrote bookes against it, affirming Among publishers who by their activity have exerted a our Saviour to be but a deceiver, and Moses to be but a civilizing and enduring influence in the domain of general conjurer and seducer of the people, and the Holy Bible to knowledge, and established new lines of commercial interbee but vaine and idle stories, and all religion but a device course with distant countries and peoples, Nicolas Trübner of policie. But see what a hooke the Lord put into the occupies a very prominent place. He was born in 1817, nostrils of this barking dogge! So it fell out, that, as at Heidelberg, where his father carried on the business of he purposed to stab one whom he owed a grudge unto, with a goldsmith. As a boy he manifested great vivacity of bis dagger, the o: her party perceiving so avoyded the temperament and manners, and in play and studies he was stroke, that, withal catching hold of his wrist, hee stabbed always the leader of his comrades. "The circulating library his owne dagger into bis owne head in such sorte that, not of a family related to his own absorbed half of his leisure withstanding all the meanes of surgerie that could be time, literature and travels engaging his special interest. Wrought, hee shortly after died thereof; the manner of his His father wished him to become a goldsmith, but mechan. ical work was not to the boy's taste; to send him to college ature, Archæology and Philosophy. It records Dearly would involve too much expense, and so it was decided to 1400 of his own publications, among which are many comhave him enter a bookseller's shop. He served his first prising numerous volumes and annual sets. The appendix apprenticeship with a bookseller named Mohr. This gen is made up of a number of valuable works published for tleman, who conducted his business in a very honorable the English government under the title, « Calendars of way, was peculiarly fitted by his firm and considerate bear State Papers and Chronicles and Memorials of Great Briting to inspire the assiduous stripling with both respect and ain and Ireland during the Middle Ages," the sale and love for the calling he had been induced to choose. Some distribution of which are committed to Mr. Trübner's care. thirty years ago the university of Heidelberg enjoyed the It is an undertaking resembling the publicatious issued in highest consideration. All branches of science were rep Germany entitled "Monumenta Germanica.” resented by teachers of distinction, such as Thibaut, Mr. Trübner is the agent for forty-seven offices and Fachoriä, Mittermayer, Paulus, Schlosser, Tiedemann, learned societies in England, America, Denmark, and Swe. Chelius, and others who were famous beyond the narrow den. At the coronation of Oscar II. of Sweden, Mr. limits of the university. Most of these men were on a Trübner published a memorial pamphlet which gives an friendly and social footing with the house of Mohr, and | historical synopsis of Sweden, with a collection of poems the intercourse with them had an energizing and informing by the present king in an English translation. The pubeffect on Trübner's mind. His apprenticeship being com lishing establishment of Mr. Trübner is situated in Ludgate pleted, he entered in 1839, the old and well-known estab Hill in a five-story building of Gothic style with a dash of lishment of Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in Göttingen as an Oriental architecture. The relations of the house with assistant. Subsequently be entered the service of Hoffmann the East are aptly suggested by sculptured figures of ele& Campe in Hamburg. Here, instead of the grave and | phants supporting the roof. The store is on the groundsolemn-looking professors of the Heidelberg university floor and has room for 30,000 volumes which are placed in with whom he had bitherto been in contact, he became ac galleries, and can all be reached without ladders. ' Adjoinquainted with the keen and fervent leaders of “ Young ing are offices for business relating to the United States Germany," and the interminable libel suits and press chi. and the English government. The cost of this building, caneries which they and their publishers at that time bad all parts of which were specially adapted and arranged to endure. In 1842 he accepted a situation at Willman's for facilitating the business of the house, amounted to in Frankfort, whose business then included a line of foreign 250.000 gulden. publications, principally English. There he made the ac Mr. Trübner's enterprise and energy have met with quaintance of Mr. Longman, of London, who secured Trüb. || notable success. He is married to a lady of great intelliner for his own establishment. Working zealously and gence and amiability, the daughter of the Belgian Consul unremittingly in the extensive business of this house, he Delepierre in London. acquired a thorough insight into all the details and pecul The foundation of the university library of Strasburg iarities of the English booktrade. Having reached middle was encouraged and materially promoted by Mr. Trübner's age Mr. Trübner conceived the idea of forming an estab. numerous and valuable gifts. lishment of bis own. During his service as an assistant he His agents in Peking, Calcutta, Teheran, Constantinople, had busied himself largely with various private studies, | Bulang, Cape Town, and Melbourne take notice of all imespecially philological, and had gathered a large and portant works as they appear, and send them to London varied mass of materials. With funds furnished him by whence they are distributed to the leading libraries on the some friends, he engaged in the business of introducing Continent. and circulating American literature in England. A journey through the principal cities of the United States procured him many valuable business connections. A cata.

FOREIGN NOTES. logue published under the title of “ Trubner's Bibliograph

FELICIEN David bas completed the composition of 3 ical Guide to American Literature” was received with just appreciation, not only in the United States, but even in

grand opera entitled “L'Indien.” France and Germany. It was the first work which gave a

Following the example set by Verdi in his Requiem systematic and comprehensive synopsis of American litera

for Manzoni, a Neapolitan composer named De Giosa has ture and had, therefore, great value for the American as well written a Requiem for Donizetti. as the general scholar. In recognition of the value of this WILLIAM ALLINGHAM, the poet, was married last work several learned societies of the United States elected month to Miss Helen Paterson, á very skilful artiste in Mr. Trübner an honorary member. A well-merited tribute

water-colors and drawings on wood. was rendered him in « Allibone's Dictionary of English and American Authors," Philadelphia, 1871. Desirous of

A volume of notices and papers relative to the funeral extending his business, Mr. Trübner directed his attention

obsequies of F. D. Guerrazzi has just appeared at Legborn, to the literature of Asia, and established lines of communi

the proceeds from the sale of which are to go towards the cation with its principal cities for the export and import of

subscription for his monument. literary works. As a repository for the scientific results of The great gallery of the Louvre facing the banks of the this colossal intercourse, Mr. Írübner founded a special | Seine, after three years' work, will be shortly opened to literary periodical entitled “ Trübner's American and Ori. | the public. Its whole length is 700 mètres. Rubens ental Literary Record," the object of which is to give a | “ History of Queen Marie de Medicis ” occupies one fourth monthly synopsis of all important works issued in North | of the gallery, which will be filled with paintings by mas. and South America, India, China, Australia, and the ters whose works have hitherto not found a place in the English colonies, including also the most notable literary collection. productions of Europe. This monthly periodical has been

A LETTER from Naples, in the Börsenzeitung, says that published for a number of years and is transmitted to all parts of the civilized world.

brigandage in Sicily is daily assuming larger dimensions. This extensive activity has been crowned with remarka

“ Italy is perhaps the only state," says the correspondent, ble success. The publishing establishment of Mr. Trübner

“ in the whole of the civilized world where a band of robis in its line one of the foremost in London ; its relations

bers spread over a territory of hundreds of square miles is with foreign countries are so comprehensive that thirty

regularly organized, and pursues its misdeeds under the three assistants hardly suffice for the work. The manage

very eyes of the authorities.” ment and classification of the works in Sanscrit and Arabic GEORGE ROUTLEDGE AND Sons announce a new ediare intrusted to competent persons specially versed in tion of Hogarth's Works, to be published in about thirty Oriental languages.

monthly parts, which will contain nearly seventy more Mr. Trübner's list of publications forms an elegant vol- ' plates than any former edition. The text will be based on ume of 156 pages and is particularly rich in Oriental liter. I that of Nichols and Ireland, but much new matter, bio

graphical and anecdotal, illustrating many of the real char- , which will live longer than most large ones. And some acters delineated by Hogarth, will be incorporated. There among the war poems, dealing with incidents of lowly life, will also be a life of the artist, containing much new in strike a strong and deep chord, and express, as few things formation. Mr. James Maidment is to be the editor. in modern literature express, the emotions of a people in war A REMARKABLE polychromatic monument has recently

time, with the continual clashings of patriotism and of perbeen raised in Florence to the memory of a young Indian

sonal grief. Mr. Dobell was an intense patriot ; very much prince who died in that town in 1870, on his way back

a Conservative, but very much more an Englishman." from England to bis native land. His body, according to The practice of duelling in the Prussian army has been his own desire, was burnt on the banks of the Arno, and once more formally recognized, and under certain circumthis monument has been erected by his friends on the spot stances enjoined by a Royal order, recently published in wbere the strange funeral rites were celebrated. The the Prussian military journals, dated May 2, 1874. The mausoleum is of Oriental style of architecture, its chief feat order deals generally with courts of honor and with the beure being a colored bust of the young prince, said to be a havior of officers towards one another and towards the civil good likeness. An inscription in English, Italian, and two population. Besides strict observance of the laws of honor, Oriental dialects, on the four sides of the monument, states dignified and polite demeanor is expected of them. They that it was erected “to the memory of the Indian Prince are to abstain, moreover, from games of hazard and from Rajaram Chuttraputti, Maharajah of Kolhapur, who died in speculative operations on tbe Stock Exchange ; to rememFlorence, at the age of twenty-one, on the 30th of Novem- | ber that neither luxury nor material welfare are the obber, 1870." Charles Mant, Captain R. E., and an Ameri- | jects of their profession, but honor and the good of the can sculptor, Mr. C. F. Fuller, are the artists of this un State ; to avoid giving their word of honor too easily, but usual monument.

once having given it, to observe it scrupulously. The The last number of the London Courl Journal says:

senior officers will do their best to develop and keep up “ Mr. Henry M. Stanley has at length left on his perilous

that spirit " which alone makes an army great;" and the exploration of Africa, a work which will continue probably

effect of their “ precepts, example, instruction, warnings, through two years. A farewell dinner of a private char

and commands" will be to render more and more rare such

cases as can only be dealt with by courts of honor. The acter was given on the eve of bis departure. Mr. Stanley

object of these courts is to afford officers who conceive sets out in good spirits and in the best of health, but he does not at all conceal from himself the perilous nature of

themselves aggrieved in their honor an opportunity of rebis undertaking, and the possibility of perishing in its ex

dress; and any officer receiving or offering a challenge is

bound to submit it to a court of honor, either personally or ecution. Upon his former expedition in search of Livingstone, he knew comparatively nothing of the dangers that

through a fellow-officer. The court will then take cognizance he would encounter, and of the obstacles that he would

of all the circumstances of the case ; when, should a duel

be found necessary, “ either the president of the court or have to overcome; but now he goes with his eyes fully open, and with a very vivid realization of the hardships and

one of the members will be present on the ground to see perils that lie before him. We hope he will keep up his

and bear witness that by the accomplishment of the duel flesh as well as keep in it; when he returned he only

the requirements of honor have been satisfied.” Duels,

however, are only to be permitted when some serious quesweighed 110 pounds, and has gained 60 pounds more Stanley since.”

tion of honor is involved ; and groundless attacks on the

honor of an officer will be severely punished. “For," says The French Academy has held its annual meeting for bis Majesty, “I will no more tolerate in my army an officer the award of prizes for virtue, chiefly recompensing those who wantonly attacks the honor of a comrade than one persons who, out of their little, shared with the unfortu- ! who does not know how to defend his own.” nate, that said, as it were, “I am poor, and I wish to be more so in order to do good to those around me." Rewards were bestowed on a young girl who only earns twenty-four

TO CHARLES SUMNER. sous a day, supporting out of it an old bed-ridden workman, who adopted her in her infancy; on a servant who

IN MEMORIAM. though poor herself supports her once rich mistress, fallen

For years, dear friend, but rarely had we met; into a state of indigence, but who lives in the illusion she

Fate in a different path our feet had set ; is wealthy still ; on a clergyman that devotes his immense Space stretched between us, yet you still were near, fortune to succor the destitute, and is so much in want, And friendship had no shadows of regret. that the Academy awards its crown to such needy virtue This desire of persons for remaining poor, in order to be

The ocean drear divided us, but naught charitable, drew forth applause, as well as tears, from the

Obscured the interchange of word and thought;

The unbroken line of sympathy still throbbed, spectators, and the honored worthies, never thinking of the

And unto both its constant message brought. morrow, continue their good works, satisfied with their faith in Providence, who will temper the wind to the shorn And so I felt you were not far away. lamb. After this ceremony followed the award of prizes The mere material distance seemed to lay for excellent publications.

Brief barrier to our meeting, and I dreamed

That some day we should meet; ay, any day, SPEAKING of the late Sidney Dobell, the London Academy says : “Il health had for many years prevented him

That we again should clasp each other's hand, from pursuing with any steadiness or strenuousness the ca

Speak as of old, and face to face should stand; reer of literature, and thus his name, which was made

Renew the past, and plot and plan again, especially familiar twenty years ago by the publication of

As in years past we plotted and we planned. The Roman’ and of Balder,' bad dropped out of the That hope is vanished now; a sudden change common talk of literary society. Botb these works com. Hath borne you from me far beyond the range manded great attention from a large public, and the merits Of that familiar life that here we knew, of both as works of literary art were somewhat fiercely Into a region dim and far and strange. fought over. We have lately been told that it is not the province of a work of art to excite the contest of different

A vaster sea divides us now, a stretch opinions, but rather to produce an barmonious pleasure.

Across whose space we vainly strive to reach,

Whose deeps man passes never to return, But the art of poetry, especially in its most original madi

From whose far shores there comes no human speech. festations, has generally produced contest as well as delight. Nevertheless, there are certain minor poems of Mr.

In one swift moment you have passed and gone Sydney Dobell's about which contest of opinion is impossi

Out on the blind way all must tread alone, ble. His weird, extraordinary ballad, «Keith of Ravel

Uncompanied, unfriended, none knows where, ston,' with its sigoificant refrain, is one of those little work

Gone out into the vague and vast unknown.

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