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any other basis than I would that of the his own way of thinking, consists his Gipsies ; for, with both, it is substan- peculiar glory. Such being the case tially a question of people. They are a with Christianity, it is not to be suppospeople, scattered over the world, like the ed that the Jew would forsake his own Gipsies, and have a history--the Bible, religion, and, of course, his own people, which contains both their history and and believe in any religion having an their laws; and these two contain their origin in the spontaneous and gradual religion. It would, perhaps, be more growth of superstition and imposture, correct to say that the religion of the modified, systematized, adorned, or exJews is to be found in the Talmud, and expanded, by ambitious and superior the other human compositions, for which minds, or almost wholly in the concepthe race have such a superstitious rever- tions of these minds; having, for a founence; and even these are taken as in- dation, an instinct-an intellectual and terpreted by the Rabbis. A Jew has, emotional want -as common to man properly speaking, little of a creed. He as instinct is to the brute creation, for believes in the existence of God, and in the ends which it has to serve.* We Moses his prophet, and observes cer cannot separate the questions of race tain parts of the ceremonial law, and and belief, when we consider the Jews some holidays commemorative of events as a people, however it might be with in the history of his people. He is a individuals among them (p. 501.) Jew, in the first place, as a simple matter of fact, and, as he grows up, he is

Amid all the obloquy and contempt made acquainted with the history of his cast upon his race, amid all the perserace, to which he becomes strongly at

cutions to which it has been exposed, tached. He then holds himself to be the Jew, with his inherent conceit in one of the “first-born of the Lord," having Abraham for his father, falls one of the “chosen of the Eternal,” back upon the history of his nation, one of the “Lord's aristocracy;" ex

with the utmost contempt for everypressions of amazing import in his thing else that is human; forgetting worldly mind, that will lead him to al- that there is such a thing as the first most die for his faith : while his reli- being last.” He boasts that his race, gion is of a very low natural order, and his only, is eternal, and that all

standing only in meats and drinks, and other men get everything from him ! divers washings, and carnal ordinances,

He vainly imagines that the Majesty of suitable for a people in a state of pupil- Heaven should have made his dispensaage. The Jewish mind in the matter of tions to mankind conditional upon anyreligion is, in some respects, pre-emi- thing so unworthy as his race has so nently gross and material in its nature; frequently shown itself to be. If he its idea of a Messiah rising no higher has been so favoured by God, what can than a conqueror of its own race, who he point to as the fruits of so much will bring the whole world under his loving-kindness shown him? What is sway, and parcel out, among his fellow- his nation now, however numerous it, Jews, a lion's share of the spoils, consist- may be, but a ruin, and its members, ing of such things as the inferior part of þut spectres that haunt it? And what human nature so much craves for. And has brought it to its present condition ? his ideas of how this Messiah is to be “ Its sins." Doubtless, its sins; but connected with the original tribes, as

what particular sins ? And how are mentioned in the prophecies, are childish these sins to be put away, seeing that and superstitious in the extreme. Writ- the temple, the high-priesthood, and the ers do, therefore, greatly err, when they sacrifices no longer exist? Or what say, that it is only a thin partition that effort, by such means as offer, has ever separates Judaism from Christianity. been made to mitigate the wrath of God, There is almost as great a difference and prevail upon Him to restore the between the two, as there is between people to their exalted privileges ? Or that which is material, and that which what could they even propose doing, to is spiritual. A Jew is so thoroughly bring about that event? Questions like bound, heart and soul, by the spell which these involve the Jewish mind in a the phenomena of his race exert upon labyrinth of difficulties, from which it him, that, humanly speaking, it is impos- cannot extricate itself. The dispersion sible to make anything of him in the matter of Christianity. And herein, in * Quoted at pages 51 and 52.

was not only foretold, but the cause of it the New Testament, and reflected on given. The Scriptures declare that the the sufferings of him who was meek and Messiah was to have appeared before lowly, or on those of his disciples, inthe destruction of the temple; and the ficted by his ancestors, for generations, time of his expected advent, according when he has come complaining of the to Jewish traditions, coincided with that sufferings to which his race has been event. It is eighteen centuries since the exposed ? He is entitled to sympathy, destruction of the temple, before which for all the cruelties with which his race the Messiah was to have come; and the has been visited; but he could ask it Jew still “ hopes against hope," and, if with infinitely greater grace, were he to it is left to himself, will do so till the day offer any for the sufferings of the early of judgment, for such a Messiah as his Christians and their divine master, or earthly mind seems to be only capable were he even to tolerate any of his of contemplating. Has he never read / race following him to-day (p. 503).

IN D E X.

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PAGE
AFRICANS, the prejudice against them in the United States,

146
AMERICA as a field for the study of snakes,

8 8, 16-18, 26, 29, 36, 37
AMERICAN GIPSIES,

141
AMERICAN SCIENCE CONVENTION on snakes,
APES, the, on the Rock of Gibraltar,

45
APOSTLE, Mill as an,

105
APPLETON'S CYCLOPÆDIA on the skunk,

44
ARGYLL, THE DUKE OF, his singular ideas regarding the preservation of the
Jews, .

162
On the Jews and Gipsies,

164
ASIATIC RACES, how they keep distinct from each other,

163
ATHENÆUM, THE, its opinion on Mill's History of India,

71
On the disappearance of the Gipsies,
• ATLANTIC MONTHLY, THE, on the Gipsies and John Bunyan,

пбо
AUDUBON on the hatching of crocodiles' eggs,

32
AURELIUS, MARCUS, on the contemplation of death,

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NIII

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78

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46

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BACON, LORD, his philosophy,

4.
On Antichrist,

68
BAIN, A., his assistance to Mill,

104
BAIRD, REV. JOHN, of Yetholm, on the Gipsy language,

N115
On the mixture of the Gipsy blood,

NI32
BANKS, SIR JOSEPH, his eulogium on Waterton's Wandering's,
BATS do not lay eggs,

31
BEARDS, by whom only they were lately worn,

156
BEDFORD, THE DUKE OF, erects a statue to Bunyan at Bedford,

nI6I
BENTHAM, JEREMY, James Mill's letter to him,

· 108
His creed and system,

77, 85, 109
BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE, its opinion of Mill's History of India,

71
On Mill as a servant of the East India Company,

72
On the services Mill rendered to his generation,

105
On Billy Marshall and his descendants, .

114
Description of Old Will Faa, of Yetholm,
On the History of the Gipsies,

153, 154
On John Bunyan,.

158, n160
BORROW, GEORGE, omits to notice what others have said of the Gipsies,
Scantiness of his information,

113, 120
His writings sketches only,

113
His reflections on the destiny of the Gipsies, 113, 114, 124-127, 131, 132

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PAGE
BORROW, GEORGE, his speculations regarding the origin of the Gipsies, · 114

His visit to Yetholm :—The secrecy of the Gipsies in regard to the lan-

guage, 115; the extent of the queen’s knowledge of it, Ib.; the pe-
culiarities of the tribe in regard to it, 116; an appointment, a disap-
pointment, and a meeting at the fair, Ib.; the queen and her niece,
Ib.; peculiarities of Yetholm mixed Gipsies, 117, 118; Thomas
Herne's family, n117, 131 ; his estimate of the extent of the lan-
guage, 118; the character of the queen, Ib.; his definition of
Nokkum, n119; not a judge of character, Ib.; his visit to Yetholm

in some respects unsatisfactory, Ib.
Gipsy surnames,
Gipsies stealing children,

121, 122
Gipsies harbouring priests, and running wenches,
His strange contradictions about the Gipsies speaking their language,

123
His description of three kinds of travelling people in England, 130, 131, 133
Mr. Borrow a strange phenomenon connected with the Gipsies,

132
On the English Gipsy language,

138
On the hatred the Gipsies have for other people,

. N149
BREWSTER, SIR DAVID, his letter to Prof. James Forbes,

81
BRIGHT, DR., on the secrecy of the Gipsies in regard to their language, 123, 140
BRITANNICA, ENCYLOPÆDIA, THE, does not allude to snakes swallowing

I21

122

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their young,

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On the hatching of crocodiles' eggs,

32
BRITISH QUARTERLY REVIEW, THE, on the Gipsies and John Bunyan, . n160
BUCKĻAND, FRANK, on vipers swallowing their young, .

8, 14, 23, n39
Requested to make experiments on the subject,

13, 14, 24
On snakes shedding their skins,

n23
On the hatching of their eggs,

31, 32
BUFFALOES, how they protect their young against wolves,

45
BUNSEN, CHEVALIER, on sound judgments and shallow minds,

153
BUNYAN, JOHN, on child-stealing,
His description of what he was, and what he was not,

157
The penalties attaching to the name of Gipsy,

157
His name calculated to raise up that of the Gipsy tribe,

158
The injustice of his biographers towards his memory,
His nationality still unacknowledged,

158
He might have written works in the Gipsy language,

159
His most probable pedigree as a Gipsy, .

159
The first of eminent Gipsies known to the world,

159
A Scottish Gipsy family that illustrates that of Bunyan,

159
Has a stațue raised to his memory at Bedford,

. N161
BURR, HIGFORD, on snakęs shedding their skins,
BUTLER'S ANALOGY, the influence it had on James Mill,

70

.

.

158

.

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CANTING, the, of Mill,
CAPADOSE FAMILY, vicissitudes in the religious history of the,
CARLYLE, THOMAS, his so-called anti-self-consciousness theory,

The opinion of the Mills regarding him,

80, 107

168
95
108

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PAGE
CASTE in Great Britain,

146, N147, 148, 150, 154, 155
in India,

163
in the United States,

146
CATS will generally catch rats only under certain circumstances,

14
CHAMBERS' ENCYCLOPÆDIA on the hatching of vipers' eggs,

28
Time of birth of vipers, and number of progeny,

29
CHAMBERS’ JOURNAL on the disappearance of the Gipsies,
CHINA, Gipsies in, , ,

141
CICERO on the belief in an ancestral religion,

On the existence of God,
COMTE on receiving information from others on certain subjects,

75
The influence his Traité de Législation had on Mill,
On the great things philosophers are to do,

81
The influence he had on. Mill's Logic,

104
CRABBE, REV. JAMES, his mission among the English Gipsies,

136
CROCODILE, the, how its eggs are hatched, and its young taken care of,

32
CUMMING, W. GORDON, on snakes swallowing frogs,

41

59, 60, 66

79, 80

.

.

77

.

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DEER, their antipathy to the rattlesnake, .
DEIFICATION among Pagans, .
DICKENS, CHARLES, and the Gipsies,
DISRAELI, the present, a Jew as well as a Christian,
DIVINITY STUDENTS (SCOTCH), the nature and length of their studies,

The effects that patronage had on them,
The disadvantages they are under in the start in life,

They could acquire more knowledge of the world than they do,
DUBOIS, ABBÉ, on scattered races in India,

n15

n53
152, 153

168

70
n71
n89

ngo
. 1163

.

.

.

IOI

84

EDINBURGH REVIEW, THE,.on James Mill's reading of sceptical books, 70
On Mill as a servant of the East India Company, .

72
On his quarrelling with his friends on Mrs. Taylor's account,

99
Its estimate of Mrs. Mill,
On Mill's public services,

105
On Benthamism, and some of Mill's peculiarities, .

109
EDUCATION, what might be called a common sense and useful one,
Among the Gipsies,

NI32, 159
ENGLISH GIPSIES,

127-129, 142
EPICTETUS, his prayer,

78
On the existence of God,

79
On the lack of common sense in some philosophers,

94
ETHIOPIA, the Scottish Gipsies say they came from,

N143
ETHNOLOGY on its legs,

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FAAS, the Gipsy, at Yetholm,
FALL, MRS., of Dunbar, a Gipsy,
FIGUIER's Reptiles and Birds—How tortoises are hatched,
FORBES, PROF. JAMES, letter to him from Sir David Brewster,
FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, on Jesus of Nazareth,

117, 119, 120

144
33
81
75

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