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preachers, preach unto yourselves; and and exposed to the eye of government, when you have purified yourselves, then yet he would not support a measure will your preaching unto others be pure, which would sacrifice Mr. Porter to even as was the preachivg of the Lord atoue for the errors of others. Jesus. The conduct of the Established Mr. S. Dill said he should deemu Church towards this body had been himself unworthy of the character of a forced into their debates. The Esta- preacher of the word of bis Divine blished Church had indeed of late taken Master, if he did not stand forward and great interest in their concerns ; and bear testimony to certaiu doctrines of the numerous couversious it had made, the Christian religion. Though he felt through the outpouring of the glorious no desire to tyranuize over the mind of Gospel of God, had cast a stigma on men-for opinion should be free as the then and their labours, as servants of their wind-yet great care should be taken of Divine Master. But there had been no the religious qualifications of the meminterference, except through motives of bers of that body. Liberality had too personal kindness. More had been done, long been the watch-word of scepticism; within the last twenty or twenty-five and he much doubted whether the libeyears, to make the reformed churches rality now contended for, did not parbetter known to each other, than for take of that character. He contended, centuries before. This body as a church that Calviuism and Arianism could not had also become better known, through both be the doctrine of the Scriptures; the labours of their missionaries in the for the poles could not be more opposite South of Ireland, and their preachers in than they were. Therefore, Arians and England and Scotland; and the circula- Calvinists should neither worship in the tion of the Bible had made them all bet same temple nor give each other the ter known to each other, and enabled right hand of fellowship. In fact, they Christ's children to know each other, did not worship the same God; for, if They were to be kuown, also, by their pub- any doctrine were more clearly revealed in lic oflicers. If they had an officer, there- the Scriptures than another, it was, that fore, who had publicly avowed himself Christ is God. Christ was the corner. an Arian, should they, knowing it, retain stone of their religion; remove it, and hiin in oflice? Now that their eyes were the entire fabric tumbled into ruin. Mr. opened, let them separate the wolves from Dill then entered into a lengthened inthe sheep. Let them divide, and let Lot's vestigation of the scriptural proofs of flock take the right bank of the Jordan, Christ's divivity; and observed, that and Abraham's the left; but, in God's Arianism led to the principles of Athe. name, let them divide their flocks. He ism. (Order, order.) wished the clerkship to be held in abey Mr. STEWART defended Mr. Dill as ance; and he would, next day, propose a being in order; and Mr. Montgomery measure for the separation of this Synod. trusted that if Mr. Dill were allowed to He illustrated his arguments by referring pursue this train of argument, gentlemen to an ambassador at a foreign court, on the opposite side would be granted a who openly avowed his disloyalty to similar privilege. George IV., and inquired if this rebel Mr. Dill said, that if these were spewould still be retained as the king's culative principles, then he should be ambassador ? How much more neces sorry to adopt this course; but so far sary was it, therefore, to dismiss an am from being speculative, they were the vital bassador who had openly avowed him- principle from which all religious pracself the enemy of their Heavenly King ? tice must proceed. The Scriptures placed He thanked his God he was not of the principle as the very ground-work of “ thinking few” who would rob the practice; salvation depended on priuciLord Jesus of his eternal glory; aud ple, and on the very single principle called on the Synod, in the name of now under discussion. “He that beGod, and of his holy Son, and by all lieveth, shall be saved; and he that bethe terrors of the day of judgment, to lieveth not, shall be dainued.” “If (said rouse themselves from their slumber of Mr. Dill) what I have now said hare death, to renew their faculties, and to any foundation in the Scriptures, Arians become “ the thinking many."
and Calvinists cannot live in the bood Wednesday, June 27th, 10 o'clock.
of fellowship.” He then proceeded to
eulogize the labours of the Established Mr. Hogg said, that he wished to Church, in the works of which he saw explain his reasons for not voting on the the outpouring of the Spirit. He also present question. Mr. Porter was an up saw something of the same kind kindright and honest man; and though he ling in that body. Not long since there (Mr. H.) was satisfied that these secret was a death-like silence in the South of Àrians should be dragged into the light Ireland; at present they perceived the
workings of divine influence in that from them, and they would be adopting quarter. He referred to the allusion the very way of establishing and confirmmade to the peace and calmness of the ing Arianism. Gentlemen who wanted Synod for many years, and said, that to purify the body, should recollect that that peace was the silence of death, and division was not the way. He was satisnot the peace of God. That peace might fied that Arianism was dying a natural be compared to the peace which pre- death, and he wished for some measure railed in the care of Æolus, when the to be adopted, more agreeable to him winds were striving for mastery; but than the motion or amendinent, which the hour had at length arrived when would clear the Synod from the charge they must be loosened from their con. made against it of countenancing Arian finement. There must be now no neu- principles. trality-the cause they contended for was Mr. N. ALEXANDER said, that it apthe cause of their heavenly Father; and as peared to him to be a most injudicious one portion of that body believed Christ measure to encourage any view which to be God, and another, that he was a would go to effect a division of the Symere man, there could not now be a neu nod of Ulster. In regard to the opitrality between them, nor could they give nions of the gentlemen who had indulged each other the right hand of fellowship. themselves in such virulent attacks ou Mr. Dill bore testimony to the manliness those persons who differed from them of character and purity of motive which on doctrinal points, he must say, that he characterized Mr. Porter; but there totally differed from them when they were some circumstances connected with asserted that Calvinists and Arians do the publication of the minutes of that not worship the same God. They worbody, independent of Mr. Porter being ship the same God, but they were divided an arowed Arian, which should not pass in opinion on the subject of the attriunnoticed.
butes of Christ. For his part, he had Mr. Porter was supported by Mr. Reid, examined the Scriptures most carefully, of Rath melton, in the correctness of his and he could not discover that one uniminutes.
versal belief, with regard to the nature Mr. Porter then appealed to the and substance of Christ, was essential to meeting, whether these were the grave salvation (hear, hear); but he had found charges for which he was to be removed in the sacred writings that he who loveth from his situation; and said, that such not his brother, is not in the way of salconduct would shew to the world the vation. Mr. Alexander then proceeded nature of the present proceedings. to speak of the manly virtues of Mr.
Dr. HANNA begged to remind the Sy- Porter, and observed, that he was about nod of the length to which the discus to be punished, not on the ground that
He was well pleased he had thought for himself, but because with Mr. Dill's address as an able erposé he did not perjure himself and conceal of their doctrines; but he (Dr. H.) was his real sentiments. anxious that they should come to the Mr. M‘Alpin was strongly inclined to merits of the question. He had yester- coincide with the opinions of Dr. Hanna. day breathed a sigh to think, that of late Mr. MʻA, avowed himself opposed to the that Synod could never meet without a Arian doctrives, but condemned the conconstant recurrence of such unpleasant templated separation of the Synod. He and distracting discussions; and it should would exhort the meeting to treat their be borne in mind, that when Mr. Porter brethren who differed from thein with a gave bis evidence, he was on his oath. spirit of kindness and forbearance, and Mr. Porter was a man of whom all who to melt down all asperities in the cruciknew him had the highest opinion, and ble of charity and concord! they must give him the fullest credit for Mr. Dill felt assured, that unhis talents as a clerk to that body, and less they had a clear uyderstanding with for his best intentions to do his duty one another, it would be impossible that faithfully. But it appeared that the pre- they could spread abroad the true princisent charge was not on account of his in- ples of the Gospel. They should not fear correctuess as a clerk, but because he differences of opinion arising amongst had avowed himself to be an Arian. In them. There was a division took place such circumstances it might be well that amongst the apostles. Peter was sepaa measure were brought forward to clear rated from his brethren, and Paul withthat body of the charge of Arianism; stood him to the teeth. He denied that and this he would not object to. Allu: high Arianism approximated to Calvinsions had also been made to dividing ism, and insisted that those two bodies the Synod; he deprecated all such at in the Synod hung like a dead weight tempts, as calculated to increase the very about the necks of each other. They had, thing they wished to destroy. Drive the to be sure, long agreed on minor matArians from amongst them, or withdraw ters; but they had kept the doctrines out
sion had goue.
of sight, lest they should bring shame on and read a resolution which he said had themselves. He spoke in the highest been prepared on the preceding evening terms of Mr. Porter's character and up by a number of elderly clergymen, asrightness as a man, and felt opposed to sembled for the purpose. The motion making a sacrifice of Mr. Porter, on ac was to the effect that the Synod deny the count of the divided state of that body; correctness of Mr. Porter's cridence, but he would hold no union with his that there are more real than avowed fathers and brethren if they differed Arians in the Synod, but that they do from him regarding the unity of the not thiuk it expedient to dismiss him spirit in Christ Jesus. The time was from the clerkship, in consequence of now come when they must separate from the faithful manner in which he disthem. They had brought shame upon charged the duties of his office. He, themselves by putting up these men in (Mr. S.,) however, differed from those the high places of the synagogue. They persons who wished to have the motion bad published sermons to the disgrace passed ; and would rather see the ori. of that body, shewing them forth to the ginal motion adopted. He viewed the people of England and Scotland as a question in the same light as Mr. Bleckbody of Arians. Now was the time for ley—they ought not to discharge their them to shew forth to the world, that clerk, because he had fearlessly and manthey were not men arrayed in hostility fully told the truth; but they should against their Lord and Saviour. Let change him, when they found that a person them go forth from them with the bau- holding his opinions, and activg as their ner, “ Christ and him crucified." Those clerk, was injurious to their interests. It “ thinking few" in the South, who were was nonsense to say, that because a clerk sent there to preach the Arian doctrines, was continued from year to year, such a had been scattered to the winds by the practice should become law. He next ar. word of the Lord.
gued that Mr. Porter should not be viewed Mr. Porter rose to complain of his as the minister of Newtowulimarady, principles being misrepresented by seve. but as the clerk of the Synod; and ral of the speakers. He then read an adduced in confirmation of this argu. extract from a sermon, which he had ment the dismissal of Mr. Cuming ;" he preached on a sacramental occasion, denied that he had joined any party to when some persons then in the Synod effect Mr. Porter's removal; but he had were present, containing a statement of as good a right to ask his frieuds to his opinions on the subject of the Tri vote against Mr. Porter, as he (Mr. P.) uity, and which represented Christ in had to solicit his friends to support him the most exalted station in which he is in his situation. It was the first time held by High Arianism.
he had ever heard of a body dead to its Mr. Dill (in continuation) did reputation and character; for they ought pot look upon Mr. Porter as at all the to use their best endeavours to stand well object which they had now in view. The in the opiuion of government, from eyes of all the world were upon them, and which they received so great support. Io. they should at once come to a decision on deed, of late years governinent had paid the subject. (Some other members also more than ordinary attention to that disclaimed any intention of misrepre- body; and perhaps the very examinasenting Mr. Porter, or involving him in tion of their clerk was in consequence of the great question at issue.]
its anxiety to become better acquainted Mr. Dill said, that if the Arian with them. He then instanced the case of preachers of that body were expelled, a faithless ambassador, who had mistheir pulpits would for ever be hermes represented the ministers and the gotically sealed against the introduction of vernment which sent him to a foreign Calvinism. As he believed Arianism was court; and asked, would that ambason the declive, he would prefer to see it sador be retained in his situation, after expire by a vatural death.
his faithlessness had become knowo? Mr. Morell said, that the question They had heard it stated, that a certain had assumed a new aspect ; the business church had become very friendly to them relative to the clerkship was altogether of late, and there were some who had laid aside, and they had now entered on been kind enough to tell them, that there the subject of doctrine. He therefore was a time when the members of that felt desirous that they should proceed to body were more united in the bond of business in a regular manner, by ap- peace. Perhaps this calm of peace was pointing a clerk; and, before they sepa in 1726 ; perhaps it was in the golden rated, they could pass such a resolution, as would express their disapprobation of * Mr. Cuming never was dismissed. Arian principles. He accordingly read He was clerk of the Synod from the a proposition to that effect; when hour of his election to that of his death.
Mr. STEWART (of Broughshane) rose, -Note of the Christian Moderator.
age. But the stillness to which they what was commonly called an Arian ; had referred, was the stillness of death. that he should have felt himself called They found that more than one hundred upon to state, as his opinion, that there secediug congregations had started into were more real than avowed Ariaps in existence, independent of this Synod; the Synod; thus widely disseminating had the members of this body done their a charge of deception and hypocrisy duty, this might have not been the case ; against several of the brethren ; that they might now be double their present Arianism was gaining ground among the number.
thinking few; and that a comparison of Mr. Hay read the Minutes relative to the new code of laws with the sentithe case of Mr. Caming, and contended ments of the Synod in the year 1726, that the case was irrelevant.
the period when the members of the The MODERATOR observed, that the Presbytery of Antrim were expelled, Synod had gone into a charge not con shewed that new-light principles had tained in the motion; and hoped the been progressively advancing among thein, discussion would soon draw to a close. and that the prevalence of orthodox sen
Mr. PORTER defended his motives, timents, among the young men reared in when he said there were “ more real the Institution, was owing to the popu. than professed Arians” in the body. He larity of those sentiments among the did not mean to charge the members of laity;—the Synod feel it to be their duty the Synod with hypocrisy ; but to state to express their warmest indignation that they kept back from avowing their en. against those statements of opinion, and tire sentiments on this point of doctrine, declared their conviction that they were
Mr. R. Dill rose and said, that every not founded in fact; yet, as the removal additional circumstance which came for- of their clerk from office on this account, ward, went to serve Mr. Porter. His might be construed into persecution for (Mr. Dill's) opinions on the doctrine of the sake of opinion, and in consideration Arianism and Calvinism were well knowo: of the able manner iv which he had gehe had often preached against the Arian nerally discharged the duties of his hypothesis, because it was subversive of office, they did not cousider it expedient the best and dearest principles of Chris to remove him from it.” tianity ; but what had these things to Mr. Porter again rose and said, that do with the office of clerk? The clerk any trifling error, or supposed error, held a civil situation ; his opinions could which had been made in publi the not be brought to bear on his duties. Minutes was commented on with scruHe filled a mechanical station-to take pulous severity, but not a word was said down the proceedings of the body—to of the great improvements he had made preserve their papers.
Had he been in their arrangement and publication. faithful in all these things ? Had his It was a common remark that the good religious sentiments infused themselves men did lived not after them; but his was into their records ? No, their Clerk was likewise to be buried before him. The a nonconducting substance. Under these amendment proposed by Mr. Stewart was circumstances, it would appear, in the calculated to crush him to the dust ; and cyes of the world, a species of persecu- the moment it passed he would resign tion to dismiss him for the expression the clerkship. So long as the Synod of his opinions. As to a declaration on confined itself to an expression of disthe subject of Arianism, he would unite sent from him on disputed points, giviug with his brethren in their expressions him credit for sincerity, he could not op that subject, but never would give complain. But the proposed amendment his consent to the motion now levelled was calculated to wound his feelings and against Mr. Porter. He therefore would injure his character. It was an insult; vote for the amendment.
and to an insult he would not submit. Mr. Deniam, Sen., approved of giv- The evidence he had given before the ing Mr. Porter due notice of the inten- commissioners of Irish Education Intions of the framers of the motion. He quiry had been made the pretext for would support the amendment which removing him from his situation ; but had been put into Mr. Stewart's hands insinuations had been made, and whisby some of his elder brethren. The pers had gone abroad, about twelve clerk read Mr. Stewart's amendment, months ago, that such a measure was which was in substance,
contemplated. " That the Synod had heard with Apother discussion ensued, which it deep regret, from the printed evidence is unnecessary to detail; at the close of of the Rev. William Porter, their clerk, which the following amendment passed given before the commissioners of Edu- by a majority of 32, chiefly ministers. cation Inquiry, on the 17th of October Resolved, That this Synod has heard last
, that although he set out in life with the deepest regret, from the printed with orthodox sentiments he had become evidevce of the Rev. W. Porter, their
clerk, given on oath before the Commis. minutes. The motion was seconded by sioners of Education Inquiry, on the Mr. Dill. After some discussion, and the 17th of October, 1825, that though he substitution of the words “ continuance set out in life with orthodox principles, in office," for “appointment," it was he is now what is usually called au carried by a majority of ten, a number Arian :that he should have stated it as of members tot voting. The protest was his opinion in that evidence, that there as follows :are more real Arians than professed “ We the undersigned members of the ones in this body; and should have far- General Synod of Ulster, do most sother expressed his opinion, that a com- lemply and decidedly, yet respectfully, parison of the New Code of laws with protest against the foregoing decision, the proceedings in 1726, when the mem and beg leave to assign the following bers of the Presbytery of Antrim were expelled, shews that new-light principles “ 1. Because we conceive it to be have been progressive amongst us; and inconsistent with the original constituthat Arianism is gaining ground among tion, and injurious to the religious inte. the thinking few; and that the preva- rests, of this Church, that Arians should lence of orthodox sentiments among the be members of its courts, much more students reared in the Institution is ow. that they should be appointed its chief ing to the popularity of those sentiments and most confidential oflicers. amongst the laity. The Synod feel it “ 2. Because public bodies being judged their duty, while they admit the honesty chiefly by the character of their official and sincerity of Mr. Porter, to express members, and Mr. Porter's character as their high disapprobation of those state an Arian being matter of notoriety and ments of opinion, and to declare their record, we conceive his continuance in decided conviction that they are not the office of clerk to be deeply injurious founded in fact. Yet as the removal of to the religious character of this body. their clerk from office on this account “ 3. Because, while we are fully con. might be construed into persecution for vinced of the sincerity with which the the sake of opinion, and in consideration great majority of this body hare ex. of the able manner in which he has pressed their abhorrence of the princidischarged the duties of his office, they ples of Arianism, yet we conceive Mr. do not consider it expedient to remove Porter's continuance in office calculated him from it."
to neutralize the influence of these dis. Thursday, June 28th.
tinctions, and to support the cause of
Arianism in this body." After some routine business had been (We congratulate Mr. Porter and his gone through, Mr. Cooke gave in a pro- friends, that the worst crime which bis test signed by 48 members against Mr. adversaries could prefer against him was Porter's appointment to the clerkship, his honest and mauly avowal and deand moved that it be entered in the fence of his religious opinions.]
CORRESPONDENCE. Communications have been received from Crediton, from Mr. Alexander, Mr. G. Dyer, J. C. M., &c. Some articles of Intelligence are unavoidably postponed, The following Notices arrived too late for insertion in their proper places :
“ Part of the congregation, late under the pastoral care of the Rev. Mr. Horsey, of NORTHAMPTON, have seceded from the old Presbyteriau Chapel, on account of the introduction into it of Trinitarian worship and Calvinistic preaching, and have taken the lease of a chapel late in the occupation of the Wesleyan Methodists. This Chapel has been fitted up anew, and will be opened for Uvitarian worship on Friday, the 21st of September, when a sermon will be preached in the morning, at the usual time, by the Rev. ROBERT ASPLAND, of Hackney. There will be a religious service also, in the evening. A Plaiu Dinner will be provided. On the following Lord'sday, Mr. Aspland is expected to conduct the services of the Chapel.”
* The Southern Unitarian Fund Society will hold its Ausual Meeting at Portsmouth, on Thursday, the 20th of September. The service in the morning will be at the General Baptist Chapel in St. Thomas's Street, at Twelve o'clock; after which the business of the Society will be transacted. The Sermon addressed to the Society will be delivered in the High-street Chapel, in the Evening, the service to begin at a quarter before Seven o'clock. The Rev. T. W. Hursfield, of Lewes, has kindly engaged to be the Society's preacher this year."
It is stated that there was an error in the Report of the Manchester College Examination inserted in the last Number, the Prize for Classical proficiency in the second year having been awarded to Mr. Charles Davidson,