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tourse, was to circulate the Holy Scrip- He, therefore, begged to propose the tures, and nothing beyond ; and yet, health of Mr. G. W. Wood. when a clergyman had been applied to The CHAIRMAN said, that his services to take the chair, he had made it an had been much overrated. He had been express condition that no Unitariau mi- induced to take the Chair from a feeling bister should be allowed to address the which had been pointedly alluded to by a meeting. The rumour of this getting Reverend gentleman near him, that every abroad, the Unitarians thonght them- Christian was bound to contribute his selves called upon not to remain silent; talent, however humble, when called and, accordingly, agreed on making a upon, in à Christian cause. As a stranger stand; the consequence of which was, he had a claim upon their indulgence, that no less than three Unitarians, of and he trusted that in whatever respect whom himself was one, had been ap he might be found wanting, it would be pointed members of the committee; and made up by their own zeal and energy. it remained with them, if the same His owu opinion was, that the straightclergyman should take the chair at any forward path of prosperity was open subsequent meeting, to let him know before them; and though in former times that they were Christians as well as he. much had been accomplished by indivi..
The CHAIRMAN begged to propose the dual exertions, it remained for the prehealth of their Treasurer, Mr. Christie; sent age to see what could be effected by and he felt great pleasure in the re voluntary associations. He begged to promembrance, that it was through his in- pose, “ The workmen and their work; strumentality that he (the Chairman) the health of Mr. Adam, and the other had become, about twenty years since, a Missionaries at home and abroad." member of that branch of the present Mr. ARNOTT returned thanks in Mr. Institution, the Unitarian Fund.
Adam's uame, and said that he had lately Mr. Christie returned thauks. At received a letter from Calcutta, by which ome time he had certainly devoted much it appeared that Rammohun Roy had time tu the Society, but since a deputy- gaived a litigation, in which he had long treasurer had heen appointed, that gen- been engaged, and that consequently he tleman had engaged so actively in the would now be able to re-enter the field Society's business, that his office was with redoubled activity and zeal. Mr. little more than a sinecure. The princi- Adam likewise was highly successful in ples of Unitarianism had lately made a his undertakings; and with the efforts of rapid progress. Twenty or thirty years such men as these, added to the goodness ago they were scarcely able to get toge- of the cause, it might be no vain thing ther thirty gentlemen on an anniversary for him to say, that he trusted no very meeting, whilc now he saw around him long period of time would elapse before six or eight times that number. In Ame- the truth of pure religion was established rica the same rapid progress had taken from the jungles of Bengal to the wilds place, and iu Boston alone there were of America. pot at present less than twelve or thirteen Rev. Mr. HARDING said, that the chaUnitarian congregations; and in India ritable objects of the Associatiou renthe same principles were daily obtaining dered it worthy of support. For the last fresh disciples; much of which might be thirteen years he had laboured as a Misattributed to the Unitarian Society for siopary, through good report, but much distributing books, and the Unitarian ofteuer through ill report, towards the Prod. By the concentration of these so. propagation of the true kuowledge of cieties, he trusted that additional good Christianity. would be done, for there was now a wide
Rev. Mr. Latham said, that theirs was field open for them to act in; and with the cause for which Whiston and Emlyn the work ouce set in motion, he hoped had contended, and that the present was that they would not be obliged to make
no time to abaudou that field in which a pause from the want of funds. They those great men had fought for the sake had the advantage of a most judicious of truth and for the glory of God. and discreet committee, and their exer The CHAIRMAN then proposed to the tions were such as to extend their influ. compaty, that they should drink the ence on all sides. To their present Chair. health of the Secretary, the Rev. Mr. Asman, likewise, they were much indebted, pland. not only for his services on that occasion,
The Rev. R. ASPLAND rose to return but through a long series of years, during thanks. He said, that he was always happy which he had advocated the cause of reli- when he could render any service to the gious liberty and of the Unitarian doctrine. Unitarian cause, though he had thought that
he might be discharged from the church to him little matter of surprise that those militant: to their conscription, however, who were used to such wholesale pro. be bowed most cheerfully, and though he ceedings should look down with conmight not be a very efficient, he trusted tempt on a society where their whole at least that he should prove to be a very disbursements would scarcely defray the honest soldier, while for his own part he expenses of a travelling Secretary, in some claimed no other pay than their appro- of the popular societies. But he would bation. He felt unfeigued pleasure in have been glad, that those who wrote avowing his firm conviction, not only that against them had heard the excellent Unitarianism was true Christianity, but sermou which had been preached that that it was the only form of worship that morning by his respected friend Mr. Kencould preserve Christiavity alive in the rick; for he was convinced that the weight world. Some very orthodox persons had of its arguments, and the force of its relately been extremely active in propaga- presentations, would have made a favourting a report of his re-conversion from able impression on their minds; avd le Unitarianism; but on what grounds such trusted that no long time would be suf. a report had been founded, he was utterly fered to elapse before it would appear in at a loss to know. His personal habits print for the public benefit. In considid not incline him to go backwards, and dering the broad question of Unitariauhe had observed of those that did take ism, it appeared wonderful to him that it that course, that their heads were apt to lived at all, so great was the opposition it be turned and to grow dizzy, in which had to encounter. All changes, however, state they were blind to the things that were necessarily slow; but, at the same actually did exist, but contrived to see time, no delusion could last long, and things that had no existence at all. He when every man came to be convinced was unable to find adequate words to that it was his interest not to be deceived, express his gratitude to Providence that their cause would triumphı: and when he he had in early life become a Unitarian, said that their cause would triumph, he He had been brought up amongst a very mcant not that this or that creed, but that pious class of persons, but still he had the great principles on which they were found himself uneasy; he had felt that united would triumph. It was not, howhe wauted something which they were ever, by force that this triumph was to unable to give him. In the morning of be obtained; it was by argument and perhis days he had gone out to seek the suasion alone. He was happy to say, that manna of divine truth, and he had found he did not know a single Unitarian who it among the Unitarians, whom he sin. wished his cause to be promoted by any cerely believed to be, in the orthodox other means; indeed, he did not see how phrase, the Lord's people. He was sure a Unitarian could be a bigot, or resort to that they had the spirit of the Lord, be- denunciations against his fellow-chriscause where the spirit of the Lord is, tians; but, if by any chance such an one there is liberty. But with what success should rise up, he would be au amusing were the Unitarians carrying on their man indeed, for he would be acting withoperations ? If they were to believe one out a motive; for at the same time that of the public journals of that morning, he was a bigot, he would be contending with no success at all; but then it must that it was no fault in any individual to be premised, that the reporter of that stand on his own principles, aud to follow paper of course understood much more wherever the light of truth might lead about their matters than they could them- him. He was unfortuvately himself no selves. So far, however, from the Uni- longer young, and he could remember tarian cause failing, there vever was a the time when to be told that there was time when it stood so high in public esti a Unitarian in company, would have es. mation, and when they had so much cited a feeling somewhat akin to disgust; reason to be satisfied that their opera- the real fact was, that they had formerly tions were obtaining for them a sure foot- been outlaws, and had only forced theming in the public favour. But he did not selves within the pale of civilization by wonder that the reporters should have their exertions. By means of Uvitarian been so much mistaken. When they Associations, the kvowledge of Unitari. found a difficulty to get in, when they avism had been diffused throughout the found the heat of a meeting oppressive, country, chapels had been established in
seats were reserved for the la- different parts, and become numerous, dies," and when the speeches and reports and Unitarians had sprung up iu Scotland recorded thousands converted, where the and Wales, where, till within a very l'nitarians could only record units, it was short time, they had been looked upon
as non-descript animals. The great ma there sit down beside the Churchman, to thematician of antiquity had said, that consult, not on the means of annoying if he had but one point to rest his lever one another, but on those of serving their upon, he would move the globe ; and so country, the burial-place of their fathers, it was with religious truth. The place and the birth - place of their children. from which the lever was acting at pre The TREASURER adverted to the Re. sent was America; great efforts were port of the proceedings of the Unitarian making there, and should they be con Association on the preceding day whichi tinued in the same spirit in which they appeared in a morning paper, The Times. had been begun, there could be no doubt With regard to the remark there made, but that the effect would be prodigious. that it had been attempted to prevent
A great question at present in agitation discussion, it was a mistake. A genwas the Unitarian Marriage Bill; he tleman rose out of order to speak our boped, rather than expected, that the bill a particular point, and he was told that would pass into an act during the present the discussion could not take place till session. The principle of the Bill had the motion was made for receiving the been ably and eloquently supported by Report. Lord Liverpool and the Archbishop of * The Manchester College, York," Canterbury; and had been countenanced was next proposed by the Chairman. by many other peers, both spiritual and Rev. J. KENRICK returned thanks. 10 temporal. The Bill' had actually passed had been asked, why the York College the House of Commous twice, almost had not called itself Unitarian. He without objection. In a new form the could answer, it was not because the Bill was now before the Legislature, and supporters of it were indifferent to Unihe could not coutemplate opposition from tariau sentiments, but because such a the present Administration, so liberal in designation might lead to the supposition other matters. Various strange habits that it received none but students holdof the upper ranks of life adopted for ing those sentiments. They meant to amusement inight be accounted for, but hold it out as an Institution open to all he could not understand what sport any parties, with full liberty of conscience. one could possibly find in conscience - The London University professed to be worryiog. The maxim of the English established on the princip!e of no reliconstitution and the principles of the gious tests; but this was vo new proBritish Legislation was, that where there fession. The Mancheste avd the War15 a wrong, there must be a remedy; rington Colleges, among the Presbyterian the wrong in this case was acknowledged, Dissenters, had acted on the same prin. and therefore they would be unjust to ciple more than half a century ago. He Parliament not to rely upon finding an hoped the example would be followed by effectual remedy speedily." Another great the other Universities. He knew noquestion before them was the Corpora. thing more strange than these restriction and Test Acts, the repeal of which, tions; they were restrictions unknown to
confidently anticipated sooner or later, the foreigu Universities. from the united and persevering efforts The health of Mr. BOWRING, the new of the great body of Dissenters, who Foreign Secretary, was next proposed, were now roused like a giant from sleep, and that gentleman shortly returned and would nerer more rest until they thanks. Until the health of the late had removed from a free country the Secretary was re established, he would fuormity of millions of his Majesty's undertake the office, and endeavour to do subjects being denied the commou rights his duty. of free men, and from a free couutry the “ The London University, and may scandal of prostituting the most holy the doors of the temple of science never ordinance of Christ to mere political be closed by varrow-mindedness and bituds, those ends also unjust and uncha- gotry.” sitable. He concluded with declaring, Mr. Hill, iu returning thauks, exthat in what he had said, he had in view pressed his satisfaction that such an inDo sectarian purpose; he considered the stitution was rising in the metropolis. term Uvitarianism as comprehended in He concurred in the propriety of conthe bobler appellation Christian, and his veying knowledge, without requiring a foudest wish and most earnest prayers declaration of religious belief. It was Here, that the doors of the temple of important that Unitarians should take freedom might be thrown wide open to the lead in endeavouring to break such all denominations of Englishmen, and shackles. Nothing could be more abthat Roman Catholics and Protestant Dis- surd than to require subscription from Xnters might enter hand in hand, and boys, to articles which it was impossis
ble they could fully understand. He ticism, published by the Unitarians of was attached to the Society he was then Poland : the progress of Unitarianism addressing, because it was frieudly to keeping pace here with the progress of liberty; and should at any time consider literature. The case had been the same it au honour to render it iu his profese in England. One of the first productions sion any assistance in his power.
of the press in this country was Tindal's Mr. R. Taylor said, he should not New Testament; and one of the first have risen if he had not thought that the distributors of this work was a lady of Unitarian body had done less than any Kent, holding Unitarian sentiments, who, other for the London University. He against the remoustrances of the young considered this a great stigma upon King Edward, was dragged to the stake them. When all classes, Jews and Chris- for her heresy, by Archbishop Cranmer. tians, had laid aside their differences and As English literature advanced, Unitarianimosities to carry on this design, it anism continued its progress. The midmust be a cause of regret that Unitarians dle of the 17th century produced, among had done so little. He hoped every mem other advocates, John Milton, not more ber of that body would lend his aid, and distinguished for his various literary tatake shares in the Institution.
lents, than for his able defence of the The health of the Rev. Dr. Rees, the Unitarian doctrine. The same century Book Secretary, was next proposed. produced also John Locke, and other
The Rev. Dr. REES returned thanks. men of eminence, holding the same opiHe felt pleasure in holding in that insti- nions. And, indeed, what is called the tution the office he had so long held in Augustan age of English literature, was the Unitarian Book Society before its the Augustan age of Unitarianism, for it junction with it. In the promulgation produced those admirable quarto fracts, of their sentiments, he considered books which contain some of the best exposias most valuable and important instru- tions and defences of Unitarian Chrisments. It was truly interesting to ob- tianity. After this followed the great serve, that there had always been an in names of Dr Samuel Clarke, Whiston, timate connexion between the progress and many others, too fiumerous to menof literature and the progress of the Uni- tion; still confirming the fact, that litetarian doctrine. The respected preacher, rature and Unitarian truth advanced toin his sermon before the Society that gether. He had to apologise for having morning, had correctly ascribed the ori. gone over so wide a field, but it was one gin of the corruption of the Christian over which he had long been accustomed doctrine to its reception by Heathens, to roam with the greatest delight, which who were unacquainted with Jewish cus had on every hand yielded him the purest toms and ideas, and therefore incapable satisfaction, and presented to him prosof correctly apprehending the language spects the most splendid and animating. and allusions of the writers of the New He then said, that as many were extolling Testament. These errors, Dr. Rees ob.. the power of truth, and professing their served, had been confirmed by the iguo- zeal on its behalf, it was important for rance of the dark ages which followed. them to consider, that truth, like many On the revival of literature in Italy, the other powers, required certain machinery doctrine of the Divine Unity was reco to act upon, in order to produce its vered. While the Medici were with one effects ; books formed a part of this mahand holding out encouragement to the chinery, and he recommended their gecultivation of letters, they were with the neral use. He thonght that Unitarians other sowing the seeds of religious truth, had not done their duty in this respect. which in their own days yielded a con: They had not sufficiently encouraged siderable crop, but afterwards produced their own writers ; their best anthors an abundant harvest. Italy, with the re were frequently bearing pecuniary losses vival of letters, had give birth to some of by their publications. He knew that this the earliest and ablest advocates of the had proved a serious discouragement to Unitarian doctrine. These eminent men, them, and had deprived the public of driven from their own country, had car many valuable books on Unitarian sentiried their opinions first to Switzerland, ments. He would briefly adrert in this and afterwards to Poland and Transyl- connexion to the Monthly Repository; vania. The revival of literature in Ger as this work was now in effect the promany was nearly coeval with the Refor- perty of the Association, and the Commation; and amongst the chief and ear mittee were its responsible Conductors, liest productions of the literature of this there could be no violation of delicacy period, were those numerous and mas- in his mentioning it thas publicly. He terly works on theology and biblical cri• hoped they should hear no complaints
from their Unitarian literary friends, of upon to exchange their creed for another the contents of the Monthly Repository which held, under whatever modificathat it did not contain a sufficient va- tions, that there was a plurality of deities. riety--that it was not learned enough, In illustration of this remark, he related or pot amusing enough; for it rested a conversation which had passed in his with them to make it by their contribu own hearing between the late Bishop tions what they pleased. The Committee, Middleton and Rammohun Roy, in which he would
them undertake to say, the former had objected to the Chrissought, and would be obliged to them for, tianity of the latter that it did not comtheir assistance; and would spare no pains, prehend the doctrine of the Trinity. he was sure, to render it worthy of the Rammohun Roy had replied, that if he denomination from which it proceeded. were bound by Christianity to believe in
The health of Rammohun Roy was three divine persons, he could not see next given.
adequate reason for renouncing the creed Mr. BUCKINGHAM returned thanks on of his countrymen in millions of divinihis behalf. His feelings would have ties. He also mentioned a fact relating prompted him to rise on the occasion, to the late Church-of-England missioneven if he had not been alluded to by ary, Mr. Martin, who, when engaged in bame as the friend of that distinguish- preaching Christianity in Persia, as had Ad person. His conduet and charac- been stated to him (Mr. B) on the spot, ter had entitled him to the greatest re- finding the strong feeling that existed pett. Rammohon Roy belonged by birth against the doctrine of the Trinity, bad to the highest class of society in India: prudently confined himself to representhe was a Brahmin, and as such possessed ing God as one being, without adverting of many privileges, and enjoying high to a plurality of persons. By this course consideration. He was therefore entitled he had secured the attention and respect tos peruliar praise for having avowed his of the persons whom he had addressed. conversion to Christianity. The more he The healths of the Deputy-treasurer, had sacrificed by this step, the greater the Local-treasurers, with the best thanks was his merit. He was a man of great for their services; and Mr. Edward #ealth, possessed of very large landed Taylor, and the late Committee, were property, and might have been excused then drunk; and one of the Local-treaif he had yielded to the influence of the surers and Mr. E. Taylor severally reclimate, and abandoned himself to habits turned thanks. of indolence; but his love of truth had The CHAIRMAN then gave, Success to overcome every temptation of this kind, the New Series of the Mouthly Reposiand led him to severe study. He had pot tory; with which he would conuect the adopted Christianity on light grounds, name of Mr. Edgar Taylor, as having but had prosecuted his inquiries firmly taken an active part in effecting the late and perseveringly into the divine origin arrangements for the New Series. of his adopted faith. This entitled him Mr. JOHN TAYLOR returned thanks on to honour. Though not acquainted with behalf of Mr. Edgar Taylor. the English language in his early years, Mr. Richmond, and the members of and never having studied it in any college, the vew Committee. he had written in the purest Euglish one Mr. Esdaile and Stewards. of tbe ablest defences of Unitarianism. Mr. EsdAlle returned thanks. He was the firm and liberal friend of It was proposed to add the name of education, to the promotion of which he Mr. Robinson, of Bury, to complete the Was devoting a third of his ample furtune, list of stewards elect. Literature in like manner engaged his Mr. ROBINSON acceded. powerful patronage, and derived from
Mr. BOWRING proposed, “ The health him the most effectire support. On all of the Chairman, and our best thanks for these accounts he was eminently eutitled his readiness to preside on this occasion, to the respectful notice of the Unitarians and for his adinirable conduct in the of England; and he (Mr. B.) would have chair.” much pleasure in communicating to him Mr. Aspland said, that he was sorry the honourable mention which had now to interfere in the arrangements of the been made of him from the chair. Ad- chair; but as their Marriage bill was Ferting to Mr. Adam and the Indian mis now before Parliament, and agitated in sinu, Mr. Buckingham observed, that if the House that night, (at least it was no any progress was to be made in con- fault of theirs if it was not,) he would verting India to Christianity, it must be propose a toast which he was sure would by teaching the doctrine of the unity of be cordially received : “ Our young men God. Those who now believe in a mule and maidens: and may the time soon titude of gods, would not be prevailed arrive when they may plight their hands,