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office of Divinity Tutor. His age and his popularity.* Mr. Davis united to the growing infirmities compelling him to laborious duties of a Welsh Dissenting resign in the summer following, Dr. minister, officiating to three or four disJenkins was appointed by the Presbyte tant congregations, the occupation of rian Board to succeed him as sole tutor. a schoolmaster. From early life he had Previously to his removal to Carmarthen accustomed himself to tuition, having Dr. Jenkins had kept a school at Llanfyl- been for some time assistant in Dr. Jenlyn, in North Wales, where the late Dr. kins's school whilst he was a student at Abraham Rees was his scholar. The Carmarthen. He was deemed a very corCarmarthen Academy was at this time rect and sound Greek and Latin scholar, in high reputation. Among Mr. Davis's and an excellent and successful teacher. contemporaries were many ministers who It may probably be said of him with afterwards held very respectable situa. great truth, that no other individual in tions both in Wales and in England, be the Principality ever made more good sides many who have acquired eminence scholars. His pupils were not contined as clergymen in the Establishment; for to the Dissenters. A considerable number it was then customary to educate in this of the most learned and respectable institution young men designed for orders among the Welsh clergy owed their emiin the church. In the number of the nence in a great degree to his instrucDissenting ministers may be named the tions. For many years a large proporlate Rev. Matthew Anstis, of Bridport; tion of the candidates for orders in the Rev. W. Howell, for some time tutor of diocese of St. David's were young men the same Academy at Swansea; the Rev. from his school. Dr. Horsley, after Abel Edwards ; Mr. John Philipps, bro- coming to that see, was soon apprized of ther of the late Mr. Philipps, of Clap- this fact. The candidates were univerham, who went to the bar, and was sally found to pass creditably through one of Mr. Fos's counsel in his cele- their examination; but it was not to be brated Westminster contest; and the longer endured that the clergy should be Rev. Josiah Rees, of Gelligron, in Gla- indebted to Dissenters for their educamorganshire. These all preceded him tion. His Lordship apprehended that to the grave. Three survive of his Dis- pupils coming from such quarters would senting fellow-students, the Rev. John be tainted with theological heresy as well Daries, of London, the Rev. Theophilus as political disaffection. He consequently Edwards, of Taunton, and the Rev. John established a rule, since rigidly acted Evans, of Stockton-upon-Tees. Among upon, that no candidate from a Dissentthe survivors of his clerical fellow-stu- ing school should receive ordination. dents may be enumerated the Rev. Mr. Certain clerical schools were licensed, Jones, the estimable clergyman of Lewis- as those alone from which candidates ham, in Kent, and the venerable Arch- should be eligible. And these licensed deacon Beynon, of Golden Grove, in schools are now likely to merge, as to Carmarthenshire, who has been his inti- this privilege at least, in the new College mate and steady friend through life. at Lampeter, which owed its foundation
Soon after completing his studies at to the pious zeal of the present Bishop the Academy, Mr. Davis accepted (on the of Salisbury. 1st of January, 1769,) an unanimous in The Presbyterian Board were once devitation from the congregations under sirous of engaging Mr. Davis's services his care, to be the co-pastor of the late as the tutor of the Carmarthen Academy. Rev. David Lloyd, father of Dr. Charles But he declined the appointment. His Lloyd, of London, a man of pre-eminent brother, Mr. Benjamin Davis, afterwards talents, and in his day the most distin- of Evesham, had before held the situaguished of the Presbyterian ministers of tion of assistant tutor in that institution South Wales. Mr. Lloyd died on the under Mr. Gentleman. 4th of February, 1779, universally re At an Associatron of Dissenting Mispected, leaving behind him a professional nisters, held at Llechryd, in Cardiganreputation, which yet survives in the shire, in 1791, soon after the disgraceful churches of the Principality.
Birmingham riots, Mr. Davis moved a Some years afterwards, Mr. Richard series of resolutions, expressive of their Lloyd, a son of Mr. David Lloyd, was associated with Mr. Davis as his col * Another son of Mr. David Lloyd's league. He inherited his father's talents was Mr. Thomas Lloyd, a learned and and popularity. On the removal of Mr. amiable man, who was for some time Robert Gentleman from Carmarthen, he classical tutor at the Swansea Academy. was chosen to succeed him, and here he He died of a consumption at an early died in the prime of life and the zenith of age.
abhorrence of such outrages, and of their was sometimes pushed to an extreme condolence with Dr. Priestley in his suf- which greatly weakened its effect. His ferings and losses. These resolutions favourite topic was the love of God to were afterwards transmitted to Dr. Priest. his creatures. And this was a theme ley by the late Rev. Josiah Rees, of Gel. on which he displayed his eloquence to ligron. The proceeding was highly cre- the greatest advantage. ditable to the parties engaged in it. For He was distinguished by great sensi. they consisted of Trinitarians and Arians, bility and warmth of feeling. This game there not being present probably more elevation and fervour to his derotional than one Unitarian at most. Many of addresses, which rendered them pecuthem were strongly prejudiced against liarly interesting and animating to his Dr. Priestley on account of his religious hearers. sentiments; but they acted on public Mr. Davis possessed a very happy talent grounds.
for conversation. His rich humour, bis Mr. Davis was warmly attached to the ready wit, and his exhaustless store of principles of civil as well as religious anecdotes, caused his company to be liberty. His principles were, however, much sought. His own delight in 80those of the British constitution, con- ciety, and the pleasure he imparted to sidering that to be the best adapted to every circle, sonetimes led to a dissipa. the state of society in this country. Being tion of his time, which prudence and with many other excellent men of the a regard to more serious duties could time, friendly to the French Revolution, hardly justify; but it is due to bim to whilst it promised to issue in the estao say, that his morals were always pare blishment of rational liberty, he was and irreproachable. soon reported by some political bigots to The attention demanded by his duties the higher authorities as a man to be as a minister and a schoolmaster left him marked and watched. The hint was ta little leisure for literary composition. ken, and the surveyor of taxes for the In early life he published a translation, district was instructed by the Treasury to in Welsh, of Scougal's treatise on “ The keep an eye upon his proceedings. The Life of God in the Soul of Man." At surveyor having mentioned his instruc- the request of Mr. Archdeacon Beynon tions to a respectable clergyman to whom he began a translation of Dr. Taylor's Mr. Davis was well known, was informed Key to the Epistle to the Romans, that he might be perfectly easy on this he made little progress in the work. He subject, the clergyman assuring him that frequently employed his pen in the comhe would pledge himself for the consti- position of short poetical pieces in the tutional loyalty of his principles and the Welsh language, and wrote many excelcorrectness of his political conduct and lent hymns. He also translated some here the matter ended !
favourite English poems. His principal As a preacher Mr. Davis possessed un- poetical pieces were lately collected and common powers. His mind was clear published in one volume duodecimo, and capacious ; he usually took a com under the title of Teyn Devi, of prehensive view of his subject, and he “ David's Harp ;" to which there is was generally very happy in the arrange- prefixed a portrait of the anthor. He ment of his thoughts. When he took was esteemed a very good Welsh poet and pains in the study and delivery of his critic. In the Analytical Review, Vol. sermons, his pulpit eloquence was re VII. pp. 295, &c., is an article by him on markably striking and effective. His ap- the Welsh Poems of Davydd ap Gwilym. peals to the understandings, to the con- Mr. Archdeacon Beynon lately said of sciences, and to the feelings of his audi- him at a public meeting at Carmarthen tory were at such times resistless. These “ Mr. Davis', of Castle Howel, is the excellencies were, however, mingled with nearest approach, in my opinion, to good some defects. His composition and de- poetry of any in the language. Some of livery frequently wanted the correction his poems are exquisitely beautiful, parand polish of a cultivated taste. The ticularly his translation of Gray's Elegy. character of his auditors, who were for This is equal to any thing
in any language the most part small farmers and la. whatever. If that extraordinary man had bourers, and his confidence in his ex been introduced in early life into polished temporaneous command of language, society, and had enjoyed the advantages rendered him too often careless in the of an 'University education, he would, preparation of his public discourses. His doubtless
have proved one of its brightest pathos, which was among his chief ex ornaments." cellencies, and acquired great power from the rich and deep tones of his
fine voice, Welsh metres, was composedon an anai
The following little piece, in one of the
able young lady, who died after the birth various walks of science. Though ever of her first child:
ready with his pen and in his conversaSopor Mariam cepit ; in lectum
tion to advocate his own religious opiA lnctu recessit:
nions, as his tracts and the publications Ast tuba hanc excitabit,
of the day evince, he maintained friendly Ut Maria salva sit.
intercourse with many of different and
opposite persuasions, and with some of Soon after the publication of Dr. the highest rank in the Establishment; Priestley's work on Materialism, Mr. and he had many friends whose attachDavis wrote the following jeu d'esprit, which Dr. Price afterwards read to Dr. the whole of his long life.
ment to him continued unabated through Priestley, who was much pleased with
He took an active part in most public it :
works in his neighbourhood, was zealHere lie at rest,
ous and useful in the conduct of charitaIn oaken chest,
ble institutions, for which he frequently Together packed most vicely,
received well-merited thanks. He was The bones and brains,
a frequent writer in the periodical pub.. Flesh, blood and veins,
lications of the day, and published several And soul of Dr. Priestley.
works himself. His work on America, Mr. Davis was buried in the ground written at a time when that country was attached to the chapel of Llwynrhyd much less familiar to us than it is at preOwen. The funeral was accompanied sent, possesses much merit, and was by an immense concourse of people, well received. anxious to testify their respect for the His frequent journeys to foreign counmemory of the departed. There were pre- tries, and familiar intercourse with seut sixteen Dissenting ministers and strangers, imparted to his mind someseven clergymen. Mr. Jones, the classi- thing of a romantic character; and he cal tutor at the Carmarthen College, often spoke of the pleasure he experiofficiated on the occasion, and delivered enced at Rome in receiving, in common an excellent and appropriate discourse with other Englishmen, the thanks of from 1 Peter i. 8, 9. Mr. Davis educated those who were redeemed from Algerine three sons for the ministry, two of whom slavery, in whose liberation he had been survive him ; viz. Mr. D. Davis, late of instrumental. Neath, and Mr. Timothy Davis, of Eves He was the first to propose, and the ham. He has also left a widow, his principal contributor to, the establishfaithful and affectionate companion for ment in his native place, of a Dissenters' hity-two years.
burial-ground for the use of all denomi
nations,-an advantage to NoncopforRev. John Hugh WORTHINGTON. mists, that relieves them from the necesJuly 4, in the 23rd year of his age, the sity of conducting that service in a manRev. John Hugh WORTHINGTON, one of ner and form at variance with their the ministers of Cross Street Chapel, opinions, and from a reluctant submisManchester. In our next number we sion to an expense which they often find shall give some further account of this burdensome. very estimable young minister.
Mr. Wansey was a devout and a sin
eere Christian, and a conscientious Uni. HENRY WANSEY, Esq.
tariav Dissenter; possessed of cheerful Lately, in his 76th year, HENRY Wan. views of the Divine providence, and a SEX, Esq., of Warıninster, F. A. S. He firm believer in a future state. His end was a man of cheerful piety, of warm was as tranquil as constant health and and active benevolence, and a sincere spirits had made his life generally happy. friend to civil and religious liberty. En- He had a paralytic stroke on the ioth joying always a large share of health July, and died on the 19th, gradually and spirits ; possessed of great vigour sinking under his disorder, and calmly of body and mind, being always a very resigning his breath, without apparent carly riser, and making diligent use of pain. his time, he succeeded in obtaining a large stock of general knowledge, and Mrs. Sarah HIGGINGSON. rendered himself a very useful man in August 10, in the 46th year of her age, his generation, always actively engaged after a long and painful affliction, which iu devising and promoting schemes of she sustained with the fortitude, resignageneral utility and private good. He was tion, and hope of a Christian, Sarah, of a social disposition, mixed much with the wife of the Rev. Edward HIGGINSON, the world, and enjoyed an extensive ac. of Derby. quaintance among men of eminence in
Unitarian Marriage Bill. pensing with all religious ceremony; he
liked the former plan better of leaving We resume our account of the pro- marriage to the Unitarian ministers, and ceedings on this Bill. By some means, he thought it would perhaps be better alterations have been made in the pre now to require that the parties should amble and in the addition of the last first go through some religious ceremony clause for which we are unable to ac and briug a certificate of it to the macount. Nothing was said on the subject gistrate. in the debate. The public will readily The Bishop of CHESTER reminded the guess wheuce they come, and will only House that a Dissenting minister was in learn still more to appreciate the cun. their view only a layman, and therefore ning which, where it cannot prevent, a marriage by him was in their eyes strives to mar every thing that does not marriage by a layman. There was the square with its own bigotry. Of course same objection, therefore, to registering such a clause as the last is not one which
a marriage by an Unitarian minister as will be tamely submitted to, and several one had before a magistrate. He saw other alterations (made either in iguo. no difference in privciple. rance or in a desire to render the mea.
A Noble LORD (we believe Lord Resure as troublesome as well could be desdale) observed, that a great deal of will have to be revised in another ses the incoprenience of the machinery of sion.
this Bill seejned to him to arise from an HOUSE OF LORDS,
anxiety somewhere to retain the fees.
He did not approre the plan at all, and THURSDAY, JUNE 28th.
thought if they did any thing they should The House having, on the motion of the only do as they did with the Jews and Marquis of LANSDOWNE, resolved itself Quakers. He for one should feel no seruiuto a Committee, the Bishop of Chester ples as a magistrate if the State ordered it, proceeded to move several amendmenis, but he could easily conceive that others relating to minor points of detail. might, and if they were relieving one
On his moving that a justice “ being man's conscience, they had no business a clerk in holy orders" should not be to load another's. He thought that required to act, Lord KENYON proposed these persons ought to be excepted as to move a similar exception of is peers.' the Jews aud Quakers were, providing, He saw no reason why they should not however, that they should in some way have their feelings respected as well as celebrate the marriages in their owu the clergy.
congregations. He did not think the Lord Eldon said, he had always held present Bill adapted even to their own that a lay magistrate had as much right wishes and feeliugs. They were not to be regarded as a clergyman.
adverse, as he understood, to a religious The Bishop of CHESTER said, if these ceremony, but rather desired it. sort of amendments were to be attempt Lord MALMESBURY thought they were ed, they had better at once move to committing themselves by thus discussing throw out the Bill altogether.
minor amendments in this clause, where Lord LANsnowne contended that it he for one should oppose it altogether was a benefit to the community, not to in every way. Was it considered that if these Disseuters, to provide securities. the Bill received these amendments it It never could answer to turn them was to go forth as sanctioned in that adrift.
state by the House, or was this only pro Lord Kenyon only meant to contend, forma ? that a peer who was a justice had as Lord Holland. The question before good right to have his feelings cousulted them was on the amendment for esas a clergyınan. He thought it very uu. ctpting clerks, to which it had been prochristiau to call on a Christian magis- posed to add peers. The amendment of trate to perform such acts.
the Bishop of Chester was only to meet Lord ELLENBOROUGH concurred with Lord Eldon's objection against the cler Lord Kenyon that the feelings of a lay- gyman's being required to do as a justice man were as much eutitled to favour as what was not imposed on him as a clera clergyman's. If there was degradation, gyman. Then came the question wheit was as much so to one as another. ther it was expedient to receive all the He confessed he did
not like this dis- amendments, in order that the sense of
the House might be taken after it was the measure which it might afterwards seen what the friends of the measure reject. It became them to take some proposed. He must be allowed to give such course after thus defeating the para brief history of the machinery of the ties three or four times on these cavils Bill. The first method proposed was about details. If four plans were all to omit part of the liturgy; this was rejected, let a fifth be brought forward ; . the most simple plan, and was sanc but justice to an honoured and respected tioned by Lord "Liverpool. But the branch of their fellow-subjects required Archbishop of Canterbury opposed it
, that they should not thus go on triting and bis arguments convinced him (Lord with them by acknowledging the princiHolland) that the plan was not desirable ple, and yet perpetually turning them por reasonable to expect ; but the Arch- round on minor points. bishop then conceded the principle of Lord ELDON concurred that it would relief. Then came a bill proceeding on be better, as the House had for that the principle of the law of Ireland, al- Session sanctioned the principle, to leave lowing the Dissenring ministers to marry. the friends of the measure to add their To this it was objected, Where are these amendments,-print the Bill, and come marriages to be registered? There were to the consideration of it next Session; also other difficulties raised, and consi- no one being to be considered as como derable pathos was shewn in lameuta- mitted by it. He solemnly in the face tions that the clergy would lose their of the country declared, that he would no fees. Well, the framers of the Bill, longer continue a magistrate in a country having no wish to degrade or injure the where he should be required to do the clergy, wishing only to learn the objec. acts imposed by this Bili. tions in order to try to remove them, Lord MALMESBURY observed, that if devised another plan, that of legalizing the clergy were justified in objecting to their own marriages, aud carrying a cer act in this matter as magistrates, he saw tificate to the Church to be registered. no reason why he as a magistrate was Then again the same objectors (who, not to be allowed the same scruple after all, are in reality opposers of the against doing the clergyman's duty in measure in toto) cry out, ** Oh! this is marrying people. making the Church the haudmaid of Lord LANSDOWNE. The necessity of Dissent.” Well, then it is suggested to regulatious on marriages was a matter these Dissenters that they should make purely civil. It was undoubtedly further the marriage a civil act before magis- desirable to give the marriage tie the trate, and that the clergyman cappot sanction of a religious ceremony. The then have any difficulty in registering parties had themselves asked to be althe magistrate's acts. What is the lowed to do so, and it had been objected cousequence ? Why, the very persons to. who set them upon this, make it the Lord ELLENBOROUGH mentioned the ground of a new opposition. Really he great difficulties which the general Comcould not conceive how this Bill, or the mittee on the law of marriage had found plan of it, was after all of the conse in devising any plan for giving relief to quence that was attached to it. But he Dissenters. He was rather disposed, if was so desirous of yielding to the con they could, to unite the principle of the scientious scruples of such a body of former Bill with this, by requiring a men as these, and of ceasing thus to previous religious ceremony before going trifle with them, that he hardly cared to the justice. how it was done. He must say he very The Bishop of CHESTER. The intermuch preferred the former plan, but he vention of two parties in that way would gave way to the objections raised to it; only occasion great inconvenience, and and it was too much now for men who he could not help suspecting that the were, in their hearts, against the thing object of so many objections was altogether, to make this very yielding to throw difficulties in the way of the meatheir objections the ground of a new sure altogether. What was the use of opposition.
The measure was analo- passing a law to compel Dissenters to sous to the law of Ireland and Scotland, adopt a religious ceremony? The petito the ancient law of England, and 'tó tioners, whose petition (a very improper the present law regarding Jews and onc he thought it) the Noble and Learned Quakers. It was a convenient course Lord read on Tuesday, made it the (if not strictly a formal one) to amend ground of their objection that marriage the Bill according to the views of its was made a religious ceremony at all. friends, that all parties may know what it seemed quite ridiculous to pass
a law is proposed. The Rev. Prelate had to compel them to make it a religious kiudly offered to do this without the rite. If they wished it to be so, there House being called on to pledge itself to was nothing in this Bill to prevent their