« ПредишнаНапред »
and dignified, but which shall savour candour, 'gross ignorance' be imputed to nothing of bigotry and intolerance." P. Larduer, to whom the world is indebted 10. He recommends it to them to de- for one of the fullest and best defences Fate a large portion of their time to of Christianity ever published-cau' gross friendly and improving intercourse, es- ignorance' be imputed to Taylor, the pecially with the humbler part of their author of the best Hebrew Concordance parishioners, and by thus offering them at present in use ? Was the late Gilbert in their clergyman a neighbour, a friend, Wakefield (I have nothing to do with a counsellor, and a guide, prevent their his political opinions) a mau to whom resorting to less competent teachers, gross ignorance is to be imputed; or is who seldom gaiu a footing in a parish Mr. Belsham, the individual probably except by the fault of the clergy them- aimed at, pow living, a man of gross selves. P. 12. The time which is uot ignorance? It is in the hand-writing of demauded by these practical duties of his the late Dr. Parr, perhaps also a person office, he exhorts them to bestow on the of gross ignorance, that he thought very cultivation of theological learning, and highly of Mr. Belsham's acquirements particularly of the Hebrew language, in both as a critic and theological scholar. which he confesses the inferiority of the Such severe and unqualified censures divines of his own Church to those of upon any body of professing Christians, the continent. This leads him to speak, cau only have the effect of making us in a uote, of the merits of those Germau distrust, or receive with caution, ang commentators on whom Mr. Rose has assertions or reasonings of a writer who lately poured forth the phials of his can so far forget what is due to acknowwrath ; and he has the liberality and ledged talent, as to deny its existence. boldness not only to protest against the "I would further remark of Mr. Rose's injustice with which they have been sermons, that there appears to me to treated by their superficial censor, but to exist in them a constant desire to mysvindicate a class of men to whom it is a tify, to use a term rather expressive than still more rare occurrence, in the present elegant, the real question. The point day, to be treated with fairness and re which he labours to establish against the spect by a minister of the Church. As German divines is, that they have rejected the Sermon is dedicated to the Rev. virtually the authority of Scripture, and Francis Wrangham, it is proper to ob- have substituted in its place the dictates serve, that Mr. Hett takes upon himself of their own reason, as their only guide the sole responsibility of the sentiments in religious matters. Now, in the unwhich this note contains :
qualified manner in which this point is “ The following passage, at p. 82, I maintained against them by Mr. Rose, give it in his own words, leaves the I think the Germau divines hardly dealt impression of Mr. Rose being more of with. I for oue have not so read them. an advocate than of the dispassionate, The ground on which they reason, a candid inquirer. It is curious to ob- ground which Mr. Rose will not easily serre,' he writes, that the common shake-which has been ably defended principle of rejecting every thing above by divines of our own Church-is this : reason has conducted the learning of the That God being the author of reason to Germans, and the GROSS IGNORANCE of man equally as of revelation, there canthe English schools (the Unitarian is uot be any contradiction between right meant) to the same point of absurdity. reason and revelation correctly underNow, this passage alone, and it is far stood ; but, on the contrary, there must from being the only one of the kind, exist a harmony and correspondence bewould put me upon my guard against tween them. The principle is incontroplacing implicit confidence in Mr. Rose's vertible. Whatever doctrines militate statements. The insinuation, to say the against improved reason, and eighteen least, is harsh and uncalled for, and centuries of strife and disputation have proves that, though Mr. Rose professes produced oot a few which do so, may himself to be a great admirer of calm confidently be rejected; I say, doctrines and lucid views of theology,' he is not which militate against, not those which the person disposed at all times to take are above improved reason-a distiuction them. An advocate, he knows, contends not sufficiently attended to by Mr. Rose, for victory, not for truth, and is there nor by some others in similar discusfore lavish, when it may suit his purpose, sions; for, as Mr. R. justly observes, of imputations discreditable to his adver • there will be in all countries flippant sary. I know little of the Unitarians, nor am I the advocate of Unitarian er * At p. 176 it seems Taylor was a ror; but can, with any shew of truth or man of 'considerable learning.""
and superficial writers on religious sub- of asperity toward them, so as to render jects.' Whatever theoretical speculations it plain that marks of benevolence are tend not to moral amelioration, may un withheld merely on the ground of the hesitatingly be regarded as of minor differences which subsist between us, importance. These criteria every judi we discover that there is lurking in our cious commentator will keep steadily in hearts a feeling which is not of Christian view; the moment he loses sight of growth—a feeling which, so far from them he will mislead himself, and those sustaining, will serve only to cast sus. who coufide in him. And it is the piciou on any professious of zeal that we having a constant regard to these criteria, may make for our own articles of faith which stamps such excellence upon the and mode of worship. We may arraign Scholia published by the Rosenmüllers; the Roman Church ob errores exitiales, as a whole I have seen nothing in the superstitionem anilem, idololatriam deshape of a commentary which deserves testapdam, ob sublatam libertatem conto be put in competition with them. At scientiæ, et intolerandam tyrannidem the head of those who have laboured, Romanorum pontificum,'* we may exand I think successfully, to establish the plain in how many ways that church has accordance between reason and revela- corrupted the pure faith of the gospel, tion, I would place Morus. Let any and shew the grounds of separation becandid reader, Mr Rose himself, peruse tween us and members of that commuhis ' Epitome,' and then say whether it nion ; but though our opposition ought, be a principle with the German school on these points, to be expressed in firm, to reject every thing which reason can- intelligible language, yet ought italso to be not comprehend. Almost every page of expressed in a candid, liberal spirit, and that admirable little book refutes such a in strict accordance with those canons of charge. I am not undertaking to deny religious controversy, which have rethat some of the modern German divines, ceived the sanction of an enlightened and De Wette more particularly, havé age. Above all, in censuring the Rocarried their system of interpretation to manists for error in doctrine, expediency a dangerous extreme : still I'augur that itself, not less than the sacred office with their extravagances will gain few con which we are invested, requires that we verts, and that rational theology is des should abstain from introducing matters tined, iv the long run, to acquire even of a political conce ment only, and from their labours credit and stability. which have nothing to do with points of I would, therefore, recommend the young faith ; as, how far it may be prudent to student not to give up, though proscribed, concede, or continue the denial of, civil or censured by Mr. Rose, Bishop Blom- privileges to our Catholic brethren? At field, *
or any other authority, his any rate, it should demand consideraSchleusver, his Rosenmüller, his Kui- tion, whether by the attempt to rivet nöel, or other works of high philological faster their chains, a minister may not character, which have been produced by be loosening the stability of that cause the learned of a country which Mr. of which he exhibits himself so indiscreet Rose himself hesitates not to place in
an advocate ?" the first rank, if not the first in that rank, If the clergy would adopt these excelof European pations.”—Pp. 20, 21. lent rules for the discharge of their own
The sentiments expressed respecting duties, and the treatment of those who Dissenters and Roman Catholics also de conscientiously differ from them, instead serve to be extracted :
of appeariug as enemies to improvement, “We may express ourselves warmly jealous of freedom of thought, and inte upon the apostolical institutions of our rested advocates of a political monopoly, Church-upon its tolerating character- every good man of every denomination we may shew, as it is our duty on proper would rejoice to acknowledge them as occasions to shew, how little of weight coadjutors iu the noblest of human lathere actually is in the arguments usually bours, and cordially bid them God speed, adduced to justify separation ; still if we however he might differ from them in plead its cause in intemperate language points of discipline or doctrine. -if, in our intercourse with our Dissenting brethren, we betray sentiments “ J. Jacobi Zimmermanni Opus
cula :-Oratio de imagine theologi paci. Rose, p. 181."
fici. Vol. IV. p. 1243."
MR. BERNARD FRY.
nuary, he was in hope of effectually reJanuary 28th, at Stafford, in_the moving it in a short time, when he took 41st year of his age, Mr. BERNARD FRY, the baneful contagion himself, which surgeon. He was the youngest son of a soon rendered him incapable of followDissenting minister, (the Rev. Mr. Fry, ing his practice, and in less than a week bow of Kidderminster,) and was a na after this, notwithstandiug the skilful tive of Billericay, in Essex, where his and unwearied endeavours of his friend father, at the time of bis birth, and Dr. Somerville to save him, he fell a many years after, resided. From his sacrifice to his humane exertions. earliest years he was highly promising, His religious views were Uuitarian, and through all his growth to adult age, which he never shunned openly to avow, being amiable, virtuous, and endowed and, on proper occasions, to maintain with a good capacity, he gare full satis- with becoming zeal; and as 'Trinitarian faction to those with whom he was con- worship was to him extremely objecnected, and the greatest delight to his tionable, as being, in his opinion, confriends and dearest relatives. After he trary to the Divine requirement, he had passed through the regular course of much lamented his heing so situated as medical and surgical education, and ob- to have no opportunity, when his avotained the usual testimonials, he was in 'cations would permit, for joiniog in that several situations as an assistant sur social devotion which alone appeared to geon, in which he gained more infor- him consistent with the oracles of God. mation and experience, and practically He was desirous of havivg the old Presimproved his professional qualifications. byterian meeting - house in Stafford, He succeeded to the practice, at Stafford, which had been shut up for many years, of his truly worthy elder brother David, reopened for divine service agreeably to who died of a consumption, much la- the doctrine, that the God and Father of mented, March 10, 1814, having, about Jesus Christ is the only right object of six months before that mournful event, adoration ; and several times he took for the purpose of assisting him in his steps for this purpose; but, having no increasing illuess, relinquished the in- coadjutors there, he could not surmount teption of settling with a favourable the difficulties and accomplish his wish. prospect iu a neighbouring county town. That the sentiments he entertained reIn consequence of a severe cold, which sulted from serious consideration and a he took in August last, attended with a calm investigation of the Holy Scripviolent cough, he had the affliction of a tures, or at least that they became estaruptured artery in his lungs, which re blished in his miud by these means, may duced his frame, not naturally robust, to be justly inferred from the judicious obgreat debility, and for some weeks en servations on various scriptural passages, dangered his valuable life, by threaten- and other written remarks on doctrinal ing to terinipate in an incurable decline; topics, which are among his papers; and but from this disaster, which he bore these writings evince his high estimawith the most placid patience and devout tion of what he believed to be the truths resignation, he happily recovered; and of the gospel, and how much his views at the commencement of the present of them interested his mind, because, year his health and vigour were com his medical practice being very extenpletely re-established. About this period sive, it must have been difficult for him a typhus ferer, of a very malignant kind, to spare time for this employment from was introduced into the parish poor- his numerous professional engagements. house by a diseased vagraut, who was What is more important is, that his incautiously sent there ; and before heart and life were as uniformly as humany days had elapsed, fifteen of the man frailty will admit, under the beneioniates were at the same time suffering ficial influence of his religious principles. under this dreadful malady, whom Mr. His pious reverence of the one supreme Fry, as the parish surgeon, constantly Being, sincere gratitude for the revelaattended. By his assiduity and skill he tion of his free mercy and grace by the had nearly subdued this virulent dis- Mediator Jesus Christ, and his firm betemper, which had proved fatal to four lief of a resurrection to immortality, persons ; and, as he expressed, in a were productive of good fruits. The letter written about the middle of Ja. strictest integrity and conscieutious up
rightness were manifest in the even would have been rewarded by the staytenour of his conduct; and for benevo- ing of the hand of the executioner; aud lence in his arduous occupation, a scru- bad he been instrumental to the saving pulous regard to an honourable deport of their lives his sensibility would have ment towards his professional brethren, received the highest gratification. But, fidelity in friendship, and general phi. alas! his compassiovate heart was dislanthropy in his intercourses with the appointed, and all who sigued the pe. community, he could hardly be excelled. tition were astouished and griered by One instance, which should not be the noble secretary's answer, which inomitted, may suffice to demonstrate how formed him that he could not, consisstrong was his feeling of humanity, tently with his public duty, advise His when excited by a case that appeared Majesty to exercise mercy towards the to demand his generous efforts. In the condemned malefactors. Accordingly year 1820, three young men of the they were shortly after executed, to Potteries, utter strangers to him, were the sorrow of almost every person actried, convicted and condemned at the quainted with the circumstances, and to Stafford spring assizes. Soon after this the discouragement of inerciful endeadeplorable occurrence, some circum- vours, ou just grounds, to obtain the stances, connected with the criminal mitigation of a too severe penalty. behaviour for which they had been ar. Feeling a warm concern for the reraigned, came to his kuowledge, which covery of his patients and the promotion he couceived greatly extenuated their of their welfare, his habitual aim was guilt, and convinced him that they ought utility in his profession, and he was not to suffer death, and, consequently, sedulous and indefatigable in pursuing that this excessive punishment should this worthy end, rendering his practice not be inflicted without a representation much less tributary to his personal inof the palliative circumstances being terest than he might have done, and submitted to the supreme authority. often acting gratuitously, and even sopActuated by this persuasion he rode to plying pecuniary aid in particular inthe Potteries, devoted several days to an stances of affliction and indigence. He inquiry into the whole of this affair, was had a quick discernment of the characat great paius and considerable expense teristic symptoms which different disin collecting evidences and taking the eases exbibit, and wherever he disnecessary measures for having their tes- covered danger he was prompt and timonies confirmed; and by this inves- persevering in administering all the tigation he became more fully convinced assistance in his power for relief. He that the execution of the condemned neglected no case that required his viprisoners would be a subversion of jus- gilant attention, if he could possibly tice. He then drew up a petition to the yield it, though it might, and frequently judge, Richardson, who tried them, did in dark and storiny pights, subject which he sent with a lettter and depo- him to much inconvenience and trouble; sitions, representing what had occurred, and he made no distinction between the entreating his intercession on their be- rich and the poor, often observing to a half; and another petition to Lord Sid. beloved relative, who wished to abate mouth, then Sccretary of State for the his diligence from an idea that such inHome Department, praying him to re cessant toil would be injurious to his commend to His Majesty a commutation health, that the life of a poor man was of their septevce, which he sent with to himself as precious and important as the signatures of 237 respectable persons. that of the rich could be to him, and With the latter petition he transmitted a. sometimes of more consequence to his letter from a solicitor who had been en family. A deportment so correct and gaged in the cause, and a letter from him- benevolent could vot but secure approself, accompanied with many attestations bation and respect, which was remarkwhich detailed a variety of facts, that ably testified by the numerous congra. from sad neglect and the legal adviser's tulations he received from many of the confidence of an acquittal, were not inhabitants of Stafford and its vicinity, brought forward at the trial, so fa- when he returned from Kidderminster, vourable to the youths, by subverting where he had been for six weeks with the credibility of their notoriously in his father, for recovering his strength famous accuser, as to induce a general after he experienced the ruptured bloodbelief that they could not fail of causing vessel, ou which occasion he remarked, an alteration of their awful doom. His that he had no couception of his being mind was therefore inspired with the so generally respected : and, that his pleasiug hope that his ardent excrtions moral as well as professional worth was
highly appreciated, was strikingly at
MR. CHARLES SKEY. tested upon his premature and cala March 28, at the age of 27, at the mitous decease, known, as it was, to Mines de Fers, near Moulins in France, have been occasioned by his generous CHARLES, the youngest son of George zeal to rescue his fellow-creatures from SKEY, Esq., late of Highgate, and for extreme danger, and to alleviate their some years Treasurer of Essex-street misery. Not only those who had been Chapel. The circumstances that attendhis patients, many of whom speak in the ed the decease of this amiable young highest terms of his attention and skill man were of the most afflicting and in reciting the eminent cures they re. painful nature. After superintevding ceived from his judicious treatment, but some iron works at Wednesbury, in all who knew him concurred in saying Staffordshire, he removed in the month that society had lost a very valuable of September last to overlook the Mines member, the medical professiou a bright de Fers, near Moulins. Having occasion ornament, and the poor a kind friend to give directions to a miner working in and liberal benefactor. As he was great the shaft, he proceeded to descend for ly esteemed in life, so his death was ge. the purpose. By some unaccountable perally and deeply deplored ; and it has accident" the machinery became disar. been the occasion of many instances ranged, and he was at once precipitated being related which are highly honour. a considerable distance to the bottom of able to his memory, as testimonies of the pit. He was completely stunned by tender sympathy for the distressed and the fall, and in less than half an hour kindness to the indigent, whom his pur- ceased to live. suits continually brought under his ob. servance. No person who was conver.
RBV, G. B. Wawne. sant with his disposition and character will deem this obituary record either an April 18, at Bridport, the Rev. G. B. unmerited or an overrated eulogium; it WAWNE. The intelligence of his decannot then be wondered at that the cease will be received with concern writer of it, who was most intimately by all who were acquainted with his acquainted with the excellence of both, character and usefulness in the Chris. and who peculiarly knew and felt his tian ministry. There are some who filial affection and duty, should be filled have to mourn his loss with a sorrow with grief on account of such a loss, that will not soon or lightly pass away, and stand in need of all the consolation and to feel that his early death must be which Christian hope affords under such regarded as one of those dispensations an afflictive and inscrutable dispensation of Providence which, in the imperfection of the allwise Providence,
of human knowledge, are confessedly
mysterious. His lingering illness asa MR. JOHN EDWARDS.
sumed towards its close all the usual March 5, aged 58, Mr. John EDWARDS, symptoms of consumption. Indications of Whitchurch, iu the county of Salop. of a coustitutional tendency to this fatal He had through life been blessed with complaint were not wanting, and the a healthy state both of body and mind, duties of the ministry, performed with a but the sudden death of an only son, trembling solicitude, and connected in followed by another severe calamity, in his case with much and constant mental flicted a blow upon his frame from excitement, may be regarded as having which he never recovered; his strength called into action the latent principles of and spirits gradually declined, and after disease. He was a native of Hull, and, two years' fruitless struggle, a dropsical after the loss of his mother, who died affection put an end to his existence. when he was young, brought up under Mr. Edwards was highly esteemed as a the pious and judicioas care of his mamember of general society, and as a ternal relatives. The early religious tradesman he was respected by those to sentiments which he imbibed were such whom his character was well known, for as are commonly called orthodox, but his benevolent disposition and uniform on arriving at the period of life when and intlexible adherence to that which opinions are usually formed, he emhe conceived to be upright and just. braced, after careful examination, the
From his youth he was a zealous, views of the Christian revelation which consistent, and highly valuable supporter he subsequently advocated, and with a of the Presbyterian congregation at zeal resulting from his lively convictions Whitchurch, which has sustained by his of their truth and value. In consedeath a heavy, if not an irreparable, loss. quence of a long-cherished desire to de
vote himself to the ministry, he became