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Progress" we have bis best self— as superior to his own became the teacher, not of any particular sect, but of the inferior self as to his contemporaries. It is one of the universal Church. peculiar delights of that charming volume that when we Secondly, this wonderful book, with all its freedom, is open it all questions of Conformity or Nonconformity, of never profane ; with all its devotion, is rarely fanatical: Baptists or Pædobaptists, even of Catholic and Protestant, with all its homeliness, is never vulgar. In other words, it are left far behind. It is one of the few books which acts is a work of pure art and true genius, and wherever there as a religious bond to the whole of English Christendom. are we mount at once into a freer and loftier air. Banyan It is, perhaps, with six others, and equally with any of was in this sense the Burns of England. On the tinker of those six, the book which, after the English Bible, has Bedfordshire, as on the plougbman of Ayrshire, the hearcontributed to the common religious culture of the Anglo- enly fire had been breathed which transformed the comSaxon race. It is one of the few books, perhaps almost mon clay, and made him a poet, a philosopher — may we the only English book, which has succeeded in identifying not say a gentleman and a nobleman in spite of himselt religious instruction with entertainment and amusement “ If you were to polish the style,” says Coleridge, “ you both of old and young. It is one of the few books which would destroy the reality of the vision." He dared (and has struck a chord which vibrates alike amongst the hum- it was, for one of his straitened school and scanty culture, blest peasants and amongst the most fastidious critics. an act of immense daring) to communicate his religious

Let us pause for an instant to reflect how great a boon teaching in the form of fiction, dream, poetry. It is one is conferred upon a nation by one such uniting element. of the most striking proofs of the superiority of literature How deeply extended is the power of sympathy, and the over polemics, of poetry over prose, as a messenger of force of argument, when the preacher or the teacher knows heavenly truth. “I have been better entertained and more that he can enforce his appeal by a name which, like that informed,” says Dean Swift, “ by a few pages of the • Pilof an apostle or evangelist, comes home as with canonical grim's Progress,' than by a long discourse on the will and weight to every one who hears him; by figures of speech the intellect." “I have,” says Arnold, “always been which need only to be touched in order to elicit an electric struck by its piety. I am now equally struck, and ever spark of understanding and satisfaction. And when we more, by its profound wisdom.” It might, perhaps, bave ask wherein this power consists, let me name three points. been thought that Bunyan, with his rough and imperfect

First, it is because the “ Pilgrim's Progress," as I have education, must have erred -- as it may be be has some already indicated, is entirely catholic — that is, universal times erred — in . defective appreciation of virtues and in its expressions and its thoughts. I do not mean to say – weaknesses not his own; but one prevailing characteristie it would be an exaggeration — that it contains no senti- of his work is the breadth and depth of his intellectual inments distasteful to this or that section of Christians, that sight. For the sincere tremors of poor Mrs. Muchafraid it has not a certain tinge of the Calvinist or the Puritan. he has as good a word of consolation as he has for the arBut what is remarkable is that this peculiar color is so very dent aspirations of Faithful and Hopeful. For the dog. slight. We know what was Bunyan's own passionate de- matic nonsense of Talkative he has a word of rebuke as sire on this point. “I would be,” he says, “as I hope I strong as he has for the gloomy dungeons of Doubting am, a Christian,' but as for those factious titles of Ana- Castle; and for the treasures of the past he has a feeling baptists, Independent, Presbyterian, or the like, I conclude as tender and as pervasive as if he had been brought up in that they come neither from Jerusalem nor Antioch, but the cloisters of Oxford or Westminster Abbey. from hell or Babylon.” It was this universal charity that When (if I may for a moment speak of myself) in early he expressed in his last sermon, “ Dost thou see a soul that youth I lighted on the passage where the Pilgrim is taken has the image of God in him ? Love him, love him. This to the House Beautiful to see the pedigree of the Ancient man and I must go to heaven one day. Love one another of Days, and the rarities and histories of that place, both and do good for one another.” It was this discriminating ancient and modern," I determined that if ever the time forbearance that he expressed in his account of the Inter- should arrive when I should become a professor of ecclesipreter's Garden. Behold,” he says,

the flowers are astical history, these should be the opening words in which diverse in stature, in quality, in color, in smell, and in vir- I would describe the treasures of that magnificent store tue; and some are better than some; also where the gar- house. Accordingly when, many years after, it so fell out, dener has set them there they stand and quarrel not with I could find no better mode of beginning my course at Ox one another." There is no compromise in his words, there ford than by redeeming that early pledge; and when the is no faltering in his convictions; but his love and admira- course came to an end, and I wished to draw a picture of tion are reserved on the whole for that which all good men the prospects yet reserved for the future of Christendom, 1 love, and his detestation on the whole is reserved for that found again that the best words I could supply were those which all good men detest. And if I may for a moment in which, on leaving the Beautiful House, Christian was enter into detail, even in the very forms of his narrative, shown in the distance the view of the Delectable Moudwe find something as universal as his doctrine. Protestant, tains, “ which, they said, would add to his comfort because Puritan, Calvinist as he was, yet he did not fear to take the they were nearer to the desired haven." What was my framework of his story and the figures of his drama, from own experience in one special branch of knowledge may the old mediæval church, and the illustrations in which also be the experience of many others. And for the nathe modern editions of his book abound give us the pilgrim tion at large, all who appreciate the difficult necessity of with his pilgrim's hat, the wayside crose, the crusading refining the atmosphere and cultivating the taste of the upknight with his red-cross shield, the winged angels at the educated and the half-educated, may be thankful that in Celestial Gate, as naturally and as gracefully as though it

this instance there is a well of English language and of had been a story from the “ Golden Legend," or from the Christian thought, pure and undefiled, at which the least favorite romance of his early boyhood, “ Sir Bevis of

instructed and the best instructed may alike come to Southampton.”. Such a combination of Protestant ideas quench their mental thirst, and to refresh their intellectual with Catholic forms had never been seen before, perhaps

labors. On no other occasion could such a rustic assemnever since; it is in itself a union of Christendom in the blage have been seen taking part in the glorification of a best sense, to which neither Catholic nor Protestant, nei- literary work as we have witnessed this day in Bedford. ther Churchman nor Nonconformist can possibly demur.

That is a true education of the people — an education The form, the substance, the tendency

of the "Pilgrim's which we know not perhaps whether to call denominaProgress" in these respects may be called latitudinarian; tional, or undenominational but which is truly national

, but it is a latitudinarianism which was an indispensable truly Christian, truly divine. condition for its influence throughout the world. By it, as

Lastly, there is the practical, homely, energetic insight has been well said by an admirable living authority learned

into the heart of man, and the spiritual needs of human in all the learning of the Nonconformists, John Bunyan nature, which make his picture of the Pilgrim's heaven

ward road a living drama, not a dead disquisition, a thing * Church of the Revolution, by the Rev. Dr. Stoughton, p 175. to be imitated, not merely to be read. Look at John Bun


an himself as he stands before you, whether in the de- Giordani. The advantage of the method consists in the eription of his own contemporaries or in the image now cast being effected in a single operation, no matter how oskilfully carved amongst you by the hand of the sculp- large the model, or how complicated in its forins. A Leda or. As surely as he walked your streets with his lofty, cast by this process is now being exhibited in Venice. talwart form,“ tall of stature, strong boned, with spark

An interesting Return to an Order of the House of Ing eyes, wearing his hair on his upper lip after the old British fashion, his bair reddish, but in his latter days to the Nation of the South Kensington Museum, including

Commons has been published, giving "the

aggregate Cost prinkled with gray, his nose well cut, bis mouth moderate Administration, Buildings, Maintenance, Objects for Exhiarge, his forehead something bigh, and his babit always bition in London, and Loan Collections for Country Cirilain and modest ;” as surely also as he was known culation, from the commencement of the Museum to the imongst bis neighbors as “ in countenance of a stern and end of the Financial Year, 1873–74,” and of “the Cost of hough temper, but in his conversation mild and affable, not all Purchases,” etc. The total cost of the Museum, ingiven to loquacity unless occasion required it, observing cluding as above, has been, according to this Return, in own eyes, and submitting himself to the judgment of mothe pounds

, 1,191,709. ters; abhorring lying and swearing, being just in all that M. Ehrart, a pupil of M. Reber (the composer and

lay in bis power to his word, not seeming to revenge inju- musical critic of the Journal des Débats), has gained the

ries, but loving to reconcile differences, and make friend Prix de Rome for musical composition at the competition azebip with all, with a sharp, quick eye, accomplished with

at the Conservatoire and the Institut. The decision of in excellent discern ing of person, being of good judgment the jury at the former was confirmed by the members of

and quick wit;” as surely as be so seemed when he was the Académie des Beaux-Arts. The professors on the * alive, as surely as he was one of yourselves, a “man of the jury were MM. Ainbroise Thomas, Reber, Bazin, Victor 4.7 people," as you heard at St. Peter's Green this morning, Massé, Félicien David, Massenet, and Vaucorbeil

. M. man of the people of England and the people of Bed- | Véronge de la Nux, pupil of M. Bazin, got the second bu x- ford – so surely is the pilgrimage which he described the prize, and another pupil of this composer, M. Wormser, de pilgrimage of every one amongst us, so surely are the com

obtained honorable mention. ve 2 binations of the neighbors, the friends, the enemies whom he on of r saw in his dream the same as we see in our actual lives. Jules Japin, says:

The Paris correspondent of The Academy, speaking of ale to You and I, as well as he, have met with Mr. By-ends, and

Jules Janin leaves behind him abundant evidences of Lise Mr. Facing-both-ways, and Mr. Talkative. Some of us 7 Hai perhaps, may have seen Mr. Nogood and Mr. Liveloose, “ L'Ane Mort,” “ Barnave,« La Confession,” and “Gai

his industry, and versatility. Few of his works, save betur : Mr. Hatelight and Mr. Implacable. All of us have at Eti Frtimes been like Mr. Ready-to-balt

, Mr. Feeblemind, and essentially a feuilletoniste ; he could connect nothing, fill no

etés Champêtres," have become at all popular. Janin was Faintheart and Noheart, and Slowpace, and Shortwind, broader frame than those few columns of the Débats. After CURS and Sleepyhead, and “the young woman whose name was sheba Dall.” All of us need to be cheered by the help of Great eight volumes signed by him are, “Un Caur pour Deux

the works above named, the best known among the fiftyteen in heart, and Standfast, and Valiant for the Truth, and good Amours, “ Le Prince Royal,

,” “Un Hiver à Paris," “ L'Été old Honest. Some of us have been in Doubting Castle, à Paris," « Clarisse Harlowe," " La Religieuse de Toulouse,”

some in the Slough of Despond; some have experienced and a translation of Horace, which was his labor of love. de Picii the temptations of Vanity Fair; all of us have to climb

More than a year ago the intellect that found rest in it was Tee el D. the Hill Difficulty; all of us need to be instructed by of the the Interpreter in the House Beautiful ; all of us bear the against which Janin had been battling for the last fifteen

to all intents and purposes extinct. A monstrous obesity, at if he same burden; all of us need the same armor in our fight with Apollyon; all of us have to pass through the wicket last published work is “ Paris et Versailles il y a Cent

years, appears to have stifled his faculties one by one. His pate; all of us have to pass through the dark river; and

Ans," which followed at a year's interval some uninteresting for all of us (if God so will) there wait the Shining sketches of the provinces after the war.

I believe that a Ones at the gates of the Celestial City, " which, when we

considerable portion of the memoir on which the critic was of course see, we wish ourselves amongst them.”

engaged had been saved from the auto da fé he made of all his manuscripts some eight months ago. A collection of his chief dramatic criticisms has been published recently under the title “ Histoire de la Littérature Dramatique.”

In addition to these works, Janin is said to have written Mr. William Black's new story for the Cornhill will

more than a hundred notices and prefaces, and to have be called " Three Feathers." The title is derived from

been an active contributor to fourteen periodical publicathe scene, which is laid in North Cornwall.

Jules Janin wrote an extraordinary band. The char- The Pall Mall Gazette says: “It will be gratifying to acters were formed with some care, but bad not their like that insignificant class, the consumers of food, to learn any known alphabet. There were only two compositors from the report of the Select Committee appointed to inpa ibe Journal des Débats who could decipher them. When quire into the operation of the Adulteration of Food Act, be contributed to other papers he dictated to his wife. 1872, that robbery rather than murder is the prevailing

vice of the retail tradesman. “It will,' says the report, AMONG some books and MSS. shortly to be sold in London is a Rolled Manuscript of the Hebrew Pentateuch, ac

• afford some consolation to the public to know that in the quired a few years ago from a synagogue in Palestine. matter of adulteration they are cheated rather than poiThis manuscript was written in the twelfth century on

soned. Witnesses of the highest standing concur in statsixty skins of leather, and measures 120 feet in length by ing that, in the numerous articles of food and drink which I feet 2 inches in breadth.

they have analyzed, they have found scarcely anything ab

solutely injurious to health, and that if deleterious subThe exclusiveness of the Athenæum Club, which has

stances are occasionally employed for the purposes of adulbitberto refused to admit a Dissenting minister as a member , bas been broken through by the election of the Rev. Dr. comparatively harmless.' Consumers ought to be comforted

teration, they are used in such minute quantities as to be one of the leading London Congregationalists.

at these cheering words, unless, indeed, they read the eviDean Stanley is credited with being the prime mover in

dence given by Professor Redwood in a case which came opening the doors of the Athenæum to the reverend gen- before the magistrates at Kensington, a few days ago, when tleman.

a grocer was summoned for selling a canister of preserved A sew method of casting statues in bronze 18 reported green peas adulterated with copperas. These peas, he said, a having been discovered by a Venetian founder, named were manufactured in France for English consumption, as

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the French authorities would not allow them to be sold in Western Church circles, would, there can be little doubt, that country, so deleterious were they to human health; and produce shoals of pilgrims. in the opinion of the Professor the introduction of copperas The common belief that the late Marshal Concha wag into the canister of peas would be very injurious to health, an octogenarian appears to rest on an erroneous statement • especially if any one took them frequently and in large of the « Dictionnaire des Contemporains," which brings quantities. As the poor tradesmen do not really intend him into the world in time to bear arms in the great strug. to kill consumers, they should be worried as little as possi. gle of Spain against Napoleon. In reality the deceased ble, and death may almost always be avoided by only taking food in small quantities."

general was born, according to Spanish authorities, at

Buenos Ayres in 1808, and was therefore but sixty-six WHEN Captain Barclay, in 1809, walked one thousand years of age when he fell. His father was killed in ightmiles in one thousand consecutive hours, he was supposed

ing on the royal side against the insurgent Government at to have accomplished an almost miraculous feat of pedes

La Plata, and this procured the son a cadetship in the trianism; yet the same task, it is stated, has just been suc- Royal Guard at the early age of twelve. When the first cessfully performed by a young lady named Richards, at Carlist war broke out he was a subaltern of some standing Stapleton, near Bristol. When she began her long walk in the same corps, and early became distinguished for his on the 18th of June, an application was made to the magis. courage. Promotion came rapidly to those who deserved trates to interfere, but it was rejected on the ground that

it in the six stormy years that followed; and we find Manshe was a free agent ; and certainly it would give women

uel Concha winning his step as lieutenant-colonel by the some ground for just complaint if they were not permitted

capture of Uruieta at the point of the bayonet in 1836, to exercise their own discretion as to the amount of walking

and that of colonel soon afterwards by a similarly success exercise they feel inclined to take. Miss Richards, it is

ful open attack on the heights of Velascoin. Two years said, undertook the task in order that her father should later he became brigadier-general, and, commanding in win a wager of £50, and thus set a pleasing example of this capacity at the capture of the Carlist position at filial duty as well as of physical activity. The stakes on

Castelotte, was rewarded with the immediate brevet of Captain Barclay's match were of larger dimensions, amount- field-marshal, a rank he held for just thirty-four years. ing to £100,000, the captain himself having no less than

Soon after the war was over he was obliged to fly from £16,000 depending on it. Captain Barclay and Miss Rich- Spain on the failure of the first movement against Esparards are, however, not the only pedestrians who have per

tero's power, which he had done much to promote. This formed a similar feat; they were indeed both surpassed by was the sole political intrigue of his long life. But on the a man named Thomas Standen, of Salehurst, near Silver- second and more successful revolution against the then hill Barracks, who in July, 1811, for a trifling wager, fin- Regent, Concha arrived in time to command the insurgent ished a walk of eleven hundred miles in as many successive

army of Andalusia, and to drive his antagonist on board hours, walking one mile only in each hour. Mr. Standen the English ship Malabar, and he was afterwards employed had not even the advantage of youth on his side, for he in reducing Saragossa, which had remained faithful to the was sixty years of age when he took this constitutional, and cause of the ex-Regent. To him it fell also, two years proved himself an active if not a sensible old man. It may

later, to reduce the Catalonian insurrection, raised nomi. be as well for young ladies not to attempt to follow the nally against the law of conscription. In 1847 he was example set by Miss Richards without the approval of placed in command of the army of observation formed on their families and medical advisers. Girls are very imita- the Portuguese frontier, and, moving presently by orders tive, and there is reason to fear that thousands of them from Madrid into that kingdom, succeeded in reducing will now take to walking thousands of miles in thousands Oporto without bloodshed, contributing powerfully to the of hours without pausing to consider the effect on their con

settlement of the Portuguese civil war in favor of Donna stitutions.

Maria, from whom, and not from Spain, he received bis The attempt made last year to revive “ pilgrimages

title of Marquis of the Douro. Finally, he was a second has hardly met with the success which was anticipated by

time successful in Catalonia in 1851, when the province

was stirred up to rebellion by the last of the old Carlist the promoters of the movement. Some Americans, calling

faction. From that date he remained in a sort of retire themselves pilgrims, have made a pleasant excursion to

ment for more than twenty years. He was once summoned, Rome, and have been interchanging courtesies with the

indeed, by Isabella in her extremity; but she refused his Pope; but the pilgrimage season has been very dull this

plain counsel to part from her alleged paramour, and the year, and there seems little prospect of activity in this

Marshal thereon declined office. Nor did he take any line at present. This must be a disappointment to the

share in the recent revolution and war, till suddenly ap railway companies, who last summer saw a prospect of pointed to the command in which he found an honorable cheap pilgrimage trains, which bade fair to increase their

soldier's end. His career, in fact, was essentially a miliprofits and swell the list of railway casualties. Perhaps when the Pullman car system has been extended and more

a ry one from first to last. fully developed, pilgrims may again be tempted to undertake their pious excursions ; but it is evident that unless something is done to render pilgrimages cheap and com

WITH A WATER LILY. fortable, pilgrims will not, in justice to themselves and their families, consent to undergo hardships and perils which no respectable persons should be called upon to

See, my darling, what I bring

A white-winged blossom of the spring : endure, or incur expenses which render them liable to un

On the silent stream it lay, pleasant remarks at home on the score of extravagance.

Deep in dreams the live-long day. Even in the East, pilgrimages are now conducted in a comfortable and even luxurious fashion. For instance, the

Now, if thou wilt let it rest, sister of the Khan of Kashgaria, who made her way

Lying on thy loving breast, through Central Asia and reached the Bosphorus a few

Again its spreading leaves will hide months ago on a pilgrimage to Mecca, has now returned

Just as deep and still a tide. from the sacred places of the Hedjaz, via the Suez Canal,

Dangerous, dangerous, 't is to dream and is reposing at Constantinople before resuming her

By the deep lake's silent stream! journey to Eastern Turkestan. During her stay in that

Nixies hide within its bed, city she is, it is stated, treated as a guest of the Sultan,

With lilies floating overhead. and a fine konak in Stamboul has been placed at her disposal for herself and her suite. Pilgrimages conducted in

Dear, thine heart, too, is a stream this fashion would become popular anywhere, and such

Where 't is dangerous to dream: treatment as that of this Kashgar Princess by the Turkish

Nixies bide within its bed, Government is a stimulant of piety which, if adopted in

With lilies floating overhead.


proud of; but we can well leave pride to our children, EVERY SATURDAY: if we can only accomplish thoroughly this work of investiA JOURNAL OF CHOICE READING,

gation and expurgation. Our fathers were rather topPUBLISHED WEEKLY BY H. O. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY, heavy, carrying this big republic of ours, but we who are 219 WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON ;

struggling to keep it in place are less ecstatic over future NEW YORK : HURD AND HOUGHTON ;

visions. Quite enough for us if we bear our burden with Cambridge: The Riverside Press.

courage. Single Numbers, 10 cts. ; Monthly Parts, 60 cts.; Yearly Subscription, $5.00. There really was no place for a sincerely great, hopeful

literature under the old flag of Manifest Destiny, for literfor $8.00.

ature of the noblest sort is not braggart, and does not

derive its being from brag. It needs for its inspiration LITERATURE AND NATIONALITY.

not material prosperity, but the presence of noble purpose

and service. If the hope of a nation is in increasing its It is easy to laugh at the impending great American lovel or poem, but it is not easy to dismiss the ill-defined territory, literature will not be found in the advance guard eeling that the failure to produce some distinctive work forlorn hope. Hence it is, that a country which is humbly

of the army of occupation; it loves better a place in the of literature is a failure in the country to meet a legiti- and persistently seeking to purify itself, to exercise the aate demand.

"he error in thinking upon this subject lowly virtues of economy, honesty, and chastity, will jas been in the conception of national literature simply as

quickly find a place for the most aspiring literature. We comparative product; the charge brought against suc

look hopefully for men of letters whose literary ambition essful books by native authors, on this score, is commonly hat they are merely variations of an English school, and life ; who shall find history and politics the solid ground

shall be inseparable from a stout hold upon local, home lot entitled to stand as representative of American life

on which they build ; who shall give up dreams of living and thought except in some trivial, unessential particular.

abroad because the reality of life at home will be sweeter; The pictures of life here given by an American differ, it

who shall find their life and their neighbors' affording quite say be said, from the same given by a foreigner in noth

sufficient material for their social speculations; who shall ag save a certain familiarity on the part of the American,

let their poetry find American themes, not because they are ny which his description has a slight idiomatic character.

Americans, but because the white-throated sparrow singing Where are the broad marks, it is asked, by which Amer

in the border of the woods has been heard by them in the can literature may be recognized, not as a branch of

very heart of their home life, and they know the English English literature, but as distinct and indigenous ?

lark only by hearsay. In a word, as the country yields Just about the beginning of the war, when we almost

all the richness that springs from a sincere, resolute naraited for the opinions of the London press before taking

tional life, self-contained because not self-seeking, so will new step, and the uncomplimentary narrative of Dr.

the resultant literature be national before it is aware of it. Russell raised a whirlwind of dusty opprobrium about his jead, the late Henry T. Tuckerman edited a volume en

NOTES. itled “ America and her Commentators,” in which was

lisplayed the crass ignorance and supercilious air with The meeting of the Book Trade Convention at Put* which foreigners had been regarding us. But the most in-Bay, not ended at this writing, has plainly resulted in

painful commentary on this grievance was the authorship tangible results apart from the unquestioned advantage and publication of the book itself. Just see how wickedly

which must follow from free discussion. The convention the foreigners have treated us, we said in the book; and has distinctly affirmed that the practice by publishers the book itself said : just see how self-conscious and pain- of giving large discounts to privileged persons is an evil fully colonial we are.

to be abated. Many of the booksellers were dissatisfied Indeed, the publication of this book was in itself the with the limit imposed upon the publishers by the resolucause of much self-examination, and many were startled tion passed of twenty per cent. Some wanted it fixed at by having the national self-consciousness so disagreeably ten per cent., others at five, and one publisher took the predicated. There was a rapid change of sentiment, as ground that there was no justice in the publisher allowing will be remembered, as the war went on. English criti- a discount from the retail price to any one unless for the eism lost its power to irritate ; we even became good- purpose of selling again. But it was plain that the conBatured under it, and ashamed of some of our overgrown

vention would make no more radical change, and if the boyish complaints. It is within the memory of quite young publishers really keep to this maximum discount, they will men that this change has taken place; and we think we do something toward giving the retailer confidence in his are justified in saying that from the self-consciousness of business. national life, productive of nothing great, we have been - The retail price of books was discussed at the concompelled to grow by stern discipline into a condition of vention but without bringing any conclusion, so far as we life which is still rude and often ungovernable, but which

That price is fixed by the cost of production, carries with it the true consciousness of national being, - including author's copyright, the probable sale, and the a very different state from the consciousness which never rate of discount to given to dealers. It seems to us forgets itself. The secret of national strength of moral that this last element, which is very fluctuating, is really being agrees with that in persons. It is forgetfulness the important one to be fixed, and that a thorough reform of self , in devotion to a higher end beyond self.

would require that the reduction of discounts to persons No term was more significant of the old state of national outside of the trade should be accompanied by a reduction life than “Manifest Destiny," the very expression of self

to persons in the trade.

When that is done, the buyer consciousness. Now, we do not hear those words, but we of books will find the retail price lower. As a matter are aware of an anxious spirit of criticism bearing heavily of fact the experienced buyer always finds the retail price upon every evil in the commonwealth and nation. A a nominal one, but the persons to be protected are the committee of investigation

- that is not a thing to be inexperienced buyers, and it is moreover every way desir

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able that exactness of statement concerning prices should which impels the man to vote or contribute will receive a be reached, and people freed from the uneasy feeling that impulse from the act itself. they are being swindled when they pay the asking price - Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper gives a pictur for a book.

of grasshoppers ravaging a wheat-field in Minnesota. The The St. Louis Mercantile Library has published a

artist has succeeded in giving a fearful sense of the ferocity classified catalogue of its books, which is made upon a

of the grasshoppers. They attack the field with all the different plan from what usually obtains in library cata

dash of a cavalry troop, and indeed it is only the smal logues. A classification has been adopted which is quite

ness of the individual grasshopper that prevents it fra comprehensive and minute. The whole library is divided

being a monster; the action of the head and legs is indie

ative of tremendous strength and energy. The sculote into History, Philosophy, Poetry. HISTORY, which in. cludes Travel, is subdivided under eleven heads, one of

Kuntze once attempted to embody this idea in the fight

of Puck with a grasshopper. which is the inevitable Miscellaneous, and these eleven

How helpless one feels divisions are subdivided so that each embraces from two to

fore the small enemies of mankind, when they come eleven classes, the whole number of classes being seventy.

great multitudes ! It would not be hard to believe the PhilosoPHY is subdivided under twelve heads, the last

the Bishop of Hatto died of fright. Thoreau, in his “ Wa of which is Literature, and into eighty-four classes. But den,” describes a battle of ants which he witnessed, and Literature is regarded in its philosophical aspect, for

from which he withdrew at last with all the sickenin POETRY finally is arranged under Poetry Proper, Art, and

sensation of a man who has looked upon human carnage Prose Fiction. There is finally a curious appendix enti

A Minnesota settler who has suffered severely from their tled POLYGRAPHS, in which is collected the complete ravages, in writing to the Minneapolis Tribune, describe works of various authors, without regard, apparently, to

a throng of the locusts as resembling a huge snow clone

. often completely obliterating the sun. The whole work is then in

The lower insect any other common bond. dexed by authors' names, so that one who knows a book fly at a height of about forty feet from the ground, and

the others fill the air above as far as the eye can reach only by the name of an author, and might be uncertain whether it was animal, vegetable, or mineral, could yet

When they settle on a field of grain, every stalk is cori learn if it was in the library. We wonder if the conduct- ered, so that the entire field seems to have suddenly turned

brown. ors of the Journal of Speculative l’hilosophy did not lend

They do not eat the grain, but bite into the

tender stock and juicy kernel, and suck out the vital sap their aid. But classification, even if there are stubborn books that refuse to be classified, and triumphantly take leaving every particle of vegetation dead, so that within their place in Miscellaneous, is the true basis of a published day or two the entire crop becomes dry and withered. catalogue, as it is the basis of a library arrangement.

The Railroad Commissioners of Massachusetts have – Mr. Page, the portrait-painter, is to sail for Europe roads, and have recommended that they should be restricted

held a hearing on the subject of steam whistles on railshortly to examine the Kesselstadt mask, to find out for himself whether his theory of a scar over Shakespeare's of freight trains.

in use to cases of danger and the necessary management

A sensible conclusion, which only long brow be correct. There was a very interesting account of this mask and of other portraits and busts of Shakes- custom, and a certain traditionary horror of railway trains

at crossings, would lead any one to deny. It has apparpeare, in the July number of Scribner's Monthly. We wonder if a future historian of America would get much

ently been assumed that a railway train is a noiseless satisfaction as he sat before the current issues of®Harper's object that steals silently over its road, and needs to an

nounce itself in thickly settled communities by diabolic Weekly and Frank Leslie, and tried to make out how the

blasts of steam. We venture to assert that the whistle has members of the Columbia crew did look. We fancy he caused more runaway accidents and more nervous debility might form the theory that in one case they were gigantic than can be laid to the charge of railway crossings. If

, ten-pins hastily half-dressed for the artist's convenience.

now, the commissioners will bring about the reform of re - Mr. Richard S. Greenough writes to the Boston Ad- quiring all trains near cities to go underground or ofer vertiser upon the perplexing subject of securing artistic

viaducts above the streets, and to swallow their own smoke, excellence in public works of art. The difficulties in the life will begin to assume a more cheerful aspect. way are well known. Mr. Greenough suggests that the - Mr. Charles L. Brace gives in the New York Times commissioners having the matter in charge should invite an interesting account of the Poor Children's Villa on certain artists of reputation to compete with designs, pay- Staten Island, where a farm of seven acres has been leased ing a fixed and sufficient rate for all the designs ; besides for the purpose of giving a little country air and country this public notice to be given, so that any artist outside fare to the miserable children of the tenement houses. of those named may offer a design, not certainly to be Parties of between seventy and eighty children are taken paid for, but possibly to be selected. For he would have there each week and given the unspeakable delights of the the commissioners, all the designs being in, vote on them ; country. “ The success of this home,” he writes, “ sug. then artists should be requested to vote, and finally the gests what has occurred to many -- how great a benefacdesigns should be exhibited in public, and a general vote * Children's Country Hospital' would be. We of citizens taken. If the scheme thus outlined could be meet in the tenement houses with numbers of children, carried out it would probably in the first place disclose just recovering from all the various diseases of childhood the average taste of the community, and in the second the little convalescents from scarlet fever, diphtheria, place, if it proved popular, do much toward exciting as sles, whooping-cough, and other of these sad maladies

. well as recording public interest. The plan pursued by For them there is no proper air or food, and the health the trustees of the Art Museum in Boston, of enlisting the of the city is lowered by the meagre fare and foul air interest of all classes in the community, was of a similar supplied to these young invalids. It is inexpressibly sad character. Whatever serves to make the citizen feel that to see them trying to recover health and strength in such he has a personal interest in the

work of art is a positive dens of misery." He offers in behalf of the Children's help toward securing the best works of art; the interest Aid Society to receive funds for such an object.

tion a


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