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PREFACE.

The naval and military annals of Great Britain are the most illustrious in the world. In every quarter of the globe has her flag been triumphant--on almost every battle-field of Europe have her armies conquered. In arms, as in arts, she excels all ancient and modern nations, outrivalling the chronicled renown of Greece and Rome.

The most formidable enemy that she ever possessed, was France under the sway of Bonaparte ; but, as in the days of Talbot, when that country, by right of conquest, became a province of her own, her soldiers again and again subdued that proud and restless nation, and at last succeeded in humbling her Imperial Eagle in the dust. In the memorable struggle which ended with the victory of WATERLOO, where WELLINGTON became the conqueror of the greatest military despot that ever existed, overturning for ever his colossal empire, and securing the ascendancy of Great Britain, innumerable acts of valour and enterprize, of emulation and daring, took place, which invest that period with an interest not belonging to any other portion of our nati 1.. 1 history. At sea, the deeds of Nelson, Howe, Duncan, Jervis, Exmouth, and others of her naval heroes, tended to raise the fame and the influence of England far above what they ever were before, even at the brightest period of her annals; while on land, the victories gained by Wolfe, Abercromby, Moore, Cornwallis, Wellington, and her other famous commanders, on the plains of Egypt, on the burning sands of India, on the fertile fields of the Netherlands, and the Peninsula-at Vittoria, Talavera, Vimiera, and Waterloo-equal, if they do not excel, any of those of which any other country in the world can boast. The wars in which England have been engaged are full of deeds of high emprise, of incident and adventure, the

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details of which form reading of a very attractive and interesting kind.

The object of the Work now before the public is to furnish narratives and anecdotes of the most striking events which characterize so stirring a portion of our country's annals; comprehending also whatever appears remarkable in the conflicts and deeds in which our army and navy were engaged in former days, besides characteristic sketches of both services, accompanied by neatly-executed woodengravings illustrative of the principal subjects : forming altogether a bold, though unconnected, outline of the naval and military history of Great Britain, from the earliest period to the present time.

Neither exertion nor expense have been spared by the projector in the production of “ Clark's Original Edition,” of which this forms the first volume. The plan and title of the publication are bona fide his own; and its extensive and still increasing circulation is a gratifying assurance to him, that his labours have received the approbation of a discerning public, notwithstanding the attempts which have been made to deprive him of his just reward.

The greatest care and attention will be devoted to the completion of the Work. The contents, as heretofore, will be selected with judgment, and the engravings will be under the management of competent artists.

In conclusion, the proprietor cannot but offer his grateful acknowledgments for the flattering success which has attended this publication, and he confidently anticipates, when it is completed, that his principal object will be satisfactorily accomplished ; namely, to present, in the most cheap and accessible form, a faithful record of the prowess of Britain's naval and military heroes, and to bring within one popular channel those episodes in their lives and actions which afford matter of an entertaining and spirit-stirring description. 3, Edward-street, Hampstead-road,

Dec. 1, 1836.

CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

104
• 105

24

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PAGE

PAGK

MEMOIR of William IV. .

. vii Ghost and no Ghost

88

The Battle of Trafalgar

1

Cromwell

ib.

A Scene after the Storming of Badajos

7 The Siege of Badajos

89

False Alarm

8 Remarkable Anecdote

94

Orderly Dragoon

ib. The Indian Father

95

The Battle of Corunna .

9 The Battle off Cape St. Vincent

97

Maria of Meissen

13 The Broken Heart ; or, the Serjeant's

General Pack

16

Daughter

101

Sir Cloudesley Shovel

ib. Boasting of Kinsfolk

The Mutiny at the Nore

17 The Battle of Austerlitz

The Battle of Trafalgar (continued from p. 7.) 21 The Mutiny at Vellore

109

Maria of Meissen (continued from p. 16.) 23 Anecdote of the Irish Rebellion

Saring the Colours

Humanity of Joseph II.

ib.

Spirited Conduct

ib. Remarkable Presentiment of Death

112

The Storming of Seringapatam

35 Magnanimity of a Private Soldier

The Champ de Mai .

31 The Thirty-ninth Regiment of Foot

ib.

Lord Howe's Victory on the 1st of June, 1794 33 Battle of the Shannon and the Chesapeake. 113

Military Execution

35 Anecdotes of the Inhumanity of Napoleon

The Reclaimed Gamester

36 Bonaparte

119

The Effects of Love

37 Fraternal Affection

120

Biographical Sketch of Earl Howe

38 The Battle of Vittoria

121

Waterloo Subscriptions

39 The Saving of the Powder Magazine at St.

Jeu d'Esprit .

ib.

Helier, in Jersey

125

Fortunate Escape

ib. Dunbarton Castle

126

Frederick the Great

40 The 30th and 73d regiments at the Battle of

Singular Capture

ib. Waterloo

127

A Sailor's Pun

ib. General Walstein

128

The Battle of Aboukir

41 The Action between the Quebec and the

Ghost Stories

43 Surveillante

129

Singular Adventure of a British Soldier .

46 The Adventures of a British Officer during

Intrepidity of Count Saxe

47 the Peninsular War

131

Spirited Behaviour of a Drummer

48 Crossing the Desert

134

Cool Courage

ib. Captain Rotherham .

136

The Boulogne Flotilla

49 The Siege of Acre .

Henry and Maria; a Tale of the Peninsular The Horrors of War

142

War

51 Sixty-fours in Disguise; a Long-boat Story 143

Anecdote of the Drike of Cumberland

55 George the Second and Hogarth

Joseph I.

56 Napoleon's Moments of Gaiety

ib.

Generosity

ib. The Battle off Camperdown

145

The Battle of Arcola

57 Admiral De Winter's Account of the Battle

The Deserted Wife; a Faithful Narrative 59 off Camperdown

148

Affecting Story

62 The Barge's Crew

hirmness

ib. Napoleon's Voyage from Elba to France 150
Biographical Sketch of Lieut.-Gen, Sir' r. Sir Sidney Smith

152

Picton, G. C. B. ,

63 The

Battles of the Pyrenees

Treachery of a French Dragoon

64 Extract from the Journal of a Private Soldier 156

Military Madness

ib. Anna; a Tale of the War

157

The Battle of Navarino

65 The Conquest of Martinique, in 1794

161

The Deserter; or, Spanish Ingratitude 69 Striking Incident in the Life of a Midshipman 165

Action near Bayonne, Dec. 1813

72 Anecdote of the Battle of Navarino

168

Origin of being sent to Coventry
ib. The Battle of Assaye

169

The Expedition against Quebec

73 Adventure of a Tar.

172

Magnanimity of Serjeant More, the High-

The Mystery of Captain Wright's Death and

land Robber

79 that of Pichegru cleared up

175

Anecdote

80 The Bombardment of Algiers .

The Battle of Sole Bay

81 Sir William Wallace and the Red Rover

Narrative of the Sufferings and Miraculous Irish Troops in the Spanish Service

. 184

Preservation of Lieut. Col. Ponsonby, The Battle of Jena

at the Battle of Waterloo.

84 English Resolution

Wonderful Escape of an Officer, lost in the The Scar over the Forehead

Wilds of Caftraria

85 The Spirit moved .

ib.

Apsley House

87 The Battle of the Nile

• 193

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he never showed the slightest aberration in his course, but continued steadily attached to that profession which is so peculiarly adapted to the genius and taste of Britons.

Among the anecdotes which are told of the prince's boyhood, there is one peculiarly expressive of his character and early attachment to the sea. The three brothers, George, Frederick, and William, received a weekly stipend from the hands of their royal mother, which they were at liberty to expend agreeably to their several tastes or inclinations—a mode well calculated to illustrate the tendency of individual genius. At four years of age, Prince William purchased a ship-perhaps the first act of free-will he exercised -and for some time he scrupulously appropriated his weekly allowance to the necessary completion of the embellishment, rigging, and furnishing of his vessel. When the gallant craft was deemed sea-worthy, the prince's maiden experiment in navigation was appointed to take place in a large swimming-bath at Kew Palace, and the Prince of Wales and the Bishop of Osnaburg (afterwards Duke of York), were invited to be present. When the ship was fairly launched on the miniature waters, Prince William, with an enthusiasm natural to his zest for the exhibition, expatiated with childish fondness upon certain parts of the nautical arrangements, and a slight contention, originating in some puerile difference of opinion, gradually arose between the brothers. As the dispute increased, the Prince of Wales haughtily reminded his younger brother, that, however assured he might be of the correctness of his assertions, he should at least utter them with more temperance before his future sovereign. “ Well, George," retorted the young sailor, the blood mounting to his cheeks, “ who knows but I may be king as well as you ; I'm sure I look as like a king as Frederick does a bishop. And if I ever should become a king, I'll have a house full of ships, and no other king shall dare to take them from me!”

Mrs. Chapone, niece to Dr. Thomas, Bishop of Winchester, says, when he was a child, “ His conversation was surprisingly manly and clever for his age; yet, with the young Bullers, he was quite the boy, and said to John Buller, by way of encouraging him to talk, Come, we are both boys,

The evenness of his temper and the humanity of his nature, may be traced from childhood up to the present moment.

At the age of fourteen, William Henry was entered as a midshipman on board the Prince George, a new ship of ninety-eight guns, commanded by Admiral Digby. At this period of history the war with America raged with violence; the times were momentous, and fertile in warlike action. Our royal hero was, therefore, from the beginning, entered into active service, and was brought into immediate collision with the enemies of his country.

In 1780, the Prince George joined Admiral Rodney, when the royal midshipman had the satisfaction to be present at the capture of the Caraccas feet. The Spanish admiral was introduced to the prince ; but, during the conference between the two admirals, he withdrew; and when it was intimated that Don Juan Langara wished to return to his ship, the prince appeared in his uniform, and respectfully informed the admiral that the boat was ready. The Spaniard was surprised to see the son of his Britannic Majesty acting in the capacity of an inferior officer, and emphatically observed to Admiral Digby, “Well does Great Britain merit the empire of the seas, when the humble stations in her navy are filled by princes of the blood.”

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