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his purpose would be confirmed by the say something upon the important suh. very threat of opposition by which some ject that had that day much occupied might be dismayed. Instant triumph ne their attention, he would allode, in the ver was expected. Try and persevere had first place, to the altered condition of ever been the motto of the promoters the country siuce the time the laws of truth and freedom, and of the great complained against were passed. Did benefactors of mankind. Could he then any one who surveyed the country imforego or postpone his purpose, though gine that any of those causes which inTories clamour, or a minister may frown! duced our ancestors to exclude DisTaught by the masters of ancient song, senters from the rights of citizens now he would exclaim
had existence ? Were we now afraid
that Republican Dissenters and Papists Justum et tenacem propositi virum,
would become the advocates of despo
tism ? Surely no one believed that, in Non vultus instantis tyranni,
these days, it was the wish of the CathoMente quatit solida
lic to endanger the Church, or of the
If Or, as one of our bards has versified Dissenter to overturn the Throne. the sentiment,
these wishes and feelings were banished
from the hearts and minds of the differThe man resolved, and steady to his
ent classes of Dissenters, justice detrust,
manded that the laws which were enact.. Inflexible to ill, and resolutely just ;
*ed to restrain them should be annulled, The tyrant's fierceness he beguiles,
and Government could not long withAnd the stern brow, and the harsh voice
stand their righteons claims. He, too, defies ;
must express his surprise and concern And with superior greatness smiles.
at their disabilities being called theoretic. To him the declaration made by an Were those evils theoretic which were eminent and highly-talented statesman, so luminously detailed in the report they that he would oppose our application had heard ? Was it only a theoretic evil for redress, appeared as premature as to the Dissenter, that he could not be the reason assigned for the opposition admitted into the magistracy except by was unsound. Usual courtesy should a conformity which his conscience disaphave induced him to suspend his deci- proved, or a miserable evasion of the sion until the numbers and importance law through the Act of Indemnity,—the of the petitions were ascertained, until very passing of which every session was the facts had been stated, and the advo a practical proof of the folly and evil of cates been heard. The wishes of two such objectionable laws ? But it was millions of industrious, manly, loyal, not only to the civil disabilities he obuseful, religious and enlightened citi- jected; they were likewise, in his opizens, were entitled to that attention and nion, highly injurious to the promotion respect : and were he a Protestant Dis- of true religion. He recollected that senter himself, he would be the last of when the Bill brought in by his homen to treat as merely theoretic,' nourable friend, Mr. Smith, of Norwich, the claims which regard to honour and for the relief of the Unitarians, was in religious principle, and no mercenary its progress through the House of Peers, motives, impel them to assert. His one of the late Ministers objected to it, spirit would spurn contempt, would feel on account of its making the Church a that degradation is an injury, and would handmaid to Dissent. But, he would choose a wreath of parsley offered with ask, if, under the present laws, the respect, rather than sell his indepen- Church was not made an auxiliary to dence for a crown of gold. But though civil rights and legal proceedings, as the all parties of ins and outs opposed, they only legal evidence of a birth was the had pushed their bark into the sea, and parish register of the christening of a though waves and tides and storms child ? He was afraid that a vast numbeat them off, season after season, the ber of the Legislators were ignorant of crew were principled and firm-they were the matter : but that was not their fault. true tars of England. With them he It was not usual for men to seek to bewould try and persevere ; and at last, come acquainted with inconveniences, the waves and tides and storms would by which they were not affected; and it be surmounted and the shore attained. was, therefore, the duty of the Dissenters
Thanks having been voted to Lord to make their situation known, Το Milton, his Lordship, in rising to ac their passiveness alone, must be attriknowledge the compliment, observed, buted the ignorance which unhappily that, as it might be expected of him to prevailed. He assured the meeting that
a more ardent friend to their cause than special evils to which they are exposed, himself, did not exist ; and although he and for the establishment of a new sysmost repeat his sorrow at the unfortu- tem of registration of births, which the nate declaration made by Mr. Canning, imperfection and injustice of the existing from which he could not hold out to laws clearly require, and that the Comthem a hope of immediate redress, yet mittee be instructed to take the earliest among the persons who were now en fit opportunity to obtain for these matters trasted with the administration of the that attention from the Legislature and affairs of the country, there was so much Government, which they truly deserve.” liberality and talent, that he felt con 4. “ That, interested in the general vinced it was impossible for the Statute welfare of the world, they partake the Book to be much longer disgraced by the sorrow felt by those who perceive still in continuance of any religious tests, which Spain, and even in some Protestant Cannot only were derogatory to the charac tons of Switzerland, an intolerant and ter of a free people, but tended to im- persecuting spirit; but are cheered by pede that growth of charity and religion the successful resistance made in France which every Britou and Christian must to attempts at its revival in that coun. desire.
try; and rejoice that in the vast conti. , The following were the Resolutions nent of America the principles of relipassed at this Meeting :
gious liberty appear to be understood 1. “ That this Meeting deem it their and upheld, and hope that their universal duty to renew the avowal of the princi- influence throughout the earth will, ere ples they have often promulgated, and long, and every where, promote the piety to which they adhere ; that it is the un and purity, the honour and happiness of alienable right of every man to worship
man!” God as his judgment and his heart di 5. " That the conduct of the Commit. rect; that neither legislatures nor so tee, in the attention they have invited to cieties are entitled to restrict that right; a general application to relief from the that its infringement, if attempted, may Corporation and Test Acts, and the resoconvert unworthy men into hypocrites, lutions circulated by them, are highly and good men into martyrs, but can approved by this Meeting. That they never produce a beneficent result'; and gladly offer their thanks to the body of that such infringement is attempted, and Deputies, and to the very estimable mipersecution introduced, whenever pecu- nisters of the Three Denominations, and liar honours, wealth, and rewards, are to all other Societies who have been distributed by a state to the upholders prompt and cheerful coadjutors to the of certain doctrines and forms, while Committee, and assisted the cause by exclusion and inconvenience inflict prac- their labours and advice ; and also pretical punishment on those who to those sent grateful acknowledgments to Lord doctrines and forms conscientiously re John Russell, M. P., and those other fuse to conform."
noble and eminent personages who have 2.“ That this Meeting regret, that in expressed their approval of the attempt, England, at the present period, so many and their assurance of support ; and that cases connected with the undoubted while this Meeting are unwilling to differ rights of Protestant Dissenters, even from any members of his Majesty's Go. under a mere system of toleration, still vernment, or to urge forward an attempt annually require the attention of this So. which they will oppose, yet they cannot ciety; and that riots, and disturbances consent, therefore, to waive an applicaof worship-assessments to the poor's tion on which they had resolved—which rate-claims of turnpike tolls-refusals' has been too long delayed—which many of marriage and interment-illegal pecu- pious and dignified members of the Estaniary demands and many acts of into- blished Church greatly approve--which lerance and oppression, should yet de- merits and needs discussion and inquiry monstrate the utility of the institution, which is demanded by the duties due and require its continued support."
to our ancestors and to posterity-and 3. " That this Meeting learn with sor which only asks explanation, unity, and row, that the laniented indisposition of perseverance, to ensure, if not an immethe Earl of Liverpool, and various poli- diate triumph, yet final success, and this tical events during the present Session Meeting must, consequently and univerof Parliament, have prevented those sally, recommend energetic co-operation strenuous efforts for the relief of the and unabating zeal.” numerous and respectable members of
6. “ That with undiminished pleasure the Baptist denomination from various they present to the Committee during
the past year, their annual tribute of countrymen be confirmed and increased." praise, and hope that an increased num- The announcement of this resolution ber of congregations will supply the was welcomed with great applause, aud small annual contribution which alone the assembly rose to express their conis required ; and that the Committee for currence. the ensuing year consist of the Trea
By the request of the Committee surer, to be chosen by the Committee, we state, that donations are needed, and of the Secretaries, and of the following may be transmitted by post to the Treaministers and laymen in equal propor surer ; or to either of the Secretaries, tions ;
Thomas Pellatt, Esq., and John Wilks, Rev. Joseph Fletcher, A. M.; Rev. Esq., Finsbury Square; to the latter of W. B. Collyer, D. D. ; Rev. George Col- whom, applications should be addressed. lison ; Rev. F. A. Cox, LL.D.; Rev. Thomas Russell, A. M.; Rev. A. Fletch
Manchester College, York. er, A. M.; Rev. Rowland Hill, A. M. ; Rev. Thomas Jackson; Rev. W. F. The Forty-first Annual Meeting of the Platt; Rev. J. Lewis ; Rev. J. Styles, Trustees of this Institution was held in D. D.; Kev. M. Wilks ; David Allan, the Cross Street Chapel Rooms, ManEsq.; W. Bateman, Esq.; J. B. Brown, chester, on the 15th of March last, Esq., LL.D.; James Esdaile, Esq. ; Thomas Robinson, Esq., in the Chair. Thomas Hayter, Esq. ; Thomas Wilson, At this meeting, after passiug votes of Esq.; J. Pritt, Esq. ; W. Townsend, thanks to the several officers of the ColEsq.; M. Wood, Esq., Alderman, M.P.; lege for their valuable services during Thomas Wontner, Esq., Thomas Walk the past year, the following gentlemen er, Esq. ; James Young, Esq.”
were elected for the ensuing year, viz. : 7. “That the memory of Robt. Steven, Samuel Shore, Jun., Esq., of Norton Esq., the late valuable and departed Hall, President; James Touchet, Esq., Treasurer, will be long and truly re of Broom House ; Peter Martineau, vered ; and that by his indefatigable and Esq., of St. Albans; Daniel Gaskell, beneficent labours for the improvement Esq., of Lupsett; Abraham Cromptop, of Ireland, for the circulation of the Esq., of Luve Villa; the Rev. John KenScriptures, for the diffusion of the Gos- tish, of the Woodlands; and the Rev. pel by the Missionary Society throughout Thomas Belsham, of London, (who sucthe world, and for the protection of reli- ceeds the late Rev. John Yates,) Vicegious freedom, he has deserved and ob- Presidents; George William Wood, Esq., tained just distinction and an honourable of Platt, near Manchester, Treasurer ; fame."
Thomas Robinsou, Esq., of Manchester, 8. " That to their useful and disin Chairman of the Committee; Mr. S. D. terested Honorary Secretaries, Thomas Darbishire, and the Rev. J.J. Tayler, of Pellatt and John Wilks, Esqs., they Manchester, Secretaries ; and Samuel would also respectfully and affectionately Kay, Esq., and John Bentley, Esq., of reiterate their thanks, and entreat them Manchester, Auditors. The offices of to continue services for which the wide Visitor and Deputy Visitor coutinue to spread and important benefits they con be filled by the Rev. William Turner, of fer constitute an inadequate, though to Newcastle upon Tyne, and the Rer. Laut them the most grateful, reward."
Carpenter, LL.D. of Bristol ; and those 9. “ That the Meeting delight to ex of Public Examiners by the Rev. Jobn press to their noble and illustrious Chair Gooch Robberds, of Manchester, and the man, Viscount Milton, M.P, for the coun Rev. Joseph Hutton, LL.D., of Leeds. ty of York, their gratitude and respect. The Committee of the last year was reThat regarding in him an illustrious de- elected with the exception of William scendant from a now venerable, and Duckworth, Esq., Mark Philips, Esq, ever-illustrious sire, they gladly perceive and Daniel Lonsdale, Esq, who are suceminent rank, connected with popular re ceeded by Nathaniel Philips, Esq., the presentation, and the love of the people, Rev. Arthur Dean, and Johu Bentley, animating a noble heart : and that he be Esq. Allan Harrison, Esq., of Dukinassured, that his uniform exertions in field, and Henry Martiveau, Esq., of favour of constitutional freedom, liberal Norwich, are appointed Deputy Treaprinciples in trade, and public improve- surers in the room of Mr. Cyrus Armiment, have won for him that general tage, of Dukinfield, and the late John attachment and esteem which, by his Taylor, Esq., of Norwich. attendance at this Meeting, will among The accounts of the Treasurer for the a large body of his constituents and year ending Sept. 29th last, were laid
before the meeting duly audited by Mr. The number of Divinity Students this Samuel Kay and the Rev. Robert Sme- Session is sixteen ; viz. Mr. Edward Talthurst, and were allowed.
bot, Mr. Martineau, and Mr. Ketley, in The Trustees regret to state that there their fifth year ; Mr. Francis Rankin, has been a decrease in the amount of Mr. Edward Higgioson, Jun., Mr. Henry annual subscriptions, and that they have Squire, Mr. Nathaniel R. Philipps, and received from congregational collections Mr. William Gaskell, in their fourth only 301. 45. 6d., being the smallest sum year; Mr. Thomas Davis in the third; obtained from this source, in any one Mr. Samuel Bache, Jun., and Mr. Henry year, since the removal of the College to Wreford, in the second; and Mr. C. D. York. The contributions from Fellow- Hort, (son of the Rev. Mr. Hort, of ship Funds have produced only 9. ls. Cork,) Mr. Samuel Nicholson, Mr. R. The Trustees have, however, pleasure in M. Taylor, (grandson of the Rev. Philip recording their obligations for some con. Taylor, of Dublin,) Mr. Henry Piper, siderable benefactions. Their venerable (son of the Rev. H. H. Piper, of Norfriend, Mr. Shore, of Meersbrook, in ton,) and Mr. George Heaviside, in the addition to many former instances of first year. itoportant support, has converted his With much regret the Committee have loan of 2001. into a donation, and a si to announce the resignation of the Resimilar transfer of the like amount has dent and Mathematical Tutor, Mr. Turbeen made by a younger, but not less ner.-While they sincerely lament the zealous friend, Mr. Robert Philips, Jun., loss which the College, will sustain by of Heybridge. An anouymous benefac- his removal, they beg leave, most cortion of 1007. has been received through dially, to assure him of the grateful the hands of the Rev. Russell Scott, of sense they entertain of his long, faithful, Portsmouth, and a second of 301. and valued services to the Institution, through those of the Rev. John Rowe, and of their fervent good wishes for his of Bristol. Benefactions of 501. each future welfare and happiness, in whathave likewise been received from Mr. ever situation he may hereafter be placed. Cropper, of Everton, and the Rev. Sa- They have, at the same time, much samuel Wood, late of Kenilworth ; and a tisfaction in announcing, that the Rev. legacy of 251. from the late Miss Gundry, William Hincks, F. L. S., of Liverpool, of Bridport, has been transmitted by the has accepted their invitation to fill the Rev. G. B. Wawne.
departments which had become vacant The vacant land in Manchester, ad- by the resignation of Mr. Turner; and verted to in the last Report, has since that he will enter upon his office at the been sold to the Trustees of the Mecha commenceinent of the next Session. bics' Institution, and has produced 9561. They feel confident that the friends of 108. 10d. The proceeds of the fall of the College will rejoice with them in timber at Oxclose and Lingmoor, a. the appointment of a gentlemau edu. mounted to 8181. 148 ld. These two cated within its walls, and warmly atsums appear iu the accouuts to be pub- tached to its interests; convected by lished, and reduce the balance owing friendship with its remaining conductors, to the Treasurer to 335l. 8s. 5d., and it and so well qualified to sustain its repuis hoped, through a continuance of the tation, and promote its prosperity and valuable services of the Deputy Trea- usefulness. surers and other friends of the Institu Since the publicatiou of the last Retion, that the Trustees may be enabled port, the College has lost one of its to liquidate this arrear in the course of Vice-Presidents, the Rev. John Yates. the present year.
His death has deprived the Institution of The number of Students during the one of its most zealous friends and lilast Session was twenty-five; namely, beral benefactors, and diminished the ten Lay Students and fifteen Divivity number, already much reduced, of its Students ; of the latter, twelve were on surviving founders. The Rev. Thomas full exhibitions, two on exhibitions from Belsham has accepted the vacaut office the Hackney Education Fund, and one of Vice-President. on his own foundation. Three of the The Managers appointed for the disDivinity Students completed their course,
tribution of Jones's Fund, held their and are siuce settled with congrega- first meeting in the Common Hall of the tions; viz. Mr. Franklin Howorth, at College, on the 30th of June last, when Blackwater - street Chapel, Rochdale ; some grants were made, in conformity Mr. George Lee, Jún., at Boston; and with the Testator's will; and they intend Mr. Robert Brook Asplaud, M. A., at to hold a meeting appually in the same Chester
place, in the Examination week, for
S. D. DARBISHIRE. Secretaries. what is called Natural Religion, and
the purpose of fulfilling the duties of the a declaration of their faith and principles trust.
of union. J.J. TAYLER,
That, convinced of the insufficiency of Manchester, May 16, 1827.
confirmed by evidence in their belief in
Revelation, your petitioners receive the * Letters on the subject of the In- Scriptures of the Old and New Testastitution may be addressed to Georgement as containing the revealed will of William Wood, Esq., Treasurer, Man- God. chester; or to the Rev. W. Turner, Vi.
That, desirous of obeying in all things sitor, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; by whom, the will of God, as made kuowu by reveand by any of the Deputy Treasurers, lation, they reject all human authority subscriptions and donations are received. in matters of religion, making the laws
of God, as contained in the Scriptures, Unitarian Marriage Bill. the sole rule of their faith, discipline and Our Review department last month practice. announced the plan on which it was That from a serious, unremitting and proposed to present the subject of Unita- free inquiry into the Scriptures, they rian Dissenters' Marriages to Parliament have concluded and believe this Session. Leave has accordingly been
That “ there is none other God but moved for and given. The Bill has passed ONE." some of its early stages in the House of That “the God of Abraham, of Isaac, Commons, no opposition, and indeed no of Jacob," “ the God and Father of our observation, being made as to its pro- Lord Jesus, the Christ,” is “ THE ONLY gress.
That “Jesus of Nazareth" was Freethinking Christians' Petition. man approved of God by miracles, and
On the 14th of May, the following wonders, and signs, which God did by Petition relative to the mode of cele
him." brating Marriages, was presented to the
That he died, and, by the power of House of Commons by the “ Frec- God, was raised again according to the thinking Christians.”
That God “ hath appointed a day in
Deacons, and Members of the righteousness by that man whom he bath
people on earth, “which is the church Showeth,
of the living God-the pillar and ground That your petitioners are an united of the truth.” and organized religions body, which, That this church, as “ the household under the appellation of “ Freethinking of God," is governed by God alone, being Christian," has existed for nearly thirty “ built upon the foundation of the aposyears, separate and distinct from all tles and prophets, Jesus, the Christ, other religious communities.
himself being the chief corner-stone." That, whilst the Toleration Act hath That the constitution, laws and gosecured complete liberty of opinion, vernment of this church are, in the your petitioners complain that, by an Scriptures of the New Testament, 80 act of the Legislature, which passed in expressly set forth as not to need, but the 26th year of the reign of George II., absolutely to preclude, all human legisthey are prevented entering into the lation therein. Marriage State without submitting to a That this constitution, these laws, and rite of the Established Church of En. this government, being of Divine apgland, and joining in an act of religious pointment, canuot be violated—cannot worship with one of its ordained minis- be dispensed with—cannot be altered, ters—which act of worship is a clear abridged or added to, without rebellion and public admission of the doctrines, against God, and treason against his authe authority, and claims of such church. thority.
That, to avoid all misconception as to That your petitioners, as the church their motives, to prove the extent of the of God, acknowledge the constitution, grievance of which your petitioners com maintain the laws, and summit to the plain, and to establish the practicability government, thus given by God to his of the relief for which they pray—they church. humbly subunit to your Honourable House They acknowledge Jesus as the sole