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bonnet quiver: and then there were a few further inter- | asleep or awake, she did so to the play of the great changes of volleys in the shape of questions and answers
fountain in the inner court, and in airs laden with mel. of the most civil description, and the ladies shook hands
ody, warmth, and fragrance. The problems of destiny, and parted. Rose had been struck dumb altogether by the dialogue, in which, trembling and speechless, she had
the struggles of daily outer life, the pursuit of knowltaken no part. When they had gone on for a few yards in
edge, are as unknown to the Creole woman as to her silence, she broke down in her effort at self-restraint.
infant child. Even the inevitable sorrows of human " Mamma, what does she mean?"
existence are softened to her, as they are to but few “Oh, Rose, do not drive me wild with your folly !" said of her sisters. Mrs. Damerel. “What could she mean but one thing? If In her own home Circe Sutherland's life and devel. you think for one moment, you will have no difficulty in
opment were but those of the many. Her marriage at understanding what she means.”
sixteen wrought no change in her lot. It was the (To be continued.)
union of an old name and a great estate, rather than of a girl and boy who knew little of each other, and
cared less. Circe was to have the estate, and Duncan HIS TWO WIVES."
Sutherland had the name, which her father wished her
to carry through life unchanged. BY MARY CLEMMER AMES.
It was a brief marriage. At eighteen Circe SutherCHAPTER XV. – CIRCE SUTHERLAND. — OLD WASH
land was a widow and an orphan, with life, the world, INGTON.
and a fortune before her. Pretty but unformed at six
teen, at eighteen it was but the dawn of that transcenCYRIL King's personal opinion of Circe Sutherland
dant loveliness of person which afterwards made her was correct, but Agnes' moral estimate of her was still snare and her fame. Her fortune, vested in p-rpetual more acutely accurate. Each looked upon her and
funds, and in the care of trustees, yielded her a great judged her from such opposite angles of vision that
revenue ; and by a provision of her father's will, his neither could perceive in her spiritually what the other sister, her Aunt Jessie, was made her companion and saw.
personal guardian as long as she remained unmarried. She certainly was not one of an average type in the Marriage was not in the programme which she made society in which she now found herself. It pleased mentally for herself, in her dreams uuder the magnolia her to recognize in herself an object unusual amid the trees by the fountain in the inner court of the old house special human developments which surrounded her. Nevertheless she was the purely natural flower and When she left the convent at fifteen, she accompafruit of the race and life out of which she was born. nied her father to Europe, where she met for the first Iuto the restless, dazzling atmosphere of a Northern time her large-jawed, high-cheek-boned cousin Duncan. metropolis she brought the languor, the repose, the Scotland was not her native air ; she shuddered and softness of the far South. But she brought something shivered till she got away from it. Still there flowed more. Brain currents from the strong, harsh, meta- in her veins some of the blood which coursed through physical race of the North, — her father's race, — mod- the pulses of one enchanting ancestress, whose beauty ified by temperament, climate, education, by the pre- and whose wiles made her famous even at the court of ponderance of a softer and more sensuous race in her
suous race in her | Louis the Grand. Another race, another climate, a veins, nevertheless made themselves perpetually and freer age, had given a delicacy, a softness, a subtlety, to unmistakably felt in the action of her clear and subile i the descendant's beauty, which the ancestress had not. brain. All a Creole in teinperament and tastes, she
in teinperament and tastes, she She was all that the earlier Circe was, but more. The was anything but a Creole in absolute thought-power. l primeval elements of each nature were the same. She Because she thought and comprehended so powerfully came to France as to her home. Was it not the birthwhat she desired and enjoyed was the central reason, place and cradle of her mother's race, the sanctuary why she enjoyed so much and so keenly, and on her of their dust ? Paris only repeated for her, on a much own plane possessed such power to create and to in ampler and more æsthetic scale, the life that had been crease the enjoyments of others.
hers from birth - the French life of her French mother. When had she lived for anything but self-indulgence? | She left it with regret and yearning, and the first imNever. Indulgence, satisfaction in beauty, music, art, pulse of her delicious freedom was to go back to it. luxury, conquest, — had not these been to her as to her mother, and to many mothers before her, at once the ! The five years spent in Paris, and in the capitals and aim and fulfillment of existence ? Her father's blood | art-centres of the Continent, were the educators of Circe had added only strength and zest to these qualities, in Sutherland. They shaped her culture and crystallized the primal directions. Her childhood and first youth her character. These years were one long pursuit had been one unbroken dream of pleasure. In the l of pleasure ; but of pleasure in its lower forms never. imperial summer life on the great plantation, in the Her study of music under the best masters would have winter life in the southern capital wherein she was | been labor, had it not been, beside, an inspiration and born, she knew naught but the ministry of slaves, the a passion. It is an exacting art, and in its absorption felicity of being idolized, the pursuits and fulfilment of her time and thoughts, Circe Sutherland escaped of pleasure through all the infinite forms which great
n great | many temptations and not a few snares. For wherever wealth lavishes on its possessors.
she appeared she created the personal sensation which The events of her days were the siesta, the bath, the
a woman so young, beautiful, gifted, rich, and unwedded, toilette, the evening drive, the theatre, the opera, music,
was sure to win. poetry, and fiction. Her maid dressed her, served her
She was tempting as an apple of the Hesperides to faintest wish, read to her; and when she dreamed,
that large class of men in Europe to whom pleasure is a
| life-pursuit, and gallantry a fine art. To them, “ Aunt 1 Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1874, by 11. 0. looga.
TON & Co., in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. " | Jessie " did not seem to be a very dangerous dragon.
But more than one lived to find himself the slave of an this potent inagnet. She soon drew to herself a enchantress whose infantile mouth and child-voice made coterie larger and more concentrated than had ever him sure in the beginning that he was to be her master. surrounded her in a European capital, for the reason A master was something which in this life Circe Suth- that there her sovereignty was divided. Not an Amererland was never to find. She might surrender to a ican by race or culture, she found herself a more unique degree; how often that face seemed to say that she did and engrossing figure in the new metropolis than she so wholly; but far down in her being, unmoved, was the could ever be amid the cultivated ranks of the Old will which from first to last held her in all ultimates | World. She found here what she missed and sighed wholly her own. It was the most potent force in her, for in vain there – absolute reverence for womanhood this passion for freedom, this will that would not brook for its own sake. restraint, that defied coercion. This dominating trait, “I prefer the European women of rank to the Amer-veiled as it was from sight by the most feminine soft | ican women as a rule,” she said, “but no man on earth ness, was the central spring of her thought and action. can compare with the American gentlemen. The EuIt forced her beyond the pale of the mother church, ropean is gallant, chivalric sometimes; the American whose primal law is obedience. It forced her mentally is chivalric often, reverent always."
and spiritually out to drift upon the shoreless seas The liomage that was hers held her in a land which c of speculative philosophy and free thought, whose vic- she often sighed over as “very crude." tims, once out, so rarely ever again cast anchor.
“ This rush and din, this graceless hurry, is enough She knew no God but nature—not nature in the to kill one,” she would cry. “Oh for an hour at the divinity of her Edenic forms of beauty, but nature in conservatoire, for one evening in Venice, for one day the human ; in its instincts, its impulses, its yearnings, at the Louvre, for a morning at Versailles, with the its pleasures. Her God was her own desires. Fortu- / fountains playing! If I could have Europe, and with
nately for her these were not erratic nor prone to wild it all that is mine here, then life would be perfect. - excesses. Had they been, she must have landed in That is impossible, and I must take my choice. Shall
Tophet long before. Passion was pain, therefore her it be the perfection of music, of ideal forms, of dead intention was never to suffer from passion if she could | art; or life, love, power ? There I live, here I reign. help it. It had been perfectly easy for her to help it Here I have a kingdom, small, maybe, but it is mine. - 30 far. She was 100 æsthetic, too subtly sensuous, to I stay." be easily satisfied with anything. She had met many She could endure crudeness, rudeness even, in art of the highest rank, of the fioest mental endowments | and in many of the manifestations of society, while the
and attainments ; she had accepted homage from many plastic material that waited her own artistic and trans- such. She had fancied herself in love with not a few. muting touch was the fresh, rich, unwrought mine of * But soon or late they had all wearied or offended her human character surrounding her. : mentally in some way, often in an undelinable one, By the merest accident the fateful hinges of life ever and slie came back to her own wilful and pleasure. seem to turn. Cyril King met Circe Sutherland for loving soul, more than ever the mistress of herself and the first time at the villa of her friend. Anywhere and of men.
under any conditions these two persons would have imHad she no heart? Oh, yes. But she had other pressed each other. In contrasting beauty one dazzled forces in her far stronger. She loved pleasure and the other. Each nature held elements of fascination for
power more than she could ever love a lover. Men are the other. The lack of one was the lack of both — the Li' the natural prey of such women, as women are the lack of conscience. Acute in every sensuous and mental
legitimate prey of such a man. Yet with a difference. | direction, in moral sensibility alone both were slow and Circe Sutherland was too kindly in impulse to deliber- lethargic. No matter what he did, here was one whose ately work ont another's woe, nevertheless this was matchless eyes would never question or judge him. more than likely to be the result when the more po- | Here was one who, basking in the splendor of his gifts, tent forces of her nature had play. Her very love of would never turn and stab him with the question, “Is it luxury and ease inade her prefer to see happy, satisfied right?” “Is it wrong." And oh, what would it not be people about her. She was very amiable and sereue to him, to any man living, the thrilling welcome of that in disposition when she was not crossed, and there were voice, the soft approval of that face, the seductive worship few indeed to cross her. Unlike most women of her of that lified glance and smile! type she was fond of women. She had never been A man of much stronger moral nature than Cyril reconciled at heart to being a woman herself, and it | King could not have failed to receive such impressions Was a feeling of half pity that made her kind to other from a manner such as Circe Sutherland's. It never women. In choosing, she would have chosen to in occurred to Cyril to silence or to repress them, as they Jure a man rather than a woman, but she had never sprung up in his thoughts. The cup of the gods was yet paused in pursuit of an end at the thought of in listed to his lips at last. Love, fattery, homaye, each juring anybody. It was her friendship for a woman after its kind had been his ; never before recognition, that brought her first to New York. The attraction inspiration, worship like this. Circe Sutherland smiled which she found herself to be in that friend's parlors upon all men till she tired of them ; but rarely in her was the cause of her establishing one of her own homes | life had she smiled upon any man as she smiled upon in the metropolis. The natural empire of such a woman | Cyril King. She was most fascinating because she 13 in Europe. But Circe Sutherland crossed the ocean herself was fascinated, and implied it to the full in voice,
the time when the seed scattered by philosophers of in glance, in manner, without one committed word. the Eastern Continent in the fallow Western soil had She was perfectly aware that no homage is so delicate, already sprung up and ripened into crude fruit. Of so subtle, so potent, as this which suggests everything
ese the Affinity Club was one. It needed a central without the limitation of a word. She knew nothing gure, a centripetal force to draw together and to blend of his personal life or associations when she met him dissonant forces. Circe Sutherland was this divinity, I first. When she learned them from the lips of her
friend on the great piazza overlooking the Sound, her thoroughfare for all its vehicles ; for the little rocking interest in him did not lessen, it deepened.
omnibus, the showy equipages of the government func“ Why should such a man be so enslaved and bound, | tionaries and foreign embassadors, for the one-mule forsooth! Shall he starve himself and do her no good ? | market cart from Maryland, and the great primeval cotNever,” said the queen of the Affinity Club, she whom ton-topped wagon from Virginia with its three horses, her worshippers called “the queen of the good, the, a slave astride the leader. There was room and to beautiful, and the true.”
spare on the grand avenue of the capital of the
United States for all these vehicles. They never ran The regenerated capital of the nation in which we into each other. rejoice to-day is not the one to which Cyril and Agnes
(To be continued.) came. They reached Washington before the transforming hand of a great organizer had touched and transfigured it. The dawning Paris that it is to-day, no lover of it ever dreamed that it could be then. For
FAR FROM THE MADDING CROWD. he whose genius created and shaped it for its far-off and resplendent future, Peter L'Enfant, already slept
CHAPTER XXVIII. THE HOLLOW AMID THE FERNS. in his forgotten grave. The sunny “circles” now set The hill opposite one end of Bathsheba's dwelling exlike emeralds in its broad transverse avenues, brave tended into an uncultivated tract of land, covered at this with flowers and fountains and happy children, then season with tall thickets of brake fern, plump and diaphawere mimic Sabaras, real indeed in the searing and nous from recent rapid growth, and radiant in hues of clear sifting qualities of their ever-flying sands. No seats and untainted green. set under Norway pines, and in the grateful shadow of At eight o'clock this midsummer evening, whilst the honeyed magnolias, then invited the wayfarer in Lafay.
bristling ball of gold in the west still swept the tips of the
ferns with its long, luxuriant rays, a soft brushing-by of ette Square. The grim image of Jefferson in front of
garments might have been heard among them, and Baththe White House had not then retired to the side sheba appeared in their midst, their soft, feathery arms grounds, to give place to the central fountain which caressing her up to her shoulders. She paused, turned, now pervades the fervid air with its saving coolness. went back over the hill and down again to her own door, The western side of the Treasury was not begun, the
whence she cast a farewell glance upon the spot she had white splendors of the new Navy and War Departments
just left, having resolved not to remain near the place after were not dreamed of, and the unwrought marbles of the great Capitol wings still lay untouched in their , shoulder of the rise. It disappeared on the other side.
She saw a dim spot of artificial red moving round the native quarries.
She waited one minute - two minutes - thought of The five-minute car with its one sacrificial horse had | Troy's disappointment at ber non-fulfilment of a promised not then saddened with ceaseless tug the silence of the engagement, tossed on her hat again, ran up the garden, streets. The same little struggling omoibus which clambered over the bank and followed the original direccarried John Randolph of Roanoke to and fro from tion. She was now literally trembling and panting at this Georgetown to the Capitol still made its tedious and
her temerity in such an errant undertaking; her breath tardy trips, — at special hours crammed to the driver's
came and went quickly, and her eyes shone with an in
frequent light. Yet go she must. She reached the verge seat with Congressmen. The stately metropolitan of a pit in the middle of the ferns. Troy stood in the botblocks now stretching out in every direction then had tom, looking up towards her. never appeared outside of the brain of Peter L'Enfant, 1 “I heard you rustling through the fern before I saw when he planned his new Paris of the future. Instead, | you,” he said, coming up and giving her his hand to help square stately mansions rose at intervals from Capitol
her down the slope. Hill to Georgetown Heights ; but their next neighbors
• The pit was a hemispherical concave, naturally formed, were very sure to be a hovel or a shop, excepting the
with a top diameter of about thirty feet, and shallow enough
to allow the sunshine to reach their heads. Standing in the historic houses which with their gardens made an un centre, the sky overhead was met by a circular horizon of broken cordon around Lafayette Square.
fern : this grew nearly to the bottom of the slope and then In the main it was a straggling city of magnificently abruptly ceased. The middle within the belt of verduer broad streets and avenues, and quaint, two-story, red
was floored with a thick flossy carpet of moss and grass brick houses with high, steep, one-sided steps, staring
intermingled, so yielding that the foot was half buried front-doored areas, and peaked dormer windows.
within it. Pennsylvania Avenue, majestic in breadth and length,
“Now," said Troy, producing the sword, which, as he stretching past its “ Treasury ” crowned Acropolis to
raised it into the sunlight, gleamed a sort of greeting, like
a living thing, “first, we have four right and four left its Capitolian Hill, was lined with these two and three cuts; four right and four left thrusts. Infantry cuts and story dormer-roofed houses devoted to combined homes guards are more interesting than ours, to my mind; but and shops. They were like the houses built in the they are not so swashing. They have seven cuts and colonial days of New York, which still do service in three thrusts. So much as a preliminary. Well, next, our the Jew quarter of the Bowery, and not at all like the
cut one is as if you were sowing your corn - so.” Bathstately buildings the world had a right to expect would
sheba saw a sort of rainbow, upside down in the air, and line the grand avenue of the capital of a great nation.
Troy's arm was still again. * Cut two, as if you were
hedging — 80. Three, as if you were reaping - so. Four, To Agnes they looked smaller and lower than the com as if you were threshing - in that way. Then the same pactly builded blocks of provincial Ulm.
on the left. The thrusts are these : one, two, three, four, The avenue was never crowded, not even when the right; one, two, three, four, left.” He repeated them. government departments poured out their tides of “ Have 'em again ?” he said. " One, twoworkers. There was always room and to spare on it
She hurriedly interrupted: “I'd rather not; though I for old men, women, and little children ; also for the
don't mind your twos and fours; but your ones and threes
are terrible ?” fine lady, the rushing representative, the stately senator,
senator, “Very well. I'll let you off the ones and threes. Next, the weary slave. Room and to spare on the great' cuts, points, and guards all together." Troy duly exbibit
them. “ Then there's pursuing practice, în this way." He | before she had moved or (spoken. “Wait: I'll do it for gave the movements as before. “There, those are the you." stereotyped forms. The infantry have two most diabolical | An arc of silver shone on her right side: the sword had upward cuts, which we are two humane to use. Like this descended. The lock dropped to the ground. -three, four."
“Bravely borne!” said Troy. “You didn't flinch a “How murderous and bloodthirsty !”
shade's thickness. Wonderful in a woman!” “ They are rather deathy. Now I'll be more interesting “ It was because I didn't expect it. Oh you have spoilt and let you see some loose play — giving all the cuts and my hairl” points, infantry and cavalry, quicker than lightning, and “ Only once more." as promiscuously — with just enough rule (to regulate in “No – no! I am afraid of you — indeed I am !” she stinct and yet not to fetter it. You are my antagonist, I cried. with this difference from real warfare, that I shall miss “I won't touch you at all — not even your hair. I am you every time by one hair's breadth, or perhaps two. only going to kill that caterpillar settling on you. Now: Mind you don't flinch, whatever you do."
still I" TI “I'll be sure not to!” she said invincibly.
It appeared that a caterpillar had come from the fern He pointed to about a yard in front of him.
and chosen the front of her boddice as his resting-place. Bathsbeba's adventurous spirit was beginning to find She saw the point glisten towards her bosom, and seemsome grains of relish in these highly novel proceedings. ingly enter it. Bathsheba closed her eyes in the full per# She took up her position as directed, facing Troy.
suasion that she was killed at last. However, feeling just ed! “ Now just to learn whether you have pluck enough to as usual, she opened them again.
let me do what I wish, I'll give you a preliminary test.” “ There it is – look !" said the sergeant, holding his # He flourished the sword by way of introduction number sword before her eyes.
two, and the next thing of which she was conscious was The caterpillar was spitted upon its point.
a gleam towards her left side, just above her hip; then of “Oh no— dexterity. I merely gave point to your Din their reappearance on her right side, emerging as it were bosom where the caterpillar was, and instead of running up from between her ribs, having apparently passed through | you through checked the extension a thousandth of an inch by her body. The third item of consciousness was that of short of your surface.” de seeing the same sword, perfectly clean and free from blood “But how could you chop off a curl of my hair with a 10 held vertically in Troy's hand (in the position technically sword that has no edge?”
called “recover swords"). All was as quick as electric “No edge! This sword will shave like a razor. Look ity.
here." "Oh!" she cried out in aflright, pressing her hand to He touched the palm of his hand with the blade, and met her side. “Have you run me through? - no, you have then, listing it, showed her a thin shaving of scarf-skin - not! Whatever bave you done!”
dangling therefrom. h “I have not touched you,” said Troy quietly. “It was “But you said before beginning that it was blunt and er mere sleight of hand. The sword passed behind you. couldn't cut me!”.
Now you are not afraid, are you? Because if you are I “ That was to get you to stand still, and so ensure your El can't perform. I give my word that I will not only not safety. The risk of injuring you through your moving was 13 hurt you, but not once touch you."
too great not to compel me to tell you an untruth to obviate “I don't think I am afraid. You are quite sure you s will not hurt me?”
She shuddered. “I have been within an inch of my life, " Quite sure."
and didn't know it!" qe “Is the sword very sharp ?”
“More precisely speaking, you have been within halt " Oh no — only stand as still as a statue. Now !"
an inch of being pared alive two hundred and ninety-five In an instant the atmosphere was transformed to Bath | times.” sheba's eyes. Beams of ligbt caught from the low sun's “Cruel, cruel, 'tis of you !”
rays, above, around, in front of her, well-nigh shut out “ You have been perfectly safe, nevertheless. My sword Fry earth and heaven - all emitted in the marvellous evolutions never errs.” And Troy returned the weapon to the scab
of Troy's reflecting blade, which seemed everywhere at once, bard. and yet nowhere specially. These circumambient gleams Bathsheba, overcome by a hundred tumultuous feelings were accompanied by a keen sibilation that was almost a resulting from the scene, abstractedly sat down on a tuft
whistling — also springing from all sides of her at once. of heather. im In short, she was enclosed in a firmament of light, and of " I must leave you now," said Troy softly. “And I'll
sharp bisses, resembling a sky-full of meteors close at venture to take and keep this in remembrance of you." hand.
She saw him stoop to the grass, pick up the winding Never since the broadsword became the national weapon lock which he had severed from her manifold tresses, twist had there been more dexterity shown in its management it round his fingers, unfasten a button in the breast of his than by the hands of Sergeant Troy, and never had he coat, and carefully put it inside. She felt powerless to been in such splendid temper for the performance as now | withstand or deny him. He was altogether too much in the evening sunshine among the ferns with Bathsheba. for her, and Bathsheba seemed as one who, facing a reIt may safely be asserted with respect to the closeness of viving wind, finds it to blow so strongly that it stops the his cuts, that had it been possible for the edge of the sword breath. to leave in the air a permanent substance wherever it flew He drew near and said, “I must be leaving you." He past, the space left untouched would have been a complete drew nearer still. A minute later and she saw his scarlet mould of Bathsheba's figure.
form disappear amid the ferny thicket, almost in a flash, Behind the luminous streams of this aurora militaris, she like a brand swiftly waved. could see the hue of Troy's sword-arm, spread in a scarlet | That minute's interval bad brought the blood beating haze over the space covered by its motions, like a twanged | into her face, set her stinging as if aflame to the very hol. bowstring, and behind all Troy himself, mostly facing her: lows of her feet, and enlarged emotion to a compass which sometimes, to show the rear cuts, half turned away, his quite swamped thought. It had brought upon her a stroke eye nevertheless always keenly measuring her breadth resulting, as did that of Moses in Horeb, in a liquid stream and outline, and his lips tightly closed in sustained effort. - here a stream of tears. She felt like one who has sinned Next, bis movements lapsed slower, and she could see them
see them a great sin. individually. The bissing of the sword had ceased, and he The circumstance had been the gentle dip of Troy's
mouth downwards upon her own. He had kissed her. " That outer loose lock of hair wants tidying," he said,
(To be continued.)
step which they are now urged to take, but who fancy that FEMALE SUFFRAGE.
they have no choice left them because the municipal fran
chise has already been conceded. The municipal franchise BY GOLDWIN SMITH.
was no doubt intended to be the thin end of the wedge.
Nevertheless there is a wide step between this and the Mr. Forsyth's bill for removing the Electoral Disabili. | national franchise; between allowing female influence to ties of Women, the second reading of wbich is at hand, prevail in the disposition of school rates, or other local has received less attention than the subject deserves. The rates, and allowing it to prevail in the supreme government Residuum was enfranchised for the sake of its vote by the of the country. To see that it is so, we have only to imleaders of a party which for a series of years had been de agine the foreign policy of England determined by the nouncing any extension of the suffrage, even to the most women, while that of other countries is determined by the intelligent artisans, on the ground that it would place politi men ; and this in the age of Bismarck. cal power in unfit hands. An analogous stroke of strategy, The writer of this paper himself once signed a petition it seems, is now meditated by the same tacticians in the for Female Household Suffrage got up by Mr. Mill. He case of Female Suffrage, the motion in favor of which is has always been for enlarging the number of active citizens brought forward by one of their supporters, and has already as much as possible, and widening the basis of government, received the adhesion of their chief. The very foundations in accordance with the maxim, which seems to him the of Society are touched when Party tampers with the rela eum of political philosophy, “That is the best form of gortions of the sexes.
ernment which doth most actuate and dispose all parts and In England the proposal at present is to give the suf members of the commonwealth to the common good." He frage only to unmarried women being householders. But had not, when he signed the petition, seen the public life the drawing of this hard-and-fast line is at the outset con of women in the United States. But he was led to recontested by the champions of Woman's Rights; and it seems sider what he had done, and prevented from going further, impossible that the distinction should be maintained. The by finding that the movement was received with mistrust lodger-franchise is evidently the vanishing point of the by some of the best and most sensible women of his acfeudal connection between political privilege and the pos. quaintance, who feared that their most valuable privileges, session of houses or land. The suffrage will become per and the deepest sources of their happiness, were being sonal in England, as it has elsewhere. If a property quali. jeopardized to gratify the political aspirations of a few of fication remains, it will be one embracing all kinds of prop. their sex. For the authority of Mr. Mill, in all cases where erty: money settled on a married woman for ber separate his judgment was unclouded, the writer felt and still frels use, as well as the house or lodgings occupied by a widow great respect. But since that time, Mr. Mill's autobiog. or a spinster. In the counties already, married women ' raphy has appeared, and has revealed the bistory of his have qualifications in the form of land settled to their sep extraordinary and alınost portentous education, the singuarate use; and the notion that a spinster in lodgings is lar circumstances of bis marriage, his ballucination (for it specially entitled to the suffrage as the head of a household, surely can be called nothing less) as to the unparallele : is one of those pieces of metaphysics in which the politi. genius of bis wife, and peculiarities of character and temcians who affect to scorn anything metaphysical are apt perament such as could not fail to prevent him from fully themselves unwarily to indulge. If the present motion is appreciating the power of influences which, whatever our carried, the votes of the female householders, with that
pbilosophy may say, reign and will continue to reign su. system of election pledges which is now enabling minorities, preme over questions of this kind. To him marriage was and even small minorities, to control national legislation, a union of two philosophers in the pursuit of truth; and will form the crowbar by which the next barrier will be in his work on the position and destiny of women, not only speedily forced.
does he scarcely think of children, but sex and its in* Marriage itself, as it raises the position of a woman in
fluences seem bardly to be present to his mind. Of the the eyes of all but the very radical section of the Woman's distinctive excellence and beauty of the female character it Rights party, could hardly be treated as politically penal. does not appear that he had formed any idea, though he And yet an Act conferring the suffrage on married women dilates on the special qualities of the female mind. would probably be the most momentous step that could be Mr. Mill has allowed us to see that his opinions as to the taken by any legislature, since it would declare the family political position of women were formed early in his life, not to be a political unit, and for the first time authorize a | probably before he had studied history rationally, perhaps wife, and make it in certain cases her duty as a citizen, to before the rational study of history had even come into exact publiclv in opposition to her husband. Those at least istence. The consequence, with all deference to his great who hold the family to be worth as much as the state will name be it said, is that his historical presentment of the think twice before ihey concur in such a change.
case is fundamentally unsound. He and his disciples rep. With the right of electing must ultimately go the resent the lot of tbe woman as having always been deterright of being elected. The contempt with which the can mined by the will of the man, who, according to them, has didature of Mrs. Victoria Woodhull for the Presidency was willed that she should be the slave, and that he should be received by some of the advocates of Female Suffrage in her master and her tyrant. “ Society, both in this (the America only showed that they had not considered the case of marriage) and other cases, has preferred to attain consequences of their own principles. Surely she who its object by foul rather than by fair means ; but this is gives the mandate is competent herself to carry it. Under the only case in which it has substantially persisted in che parliamentary system, whatever the forms and phrases
orms and phrases | them even to the present day.” This is Mr. Mill's fundamay be, the constituencies are "he supreme arbiters of the mental assumption; and from it, as every rational student national policy, and decide not only who shall be the leg- of history is now aware, conclusions utterly erroneous as islators, but what shall be the course of legislation. They | well as injurious to humanity must flow. The lot of the bave long virtually appointed the Ministers, and now they woman has not been determined by the will of the man, as appoint them actually. Twice the Government has been least in any considerable degree. The lot both of the man changed by a plebiscite, and on the second occasion the and of the woman has been determined from age to age by cire Budget was submitted to the constituencies as directly as cumstances over which the will of neither of them had much ever it was to the House of Commons. There may be control, and which neither could be blamed for accepting some repugnance, natural or traditional, to be overcome in
or failing to reverse. Mr. Mill, and those who with him admitting women to seats in Parliament; but there is also
assume that the man has always willed that he should himsome repugnance to be overcome in throwing them into the
self enjoy political rights, and that the woman should be turmoil of contested elections, in which, as soon as Female
as soon as Female his slave, forget that it is only in a few countries that man Suffrare is carried, some ladies will unquestionably claim does enjoy political rights; and that, even in those lew their part.
countries, freedom is the birth almost of yesterday. It may There are members of Parliament who shrink from the probably be said that the number of men who have really