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اجاره ای دی ال سیل کا دار است که با من - particular must be

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“After all, therefore, which can be said, the great ential requisite to effective preaching in this rebrand, or indeed in any netbord,, is a devoted heart. A strong religius vestibent, kalinz to a fervent zeal for the good of other men, is better than a rules of art; it will give him courage, which no science or practice cotid impart, and open bis lips boldy, when the fear of man would keep themi elosti. Art may fail bim, and all his treasures of knowledge desert him; but if his heart be warm with love, be will speak right on, aiming at the heart, and reaching the heart; and sati-fied to accomplish the great purpose, whether he be thought to do it tastefully or not.

“ This is the true spirit of his office, to be cherished and cultivated above all things else, and capable of rendering all its labours comparatively easy. It reminds him that his purpose is not to make profound discussions of theo. logical doctrines, or disquisitions on moral and metaphysical science; but to present such views of the great and acknowledged truths of revelation, with such applications of them to the understanding and conscience, as may affect and reform his hearers. Now it is not study only, in divinity or rhetoric, which will enable him to do this. He may reason ingeniously, but not convincingly; he may declaim eloquently, but not persuasively. There is an immense, though indescribable, difference between the same arguments and truths, as presented by hiin who earnestly feels and desires to persuade, and by him who designs only a display of intellectual strength, or an exercise of rhetorical skill. In the latter case, the declamation may be splendid, but it will be cold and without expression : lulling the ear and diverting the fancy, but leaving the feelings untouched. In the other, there is an air of reality and sincerity which words cannot describe, but which the heart feels, which finds its way to the recesses of the soul, and overcomes it by a powerful sympathy. This is a difference which all can perceive, and all can account for. The truths of religion are not matters of philosophical speculation, but of experience. The heart, and all the spiritual man, and all the interests and feelings of the immortal being, have an intimate concern in them. It is perceived at once, whether they are stated by one who has felt them himself, is personally acquainted with their power, is subject to their influence, and speaks from actual experience; or whether they come from one who know

them only in speculation, has gathered them from books, and thought them rut by his own reason, but without any sense of their spiritual operation. But who does not know how much easier it is to declare what has come to our know. ledge from our own experience, than what we have gathered coldly at secondhand from that of others ;-how much easier it is to describe feelings we have ourselves had, and pleasures we have ourselves enjoyed, than to fashion a description of what others have told us ;-how much more freely and convincingly we can speak of happiness we have known, than of that to which we are strangers! We see, then, how much is lost to the speaker by coldness or ignorance in the exercises of personal religion. How can he effectually represent the joys of a religious mind, who has never known what it is to feel them? How can he effectually aid the contrite, the desponding, the distrustful, the tempted, who has never himself passed through the same fears and sorrows? Or how can he paint in the warm colours of truth, religious exercises and spiritual desires, who is personally a stranger to them? Alas! he cannot at all come in contact with those souls which stand most in need of his sympathy and aid. But if he have cherished in himself fondly and habitually the affections he would excite in others, if he have combated temptation and practised self-denial, and been instant in prayer, and tasted the joy and peace of a tried faith and hope ;-then he may communicate directly with the hearts of his fellow-men, and win them over to that which he so feelingly describes. If his spirit be always warm and stirring with these pure and kind emotions, and anxious to impart the means of his own felicity to others, how easily and freely will he pour himself forth ! and how little will he think of the embarrassments of the presence of mortal man, while he is conscious only of labouring for the glory of the ever-present God! This, then, is the one thing essential to be attained and cherished by the Christian preacher. With this he must begin, and with this he must go on to the end. Then he never can greatly fail; for he will · feel his subject thoroughly, and speak without fear. »»

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Art. IV.-A Letter addressed to the both Roman Catholics and Protestant

Right Hon. George Canning, First Dissenters. In his aversion and opposiLord of the Treasury, 8c., intended tion to Toryism, he takes his * late us an Humble Vindication of the much-revered friend Dr. Parr" for a Present Ministry. By A. S. Wade, guide and authority. That sound poliD.D., of St. John's College, Cam- tician and eminent scholar would have bridge, &c. 8vo. pp. 32. 1827.

been ready to acknowledge Dr. Wade as

a disciple in the former character, but The lamented death of Mr. Canning not in the latter : for what, in the name has not entirely taken away the interest of all that is liberal, could have induced which we feel in such publications as this Cambridge man to pen the following this; since Mr. Canning's name is used silly, Cobbett - like sentence ?>" The as the index to a liberal system of policy, classical learning on which the nomi. domestic and foreign, which, thanks to nally Great pride themselves so much, His Majesty! is likely to be still main- however befitting it may be to idle gentained. Dr. Wade is one of the few tlemen and men of taste, is of very little members of the elerical body who look practical value." (P. 10.) We acknow. with unqualified approbation upon the ledge the independence of the clergyman present liberal administration. He is the who can defy the “ Great," but the declared enemy of the Holy Alliance, of reverend gentleman need not surely conthe Bourbon influence, and of Turkish demn the aristocracy for their despotism; he is the avowed friend of much learning." Anxious, however, to free trade, of the independence of the remove the impression made by this morContinental and South American States, sel of vulgar feeling and incoherent writand of religious liberty, with regard to ing, the Rev, Doctor boasts in a note,

too

(p. 14,) of his Alma Mater, which has

Upon this is written the letter w Schin. produced so many “ learned and patriotic From the case proceed two thongs of men in the different walks in life.” But leather, which are so arranged as to go for two or three extravagancies and in round the head, leaving the square case, consistencies of this sort, the “ Letter" containing the passages of the Pentateuch may be read with pleasure as the ex ahove referred to, in the centre of the pression of the sentiments of a liberal forehead. The thongs make a knot at and honest man, whose defects, both as the back of the head, in the form of the a reasoner and a writer, are more than

letter 7 Daleth, and then come round made up by homely integrity,

again to the breast. The phylacteries of

the head are called frontlets, and the ART. V. - A Descriptive Catalogue practice of using them appears to rest

of the MSS. and Printed Books con- particularly upon these passases: 1. And tained in the Library of His Royal it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine Highness the Duke of Sussex. By hand, and for a memorial between thine Thomas Jos. Pettigrew, F. R. S. eyes, that the Lord's law may be in thy Vol. I. Parts I and II.

mouth : for with a strong hand hath the

Lord brought thee out of Egypt. Exod. It has long been known that the xiii. 9.-2. And it shall be for a token Duke of Sussex had been eminently suc upon thine hand, and for frontlets between cessful in the collection of a splendid thine eyes : for by strength of hand the library, particularly in the theological Lord brought us forth out of Egypt. Exod. department. The volume now published xiii. 16. These phylacteries are called contains only a part of this extraordinary Tephillin shel-rosh, or, the teffila of the collection. The first part comprises the head, manuscript treasures of biblical litera

“II. For the arm. This phylactery conture which enrich the library. These sists of a roll of vellum, containing the are in a vast variety of languages, and

same passages of the Pentateuch as those are many of them of the most valuable for the head, and written in the same and interesting character. The observa

square character, and with the same ink, tions of Mr. Pettigrew (who is the Duke's but arranged in four columns. It is Librarian) connect the whole into a most rolled up to a point, and enclosed in a useful book of reference for information

sort of case of the skin of a clean beast. on these subjects. To shew his system A hong of leather is attached to this of illustration we will extract his account

case, which is placed above the bending of the Phylacteries in the Duke's collec- of the left arm on the inside, that it may tion.

be near to the heart, according to the " Phylacteries.

command : And these words which I com“ The word Phylactery, derived from mand thee this day, shall be in thine heart. the Greek, (punanthproy,) properly sig (Deut. vi, 6.) After inaking a knot in nifies a preservative, and in this sense the shape of the letter | Jod, the thong is has been used by various nations to pro- rolled seven times round the arm in a tect them against evil spirits, diseases, spiral form, and terminates by three dangers, &c. In many parts of the East, times round the middle finger. These these superstitious practices still obtain. phylacteries are called Tephillin shel-jad, The phylacteries of the Jews are of three or, the teffila of the hand. kinds, of each of which there is a speci “ III. For the door-posts. The phylacmen in His Royal Highness's Library. tery of the door-posts is termed MezuThey consist of portions of Scripture zah, and is composed of a square piece taken from the Pentateuch, selected ac of vellum, written in the same square cording to the situation for which they character, and with the same kind of ink, are destined, written upon very fine vel as those for the head and arm, and has lum, in a very small square character, the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th and with a particular kind of ink. They verses of the sixth chapter of Deuteroare used for the head, for the arm, and nomy, and the 13th verse of the eleventh are also attached to the door-posts. chapter of the same book inscribed on

“ 1. For the head. The portions of it. This slip of vellum is enclosed in a the Pentateuch for the phylactery of the reed or case, and on it is written the head consist of Exod. xiii, 2–10, 11– word Shadai, which is one of the attri16; Deut. vi. 4–9, xi. 13—21. These butes of God. The Jews affix these to four portions contain thirty verses, which the doors of their houses, chambers, and are written upon four slips of vellum, most frequented places. The Hebrew separately rolled up, and placed in four word Mezuzah signifies the door-posts compartments and joined together in one of a house ; but it is also applied to the snall square piece of skin or leather. phylactery just described.

Art. VI –Elements of the History of lated facts to general truths ; from the

Philosophy and Science from the simplest elements of knowledge to the earliest Records to the commence- perfection of science. The Historical ment of the Eighteenth century. Tracts and Moral Essays were among By Thomas Morell. 8vo. London. the latest productions of his genius, and, 1827.

together with many of his philosophical

pieces, were written after his political This book contains a great fund of fall and degradation. The Lord Chaninformation in a condensed and judicious cellor Bacon terminated a life of extraform. In the space of a moderate octavo, ordinary mental exertion and activity, it combines an abridged view of the in 1626, in the sixty-fifth year of his history of philosophy, as useful for the age. general student as the larger work of “ But, to form a distinct conception Brucher, and at the same time the ge. of the intellectual qualities of Lord Baneral progress of knowledge and science con, and a correct estimate of the value on other subjects.

of those celebrated works which are The analyses of the works and systems unquestionably to be reckoned among of the principal philosophers are care the chefs d'ouvres of human genius, it is fully and accurately executed. We take requisite to view them in their relative the first which occurs to us, that of connexion ; for they constitute, in reaLord Bacon.

lity, but one magnificent whole, and “ Passing over the events of Bacon's afford an exquisite specimen of the political history, as foreign to the design Scala Intellectus which he recommends of this volume, this illustrious individual to others. In the first of the abovewill at present be regarded alone as the mentioned works, (the treatise De Aug. father of experimental philosophy in all mentis,) the author proposes to take a its branches, and the inventor of an eur

general survey of human knowledge, lightened logic, founded on the princi, contemplating the intellectual faculties ples of right reason, To this view of under the three great divisions of Mehis literary character the inestimable mory, Fancy or Imagination, and Unwritings of this great philosopher bear derstanding. Corresponding with these, ample testimony. The first of these all the arts and sciences are classed was his well-known and justly-admired under three heads, namely, History, treatise on the Progress and Advance- Poetry, and Philosophy. Under each of ment of Learning, (De Augmentis Scien- these, an inquiry is instituted into what tiarum,) which made its first appearance is erroneous or defective ; and the most in 1605, though the subject of which it proper means are suggested for correcttreats had long before occupied his ing the errors, amending the defects, thoughts and studies. This was fol. and supplying the omissions in all. The lowed, in 1610, by a treatise on the next surveys the works and discoveries Wisdom of the Ancients, which bears of the ancients, and both enumerates the same characters of original inventive and estimates the inventions of past genius, and in which the proposed ob- ages, tracing out, as in one general ject of his former work was steadily chart, the several tracts of science that pursued, and carried forward most suc still lay uncultivated and waste, and sugcessfully. In 1620, his great work, en- gesting, as he proceeds, the most detitled Novum Organum, was published, sirable improvements and the probable which formed a second part of his In discoveries to be made by future philostauration of the Sciences; the treatise sophers. Having thus cleared the way on the Advancement of Learning being for his great and principal design, he now considered as its first division. proposed, in his Novum Organum, he ferent periods, and amidst the pressure mind by a more useful application of it of state affairs, the results of his physical reasoning faculty, to all the objects of researches and experiments in a series philosophical research. In this admiof treatises on the phenoniena of the rable treatise, a new and rational logic universe, natural history, and many is exhibited, which forms a striking con other branches of practical science. The trast to that of the Scholastics ; a logic whole train of his philosophical produc- calculated, not to supply arguments for tions terminated with his Scal Intel. controversy, but arts for the use of lectus, a highly intellectual dissertation ; mankind- not to triumph intended to trace the steps by which thé by subtle and sophistical disputation, human mind ascends in its philosophical but to subdue nature itself by experiment researches, from the lowest grade to its and analysis. Rejecting with deserved highest degree of elevation ; from insu- contempt the logomachies of the school

over an enemy

men, he recommends careful induc- more glorious to have extended the lition, that examines scrupulously the mits of human wit, than to have enlarged data on which reasonings are founded; the bounds of the Roman world. Sir views them in every possible light; re Francis Bacon really did so; a truth jects all that is not necessarily included acknowledged, not only by the greatest in the subject, and draws its conclu- private names in Europe, but by all the sions with truth and certainty. By this public societies of its most civilized nahis celebrated method of induction, tions. France, Italy, Germany, Britain, which forms a distinguishing feature of I may add even Russia, have taken him the philosophy of Lord Bacon, the no. for their leader, and submitted to be blest theory has been exhibited to man governed by his institutions. The emkind for the investigation of physical pire he has erected in the learned world and moral truth, that the human mind is as universal as the free use of reason, has ever conceived.

and the one must continue till the other “ A solid foundation having been thus is no more.'" laid in a clear and rational logic, this eulightened philosopher points out, in Art. VII.-The British Critic, Quarhis remaining philosophical works, its right application, by collecting and fur

terly Theological Review, and Ecnishing a prodigious mass of experi

clesiastical Record. No. III. 1827. mental facts in physical and moral sci We generally read this publication ence. This vast collection, the result with interest. Its tone is generally cauof patient and unwearied research, con did, displaying much good sense and a tinued during many years, was not ar great deal of biblical and classical erudiranged and made public till after his tion. In the number before us, however, death. It may be considered as an im- it has been pleased to use some rather portant step taken towards a complete strong language towards Unitarians in History of Nature. The phenomena of a review of Dr. D’Oyly's Sermons. We the universe are classified under three shall quote the substance of a principal general divisions : (1.) the history of passage, that our contemporary may not generation, or the production of all the accuse us of wishing to keep back any species of created existences, according thing which bears upon a controversy, to the ordinary course of nature ; (2.) in which we should wish him to think the history of pretergeneration, or those that truth is our only object. The error productions which deviate from the which the Reviewer points out may not stated rule; (3.) the history of nature be without utility in another point of as modified, improved, altered, or de- view as furnishing an additional warning based by human art. The design of which no one can too carefully observe, this philosophical inquirer, in making in whatever department of science or this collection of facts, he has stated to literature he is engaged-never to take be ' to construct a Scala Intellectus, by quotations or authorities at second-hand. which the human mind may regularly The Reviewer, however, might perhaps ascend in its intellectual researches, and have a little qualified his charges against thus to furnish materials for a true and the works before him, by the considerauseful philosophy. All these, however, tion that they were anterior in date to were regarded as but the preparatory any accurate knowledge of the reading steps to a yet more magnificent project of the Vatican manuscript Bible; and he which he meditated, but did not live to might have still further relieved his Uniaccomplish-that of establishing, on the tarian brethren from any suspicion of immoveable basis of experiment, a phi- wilful concealment had he known, as losophy purely axiomatical and scien probably he does not, that they were tific, freed from all visionary specula- Unitarians who caused the Vatican Mations, and all uncertain conjectures and nuscript to be inspected, the fac-simile theories, resulting from that just and to be taken, and the result to be pubpatient investigation of natural pheno- lished, (though little accordant, the Remena, of which his own writings furnish viewer would perhaps suppose, with so admirable a model. Such,' says their views or wishes,) in the edition of his biographer, and the learned editor Griesbach, published in 1818. of his works,

snch, and so unlimited After contending that the argument were his views for the universal ad. drawn by Dr. Priestley from the writings vancement of science. Such was the of Tertullian, that the mass of unlearned noble aim to which all his philosophic Christians in his time were Unitarians, labours were directed. - What Cæsar rests upon the gross error of consaid in compliment to Cicero may, with founding the Sabellian heresy with that justice, be applied to him : that it was of the Ellogians, and was completely re

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