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With his characteristic enthusiasm, Lord Kinnaird re- of nitrate of silver. After the superfluous moisture bad solved to go in for the new art. Sir David kindly agreed been removed by blotting-paper, they were laid in a large to get an apparatus constructed for his lordship, and to vessel of rain-water to soak for twelve hours, in a darkened procure the requisite chemicals ; and a party was arranged room, and were then hung up by their corners to drain to commence operations when these should arrive. In due and dry in the dark, after which they were placed between time they made their appearance, the party assembled, the leaves of a blotting-book for future use. When a pie and, in beautiful summer weather, operations began. But ture was to be taken, one of these iodized sheets, whid bow shall we describe tbe anxiety with wbich the first had become of a beautiful straw color, was taken, and results were looked for, and the disappointment which fell placed with the prepared side uppermost, on a sheet of on all hearts and faces, when the blurred and hazy outline blotting-paper, and rapidly brushed over with a solution of an old lady, who had sat for twenty minutes in full of ammonia-nitrate of silver, no more light being used sun-light appeared ? We had expected great things, and than would allow the operator to see what he was doing such a result was hard indeed to bear. But it became The sheet was then rapidly blotted between the folds al manifest, after a few attempts, that we were nevertbeless | perfectly clean blotting-paper, and, while wet, placed in at the peristyle of that temple which none of us doubted the dark side of the camera, and, as speedily as possible, would in time be filled with gems which no artist, however exposed to the action of light in the instrument. When exquisite, could rival.
taken out of the dark slide, and again laid with the side Sir David was our teacher. He alone, in those early wbich had been exposed uppermost, no trace of a picture days, knew anything of the process or of its philosophy; could be seen. Certain parts bad undergone a greater and a most patient and painstaking teacher he was, show chemical change than others, in proportion to the amount ing us how the different parts of the manipulation were to of ligbt which had fallen on them through the lens; but be performed, and taking his full share of all the dirty and they required to be developed in order that the picture disagreeable work.
might appear. The developing solution consisted of equal Know, ye modern photograpbers, who have manipulated parts of aceto-nitrate of silver and saturated solution of nothing but the clean and comfortable working collection, gallic acid, to which four or five bulks of water were added. and who can buy almost everytbing requisite prepared and The surface was rapidly brushed over with this, when the ready to hand, that a quarter of a century ago you could picture gradually appeared, one part after another coming do nothing of the kind. In those days it was expedient into view, like the pbantoms in a phantasmagoria : the de to divest yourself of your coat, and invest yourself in a velopment was continued until the lights threatened to blouse or old greatcoat, to save your garments from the become yellow, at which stage the process was arrested by greenish-black stains and smudgings they were sure other the sheet being plunged into clean water and thoroughly wise to receive. All available tubs, buckets, foot-pails, wasbed. It was then laid in a solution of hypo-sulpbate wash-band basins, and every sort of vessel which would of soda, which removed the undecomposed silver from the contain water, were laid bold of for the frequent washings tissues of the paper, and so fixed the picture, preventing and soakings which were required. Every room which light from having any further action on it. It was again could be darkened was needed for the drying in the dark. soaked and washed for several hours to remove the hypoThe region of every domestic in a household was invaded, sulphate, and finally pressed and dried. This, then, was and servants were kept running perpetually with pails of the negative picture in which, as in a collodion negative. hot and cold water, warm smoothing-irons, etc. The the lights were reversed, and from which any number of whole establishment was turned topsy-turvy while its ositives or proofs could be printed by light being trans superiors were bent on photographic studies. Rossie mitted through it in much the same way as at present. Priory is one of the largest houses in Scotland, yet we The proofs obtained were called calotypes, or more frehave often seen it moved from one end to another, and all quently Talbotypes, from the discoverer of the process. in it, from its noble owner to the humblest domestic, in a When the paper was thin and close-grained, and free fever of excitement.
from any metallic impurities, these negatives were es. It was delightful to see Sir David, then a lithe and ac tremely beautiful, and capable of giving proofs of wondertive old man, engaged, with all the eagerness of youth, in ful delicacy and beauty. The writer has by him several the fascinating pursuit; for it was a most fascinating study, | landscapes, which, after an interval of more than twenty because, coarse and brown and poor though the pictures | years, still discover a clearness and beauty of detail which produced were, when compared with those now obtained is astonishing. by the improved process, the operator was irresistibly The first great improvement in these negatives was satdrawn onward by the conviction that experience and care urating them with pure white wax, which greatly increased would lead to much more satisfactory results. Generally, their transparency, without impairing their sharpness. each picture was an improvement upon its predecessor, | Many of the delicate sbadings, wbich were formerly lost because the time of exposure in the camera, the proper through the coarseness of the paper, were thus easily amount of development, and the due strength of the solu rendered in the proof. The negative, also, was rendered tions were being ascertained. The art manifestly had leatbery, and tough, and less liable to be dirtied or injured. great capabilities, and the operator was pleased with the Still, however, it was felt that a much more transparent hope of being able to succeed in bringing them out.
and homogeneous material than paper was required to imFor several weeks the interesting operations were car press the exquisitely beautiful pictures painted by the ried on at Rossie Priory, while as yet few or none knew pencils of light, ere the much-desired perfection could be anything about the art — bearing only of it as a new thing obtained. Many a long conference the venerable pbilos. which was beginning to attract notice. Meanwhile the opher, Lord Kinnaird, and the writer bad on the subject, pictures steadily improved in quality, through increasing | and many a substance was experimented with. After the experience, and the ample supply of the best materials | long interval, it is curious to remember that the glutinou, which could be procured. Lord Kinnaird not only fur slime exuded by snails was tried, but alas! it was found nished these, but wrought himself from morning till night that, however transparent, it bad the great drawback with unflagging energy, and discovered a dexterity of | (which most substances we tried had)— it was too easily manipulation which none of us could surpass. To those soluble in water. The film of it, which was spread on the unacquainted with the early processes, a few words of ex glass, would not endure the manipulation and frequent planation may be given, as this will convey the best idea washings necessary to complete the picture. of the progress which has been made, and will better What was requisite was a thin, transparent film, which enable the reader to understand what we have to state. would absorb water, and yet not be soluble in it. At last
A few sheets of thin, close-grained writing paper were some one (whose name we forget) hit upon the happy idea taken, and cut up into pieces the size of the intended pic- l of employing the wbite of an egg. This substance tures. There were brushed over (in the dark) on one side nearly pure albumen. As it is taken from the egg, it i with a solution of iodine of potassium, having in it a trace perfectly soluble in water, but when it has been expose
to a temperature approaching that of boiling water, it be that he could work during the greater part of the daycomes insoluble. It bad, therefore, the requisites sought. light in taking pictures, and then could, after dinner, retire
On the discovery being made known to Sir David, he to his room, and write for hours, carrying on his controagain visited Rossie Priory, and operations with the new | versy with Wheatstone, and keeping himself up with all medium were eagerly commenced. Lord Kinnaird bad that was going on in the scientific world. He must often provided bimself with a large four-inch object-lens camera, have sat till far in the morning preparing his papers for by Ross of London; tbe, weather was beautiful, eggs the different journals to which he contributed, and carry
abundant, and we were soon all engrossed in our experi ing on bis Jarge correspondence. Probably he then laid :ments.
the foundation in even his well-strung and wiry frame of The modus operandi was simply this. The whites of a the neuralgia, from which he suffered so severely in his dozen eggs were turned into a large basin, an equal bulk | latter days. But at the time of which we write be was
of rain water was added, a few grains of iodide of potas- / ever the first ready for operations, always having some - sium were flung in, and the whole was whisked up into a new phase of the work to suggest.
white froth like snow. The basin and its contents were When the stereoscope had, by his improvements, become set aside in a place free from dust, and in a few hours a | very much what it now is, the albumen process furnished beautiful transparent Auid, the color of pale sherry, was | exquisite pictures for the display of its powers. It opened found at the bottom. It was decanted into a wide-mouthed up, as it were, a new world to many, enabling them to see, stoppered bottle, and was immediately fit for use. This with all the reality of nature, some of those scenes in was the new material, for which the inventor deserves im. which all that is grand and beautiful is combined, and mortality. It has not yet been surpassed, and must be re which they could never hope to visit. At a very early sorted to when pictures of ordinary delicacy are required. stage in the history of the stereoscope, some French arThe material having been thus prepared, a sheet of glass, tists sent Sir David some most beautiful slides, containing the size of the intended picture, was made perfectly clean, views in Switzerland, which, through his published comthe albumen was poured over its surface, and drained off munications, they had managed to produce. He was at one corner, and the glass, with the still wet film upon it, greatly gratified by their reception, and exhibited them was then held vertically before a clear red fire, when the
vertically before a clear red fire, when the l with no little pride. albumen was immediately coagulated and rendered insol. It is not our purpose to follow the history of photography uble. The sheet of glass when cool was dipped into a further. At this point its connection with Sir David to a strong solution of nitrate of silver for two or three minutes, great extent ceased. It was taken up by a rapidly increasby which means it became sensitized. It was then put in ing multitude of professional artists, who established thema dark slide, and carried to tbe camera. After being ex- | selves in all parts of the country. Many of them have posed to the light, it was developed by a mixed solution of risen to eminence, and produced works of great beauty. aceto-nitrate of silver and gallic acid.
Since the introduction of collodion, the art has had, in By this method pictures far surpassing the talbotype different countries, able expositors, and well-conducted process were produced ; indeed, they left almost nothing journals, specially devoted to its advancement. to be desired except rapidity.
It is pleasing to look back, and to think of the wonderAlmost immediately after the discovery of the albumen ful progress which has been made since the first attempts, process, the application of collodion was suggested, and it above described, were undertaken, but it is melancholy to was found to give such beautiful results, to be so friendly | think how the once joyous and happy party which u-ed to in its workings, and so high in its sensitiveness, tbat it has assemble at Rossie Priory has been broken up by the taken precedence of all other methods. In the Ordnance | ravages of death. The scions of that noble house are in Office, however, albumen, from the clear, sharp details it the grave, and the grand and good old man, who shed gives, is still employed for the enlargement or reduction of light and joy over all our amusements, has followed these the ordnance maps, etc.
bright ones to a better world. During the albumen epoch, Sir David was actively en. gaged in perfecting his invention of the refracting stereoscope, one of the most beautiful instruments of modern times, which, by its wonderful creations, has conferred
A PROFESSOR EXTRAORDINARY. pure and refining pleasure upon millions. As it was of the highest importance for displaying the powers of the
BY BAYARD TAYLOR. instrument that the pictures to be united should be perfect representations of the same scene or object from slightly
“ The whole Art of Success in music, painting, and light different points of view, Sir David early saw the value of
literature, taught in one or two lessons by a Professor of photography to his instrument, and zealously prosecuted the greatest experience. Terms reasonable. Apply by it, well knowing that it would give the exquisite drawing, letter first, and stating full particulars, to · Tityrus,' Post and chiar-oscuro, indispensable to that perfection which his
Office- " mind saw to be attainable. It was amid the labors and Strange, even for an advertisement. But such are the researches at Rossie that he fixed upon the form of the
curiosities of literature in which the outer sheet of the instrument - the focal length of its prismatic lenses, the
Times is rich, that the above paragraph would hardly have size of its pictures, and many other details in regard to it,
detained my attention, but for the signature “ Tityrus." which have now long characterized the instrument. How
Long years ago, I had been at school with one Thomas Ever simple these may appear to the stereoscopist, they
Everard, nicknamed mad Everard, and not without cause, were all the result of patient thought and lengthened ex.
by the boys — a general favorite, good at everything, very periment. The first stereoscope with which he experi | good for nothing, bating trouble, and shunning it as his
was a clumsy, ill-made thing, somewhat like a ghostly enemy; a boy all promise, but rather like a box of demented opera-glass, which some unhandy tin-smith in samples, promising too much, too cheaply, and in too many St. Andrews bad made for him. Misshapen and unsightly
departments ; the unfailing spring of laughter in and out of Wough it was, it served the purpose, and led ultimately to
season, and of all jokes practical and ideal; the comic gen
season, an de elegant and effective instrument with which every one
ius of the school. There he and I fell in friendship, we 180 familiar. The first stereoscopic photographs were | swore by each other, we were the closest chums possible, taken for the St. Andrews tin-smith's affair, which, wretched shared pocket money, hampers, studies, and sports. Morethough it was, served to show what glorious reproductions
over, after the wont of school-boys, we invented a language all that is beautiful and grand in nature and art were for the convenience of confidential intercourse, and correabout to arise, through the genius of the grand old man, |
sponded in it under the classical pseudonyms of Tityrus and and as the reward of his interesting labors.
dielibæus. When we left school our paths separated, and as a striking illustration of Sir David's wonderful | I bad now lost sight of him for ten years. Cal Vigor, as well as of the versatility of his mind, But Tityrus had been his private signature to me in our
boyhood, and in that extraordinary advertisement there was , your own. But now, after having devoted ten years to the & something that strongly reminded me of Thomas Everard. diligent study of failure in all its branches, I have acquired, Curious to ascertain, I answered it as follows:
thanks to a long and painful training, so intimate a knowl, “A gentleman of average intelligence and the usual ac edge of the obstacles that beset the road to renown as at: quirements, but who finds his education deficient in the least to qualify me thoroughly for a professor in the art of science • Tityrus' professes to teach, offers himself as a pu getting on; and it is in treating success as one of the Fine pil. Wishes more especially for hints on success in the Arts, that I have met with a first, a triumphant succes! lighter departments of literature. Address, Melibæus, myself. So, let all my friends flourish." Post Office - "
« Will you be serious ?” I urged. By return of post came the reply I had anticipated in two He took a letter from his pocket and handed it to me. lines :
“So you won't believe me serious. Possibly you will be “ My dear old fellow, is it, can it be you ? "
lieve that a perfectly serious fifty pound note. Read: I wrote back, establishing my identity beyond a doubt, • In grateful acknowledgment of services rendered,' and 20 and requesting an answer to my former letter. He sent me forth. From Fogson, the artist – received this morning." | an invitation to breakfast with him the next morning, at “ What, Fogson, the celebrated author — I won't say i his residence, “ The Laurels," in one of the suburbs.
painter — of those color-pieces that have excited so much I accepted of course. After much wandering among the notice lately?” forest of villas, lodges, and cottages, I at last hit upon « The “Exactly. That man and his fortune were made by me. Laurels," a sinall house standing apart from the road, in a He allows it himself. His pictures command any price shady grove of the tree whence it took its auspicious name. already."
The garden was pleasantly and significantly planted with “Well, I saw his last - a study of sky, water, and for. bays, the dining-room window edged with parsley in pots, get-me-nots. In the Blues,' he called it. I should call it and the entrance led through a miniature conservatory full an art aberration." of bending palms. A very odor of victory wbich was quite “Very likely ; but he errs to his pecuniary advantage at exhilarating pervaded the spot. The internal decorations least. Color without form - a peculiar style I recomwere similarly appropriate; the ball clock, even the barome- | mended to him — and, as you see, he finds it answer very ter, set in frames of carved olive and ivy leaves; the walls well indeed.” hung with pictures representing triumphant scenes in the “ Such pictures serve no true purpose of art that I can lives of modern art competitors : a prima donna buried in bouquets; a painter honored by a sitting from royalty; a “But that is not the artist's object,” he persisted. “Do poet receiving his badge of knighthood. My spirits rose as I even profess to show the high road to excellence? For. I crossed the threshold. This was the House of Fame in son comes to me, and says: . Sir, what shall I do to be — deed.
known ?' It was evident that he would never shine in In the library, a small room, but exquisitely furnished, I competition with others in treating ordinary subjects, so I found my old friend Everard, and here we renewed our sus suggested Chaos as a field for art he might have to him. pended acquaintance over as free a breakfast-table as even self. Now, if any students are so foolish as to follow his an Englishman could desire to see.
lead, he rises at once to the height of a founder of a new Ten years! They had worked but small change in him. style — the Chaotic School.” Yet it was not for nothing that his hair was streaked with « Still at a loss ?” he resumed, laughing at my dubious gray, and his brow lined at seven-and-twenty ; for that in expression of countenance, “ or do you wilfully shut your veterate propensity to see the ludricrous everywhere – to eyes to the rationale of my theory ? Listen: I expect several look at everything, so to speak, in the bowl of a spoon — an visitors this morning. Would you like to be present at amiable weakness in the thoughtless school-boy, turns to the consultation, unseen of course — say behind the curtain bitterness in manhood, when applied to what are called the in the recess ? " stern realities of life.
“Certainly I should," I replied, with alacrity; “I feel He avoided talking of himself. The conversation turned the strongest curiosity to see your disciples, or patients I chiefly on me and my affairs. I was perfectly unreserved, ought to say.” drew a picture more faithful than flattering of my first ex “I can rely on your discretion,” he said, as he placed me periences in the literary career I had embraced — of certain where I was effectually concealed, yet able to observe. effusions so warmly praised beforehand by dear literary “ Understand, none of my visitors are strangers to me, for friends, summarily despatched by a few words of blame | I undertake no one without careful preliminary inquiries. from the critics, unnoticed by the world at large, and of the A short correspondence is usually enough, and I have an uninefficiency of the consolation administered afterwards by erring diagnosis of the particular case ready before I codprivate admirers, that these, my works, were “too good to sent to prescribe or fix an interview. Incurables I decline. succeed." My children, it appeared, were all too good to Such are the radically obstinate, the constitutionally inane.
But with average material and strict obedience I have This reminded me of what I had almost forgotten— that worked wonders." ridiculous advertisement; and I begged to know what He had scarcely settled himself in his chair when his might have been his object in putting it in, and attempting | servant threw open the door, announcing to play off so transparent a hoax.
« Mademoiselle Annetta Solferino." “Hoax?” he repeated, in apparent surprise.
Everard's visitor was a young lady of about nineteen or “ Perhaps the advertisement was not a hoax," said I, twenty, extremely good-looking by nature, though not laughing
enough to satisfy herself, as appeared from the symmetrical "Perhaps this house is a hoax," he returned ; " perhaps curve of her pencil-arched eyebrows and those heavy, imthe coffee and hot rolls are false shows; the cabinets, tables, possible coils of rich dark hair. She was well, but showily and chairs, vain and airy appearances; the pianoforte a dressed, and held a roll of music in her hand. Love — mere wbim of fancy — an unknowable phenomenon. But self-love - in her eyes sat playing, and whatever one thing if these, my household gods, are substantial objects, so was she might have lacked, it was certainly not assurance. the advertisement genuine that caught the eyes that stood She entered into conversation at once, and went to the in the heads that pertained to the men who owned the point without the slightest embarrassment. purse that held the fees that paid for them.”
“ You have heard from me, Mr. Everard, and how I was “Pray explain," said I, "and in language adapted to the recommended to consult you by Marterton, the ballad singer understanding of a gentleman of average intelligence — of the season. He declares you have been the making of mind, average."
him. Can you do anything for me? I am most anxious to “ Well, I can do so in a few words. Believe me, it would hear." be difficult to name the branch of art I have not taken up, “Allow me to refer to my notes," said Everard, taking meeting everywhere, however, with no better fortune than up an album with a list of names alphabetically arranged.
“S. - Solferino. Yes, here you are, and the particulars “I will,” she answered, impressed by the solemnity of of your case."
his tone. They were written in her physiognomy. He who runs “ Young lady, I congratulate you,” said the Professor, may read. Principal : youth, a pretty face, fresh voice, with a bow. and a dozen lessons from a fashionable master; set against “ Thanks, thanks.” She rose to go, but hesitated. this, little knowledge of music, less love of art, no anxiety | Probably “ Terms reasonable" was in her mind. to learn, only to rise.
Everard interposed. “That we will settle, later, when "I understand,” said Everard, gravely, “ that for two my bright predictions are in a fair way to be realized. My years you have been a concert singer in the provinces with terms may sound high to you now. They will not then, very limited success. You are dissatisfied with the position, when you make your fifty pounds a week.” and impatient for an opening. Is it so ?”
Her eyes glittered at the golden vision. She assented.
“ Only mind you keep to the unpronounceable name. · First, will you let me hear you sing? What have Be photographed in furs, or on a sledge." you brought? Ah! the old, old storyOperatic airs and “But stay," she said, suddenly ; “after all, here are but . English ballads, ancient and modern. Well, you shall a dozen songs, and when people get tired of these ” — 3. choose your piece."
“ That day will be long in coming. Such little bits of She chose the Jewel Song from “Faust,” attacked it genre' music do not require to be varied.” bravely, and slaughtered it with energy and resolution.
“But it must come at last; and then, when I have sung T “ Indeed, you have a most lovely quality of voice," ob them all again and again in every concert room in Eng
served Everard, almost mournfully, when she had finished; land, what shall I do?" “a sound ear, too. Ah! if you were to give up public “Go to America."
singing for a time, and study seriously — for two years, say There was no more to be said. Away went the future 3- you might do much."
Russian nightingale, in all the plenitude of hope. Two years !” The young lady's countenance fell. Apparently my friend had a large practice. She had “Oh, Mr. Everard !” she continued, reproachfully, “is scarcely disappeared when a second visitor was admitted ?? this fair? I thought you undertook in one or two lessons - a thin, spare man, a melancholy object with a long beard, 30 to"
sunken eyes, rusty coat, and a generally rejected and de“Yes, yes,” he broke in, changing his tone, " and from jected look about him that could not be misread. Here, in** that point of view you have nothing more to learn except deed, was a bad case one who had called in the physician
from me. I will not hide from you that your execution is at the eleventh hour. * faulty, your intonation careless, your shake absurd, your “Mr. Gabriel Gaunt, I believe," began Everard, cour
style of vocalization - what style there is — as bad as can teously. “I must apologize for not having yet returned
well be. Go on as you have begun, and in a few years it those pictures you sent here for me to see.” : will be painful to listen to you. But my remedy is as sim “ Thanks; but they have not been missed,” he retorted, nga ple as your case is serious. First tell me, Annetta Solfe with bitter emphasis ; “ there is no demand for them elserino, is that your real name?”
where that I am aware of.” “My real name is Hannah Simmonds," she replied, “But you paint uncommonly well, let me assure you," blushing, and with a little laugh;." but it would never do said Everard, soothingly. “ Have you been at it long?.. for a singer, you know.”
“ Only all my life. I am five and forty now, and all to "Of course not. There's a fitness in all things, and find Gabriel Gaunt no nearer fame than at starting." programmes must be considered. The question is, would “Because you have missed the way. You complain you mind being, shall we say, Annouchka Sobieski for a | that your pictures are neither hung nor sold. But, in the change?"
first place, you seem so fond of large canvases, my dear sir, “Well, no," she replied ; " but what for, Mr. Everard ?" and aim at such ambitious and varied subjects — Prome
He unlocked a drawer and took out a roll of music. theus,' The Earthly Paradise,'' Alexander's Feast,". The i “Come and try over this air. The words you won't un Good Samaritan.'"
derstand, but they are written above, phonetically, as they “ But I have given to each the attention it deserves ; ought to be pronounced. It is a Russian song."
grudged neither time, nor pains, nor thought." "Is it pretty ? ” she asked, rather doubtfully, when she "And all in vain, sir, as you see, this self-sacrifice of bad read it through. .
yours to the sublime.” Everard shrugged his shoulders. “I don't say that. " What !” cried the artist, disgusted ; “ but is it not the But it is strange, quaint, new — and quite easy. Let us go essence of art to fly high? Of all its purposes, surely the through it again. You have really some very good last to be neglected should be its mission to offer the ideal points"
to refresh, refine, and elevate the minds of men wearied So she had. She sang extremely well with her eyes, and debased by the commonplaces and uglinesses of everyand if she could not shake, at least she could smile and day life ?" knew it.
« Sir, no more," broke in Everard ; "you are in a danHe gave her a careful lesson on the proper reading of the gerous way indeed. Have you never reflected that your song, with hints as to producing the greatest effect in pas public for the most part are accustomed in every-day life sages here and there. He was very particular about a to disclaim for themselves, to pooh-pooh and decry in certain long drawn unaccompanied note coming once in others, all lofty motives and ideas? We are unprepared every verse - one of those little bits of (musical) local to take pleasure in these, even in art. Ideal beauty, coloring, like the Irish howl, or the clic clac of the Spanish grandeur, heroism - their shrines are deserted; for the muleteer, which, as he explained to her, have a power be popular idols whose worship it is usual, not to say univeryond melody or harmony for procuring a rapturous encore. sal, to profess are — gain and comfort."
"I have here about a dozen of these songs,” said he, " Then, do you hold out no hope ? Am I not a man as “arranged by myself. Pearls witbout price, for they have well as an artist? Must I go on forever working in vain, never yet been published. They are all within your com and all through this fatal utilitarianism that is overspreadpass, and I have added all the necessary notes and marks. ing the tree of English art like a parasite, and eating the Sing these songs as directed ; and I have but one more in heart out of the good old oak ?” junction to make, but that I must insist upon. Never, in Everard smiled at his warmth. “ Sir, let us hope even public, sing any others. Be known everywhere - for your case will benefit by my treatment. Unfortunately you everywhere you soon will be known — as the singer of bave no tricks, no mannerisms, for us to work upon." Russian songs. Once for all, can you renounce Mozart “I trust not,” he replied, “considering how I have and all his works, and, in a word, all vocal music in which worked to avoid them. I abhor art mannerism.” you invite comparison with other performers, your supe “So much the worse for you," said Everard, dryly. “ It riors ? "
is too late to begin the study now; but there is a chance
for you still. Sir, I must be plain with you; you must re- | slight subjects, or to cope with great ones — his failures is nounce your lofty images, grand sentiments, and all the composition, in portraitpainting, except the drapery. He aspiring principles of ideal art. They don't agree with was quite conscious of his shortcomings, and did not, like that mass of organic matter, the public I mean, on whom Mr. Gaunt complain of the unappreciative public; be ha your success depends. These are not what they hunger a personal craving for success, which he knew to be alto and thirst after, - that can afford them the pleasure, the gether out of proportion to his powers. relaxation they look for in the intervals of business. You “You should adopt some well-known manner,” said Ehave, sir, a pleasing style, a true sense of beauty, and your erard, deliberately; “some particular quality or texture coloring is excellent. Put away the fascinating creations, as it were : the woolly, the fluffy, the silky, the velvety of mythology, religion, and poetry. My plan for you is the streaky, the spotty, or else some pervading tint : solis that you should become a painter of juvenile life, of scenes thing which shall always be prominent in your pictures, from the nursery stage of existence, exclusively. Keep by which they may be identified directly. It is like hoist your old titles if you like ; the contrast between the impos- | ing a fag. Other striking qualities wanting, strangers ing name and the pretty subject is always piquant. | may know you then by your colors at a distance. The pe. Thus:
culiarity may sometimes seem to you a fault in itself ; bat “• Prometheus :' A little urchin has stolen his father's the secret is not to be ashamed of it. Seize the eccentriccigars, and is smoking on the sly.
ity of some fashionable modern painter, exaggerate it into ** The Good Samaritan :' Little girl giving away her a vice, make it the leading characteristic of all your work, bun to a beggar.
and you will always find a party who will extol it as a “6 The Earthly Paradise : ' A child in the midst of its merit.” birthday presents.
“ And the subject, sir" “* Alexander's Feast :' Children at tea — eldest boy “Is- a detail. Artists may one day learn to dispense presiding.
with it altogether; but I advise you to retain a nominal one “ There is a mine which is practically inexhaustible. - no matter what, if you have a fashionable manner. You You may ring the changes on such themes forever. With may range from a young lady in her toilette, from Madame your technical dexterity I can promise you wealth, fame, | Elise to -- a pot of pickles." popularity to your heart's content. These works make “I fear you consider vulgarity to be one popular charas comparatively little demand upon you, require but slender teristic in modern Art,” said Crotchet, looking up suspiforethought, study, or research. You are married, sir, I | ciously. “But we must live, you know." dare say.”
" Aye, and thrive; and so you will," said Everard. =' “I am."
only undertake to answer for the present; I am no prophet, “ And, excuse me, a father?”
but sometimes unborn ages will crowd upon the soul, and Of six," he sighed.
in such moments I see a picture gallery of the future. A! “ So much the better. How easily you can manage a the paintings are sold, and at large prices. A new era bas design for "The Earthly Paradise - nursery Paradise, dawned - a golden age for artists, if not for art, and the you perceive. Study of new toys — humming-top, woolly | exhibition is become a series of ingenious advertisements lamb, horse and cart, soldiers. What a rich field for clever Thus No. 1 represents a burglar picking, or attempting to little bits of accessory painting! Or a sketch for the pick, a safe. The safe is admirably painted, and the pic Children's Feast. Study of tea things — fruit, sugar, | ture playfully entitled, “Who is Griffiths ?' No. 2 is a plenty of jam, and buns. Everybody will exclaim, * How | study of a laundrymaid turning over a pile of snow-white natural!"
collars, cuffs, and lace handkerchiefs on a shelf; beside her “ Yes, but how trite! Where is imagination, where a large packet of the unrivalled Glenfield Starch.'. No poetical beauty, elevation, force, significance, and sugges- | 3, a girl walking out in the rain — the figure is secondary
the conspicuous object, the Desideratum Umbrella. Na “ Excluded, I grant. But, trust me, triteness is the 4, the modern Lady Godiva,' holding a pamphlet oa safest art investment for the coming year. Make up your Mrs. Allen's Hair Restorer. No. 5, a sick child fast mind to it, and, with your abilities, you may look on your asleep - thanks to the only genuine Chlorodyne;' and 9 fortune and name as established.”
on throughout the catalogue. And if to-day a picture is * And then — then, I shall be able to return to subjects worth hundreds as a useless luxury, how much more will of a higher stamp, and the very works that passed unno it not be worth to the purchaser, who sees in it a lucrative ticed, signed by an obscure name, will be appreciated at trade investment! However, the Royal Advertisement last."
Academy is not yet, and all I have to say to you, sir, is“ At your peril!” said Everard, decisively. “ And this I take care of your manner, and let the subjects take care of is another important constitutional peculiarity in the art- | themselves.” loving but conservative public with whom you have to deal. Crotchet was looking thoughtful exceedingly. “I think Once become their favorite painter in some special groove, I begin to see my way, at all events," he said. and others are closed to you. They will allow you no “ It is a smooth and easy one, and soon leads to a rich merit in other walks, and think it impertinent if you try to art sinecure. Good morning, sir, and be sure to let me change. Choose, then, once for all, between the great and hear from time to time how you get on.” the little Prometheus, high art and obscurity, the nursery Crotchet took his departure in the highest spirits ; he is and renown.”
now one of the most expensive painters we have. He had chosen. He took from Everard the list of sub “Who is next?” asked Everard of the servant. jects, pressed his hand, and silently withdrew. Suddenly
“Mrs. Tandem Smith.” he came hurrying back:
“Ah! and this is her third consultation. It ought to “I beg pardon, Mr. Everard, but could you manage to be the last, and perfect the work. Well, we shall set. let me out some other way? I see Crotchet, a friend and Bring me those MSS. on the table, and show the lady in." brother artist, waiting in your hall, and I don't care for him A very interesting-looking person she was; still young to know that I've been here."
with a pretty featured, intelligent, refined countenance Everard smiled, and kindly allowed Mr. Gabriel Gaunt well-dressed in black, and extremely graceful. There was to make his exit by the garden.
that in her appearance which, like the opening period of a I was amused at hearing Crotchet's name. He was an good poem or novel, promised attraction. . acquaintance of mine, too; a young painter with plenty They proceeded to business at once. I could see that of facility, ambitious, greedy of praise, yet disturbed by the lady was in earnest. Here was no sentimental girl certain misgivings, founded, I thought, on an intuitive solacing herself for imaginary sorrows by the sight of them sense of want of original genius.
in print, but an ambitious woman with a definite goal she He and the Professor talked long and confidentially. was bent on reaching. No wonder that Everard seemed Crotchet described his symptoms, his inability to ennoble lo enter into ber affairs with special empressement.