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among other things an arm-chair, a tea-caddy, a carved “No, indeed, she is not, my poor Hans.”
necklace, a picture frame, three spoons, a brooch, a potato The smile fades suddenly away from the young man's
bowl, and a washing tub.

face. Gretchen puts on a very long face too, and shakes
“ Ah, by the bye,” she says, rather suddenly, after one of her head dismally.
those dead pauses which occur even in the most animated “ What is it, Gretchen ? Don't keep me in suspense.
conversations, “ by the bye, my husband tells me that Hans Has anything happened to her? Is she ill? Is she -
Steimer will come this evening to ask what his present to What's the good of making mysteries ? Everybody knows
me shall be. I must decide. What dost think, grand- how I love her,” cries Hans, gaining sudden courage.
mother, of a little bracket for the wall that would just hold “ Yes, everybody except Louison herself,” says Gretchen.
the best Dutch china teapot ?”

Another tug at the dress — an imploring tug this time. “ I think that would be capital,” responds the old lady. Louison feels her situation becoming extremely embarrass

Meanwhile a look of intelligence passes between the ing. But Gretchen's tongue is not so easily stopped. The other women. Louison, who is sitting close by Gretchen, very spirit of mischief seems to have taken possession of works away very steadily, and pretends not to see it. her. “Everybody except Louison herself,” she repeats.

" I doubt if Margot's present is the only reason for Hans' “ Could you — could you not help me a little when she coming up to-night,” says Widow Gruhner, smiling at her comes?” asks Hans in an undertone, which is meant for niece.

Gretchen's ear alone, but which reaches several other pairs “ How should he know I was here?" asks poor Louison, of ears besides. betraying herself unconsciously, and then blushing crimson Gretchen laughs. “Not I. Manage thine own business, to the very tips of her ears.

Master Hans. Besides, did I not tell thee that she is not There is a general laugh. At the same moment Louison coming? that, in short, thou art a day after the fair ?” — drops the needle she is working with, and goes on her a vehement pull at the dress -“ that there are attractions knees on the floor to find it. Suddenly her beart beats at Königsberg" - a still more vehement pull, and sometumultuously. It seems to have flown to her head, and to thing like a groan from Hans — " a farmer, you must know, be knocking a very tattoo on her brain ; the sound of a young, handsome, and rich footstep, of a well-known voice, has reached her listening This is too much. Louison's patience and discretion ears long before the others are conscious of it. It is not alike give way. She scrambles up to her feet. a very musical voice; it does not belong to a very remark- “ Gretchen, Gretchen, how can you, how dare you ! able or specially charming person. Hans is, after all, but she cries, her cheeks all aflame. a commonplace, every-day sort of young man; but yet to Of course there is a laugh from the whole circle. As for the little girl groping about in the twilight after the missing Hans, at the first sight of the unexpected apparition his needle the voice has a charm sweeter than any other on new-found courage suddenly takes flight, and he with it. earth, the round commonplace face, under the round When they look round for him, to explain matters, he is shabby hat, has a radiance and beauty no other face will nowhere to be seen. Possibly the remembrance of his late ever equal in her eyes. After all, is it not every-day love boldness has produced a reaction ; possibly the last piece of which makes every-day happiness ?

intelligence about the handsome young farmer at Königs“ Canst thou not find that needle ?” asks Gretchen ; and berg has proved too much for his nerves; or possibly he then, looking suddenly up, “Why, only think, Louison, may be hurt and offended at the little trick which has been here is Hans!” As if Louison had not known that an age played upon him. This is the fear which troubles Lou

Here he comes. I thought so. no,” in a whisper," stay there, and we will pretend thou “Oh, Gretchen, Gretchen, how unkind, to be sure ! hast not come ; and we will hear what he says."

Who would have dreamed to hear thee say such things ?' “ Well, Hans, thou art a good example of the old prov- she cries. erb, for we were but just speaking of thee,” says

Grand- “What a goose art thou to turn a little innocent bit of father Gruhner as the young man approaches, and leans fun into such a scene, Louison! Why didst thou not stay against the open window, pipe in mouth.

quiet? Gretchen holds her work spread out so as to hide kneel- “I think thou wert carrying thy nonsense too far, ing Louison. Hans bids them all good evening, but gazes Gretchen,” says the widow. “ See, thou hast vexed Hans, round the small room somewhat disconsolately, seeking for and made Louison cry.” that which he finds not. Oh for a glimpse of a small plump “ And he will think it is all true,” sobs Louison. figure in a dark serge dress, a pair of bright dark eyes, and “ Nay, nay, child,” puts in the old grandmother, consolcoral lips that part to show a row of pearly teeth! sighs the ingly, " never fear. It will all come right in time. Most young man

sighs, and blindly curses fate, because like things do, if we will only have patience." many another foolish mortal he cannot see a yard before “ He will know that it was all Gretchen's nonsense, his face.

suggests the old grandfather. “I will go and see if I “Ah, Hans, is it thou ?” says laughing, mischievous can find him anywhere about, and bring him in to thee.” Gretchen. “ Poor Hans! I am sorry for thee if it is to pay “ No, no, grandfather,” cries the little maiden between thy respects to our fair cousin thou art come."

her sobs. " It is all my own fault. Don't fetch him. “ What folly of Gretchen, to be sure!” grumbles Mar- Don't go after him. If he is angry, it is quite right got under her breath. “She will put my present quite out quite. "He must think me so horrid, so bold. He must of his stupid head, and we all know that is what he has think I only wanted to hear him say really come about.”. She moves quickly from her seat and “ He loved you.” It is Gretchen, half mischievous and whispers to her mother. An idea has struck her that after half repentant, who fills up the blank. all two smaller brackets, one for each side of the chimney- “He will never say so again,” sobs Louison. piece, would be better than one. “ Dost think it would be “And wouldst thou care so very, very much if he did too much to ask for?” she inquires of her mother.

not? Eh ?” asks Gretchen. Louison's face is hidden in But the good widow is so much amused with the small her hands. She does not see a shadow that creeps stealthdomestic comedy going on before her, that she can scarcely ily every moment nearer and nearer to the open window. pay due and proper attention to the weighty matter of the Gretchen stands before her. “ Dost thou indeed care for bracket.

him so much, little one ? " As for Hans, if Margot and her wooden wedding had Louison does not look up. The words that she says are ever been very prominent matters of interest in his head, not many, and are broken with sobs. But, few or many, it is quite clear of them now. At the present moment one they are to the purpose. More to the purpose than listenidea alone possesses the young lover.

ing Hans would have dared to hope for more to the 6 How- why — what dost thou mean?” he stammers. purpose than he would ever have heard had he not played “Is not Fräulein — I mean she — is she not coming ? ” eavesdropper in his turn.

Louison gives Gretchen's dress a little tremulous pull. Before they are fairly out of her mouth, there is a rustle

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of the creeper outside the house, a leap through the win- Some exchange blows, for here not only do they quarrel, dow, and before Louison can turn to fly she is caught, but not unfrequently carry their contention to a fatal close. caged, held fast, in a pair of strong young arms.


Some merely exchange coarse epithets. Some carouse, for need of more love-making when the love was made al- here money will procure anything. And soine — yokeready?

fellows in iniquity these — arrange their defence, and disLouison protests. “Oh! it was mean, unfair of thee,

cuss the probabilities of conviction. The last is the occuHans; I could not have believed it,” she cries.

pation of the two committed on the charge of bewitching But she dries her tears, and Hans helps her.

and poisoning Hainsellin Planete and his wife, Agnesot, of “ But at least thou wert as bad," Hans retorts. “I the Rue des Fosses St. Germain. One of the two, Margot never could have believed it of thee either."

de la Barre, alias du Coignet, is a hard-featured, deter" Then I suppose we must forgive one another.”

mined-looking woman, between fifty and sixty, who, pre“I suppose we must try.”

vious to her incarceration, kept a tavern of no good repute And so they settle it.

in the Rue Froidmantel, a street in the vicinity of the And very soon after the wooden wedding comes another, Louvre, as indeed are all the streets mentioned in this where, we may be sure, laughing Gretchenjacts the part of trial. The other, Marion la Droituriere, alias l'Estallée, is bridesmaid.

less than half the age of her companion, but of quite an“ 'T was all thy fault,” Louison says to her, as they walk other exterior, being remarkably tall and thin. It is evihome.

dent that she has been a gaudy bird at no distant date; “ Entirely,” echoes Hans. “ I never should have thought but imprisonment has stripped off much of her gay plumage, of such a thing but for thee and thy tricks. But I forgive and sorely bedraggled the rest. She is by profession what thee."

we would term “ an unfortunate” – one of the highest “ And thou, Louison ?” asks the girl.

class, however, being a member of a singular body attached “ Well, I will see how Hans behaves in the future. I to the French court. will tell thee on on the day of my wooden wedding." The jailers appear, and Margot is led up to the hall of But as she looks up into her young husband's face she judgment. On this occasion the court is composed of the does not seem to have much fear.

Provost of the Châtelet, his lieutenant, his auditor, the “ Ah! talking of wooden weddings, thou hast quite for- King's advocate, and six other personages learned in the gotten all about poor Margot and her bracket,” says Lou- law, termed examiners. The preliminary formalities are ison.

gone through and the trial begins. Margot is questioned " I will give her a pair instead of one,” says Hans. on oath respecting her former life. She replies that she And so they were all made happy,

was born in the town of Beaune, in the Gastenois; that for many a year she had led a vagabond and an immoral life, “ sometimes in one town, sometimes in another," set

tling eventually in the Rue Froidmantel. We may add A WITCH TRIAL IN THE FOURTEENTH what was elicited bit by bit in the course of the trial, that CENTURY.

during the latter portion of her career, the professions of

sorceress, quack, and not improbably poisoner, had been In this paper we intend to follow the course which the conjoined to that of keeper of a house of dubious repute. trial actually took. Perhaps it would be possible to im- Concerning the bewitchinent of Planete and his wife she prove the story it tells by throwing it into another shape. explains that the man was an old acquaintance, in the But it is also possible that such a process might effectually habit of frequenting her tavern with l’Estallée, his amie, destroy its value as an illustration of manners and super- up almost to the day of his marriage - an event which stition' five hundred years ago.

had taken place but a few weeks previous to the trial. We will suppose that our readers have paid a visit to "Immediately after the wedding,” she goes on to relate, the Châtelet – the Old Bailey of Paris - on Saturday, “I was informed by mutual friends that Agnesot was the 30th of July, 1390. Originally erected as a tête de afflicted with a disease which caused her brain to exude pont, to cover the entrance of the city by way of the through her eyes, nose, and mouth, and I was requested to Bridge au Change, it consisted of a square keep, with tur- do something for the poor woman. Then I bethought me rets at the angles. Through its centre, straight to the of a certain secret which my mother had taught me in my bridge, ran a narrow passage, with heavy gates at its ex- youth, and I told these people that, with God to aid, I tremities. The last crumbling remains of the Châtelet would soon relieve her. Taking a garland, composed of were removed in 1792. But four hundred years earlier, herbs which I had purchased on the eve of St. John last though it was then so ancient that the date of its foun- past, I went to the Rue des Fosses St. Germain. On the dation had passed out of memory, it was still formidable. way I paused to gather a bunch of shepherd's-purse, 1 Like many another old fortification, the course of time, in which I saw growing near the hostelry of Alençon, close removing it from the outskirts of the city to the centre, by the Louvre, and which I twined in the garland as I bad turned it into a prison. Having surveyed its massy Admitted to the bedside of Agnesot, I acquainted walls and grim old battlements, we penetrate through a myself, as well as I could, with her malady. Then I said number of gloomy corridors to the Grièche, or woman's to her, · Mon amie, I gave you no garland for your wedcell. It is a low, vaulted chamber of considerable extent ding-day, but I give you one now, and I assure you that - dim, damp, and unclean exceedingly. It has no furni- you could not wear a better one. It is a garland to unbeture: a stone bench which runs round it serves as a seat witch yourself, or any other person upon whom a spell has by day and a couch by night. And yet this miserable been laid. So saying, I twined the garland round her lodging must be paid for, at the rate of two deniers a night, head, outside her cap. Then I repeated three paters, and by those who cannot or will not pay a great deal more for as many aves, and crossed her in the name of the Trinity, accommodation hardly superior elsewhere. The author- Afterwards I said, • Twice have I cast a blight upon you, ities do not provide the prisoners with food. Of this, and thrice do I remove it, in the name of the Trinity !?” however, there is seldom any scarcity. Commiseration for The last sentence was a damning admission. the captive is one of the foremost duties inculcated by Concerning Hainsellin, she told that some days precedmediæval religion, and the bags which hang from the grat- ing her visit to his wife he had called at her tavern to reings of the Châtelet are filled daily with the contributions quest assistance for himself, who was then suffering from of the charitable. Besides, it is so common for the con- • fevers," and that, for the sake of old acquaintance, she scientious to traverse the city, at stated times, in search of had furnished him with a charm composed of shepherd'salms for those in durance, that contemporary satire has purse wrapped up in a white rag, which she directed him seized upon the practice as one of the many characteristics of hypocrisy.

1 The weed named was a noted ingredient in witch preparations. Aware

of this, Margot endeavored to give its appearance in her garland the seeming The prisoners in the Grièche are variously occupied.


of accident.

to assume.

to carry on his person, promising that it would secure his The court was by this time increased to eleven the recovery within eleven days.

five fresh members probably having been all attracted to To further questions she replied that she was totally the Châtelet by the unusual interest which the trial began ignorant of the art of witchcraft. When reminded of an

A good deal of discussion among the judges admission made by her during the examination preceding followed the departure of Marion. Its very length shows her committal for trial, she denied, in the strongest manner, that it was not altogether unfavorable to her. In the end having ever said that she knew Agnesot to be spellbound, it was decided that she, too, should be put to the torture, or having made any remark at all concerning her, save but not until Margot had been subjected thereto a second that, within three or four days of putting on the wreath, a time. The crone therefore was summoned, and stretched notable change would take place in her health.

on the rack. But the stern persuasions of the small bed Having heard all that Margot thought fit to state, the and the great one had not the smallest effect on her obstijudges consulted thereupon. Then, “ duly considering her nacy. So ended the doings of the day. former life, the contradictions between her various state- There was no court on Tuesday; but on Wednesday, ments, the suspicious herbs found in her possession, the the 3d of August, its members assembled to the number absurdity of a person pretending to reverse spell who of seven, and Marion was led before it. The proceedings did not know how to impose it, and the extraordinary ad- opened with a little "scene." When the principal tormission contained in her version of the formula which she turer, Oudin de Rochefort, seized the woman to prepare had used when placing the garland on the head of Agne- her for the iron couch, she burst from his grasp, and treated sot they decided that, in the interests of truth and jus- the worshipful magistrates to not a little of her mind. tice, it was necessary to put her to the question.”

She warned them, with suitable gestures and interjections, The last paragraph, which we have borrowed pretty to “mind what they were about in dealing thus with a exactly from the record, seems very legal and logical. But woman of good fame." She declared, with deep earnestwe beg to assure our readers that it meant absolutely noth- ness, that she was entirely ignorant of the charges brought ing. We have gone over nearly a hundred reports of trials against her. And she closed as neat an oration as was which took place at the Châtelet about this period, without ever delivered under such circumstances, with an appeal finding a single instance in which resort was not had to to the Court of Parliament. the question.

Such an appeal, even from such lips, was not to be disMargot was put to the question forthwith,“ on the little regarded. The work of torture was suspended, and notice bed and the great one,” but not another word could be of the appeal was transmitted to the body concerned, drawn from her. She was then released, chafed, as usual, which, as it happened, was sitting at that moment. The in the kitchen, and then relegated to her cell. So far, she message received prompt attention, and the messengers had reason to consider herself safe. There was no decisive the bonorable and learned Master Pierre Lesclot, and the evidence against her. She thought she could trust her merely learned Master Guillaume Porel, both members accomplice to keep silence, and the old sinner had not the of the Court of Parliament, as well as of the Court of the smallest doubt concerning her own firmness.

Châtelet — were sent back on the instant, with full powers On Monday, August the 1st, the court reassembled. to decide as to the validity of the appeal. So quickly was There were present six members, two of whom had not all this done, that the examination was resumed and carried appeared at the former sitting. This time l'Estallée was through the remainder of the stage that same day. Clearly produced for examination, and with her several dumb but old French law had not yet put on those tedious forms of rather dangerous witnesses, consisting of one or two dried which Hamlet complains so bitterly. herbs, a piece of moss, and a lock of hair, which had been Her appeal being disallowed, Marion was placed on the found in her box. She, too, was required to give an ac- rack — but no further confession could be drawn from her. count of her former life in the first instance. The moss, She was then removed, and Margot was brought up from she stated, had been given her as a souvenir by a former the Grieche, and tortured for the third time. The old paramour, an English squire, who had gathered it with his tavern-keeper, however, proved no more yielding than own hands by the brink of a well where, according to tra- heretofore, and the court adjourned. dition, a virgin had been beheaded. It was supposed to The next day l’Estallée was ordered to be questioned contain certain mystic virtues, and in return therefor she by water. This torture was much the same in 1390 as had given the squire a lock of her hair, for wbich scarcely when it was witnessed by Evelyn, in the same place, in as much could be said. One would have thought that such 1651. Here, according to the diarist of Say's Court, the a token was hardly of the kind to pass between people like wrists of the malefactor were bound with a strong rope, or these; but such were the good old times.

small cable, to an iron ring in the wall, about four feet Concerning Hainsellin, l'Estallée was sufficiently diffuse. from the floor. Then his feet were fastened with another She declared without the smallest reserve, or regard for cable "about five foot farther than his utmost length, to womanly or legal decorum, and to the very beards of those another ring on the floor of the room. Thus suspended, “ most potent, grave, and reverend signiors," that she had yet lying but aslant, they slid an horse of wood under the loved, still loved, and would continue to love him better rope that bound his feet, which so exceedingly stiffened it, than any man in the world, and, as she added with vehe- as served the fellow's joints in miserable sort, drawing ment passion, “better than any man that ever could be him out at length in an extraordinary manner, he having born into the world.” The tuft of hair was his. Once on

only a pair of linen drawers on his naked body. Then a time when he was leaving her, as she thought, far too they questioned, which not confessing, they put a higher soon, she tried to arrest him in a playful way. She seized horse under the rope, to increase the torture and extension. his hood by one of the corners : he pulled against her, and In this agony, confessing nothing, the executioner with a thus the thing was torn off, and with it these hairs. He horn - just such as they drench horses with stuck the escaped for the time; but she wrapped up the hairs in the end of it into his mouth, and poured the quantity of two fragment of red cloth, and put the packet away among the buckets of water down his throat and over him, which so things which she valued most.

prodigiously swelled him, as would have pitied and afShe denied that she had ever gathered any herbs for frighted any one to see. . . It represented to me the magical purposes, or that she had ever uttered a threat intolerable sufferings which our Blessed Saviour must concerning Hainsellin. She admitted that his marriage needs undergo when His body was hanging with all its had grieved her exceedingly, more, far more, than any weight upon the Cross.” The torture thus faithfully dething that had ever before befallen her. And she admitted scribed was so terrible that few ever endured it beyond having said that he would have reason to rue the day - the first stage, and so it happened in this instance. Before not as a threat, but because she knew full well that never, a single drop of water could be poured upon her Marion never more would he find any woman in this world to sac

was vanquished by her sufferings, and entreated to be rifice herself for him as she had done. This was all that released, promising to tell all. Her desire was complied she had to say, and she was sent back to her cell,

with. “ Then," writes the greffier, with nauseous affecta

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tion of mildness, “ without the slightest constraint of the her promise respecting the garlands, renewed the oaths to gehenne,” – the appropriate name by which judicial tor- secrecy of the unhappy ribald, and imposed another to the ture was known, is she confessed all that she had ever effect that she would bring as many customers as she could practised of philtre or witchcraft.”

to the tavern. Then she whispered that the garlands Four months, or thereabouts, before, she and Marion la would be ready on the Sunday, when Marion would receive Dayme, a Fleming, and a daughter of sin like herself

, them, along with ample directions for their use. " being together drinking and discoursing of their lovers," Here, as often in the course of this report, the dull, dry she, l'Estallée, held forth in praise of Hain sellin as the greffier becomes a most attractive story-teller. It is unindearest, tenderest, most lovable sweetheart in the world. tentionally indeed; he merely gives the more important La Dayme was equally warm in eulogizing one Jehan de items of the evidence in the usual matter-of-fact style of Savoy, who held the honorable post of tailor to the such people. But the details, like all those into which Duchess of Touraine. As thus they conversed, the Flem- human feeling enters deeply, possess an interest of their ing communicated a secret whereby a lover might be made own which needs no aid from the artifices of style. more loving. The greffier has given it at full length, and The confession went on to relate how on the morning like other such secrets it is perfectly vile and disgusting. of the Sunday, when her amie was to wed, Marion rose But l'Estallée was a daughter of sin, and besides infatuated early; how, sitting sadly by her lattice, she saw Hainto insanity with Hainsellin. She therefore put it immedi- sellin pass, and saluted him; how, when the marriage ately in practice, though with the utmost fairness, since hour drew nigh, she felt constrained to go and witness the she applied it to herself also. Thus she gave good proof procession on its way to church; how she followed it of the excess of passion that possessed her — by desiring thither, and remained, with what feeling we shall not to render it still more excessive. The utter worthlessness attempt to guess, until the ceremony was over ; how, of the stuff was soon apparent. In a day or two it came when it was over, she stepped forward before the company, to her knowledge that Hainsellin was affianced to another; with that stoicism which intensest passion can so strangely and worse still, that the wedding-day was at hand. Then assume, and saluted the pair, “ bien et doucement; how she bastened to la Barre — the prime confidante of this, afterwards she accompanied the party back to the hostelry the amour of her life — in a state of frenzy. The bag of Alençon, where it was to spend the day in revelry; attempted to soothe her with old saws, dwelling especially and how, quitting it at the door of the hostelry, she reon one which said that no good ever came of a marriage turned to her lonely chamber. between two ribalds, from which it would seem that To Marion that day was emphatically the day of darkHainsellin had promised to wed his amie. As usual, wise ness which, according to Old-World superstition, everybody saw failed to curb wild passion, and the tavern-keeper was is compelled to undergo at least once in life; a miserable compelled to resort to another device. Binding the furious day, a terrible day, a day of impotent fury, hopeless sorrow, woman by oath on oath never to breathe a syllable of and withering remorse, every one of whose incidents burns the secret about to be disclosed, she whispered that she its impression deep into the memory: was well acquainted with an art greatly dreaded in those In her chamber l’Estallée remained for hours, broodstrange times. She went on to mutter that she was willing ing over guilty woes, and writhing under the lashes of the to exercise it in Marion's favor, somewhat in pity, but more Furies. There, in the very focus of human suffering, she in friendship, and, as it proved, a little for reward. Be- sat, the realization of the picture so powerfully painted in fore, however, proceeding to such an extremity, Margot the “ Giaour" : advised her client to try a mode of recalling truant lovers

Darkness above, despair beneath, to their allegiance, which, as she asseverated, she had

Around her flame, within her death. never known to fail. It consisted of a powder, absurdly composed, part of which was to be mixed with wine, and “ Two hours after midday ” she bethought her of the part wrapt up in a down pillow. Of the wine the lovers promise of la Barre, and hurried to the Rue Froidmantel, were to partake. As to the pillow, it was to be reserved where she conducted herself as one possessed, wringing for Hainsellin's use alone, for the touch of a female cheek her bands, gesturing wildly, rending her hair and her garwould quite dispel its virtues. L'Estallée observed the ments, and sending forth fierce complaints which were not directions very exactly. And Hainsellin gave her full altogether without foundation. From the evidence it opportunity : for, with utterable meanness, this consum- appears that Hainsellin dealt with her as such scoundrels mate sneak kept up his acquaintance with the ribald to deal with such women. He had used her money as unthe very last. But,” sighed the impassioned girl, “this scrupulously as her affections. He was even indebted to philtre proved as useless as the other. I saw very clearly her for his life. In a dangerous illness, wherein he had no that Hainsellin loved just as ever, and not a particle more one else to look to and no other shelter for his head, she fondly."

had conveyed him to her lodging and nursed him herself Then l'Estallée went on to speak of the wreath carefully and tenderly back to health. Poor l’Estallée ! rather wreaths, for there had been two. Visiting the wicked she was, and immoral in the extreme, but still market on the eve of St. John to purchase some roses thoroughly devoted and self-sacrificing, excellent in that d'oultre mer, and some other flowers, “wherewith to deco- which makes the most excellent quality of woman; who rate her person, as was the custom of young women at that does not pity her ? season,” she bought, among the rest, a bunch of that weed Having subsided into something like composure, Marion of dark repute, shepherd's-purse. On her return from the was again sworn to secrecy by the beldame, and the garmarket sbe called, as usual, at the tavern. Then Margot lands were produced. Holding them in her left hand," observed the shepherd's-purse, and said that, by its means, narrated the unfortunate, “she crossed them with her she could work in such form as should cause Hainsellin to right, while she muttered over them some words too low abandon the wife he was about to wed, and return to for me to hear. Then she handed them to me with these Marion. The weed we need hardly say at once changed directions : 'Go to the hostelry where the marriage feast hands, and a bargain was struck. The beldame promised is held, and when you see the married couple join in the to weave the shepherd's-purse into two garlands, one for dance, make some excuse - such as stooping to tie your the bridegroom and the other for the bride, which would shoe, or to pick up something you have dropped — which certainly effect the purpose which l’Estallée had so much will enable you to place the garlands in their way without at heart.

exciting attention. If you so manage that they shall tread At last arrived the week preceding Hainsellin's wedding. upon them, I promise you that your wish shall be accomIt was fixed for the Sunday, and on the Thursday or plished.” Friday before, she could not well remember which, Marion Here, as Marion asserted, she was seized with a scruple. called on her friend. Margot bade her hope on, repeated | She, whose life was one round of mortal sin, actually 1 "Peu de gents ont espouse des amies, qui ne s'en soyent repentis."

shrank from imperilling her precious soul by following the Montaigne.

instructions of the ogress. That the scruple was real we


a true

do not doubt; over and over again have we witnessed the on condition that you plague Hainsellin and his wife in like. But when Margot answered her that the garlands such a way that Marion shall have full reparation for the were, and would remain, perfectly harmless to every one wrongs they have done her.' Then the enemy departed, but the bridegroom and the bride, her scruples evaporated, bearing with him the little garland. I saw him Ay out and she consented to go through with the sorcery.

through a window that was open in the chamber, with a Concealing the things beneath her dress, Marion hast- noise like a whirlwind, and I was much afraid.” ened to the festive scene. There she found the company Being questioned still further of the invocation of fiends, footing it with plebeian vigor. And there, thanks to the - a matter concerning which the judges displayed an exeasy manners of the period, she found no difficulty in join- | tremely puerile curiosity, — she replied by relating a ciring the dance, having a partner whom the greffier has cumstance which had occurred some twenty-four years benot forgotten to describe with excruciating precision as fore. “Being in the fields under Montmartre, with a one-eyed Thomas, a familiar servant of the Duke of Tou- daughter of sin like myself, we began to tell of our lovers. raine. And here we must pause to protest against that Then this girl, who was a Fleming, but whose name I have habit peculiar to the law, which will persist in taking ad- forgotten, taught me how to invoke the devil. And then vantage of the trial of a thorough-paced scoundrel, to con- and there did I invoke him as she instructed, crying out, sign to immortality all the more unpleasant peculiarities of • Devil, guard and aid me and my lover (whom I named), respectable people.

so that he may never love any but myself'!' When I bad In the course of the evening, Marion managed to deposit spoken, somebody, whom I could not see, replied, and in her garlands. Having no further business there, she went my terror I ran and hid myself in a little hut that we had home to supper; and after supper she hastened to the tav- constructed with turf and brambles." ern to report progress, and be again assured of success. Concerning the Satanic portion of the old tavern-keeper's

The Monday and Tuesday following “the unfortunate” confession, it is but right to remark that her judges had spent in an excursion to Monmartre. There some gossip evidently made up their minds that something of the kind respecting the newly married led her to think that the must have occurred, and that they were as evidently despell had failed. She returned, therefore, to Paris ex- termined to tear that something from her lips, even though ceedingly downcast, to be reassured by a report.

they should rack her asunder in the process. The victim one, as it happened — that bride and bridegroom were ill, of her own cunning and sordidness saw clearly that her the latter alarmingly. This, with the addition of a conver- fate was decided, and, to preserve her wretched limbs from sation in which the ogress continued to laud her nostrums unnecessary suffering, she concocted the stories whose outand to encourage the hopes of her dupe, was the end of this lines we have given. unparalleled confession.

On Sunday, Margot was reëxamined alone; and on Margot was confronted with Marion, whose depositions Monday, in company with Marion. She was found to adwere read over to her. To everything contained therein here steadily to her confession; nor did her companion rethe crone gave the most unqualified contradiction. “And call aught that she had said. saying and affirming upon her oath that the deponent had Finally, on Thursday, the 9th of August, the pair were lied most maliciously and foully, she challenged the said brought up for judgment. The court was a full one, numMarion to single combat, and threw down her gage."

bering full twenty members. They were unanimous in Here it may be remarked that the peculiar form of trial condemning la Barre to be exposed in the pillory, and then termed by battle was then in full swing. Not quite four burned as a witch. With respect to l’Estallée, there was years before, all Paris had witnessed the celebrated duel a difference of opinion. Five of her judges would fain have between Carouge and Legris; and though it was usual for substituted banishment for the fatal penalty; but, as three women who challenged, or accepted challenge, to appear in fourths of the assembled sages voted for death, the mercithe lists by deputy, they were at full liberty, as many in- ful intentions of the minority were frustrated. The senstances show, to refuse championship, and do battle in tence was executed on the instant. Years had yet to person.

elapse before the exertions of a great penitent, who in his In this instance the duel was at once refused. Then day had been a mighty sinner, Pierre Craon, could succeed Margot attempted to prove an alibi with respect to the in procuring for criminals condemned to death the solace events which told most heavily against her, but managed offered by religion. The two, therefore, were hurried from merely to elicit further proof thereof. This, however, was the judgment-hall to the pillory, and thence to the stake not yet considered convincing; and, to procure what was and their long account, needed, it was determined to torture both the prisoners

Unhouseled, unanointed, unaneled : once more. They began with Marion, who adhered to her

No reckoning made, last confession. She, therefore, was soon released from the

With all their imperfections on their head. rack, which closed the proceedings for that day.

On Saturday the prisoners were reexamined. Marion As to Hainsellin Planete, who repaid the sacrifices and confirmed her confession, and attributed her early denials rid himself of the importunities of a devoted mistress by to the oaths which the ogress had induced her to take, and doing her to death, no further mention is made of him. also to the persuasions of the latter during their confinement together. She added that her tortured and weakened limbs had given her good cause to regret her obstinacy. Margot was now ordered to be questioned by water; and

HUXLEY'S ADDRESS here, like her predecessor, she gave way before a single BEFORE THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION AT BELFAST (TUESdrop of the fluid could be employed. Her confession was

DAY, AUGUST 25, 1874). as ample as could be desired; it was in great part a recapitulation of that of l'Estallée. What was new therein re- I SHALL go no further back than the seventeenth cenferred exclusively to matters of sorcery, and ran as follows: tury, and the observations which I shall have to offer you When about to deliver the garland to Marion, she de- will be confined almost entirely to the biological science of scribed herself as calling up the demon in these words: the time between the middle of the seventeenth and middle

Enemy, I conjure thee, in the name of the Father, and of of the eighteenth centuries. I propose to show what great the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, that thou come hither to ideas in biological science took their origin at that time, in

Then,” said she, “I made a third and smaller what manner the speculations then originated have been garland, which I threw on a bench behind me. Immedi- developed, and in what relation they stand to what is now ately afterwards, when I was about to cross the larger gar- understood to be the body of scientific biological truth. land, I saw, at my elbow, an enemy of the form and fash- The middle of the sixteenth century is one of the great ion of the enemies who appear in the passion plays, with epochs of biological science. It was at that time that an the exception that this one had no horns. He asked what idea arose that vital phenomena, like all other phenomena I wanted with him. I replied, 'I give you yonder garland of the physical world, are capable of mechanical explana

me !"

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