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To finish the ungrateful task of finding for a sort of prologue to a volume of sefanlt, we wish the little Poem called lections of Christian devotional poetry in “Son Dayes," in Vaughan's Silex Scin- the English language, we cannot readily tillans, had been inserted, and that Mil- divine. ton's delightful Hymn, “Let us with a joyful mind,” had taken precedence of a Art. VIII.- Genuine Christianity, or far inferior specimen given. There are
the Unitarian Doctrine briefly stated. some pieces, however, which we always see with pleasure; “Gascoigne's Good
By a Physician._2nd ed. enlarged. morrow," homely and quaint as it is, is
12mo. pp. 62. Falmouth, printed; one of these. Who can resist the open
Hunter, London. ing invitation!
This Physician, who is, we learn, a “ Yon that have spent the silent night truly respectable practitioner in the West ha sleep and quiet rest,
of England, has here furnished a very And joy to see the cheerful light
valuable tract for inquirers into the UniThat riseth in the east,
tarian doctrine. He writes with ability
and temper; he discriminates correctly Now clear your voice, now cheer your between the different doctrines of which heart,
he treats ; he explains the Scriptures Come help me now to sing ;
with the skill of a well-read theological Each willing wight come bear a part
student; he exposes the unreasonableTo praise the heav'nly King."
ness of the popular scheme of divinity; R. Southwell's “ Loss in Delayes” is and he asserts with firmness, and no another excellent piece; and in a higher small force of argument, the superior strain of poetry there are Carew's two
claims of the “Unitarian doctrine" to beautiful epitaphs (pp. 113, 114), and the rank and title of “Genuine ChrisQuarles' Fifth Emblem.
tianity.". In one sentence he gives a
definition, which we not only approve, “False world, thou ly'st: thou canst not but likewise wish our readers to underlepd
stand that it is what we mean whenever in The least delight;
this work we use the term Unitarianism : Thy farours cannot gain a friend, “The great doctrine of ONE GOD THE They are so slight;
FATHER is the essence of Unitarianism : all Thy morning pleasures make an end Unitarians hold it, and all that hold it To please at night :
are Unitarians; Unitarians therefore, as Poor are the wants that thou supply'st, a body, are not to be held answerable for And yet thou vaunt'st, and yet thou vy'st any other opinion except this, unless in. With bear'n : fond earth, thou boast'st, deed such opinion can be shewn necesfalse world, thou ly'st.
sarily to follow from this.”—P. 13. Thy babbling tongue tells golden tales Of endless treasure ;
Art. IX. — Rural Lays. By Mary Thy bounty offers easie sales
Ann Plomley. 12mo.
Printed by Waters, and sold by And swear'st to ease her ;
Dobell, Cranbrook : Darton and There's none can want where thou sup
Harvey, London. 1826. pliest,
In these days of fastidious taste, we There's none can give where thou de- dare not promise the amiable author of niest;
this little unpretending volume that she Alas! fond world, thou boast'st— false will obtain poetical fame; but we can world, thou lyest."
assure our readers that we have read the On the whole, no one who looks over
“Lays" with some gratification, and Mr. Mitford's Collection can help la- that from the spirit of filial piety dis
" Dedication” and the menting that so good an idea as the played in the compilation of a little volume of this strain of simple, rational piety which port, when the whole of English poetry
runs through almost every poem, as well is before him “ where to choose,”
as on account of other considerations should be so completely thrown away. which make the publication interesting, Of his own introductory poem it is im
we can recommend it the patronage of possible for us to say any thing, except such as are both able and willing to testhat it is altogether either above or
tify their sympathy with merit far retired below our comprehension.
Why Lem- from the public gaze. priere's Classical Dictionary is exhausted
Rev. JONN YATES.
in testimony of a friendship, which, comJOHN Yates was born at Bolton-le- mencing with the relation of Tutor and Moors, Lancashire, November 10, 1755. Pupil, has continued to this hour, with When only six years old he lost his fa an esteem and affection that have inther, but this loss was supplied by the creased with his talents and his virtues." judicious cares of a most excellent mo Before leaving the Academy, Mr. Yates ther, whose maiden name was Grundy, preached with great acceptance at various and who was a woman of sincere piety country-places, and received several ofand of a very sound judgment. Of her fers, which promised him an advantahe used often to speak, even to the close geous settlement. Among others, one of his life, in terms of affectionate admi- of his fellow-students engaged to give ration ;
and he sometimes mentioned him a living in the Church of England, circumstances, from which it appears that if he would conform; but as he could in her were united in no common degree not do this conscientiously, he without the qualities of steadiness and mildness. hesitation declined the proposal. At Thus were sown in his mind the seeds Newcastle, also, in Staffordshire, his serwhich afterwards produced the fruits vices were so much admired, that the of a life distinguished throughout its celebrated Mr. Wedgwood, the leading whole course by useful and vigorous ac member of the congregation, made him tivity.
very liberal offers, to induce him to settle During eight or nine years he was a in that town. But a field of far greater pupil at the Free Grammar School of his usefulness was presented to him, when, native town, which has long enjoyed upon the removal of the Rev. Philip Tayconsiderable reputation for classical in- lor to Dublin, he was invited to understruction. In 1772, he became a student take the pastoral charge of the Dissenting on the foundation in the Academy at congregation in Kaye Street, Liverpool. Warrington, where he applied himself to At this time Dr. Enfield gave the follow, his studies with exemplary diligence and ing character of him in his recommendagreat success, and where he formed, with tory letter : “ With a great share of many excellent individuals among his good sense, a cultivated understanding, fellow - collegians, a friendship which and a manly and just elocution, he unites a continued through life, and contributed seriousness of temper and a desire of usegreatly to his enjoyment and advantage. fulness, seldom to be found in so young His eminent abilities and merit as a stu a person. His general behaviour is perdent also procured him the friendship of fectly suitable to his profession. Through the three tutors of the College, Dr. Aikin, the whole course of his academical eduDr. Enfield and the Rev. George Walker. cation he has pursued his studies with He often praised the candid and luminous great assiduity and success, and merited in manner of explaining all the principal a high degree the esteem and affection of questions in theology, morals and meta his tutors and friends. He possesses a physics, which distinguished the first of steadiness of principle and solidity of these most estimable instructors. The character beyond his years, and to these second of them, who was Lecturer on the more essential and valuable qualities, he Belles Lettres, joined with Mr. Yates adds an agreeable address and a pleasing and some other students in a system of mixture of modesty and politeness." Afregular exercises in elocution, and to the ter preaching in Kaye-Street Chapel, on pains bestowed upon this attainment, un- probation, he was unanimously elected der such guidance, we may in a great to the office of Minister, which office he measure attribute the high degree of ex. continued to hold during 46 years.* His cellence which he afterwards displayed probationary sermons are upon practical in reading and speaking from the pulpit. Mr. Walker, in the decline of life, publicly declared his early and long-conti * Mr. Yates was ordained on the 1st nued attachment to Mr. Yates, in the October, 1777; Dr. Enfield preached the dedication of his sermon, preached in sermon, and Mr. Godwin, of Gateacre, 1805, on the death of Dr. Currie, which delivered the charge. Both of these exis inscribed “To the Rev. John Yates, cellent compositions were published.
topics, bat contain explicit statements of aid; and to the poor, whom he has the writer's sentiments respecting the taught to adorn their station by the virzature and design of Christianity. It ap tues of industry and honesty. I appeal pears that he believed at that time in the to those whom he has admonished of pre-existence of Christ; in all other re error, as well as to those whom he has spects these sermons contain the same encouraged in the way of well-doing. doctrine which he afterwards preached. Believe me, my friends, his heart was in The learned Dr. Blomfield, now Bishop of his office. As he began his pastoral laChester, has recently asserted of the class hours with zeal, with zeal he continued of Dissenting teachers to which Mr. Yates them. Sincere were the aspirations which belonged, that they retained their situa- he breathed for your welfare, as men and tions by the most disingenuous artifices; as Christians. Of him it may be truly and it is not unusual with many zealons said, that defeaders of orthodoxy, both in the Church and out of it, to asscrt, that the
" 'In his duty, prompt at every call, ministers of Mr. Yates's age and deno
He watched and wept, he prayed and mination studiously concealed their ob
felt for all.' porious opinions, and by cautious insi " And as truly may it be said, that in anations seduced their hearers into the the enjoyment of affluence, he lived not reception of the errors which they had to himself. He was simple in his tastes, themselves embraced. But from Mr. and strictly temperate in his pleasures. Yates's quinerous stock of manuscript Selfishness was no ingredient in his chasermons, from the recollection of his racter. He was fond of the cheerfulness hearers, and from the uniform tenor of of society, and his door was opened wide bis private conversation, all who are able in hospitality. At his dwelling, those to judge will be ready to testify that he who had the slightest claim to his notice always expressed his sentiments with found a friendly welcome. Though he great freedom, and encouraged the same turned away in sorrow from irreclaimable sincerity and love of truth in others. It profligacy and vice, he never turned away was his practice to aid his flock in the from misfortune. He saved the poor pursuit of religious truth, and with manly that cried, the needy, and him that had eloquence to vindicate the great distin none to help him.' The mere bestowal guishing principles of the party to which of money is frequently the effort of irrehe belonged, the principles of the right solute indolence, to get rid of importu. and duty of free inquiry, and of the in- nity; but to enter kindly, minutely and dependence of Christianity upon the pa- affectionately, as our friend did, into the tronage of the civil power. The strain concerns of others, demands the union of of his preaching was eminently practical, à discerning intellect and of a compasenforcing the duties of the warmest love sionate heart." to God, of the most extended benero.. In the year 1779 he was married to ledce to man; and although he never de. Mrs. Bostock, the widow of Dr. Boslivered any doctrines but those of Unita- tock, an eminent physician in Liverpool. rianism, he rarely treated them expressly of this excellent lady it may be truly as polemical, because he thought such said that she passed her days in an entire investigations more suitable to the closet devotion to her duty; as a wife, as a than to the house of prayer.
mother, as a friend, as a pious and humOf the exemplary manner in which he ble Christian, as a liberal benefactor of dischaged his pastoral duties, the Rev. the poor, she was most worthy of imitaWm. Shepherd, in the excellent and im- tion. With her he passed nearly forty prezire sermon which he preached on years of increasing satisfaction, and by the occasion of his death, thus speaks: her he had a numerous family, whom, " On this subject I appeal to the recols together with Mrs. Yates's son by her lection of those of you who have listened former husband, (the present Dr. Boswith teachable minds to his religious in- tock,) he educated with the greatest care, structions ; and who hare entered into “ He was,” says Mr. Shepherd, the spirit of his devotional exercises, emplary in the discharge of the duties of which were so rich, so copious, so fer- domestic life. As a husband, he was Fent, and yet so chastened, the evident affectionate; as a father, he was judiemanations of reverential awe and en ciously kind. Upon his children in their lightened piety. I appeal to those whom early days, he laid steadily, but gently, he has so often visited in the time of the hand of restraint; till by just detheir sickness and of their sorrow. I grces, as they increased in years, authoappeal to the rich, to whom he has point. rity was relaxed into influence and ined out objects worthy of their beneficent fluence was mellowed into confidence.".
Some years after Mr. Yates's marriage tracted little regard, has in consequence his activity and usefulness were in a cer of his liberality and discernment become tain degree impeded by ill health, pro the admiration and occasional resort of bably in consequence of severe applica- the neighbouring population, In this tion to his professional studies. From retirement after the discharge of his mithis circumstance he took into his family nisterial labours he loved to spend his as a tutor, and also with a view to occa leisure time amongst his family, regardsional assistance in the pulpit, the late ing it as the means of contributing to Rev. Benjamin Davis, afterwards of Even their health, to their domestic union, to sham. This gentleman was succeeded, their virtuous recreation and to the cheon his removal to Walsall in Stafford- rishing of those tastes which, regulated shire, by the Rev. William Shepherd, by religious principle, confer a grace now well known to the public, as deeply upon the character, while they give the imbued with classical and polite literature, purest pleasure to the heart. But he and as the intrepid asserter of civil and never suffered pleasures of this nature to religious liberty.
interfere with his more important duties In his friendships, indeed, Mr. Yates as a Christian minister; in these he was peculiarly happy. The same kind placed his chief delight. In his attention and social disposition, and the same high to his congregation he was indefatigable, character which had gained for him the not as regarded his public services only, love of his fellow-students at college, but also in his intercourse with them in continued, wheresoever he went, to at- private life. For a long series of years tract the regards of those who were most it was his almost daily practice to visit distinguished by their talents and their some one family amongst them, to study virtues. He considered himself fortu- their interests, to encourage them in nate in the very affectionate and confi- their difficulties, and urge them on in dential intercourse he enjoyed with Mr. their laudable pursuits. Roscoe, Dr. Currie and Mr. Rathbone, He was also ever active in promoting so justly regarded as among the brightest the education of the poor : with this ornaments of the town of Liverpool. view he built, principally at his own With them he was accustomed to unite expense, in Harrington, a town adin every scheme conducive either to their joining Liverpool, a school in which own intellectual improvement or to the about 450 poor children now receive inbenefit of the public. With a view to the struction. The plan which he projected former of these objects, they (together well deserves attention. He was uniformly with four other gentlemen) formed a so desirous that all sects should join in ciety denominated from the number to schemes for the education of the poor, which it was limited, the Octonian. It but he lamented that, in the endeavour to was a highly liberal and intellectual asso secure union, the inculcation of religious ciation. A topic previously agreed upon principles is liable to be neglected. was made the subject of conversation, was his intention that in the Harrington and sometimes a paper relative to it was school, which is supported by voluntary read.
contributions, moral and religious inThe delicacy of Mr. Yates's health struction in those fundamental princimade it necessary for him at a very early ples on which all Christians are agreed, period of his ministerial services to qnit should be a primary object, and that behis residence in town, and he finally sides religious exercises on the other removed to Toxteth Park. Here he days of the week, the children should spent the greater part of his life ; and on the Lord's-day be conducted in the here he gratified that taste for the beau- morning to their own places of worties of nature which was always one of ship, and meet in the afternoon in the the prominent features of his finely-con- school, to join in singing, in praying and stituted mind.
in hearing instructions suited to their Nor did he content himself with merely tender capacities. With a view to this admiring what was beautiful, he set him- object, he compiled and published, in self sedulously to improve what he 1817, a small volume of Hymns for the thought capable of greater excellence- Social Worship of Children, in the preand truly it may be said of him, “Nihil face to which he has admirably unfolded tetigit, quod non ornavit.” A small the principal design of the school, and to dingle, celebrated in one of the earliest which Mr. Roscoe and some others of efforts of Mr. Roscoe's muse, the rough his friends with great kindness contrisides of which had, indeed, sometimes buted by original compositions. been explored by the prying gaze of the The various associations either for botanist, but which in general had at. charitable or scientific purposes, by which
the town of Liverpool has been go ho- the friendly and laudable zeal of his nourably distinguished, always found in auditors, a charity-school for boys and Mr. Yates a warm, judicious and liberal girls was, in the course of a few years, callintor. He was among the earliest attached to the Paradise-street Chapel; contributors to the London Unitarian and in compliance with his advice, it was Society, and to the Manchester New Col regularly attended by some of the young leze, and the exertions which he made ladies and gentlemen of the congregation very recently on behalf of the Widows' in the capacity of visitors, and rose to Fund in Lancashire, and in which he the highest degree of estimation with the was eminently successful, are fresh in public. Several persons, who in aftershe recollection of his brethren in the life have attained to much respectability ministry.
in society, have expressed in the highest The African Slave Trade, principally terms of gratitude the sense of obligation carried on from the port of Liverpool, which they entertained for the steady could not fail to engage very deeply the and effective system of instruction which thoughts and feelings of a man and a was there pursued, and have themselves minister such as Mr. Yates. Upon this become annual subscribers to the school. subject he always spoke as became a In the year 1812, Mr. Yates judged it Christian patriot and philanthropist. expedient to resign his ministerial charge; But he was not satisfied with the expres- but his congregation were so warmly atsion of his sentiments in private conver tached to him, and so desirous of the sation. In January, 1788, he preached continuance of his services, that he agreed an eloquent and argumentative discourse to continue them with the aid of a copon the inconsistency of the traffic in pastor, and his hearers made choice of stares with the rights of humanity and the late amiable and cloquent Pendlebury with the principles of the gospel. This Houghton, who was one of his earliest measure excited the violent and disdain- friends, having been his fellow-student ful anger of many of Mr. Yates's towns at Warrington Academy. At length Mr. men, and by taking this step he incurred Yates and Mr. Houghton, as increasing the risk of estranging some of the lead- years brought with them increased ining members of his own congregation. firmity, simultaneously relinquished the Some individuals, however, aware of pastoral office in the spring of 1823. The the conscientious motives which alone following entry in a book, which 1r. prompted his language and conduct, re Yates kept as a record of the particulars quested a transcript of the sermon, with of his public services, expresses his emoa Fiew to the serious examination of his tions on this termination of his ministearguments, and were induced to relin- rial duties: “ April 20th. This was the quish that lucrative, though iniquitous first Sunday after I had resigned the office traffic. The transcript in question seems of Pastor of the Congregation at Paradise to have been widely circulated, as it fell Street. A day of many serious and affecinto the hands of the late Dr. Kippis, ting recollections." Soon after his rewho spoke of it in terms of high admira- signation he received from the congregation, observing that the preaching of it tion a handsome piece of plate, as a mark in Liverpool was an indication of moral of their gratitude for his long-continued murage, and of a sense of duty highly services, and of their esteem for his pricreditable to the writer.
vate virtues. Mr. Yates's assiduous attention to his In his latter years he was enabled to pastoral duties and his increasing accept- manifest his regard to his congregation ableness as a preacher, induced his con and to promote their friendly intercourse gregation to erect a larger place of wor in a way which gave them much pleasure. ship, the present commodious and ele- Persuaded that those who assemble under gant chapel in Paradise Street. He one roof to worship the same bountiful preached at the opening of this place to Parent, in the name of the benevolent a crowded audience, on Sunday, Sep- Saviour of mankind, ought to regard one tember 11, 1791. In his sermon he in- another as friends and brothers, he insisted upon the great practical purposes vited the members of his congregation, of religious associations, and he endea- from the richest to the poorest individual, Foured to communicate the temper of to meet in large parties at his house. universal charity by pointing out to his There, in the tranquil summer evenings, lock some circumstances worthy of their they had opportunities of becoming more imitation in the practices and modes of intimately acquainted with each other, of worship of all the principal denomina- learning how they might render mutual tions of Christians.
services, and of cultivating their social Through Mr. Yates's efforts, aided by affections under the intiuence of Chris