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she bolds; that Judith, pale with the passion and the profession, the Universities publicly contended with each crime of her cruel night's work — most terrible of heroines, other for distinction in billiards. Within the houses of the with such exhaustion and excitement in her face as no one rich extravagance rose to a mania, yet was accompanied but Allori, of all her painters, bas ventured to put there; by a previously unknown thirst for gain. Every noble that Bella of Titian's painting, who has no name except became a tradesman. Rents were raised to the highest the Beautiful; that pathetic Mary of the Magnificat in | figure, and their preservation at that figure became such a Botticelli's famous picture, with her pitiful angels; and | desire, that the slightest event which menaced them — a many another which we have no space to note. But we strike, for example, among the laborers of a few villages — doubt whether one of all those pictured powers will pluck was treated as a public calamity; and while fortunes were at your memory so effectually as Romola; who dwells in | lavished on furniture, the money to rehouse the people Florence, a kind of tutelary patroness and goddess of the whose civilization had outgrown their dwellings was actgrave city. Such power of semi-deity is not in the hum ually asked from the state. All this while, Art scarcely bler and sweeter soul of the Venetian singer ; but when advanced, ennui did not decrease, the multitude of spend. you have come from the Titians, and those acres of splen thrifts were none the less sad. A strange form of weari. did courtly canvas on which Paolo has proved himself the ness — & weariness which was not satiety, yet prompted most magnificent of all decorators, you will see Consuelo men, like satiety, to nothing but imbecile repetition of the on the marble steps as you go back to your gondola - a same hunts for excitement, sometimes assuming almost gentle presence as abiding, if not so queenly or so great. lunatic forms — bad taken possession of the prosperous.
The millionnaire thought he enjoyed flowers because he filled a ball-room with them at an expense perceptible
even to him, and earth was ransacked for new things of LONDON SOCIETY IN 1874.
beauty, - but by traders, not the rich. The latter only
indolently bought. Alone among the intellectual faculties The pessimist view, whether as to politics or society, is curiosity became intensified, and the rich, tired of luxury probably in an immense majority of cases the erroneous as of politics, sought in efforts to search beyond the grave, siew. Englishmen are very fond of it, especially as re- | in half-contemptuous examinations of new doctrines, in a gards their own affairs, those of France, and those of gloomily languid study of science, the distraction which America, — that is, the affairs of the three countries they daily life could not afford. know best, or are most keenly interested in, — but their À worse feature yet is noted in this strange period. fondness is the result rather of a certain sombreness of Wealthy society has always been ennuyéd, and usually imagination than of intellectual conviction. They enjoy feeble in its efforts to get rid of ennui, but the mass of the prospect of public ruin as they enjoy day-dreams about mankind, bound to labor for its bread, has usually, since their individual prosperity. The public ruin does not Rome fell, looked on such efforts with a dislike sometimes, arrive, any more than the realization of the Alnascbar ||
| as in France, bitter to slaying; sometimes, as in Italy, dream, but the pessimist view nevertheless loses but little tolerantly forgiving ; sometimes, as in Germany and Engof its perennial attraction. It would be possible just now, land, stolidly apathetic. But in 1874, it seems almost cerfor instance, to draw a very sad-colored picture of the con- | tain that the masses liked and enjoyed the exhibitions of dition of society in London, - of all society, that is, not this rage for consuming time. If anything is certain, it is merely of “ Society” technically so called. The latter, certain that an unpopular ephemeral literature could not always more or less frivolous, bad in 1874, as the bistorian | circulate, and that a literature devoted in great part to the of the future may write, given itself with an almost insane verbal photographing of frivolities did circulate immensely:
avidity to the pursuit of an unattainable excitement. Not, that the most popular journals found it pay to record the - perhaps, so vicious as the society of the Regency, and cer- feats accomplished at polo, at cricket, at billiards, as they
tainly not so cynical, it was, nevertheless, much feebler | recorded events; to devote columns upon columns to the and less sanguine, more impressed with that weariness of merits of borses; to write elaborate descriptions of artifitime, that indifference to healthy interests, which have al cial skating-grounds and the movements performed upon ways been the curses of safe plutocracies. Enormously them; to publish essays raising mere games into occupaexpanded in volume, inordinately rich, serrated by deep tions ; to exclude Parliamentary debates for lists of percaste fissures, it bad split into coteries, each endeavoring sons present at garden parties — lists meaning nothing to in its own more or less frivolous way to allay in excitement | their readers, not even instruction in social ways, but only the universal feeling of unrest. Society had no dignity, conveying to the outside world some faint aroma of the no calm, and very little content. The better and braver | grandiose ceremonial of society. A habit of observing of the jeunesse dorée wearied of country sport, and sought the idle grew even on the workers, who were, for other in every part of the globe for fiercer and deeper excite. reasons, as sad as the idle, and who vainly sought, in keen ment, which yet was always of the same unintellectual | scrutiny of pastimes, the distractions with which those to kind. They ranged the world in search of “grand shots,” | whom life was pastime were helping themselves to endure traversed both hemispheres to see if barbarism were at. the insupportable burden of wealth, leisure, and opportutractive, or searched through mankind to discern if any. nity. The overladen bees flagged under their load of where a profitable speculation might be found. One great honey, which they could scarcely taste, yet were compelled, noble built a palace in an African desert, to enjoy its air as by a destiny, to accumulate ; and the bees not yet and freedom ; another sailed through the summer seas, laden found a consolation in watching the efforts of the only to tell society how impudent the Sirens of their islands successful to enjoy without the first condition of enjoywere ; while a third gave fortune for formless bits of china | ment, - joyousness. an accident might destroy. A new game began to interest Another strange symptom marked that period, which in the rich more than a new law, and one in particular, im its infinite variety — variety with no connecting link save ported from the East, and described in “ The Arabian a universal weariness – so baffles analysis, namely, the Nights,” roused as much enthusiasm as if those who pur rise of an intense interest in ecclesiastical contentions. sued it believed, like the doctors of Bagdad, that the mal No new faith rose within this period. No new dogma can lets with which the game was pursued could bave medi be said to have been promulgated, influencing Protestant cated handles. Falconry, the cruellest and most danger- thought to our own time. No mighty divine arose to affect ous of sports, regained the favor it held before the idea ball the population. Under the surface, dimly perceptible that an animal could suffer had entered the British mind. to one or two men, who hated it as they watched, might be The safe slaughter of pigeons became a national sport, and noticed one or two signs of that,vast revival of the religskill in it excited the applause of women. Nothing but | ious spirit among the mass which in a few more years prothe determination of the magistrates prevented a similar duced consequences so permanent; but as yet society, and revival of cock-fighting. Racing became from an amuse- | those who watched society, cared only for ecclesiasticisms, ment a pursuit, cricket from a healthy game became a | for the external symbols of internal half-beliefs. But they did care about these. No ceremonial, or absence of words have been translated into hundreds of languages, and ceremonial, was too trumpery to excite fierce contest, no hundreds and thousands in all parts of the world and all Bill affecting the churches too colorless to rend Ministries, classes of mankind have asked, “ Where was that place, and no proposal too cautious to escape instant drowning in where was that den ?" and the answer has been given that vitriolic acid. The literature of Ritual filled shops, the the name of the “ place” was Bedford, and that the den" literature of church organization libraries. The periodi- l was Bedford jail.2 This it is which has given to the cals, written mainly by Sadducees, were hot with discus- | town of Bedford its chief - may I say, without offense, its sions on phylacteries. The absolute Minister for India only title to universal and everlasting fame. It is now tvO declared publicly that he could gain from the heads of hundred years ago since Bunyan inust have resolved on the society a hearing for his plans for benefiting a fifth of the great venture - so it seemed to him — of publishing the human race, only by inserting bis Bills between other work which has given to Bedford this immortal renoma; measures for regulating the details in the organization of and Bedford is this day endeavoring to pay back some churches. The House of Commons confessed that it only part of the debt which it owes to him. kept aloof from the subject, lest its discussion should break It has seemed to me that I should best discharge tbe up the calm of Parliamentary deliberation, or strain the trust with which I have been honored — and a very bigh power of Government to enforce its laws. This disposi honor I consider it to be — by saying a few worde, first in tion, at first sight so opposed to frivolity, has from the age the local, then on the ecclesiastical and political circumof Justinian frequently marked a people given up for the stances, and then on the universal character of your illos moment to frivolity, and probably proceeds from the same trious townsman. cause, – a deep dissatisfaction with life which has not yet 1. I shall not, in speaking of the local claims of Bunyan, been ripened, either by new leaders or new circumstances, surrender without a struggle the share which England a into a determination that there shall be a change. . large has in those claims. Something of a national, sone
What the writer of the future will be obliged to assign thing even of a cosmopolitan color, was given to his career as the cause of the change we do not know, though it may by the wandering gypsy life which drew the tinker with his possibly be a serious war; but we do know that this pict. humble wares from his brazier's shop, as well as by the more ure, though, of course, one-sided to a degree, intentional y serious circuits which he made as an itinerant pastor on what one-sided, is true. We do not think it will remain true were regarded as his episcopal visitations. When I leave for any length of time, for the unrest is too conscious, and Bedford this evening in order to go to Leicester, I shall men who feel it are too ready to renounce frivolity for still be on the track of tbe young soldier, who, whether in work, which, wise or unwise, shall at least be real ; but it the Royal or the Parliamentary army - for it is still matexists now, and we confess we are among those who re | ter of dispute - 80 narrowly escaped the shot which laid 1 gard it as a rather contemptible phase in English life. his comrade low; and from the siege of its ancient walls We do not quite go the length of the Bishop of Manches gathered the imagery for the “ Holy War" and the “ Siege ter in some recent denunciations, because, as we think. | of Mansoul.” When it was my lot years ago to explore the many of the phenomena he mentions are temporary, and Pilgrims' Way to Canterbury, I was tempted to lend a will. many more which are permanent have been brought by ing ear to the ingenious officer on the Ordnance Survey, accident into a ridiculous prominence on the surface of the who conjectured that in that devious pathway and on those national life ; but still we cannot deny that society, and
Surrey downs the Pilgrim of the seventeenth century may indeed the country, is in rather a contemptible mood. have caught the idea of the Hill Difficulty and the DelectaThe people seems to feel itself in a sort of theatre, where ble Mountains. On the familiar banks of the Kennett at it has nothing to do but sit and watch with languid amuse Reading I recognize the scenes to which tradition has ment the efforts of amateur actors to amuse, not so much assigned his secret visits, disguised in the slouched hat,
assigned his secret visits, disgu their audience as themselves; and is inclined to ask, as white smock-frock, and carter's whip of a wagoner, as Orientals do, why the richer classes do not pay people to well as the last charitable enterprise which cost him bis go through all that for them. We do not believe the in- | life. In the great Babylon of London I find myself in the terest in reading about matches and sports and parties and | midst of what must have given him his notion of Vanity sales of bric-à-brac is genuine, except when connected Fair; where also, as the Mayor has reminded you, he atwith betting, and know perfectly well that one breath of tracted thousands round his pulpit at Zoar Chapel in cold air will clear off all that tepid and malarious vapor,
Southwark, and where he rests at last in the grave of his
Southwark, and but still it would be all the better if the breeze would | host, the grocer Strudwick, in the cemetery of Bunbill come. Luxury and waste and frivolity may be all unim
Fields. portant, as the economists say, and certainly their impor But none of these places can compete for closeness of tance may be easily exaggerated, but incessant description association with his birthplace at Elstow. The cottage, or of them all, as if they were evidences of civilization, in what might have been the cottage of his early home - the stead of mere efflorescences of wealth in the hands of peo
venerable church where first he joined in the prayers of ple with nothing to do, and no idea of doing it in dignified our public worship — the antique pew where he sat – the calm, is as tiring to the observer as a constant watching of massive tower whose bells he go lustily rang till struck by
massive tower whose bells he 80 lustily gold-fish. Those little carp are sbiny, too, and move the pangs of a morbid conscience - the village green wbere quickly, and keep very carefully within their pretty crys. he played his rustic games and was haunted by his terrific tal globes, and are altogether of the gilded kind; but visions — the puddles in the road, on which he thought to watching them through a wet day is not a beneficial occu try his first miracles - all these are still with us. And pation, not half so recuperative as sleep, not one tenth so even Elstow can hardly rival the den, — whether the legendistracting as work. It is to this, however, that the dary prison on the bridge or the historical prison not far Metropolis has for this summer given itself up, with a half- from where his monument stands, — for which the wbole amused, half wearied languor, which, in spite of all symp world inquiringly turns to Bedford. Most fitting, theretoms, cannot last. The English have many capacities, but fore, has it been that the first statue erected to the memory lotus-eating for any length of time is beyond them, and of the most illustrious citizen of Bedford should have been whenever they try the occupation, they are sure to awake
the offering of the noble head of the illustrious house to morose.
which Bedford has given its chief title. Most fitting it 19
that St. Peter's Green at Bedford should in this way - it JOHN BUNYAN.1
I may use an expression I have myself elsewhere employed
3“ As it has been questioned whether the den,' at the beginning of the BY THE DEAN OF WESTMINSTER.
Pilgrim's Progress,' means the jail at Bedford, the following note musy Dos
be without interest: The second edition, London, 1678, has no marginal “ As I walked through the wilderness of this world I note on the passage. The third edition, London, 1679, bas as 8 pote lighted upon a certain place where was a den.”
jai).' This was published in Bunyan's life-time, and is, therefore, an ad These
thority. In the same edition there is a portrait in which Bunyan is reports * This address was delivered at Bedford on Wednesday, June 10, 1874, on 1 sented as recliving and asleep over a den, in which there is a lion, wil the occasion of unveiling the statue of Bunyan.
i portoullis." - Notes and Quering, June 20, 1874.
- have been annexed to the Poet's Corner of Westminster which the Pilgrim saw, in which two giants dwelt of old Abbey, and should contain the one effigy which England time," who,” he says, “were either dead many a day, or possesses of the first of human allegorists. Claim him, citi. else, by reason of age, have grown so crazy and stiff in zens of Bedford and inhabitants of Bedfordshire ; claim him their joints that they now do little more than sit at their as your own. It is the strength of a county and of a town cave's mouth, grinning at pilgrims as they go by.” It is at to have its famous men held in everlasting remembrance. such a cave's mouth that we are to-day. We see, at the They are the links by which you are bound to the history | long distance of two hundred years, a giant, who, in Bun. of your country, and by which the whole consciousness of yan's time, was very stout and hearty. What shall we a great nation is bound together. In your Bedfordshire call him ? His name was Old Intolerance, that giant who lanes be doubtless found the original of his “ Slough of first, under the Commonwealth, in the shape of the PresDespond." In the halls and gardens of Wrest, of Haynes, byterian clergy, could not bear with “the preaching of an and Woburn, he may have snatched the first glimpses of illiterate tinker and an unordained minister," and then, in his “ House Beautiful.” In the turbid waters of your Ouse | the shape of the Episcopal clergy, shut him up for twelve at flood time he saw the likeness of the “river very deep," years in Bedford jail. All this is gone forever. But let which had to be crossed before reaching the Celestial City. us not rejoice prematurely : the old giant is still alive. You bave become immortal through him ; see that his glory He may be seen in many shapes, on all sides, and with never fades away amongst you.
many voices. “The spirit of burning and the spirit of 2. And here this local connection passes into an ecclesi judgment” have not, as some lament, altogether departed astical association on which I would dwell for a few mo either from Churchmen or from Nonconformists. But his ments. If Elstow was the natural birthplace of Bunyan, joints are very stiff and crazy; and when on this day the he himself would certainly have named as his spiritual clergy and the magistrates of Bedford are seen rejoicing in birthplace the meeting-house at Bedford and the stream of common with their Dissenting brethren, at the inauguration the Ouse, near the corner of Duck Mill Lane, where he was of a memorial of him who once -uffered at the hands of all in middle life re-baptized. There, and in those dells of their spiritual forefathers, it is a proof that the world has Wainwood and Samsell, where in the hard times he secretly ! at least, in this respect, become a little more Christian, ministered to his scattered flock, he became the most because a little more charitable and a little more enlightfamous preacher of the religious communion which claims ened - a little more capable of seeing the inward good him as its own. The Baptist or Anabaptist Church, | behind outward differences. which once struck terror by its very name throughout the An excellent and laborious Nonconformist, who devoted states of Europe, now, and even in Bunyan's time, subsid- his life to the elucidation of the times and works of Buning into a quiet, loyal, peaceful community, has numbered! yan, describes, with just indignation, the persecuting law on its roll many illustrious names — a Havelock amongst of Charles II., under which John Bunyan was imprisoned, its soldiers, a Carey and a Marshman among its mission and he then adds, “ This is now the law of the land we aries, a Robert Hall among its preachers, and I speak now live in.” No, my good Nonconformist brother, no, thank only of the dead. But neither amongst the dead nor the God! it is not now, nor bas for many a long year, been in living who have adorned the Baptist name is there any be- force amongst us. In the very year in which John Bunyan fore whom other churches bow their heads so reverently as died, that revolution took place to which, when compared he who in this place derived his chief spiritual inspirations with all the numerous revolutions whicb have since swept from them; and amongst their titles to a high place in over other countries, may be well accorded the good old English Christendom, the conversion of Jobn Bunyan is name “ glorious," and of which one of the most glorious their chief and sufficient guarantee. We ministers and fruits was the Toleration Act, by which such cruelties and members of the National Church have much whereof to follies as the Conventicle and Five Mile Acts became glory. We boast, and we justly boast, that one of our thenceforth and forever impossible. That Act was, no claims on the grateful affection of our country is that our doubt, only the first imperfect beginning; we have still, institutions, our learning, our liturgy, our version of the even now, all of us much to learn in this respect. But we Bible, have sustained and enlarged the general culture even have gained something; and this day is another pledge of those who dissent from much that we teach and from of the victory of the Christian faith, another nail knocked much that we hold dear. But we know that even this into the coffin of our ancient enemy. It required a union boast is not ours exclusively. You remember Lord Macau of many forces to effect the change. If it was Barlow, lay's saying that the seventeenth century produced in Eng- | Bishop of Lincoln, that befriended John Bunyan in prison, land two men only of original genius. These were both it was Whitehead, the Quaker, whom, in his earlier days, Nonconformists — one was John Milton, and the other was Bunyan regarded as a heathen and an outcast, that opened John Bunyan. I will venture to add this yet further re- for him the doors of Bedford jail; and those doors were mark, that the whole of English literature has produced kept open by the wise King William III., by the Whig only two prose works of universal popularity, and both of statesmen and Whig prelates of the day, and not least, by these also were by Nonconformists - one is the work of the great house of Russell, who, having protected the opa Presbyterian journalist, and it is called “ Robinson pressed Nonconformists in the days of their trial, have in Crusoe ;” and the other is the work of a Baptist preacher, each succeeding generation opened the gates of the prisonand its name is the “ Pilgrim's Progress.” Every time that house of prejudice and intolerance wider and wider still. we open those well-known pages, or look at that memorable Let it be our endeavor to see that they are not closed again face they remind us Churchmen that Nonconformists have either in Bedford or anywhere else. their own splendid literature ; they remind you Noncon- 4. Thus much I have felt constrained to say by the cirformists that literature and culture are channels of grace cumstances, local, ecclesiastical, and political, of this celeno less spiritual than sacraments or doctrines, than preach- | bration. But I now enter on those points for which chiefly, ing or revivals. There were many Bishops eminent for no doubt, I have been asked to address you, and from their piety and learning in the seventeenth century; but which alone this monument has acquired its national imfew were more deserving of the name tban he who by the portance. The bero of Elstow was great, the preacher in popular voice of Bedfordshire was called Bishop Bunyan. | the Baptist meeting-house of Bedford was greater, but, , 3. And now, having rendered honor to whom honor is beyond all comparison, greater was the dear teacher of the due, - honor to the town of Bedford, and honor to my childhood of each of us, the creator of those characters Nonconformist brethren,- let me take that somewhat wider whose names and faces are familiar to the whole world, the survey to which, as I have said, this occasion invites me; I author of the “ Pilgrim's Progress.” And when I speak to only let me, before entering on that survey, touch for an you of Bunyan in this his world-wide aspect, I speak to instant on the contrast which is presented by the recollec- you no longer as a stranger to the men of Bedford, but as tions of which we have just been speaking, and the occa- an Englishman to Englishmen; no longer as a Churchman $ion which brings us here together. There are certain to Dissenters, but as a Christian to Christians, and as a places which we pass by in the valley of life, like to that man to men throughout the world. In the “ Pilgrim's Progress " we have his best self- as superior to his own became the teacher, not of any particular sect, but of the inferior self as to his contemporaries. It is one of the peculiar delights of that charming volume that when we Secondly, this wonderful book, with all its freedom, is open it all questions of Conformity or Nonconformity, of never profane ; with all its devotion, is rarely fanatical: Baptists or Pædobaptists, even of Catholic and Protestant, with all its homeliness, is never vulgar. In other words, it are left far behind. It is one of the few books which acts is a work of pure art and true genius, and wherever these as a religious bond to the whole of English Christendom. are we mount at once into a freer and loftier air. Banyan It is, perhaps, with six others, and equally with any of was in this sense the Burns of England. On the tinker of those six, the book which, after the English Bible, has Bedfordshire, as on the plougbman of Ayrshire, the hearcontributed to the common religious culture of the Anglo- | enly fire had been breathed which transformed the conSaxon race. It is one of the few books, perhaps almost mon clay, and made him a poet, a philosopher — may we the only English book, which has succeeded in identifying not say a gentleman and a nobleman in spite of himselt religious instruction with entertainment and amusement “ If you were to polish the style,” says Coleridge, ** you both of old and young. It is one of the few books which would destroy the reality of the vision.” He dared (and has struck a chord which vibrates alike amongst the hum- | it was, for one of his straitened school and scanty culture, blest peasants and amongst the most fastidious critics. an act of immense daring) to communicate his religion
Let us pause for an instant to reflect how great a boon teaching in the form of fiction, dream, poetry. It is one is conferred upon a nation by one such uniting element. of the most striking proofs of the superiority of literature How deeply extended is the power of sympathy, and the over polemics, of poetry over prose, as a messenger of force of argument, when the preacher or the teacher knows heavenly truth. “I have been better entertained and more that he can enforce his appeal by a name which, like that informed," says Dean Swift, "by a few pages of the Pilof an apostle or evangelist, comes home as with canonical grim's Progress,' than by a long discourse on the will and weight to every one who hears him ; by figures of speech the intellect.” “I have," says Arnold, “always been which need only to be touched in order to elicit an electric struck by its piety. I am now equally struck, and ever spark of understanding and satisfaction. And when we more, by its profound wisdom." It might, perhaps, bave ask wherein this power consists, let me name three points. been thought that Bunyan, with his rough and imperfect
First, it is because the “ Pilgrim's Progress," as I have education, must have erred -- as it may be be has some already indicated, is entirely catholic -- that is, universal times erred - in . defective appreciation of virtues and in its expressions and its thoughts. I do not mean to say — weaknesses not his own; but one prevailing characteristic it would be an exaggeration that it contains no senti of his work is the breadth and depth of his intellectual inments distasteful to this or that section of Christians, that sight. For the sincere tremors of poor Mrs. Muchafraid it has not a certain tinge of the Calvinist or the Puritan. he has as good a word of consolation as he has for the arBut what is remarkable is that this peculiar color is so very | dent aspirations of Faithful and Hopeful. For the dog. slight. We know what was Bunyan's own passionate de- || matic nonsense of Talkative he has a word of rebuke as sire on this point. “I would be," he says, * as I hope I strong as he has for the gloomy dungeons of Doubting am, a Christian,' but as for those factious titles of Ana Castle; and for the treasures of the past he has a feeling baptists, Independent, Presbyterian, or the like, I conclude as tender and as pervasive as if he had been brought up in that they come neither from Jerusalem nor Antioch, but the cloisters of Oxford or Westminster Abbey. from hell or Babylon.” It was this universal charity that! When (if I may for a moment speak of myself) in early ! he expressed in his last sermon, “ Dost thou see a soul that youth I lighted on the passage where the Pilgrim is taken ; has the image of God in him ? Love him, love him. This to the House Beautiful to see “ the pedigree of the Ancient man and I must go to heaven one day. Love one another of Days, and the rarities and histories of that place, both and do good for one another.” It was this discriminating | ancient and modern," I determined that if ever the time forbearance that he expressed in his account of the Inter | should arrive when I should become a professor of ecclesipreter's Garden. “Behold,” he says, “the flowers are astical history, these should be the opening words in which diverse in stature, in quality, in color, in smell, and in vir- I would describe the treasures of that magnificent store tue; and some are better than some; also where the gar- | house. Accordingly when, many years after, it so fell out, dener has set them there they stand and quarrel not with I could find no better mode of beginning my course at 0x one another.” There is no compromise in his words, there ford than by redeeming that early pledge; and when the is no faltering in his convictions; but his love and admira course came to an end, and I wished to draw a picture of tion are reserved on the whole for that which all good men the prospects yet reserved for the future of Christendom, I love, and his detestation on the whole is reserved for that found again that the best words I could supply were those which all good men detest. And if I may for a moment in which, on leaving the Beautiful House, Christian was enter into detail, even in the very forms of his narrative, shown in the distance the view of the Delectable Moudwe find something as universal as his doctrine. Protestant, tains, “ which, they said, would add to his comfort because Puritan, Calvinist as he was, yet he did not fear to take the they were nearer to the desired haven." What was my framework of his story and the figures of his drama, from own experience in one special branch of knowledge may the old mediæval church, and the illustrations in which also be the experience of many others. And for the nathe modern editions of his book abound give us the pilgrim tion at large, all who appreciate the difficult necessity of with his pilgrim's bat, the wayside crose, the crusading refining the atmosphere and cultivating the taste of the ul
refining the atmosphere and knight with his red-cross shield, the winged angels at the educated and the half-educated, may be thankful that in Celestial Gate, as naturally and as gracefully as though it this instance there is a well of English language and of had been a story from the “ Golden Legend," or from the Christian thought, pure and undefiled, at which the least favorite romance of his early boyhood, “ Sir Bevis of
instructed and the best instructed may alike come to Southampton.” Such a combination of Protestant ideas | quench their mental thirst, and to refresh their intellectual with Catholic forms had never been seen before, perhaps labors. On no other occasion could such a rustic assemnever since ; it is in itself a union of Christendom in the
blage have been seen taking part in the glorification of a best sense, to which neither Catholic nor Protestant, nei literary work as we have witnessed this day in Bedford. ther Churcbman nor Nonconformist can possibly demur. That is a true education of the people - an education The form, the substance, the tendency of the “Pilgrim's which we know not perhaps whether to call denominaProgress" in these respects may be called latitudinarian; | tional, or undenominational but which is truly national, but it is a latitudinarianism which was an indispensable truly Christian, truly divine. condition for its influence throughout the world. By it, as
Lastly, there is the practical, homely, energetic insight has been well said by an admirable living authority I learned
into the heart of man, and the spiritual needs of human in all the learning of the Nonconformists, John Bunyan nature, which make his picture of the Pilgrim's heaven
ward road a living drama, not a dead disquisition, a thing 1 Church of the Revolution, by the Rev. Dr. Stoughton, p 175. to be imitated, not merely to be read. Look at John Bun
an himself as he stands before you, whether in the de- / Giordani. The advantage of the method consists in the eription of his own contemporaries or in the image now | cast being effected in a single operation, no matter how oskilfully carved amongst you by the hand of the sculp- | large the model, or how complicated in its forins. A Leda or. As surely as he walked your streets with his lofty, cast by this process is now being exhibited in Venice. talwart form, " tall of stature, strong boned, with spark
An interesting Return to an Order of the House of --* Ing eyes, wearing bis hair on his upper lip after the old British fashion, his hair reddish, but in his latter days
Commons has been published, giving “the aggregate Cost
to the Nation of the South Kensington Museum, including prinkled with gray, his nose well cut, his mouth moderate
Administration, Buildings, Maintenance, Objects for Exhi. arge, his forehead something bigh, and his habit always
bition in London, and Loan Collections for Country Cir. slain and modest ;” as surely also as he was known
culation, from the commencement of the Museum to the tmongst bis neighbors as “ in countenance of a stern and
end of the Financial Year, 1873–74,” and of “the Cost of fough temper, but in his conversation mild and affable, not
all Purchases,” etc. The total cost of the Museum, inriven to loquacity unless occasion required it, observing tever to boast of himself, but rather seeming low in his
| cluding as above, has been, according to this Return, in Pipwa eyes, and submitting himself to the judgment of oth
pounds, 1,191,709. hers; abhorring lying and swearing, being just in all that |
M. EHRART, a pupil of M. Reber (the composer and Play in his power to his word, not seeming to revenge inju.
musical critic of the Journal des Débats), bas gained the * Pies, but loving to reconcile differences, and make friend. Prix de Rome for musical composition at the competition
ship with all, with a sharp, quick eye, accomplished with at the Conservatoire and the Institut. The decision of 2 an excellent discerning of person, being of good judgment
the jury at the former was confirmed by the members of and quick wit;” as surely as be so seemed when he was the Académie des Beaux-Arts. The professors on the ** alive, as surely as he was one of yourselves, a “man of the jury were MM. Ainbroise Thomas, Reber, Bazin, Victor 4. 7 people," as you heard at St. Peter's Green this morning, Massé, Félicien David, Massenet, and Vaucorbeil. M.
a man of the people of England and the people of Bed. | Véronge de la Nux, pupil of M. Bazin, got the second kr. ford - 80 surely is the pilgrimage which he described the prize, and another pupil of this composer, M. Wormser,
a pilgrimage of every one amongst us, so surely are the com- obtained honorable mention. be a binations of the neighbors, the friends, the enemies whom he | The Paris correspondent of The Academy, speaking of on of raw in his dream the same as we see in our actual lives. Jules Japin, says: You and I, as well as he, have met with Mr. By-ends, and
Jules Janin leaves behind him abundant evidences of Es ir Mr. Facing-both-ways, and Mr. Talkative. Some of us his industry, and versatility. Few of his works, save de perbaps, may have seen Mr. Nogood and Mr. Liveloose, becazi Mr. Hatelight and Mr. Implacable. All of us have at
“L'Ane Mort," “ Barnave," " La Confession," and “Gai
etés Champêtres," have become at all popular. Janin was Eti Fretimes been like Mr. Ready-to-balt, Mr. Feeblemind, and
essentially a feuilletoniste ; he could connect notbing, fill no soit Faintheart and Nobeart, and Slowpace, and Shortwind,
broader frame than those few columns of the Débats. After Stob caod Sleepyhead, and “the young woman whose name was
the works above named, the best known among the fifty* be Dall.” All of us need to be cheered by the help of Great
eight volumes signed by him are," Un Caur pour Deux berair heart, and Standfast, and Valiant for the Truth, and good
Amours, "Le Prince Royal,” “Un Hiver à Paris," “ L'Été Abher old Honest. Some of us have been in Doubting Castle,
à Paris," “ Clarisse Harlowe," “ La Religieuse de Toulouse,” of some in the Slough of Despond; some have experienced
and a translation of Horace, which was his labor of love. he Pirate the temptations of Vanity Fair; all of us have to climb
More than a year ago the intellect that found rest in it was tee of the the Hill Difficulty; all of us need to be instructed by
to all intents and purposes extinct. A monstrous obesity, of but the Interpreter in the House Beautiful; all of us bear the
against which Janin had been battling for the last fifteen at if pesame burden; all of us need the same armor in our fight
years, appears to have stifled his faculties one by one. His profession with Apollyon; all of us have to pass through the wicket
last published work is “ Paris et Versailles il y a Cent ng fra: gate; all of us have to pass through the dark river; and
Ans," which followed at a year's interval some uninteresting papa for all of us (if God so will) there wait the Shining
sketches of the provinces after the war. I believe that a siter, ist Ones at the gates of the Celestial City, “which, when we
considerable portion of the memoir on which the critic was ? De cours see, we wish ourselves amongst them."
engaged had been saved from the auto da fé he made of all his manuscripts some eight months ago. A collection of
his chief dramatic criticisms has been published recently FOREIGN NOTES.
under the title “ Histoire de la Littérature Dramatique."
In addition to these works, Janin is said to have written MR. WILLIAM BLACK's new story for the Cornhill will
more than a hundred notices and prefaces, and to have be called “Tbree Feathers.” The title is derived from
been an active contributor to fourteen periodical publicaDS COPES the scene, which is laid in North Cornwall.
tions. Jules JANIN wrote an extraordinary band. The char- | The Pall Mall Gazette says: “It will be gratifying to acters were formed with some care, but bad not their like that insignificant class, the consumers of food, to learn in any known alphabet. There were only two compositors from the report of the Select Committee appointed to inon the Journal des Débats who could decipher them. When quire into the operation of the Adulteration of Food Act, be contributed to other papers be dictated to bis wife. 1872, that robbery rather than murder is the prevailing AMONG some books and MSS. shortly to be sold in Lon
vice of the retail tradesman. It will,' says the report, don is a Rolled Manuscript of the Hebrew Pentateuch, ac
* afford some consolation to the public to know that in the quired a few years ago from a synagogue in Palestine.
matter of adulteration they are cheated rather than poiThis manuscript was written in the twelfth century on
soned. Witnesses of the highest standing concur in statsixty skins of leather, and measures 120 feet in length by
ing that, in the numerous articles of food and drink which 2 feet 2 inches in breadth.
they have analyzed, they have found scarcely anything ab
solutely injurious to health, and that if deleterious subThe exclusiveness of the Athenæum Club, which has
stances are occasionally employed for the purposes of adulbitterto refused to admit a Dissenting minister as a mem
teration, they are used in such minute quantities as to be ber, has been broken through by the election of the Rev. Dr.
comparatively harmless.' Consumers ought to be comforted Stoughton, one of the leading London Congregationalists.
at these cheering words, unless, indeed, they read the eviDean Stanley is credited with being the prime mover in
dence given by Professor Redwood in a case which came opening the doors of the Athenæum to the reverend gen
before the magistrates at Kensington, a few days ago, when
a grocer was summoned for selling a canister of preserved A new method of casting statues in bronze 18 reported green peas adulterated with copperas. These peas, he said, du having been discovered by a Venetian founder, named were manufactured in France for English consumption, as