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THE LIFE OF

ALEXANDER POPE.

THIS illustrious poet was born at London in 1688,

and was descended from a good family of that name in Oxfordshire, the head of which was the earl of Downe, whose sole heiress married the earl of Lindsey. His father, a man of primitive simplicity and integrity of manners, was a merchant of London, who, upon the Revolution, quitted trade, and converted his effects into money, amounting to near 10,000l. with which he retired into the country, and died in 1717, at the age of seventy-five.

Our poet's mother, who lived to a very advanced age, being ninety-three years old when the died in 1733, was the daughter of William Turner, Esq. of York. She had three brothers, one of whom was killed'; another died in the service of king Charles; and the eldest, following his fortunes, and becoming a general officer in Spain, left her what eftate remained after sequestration and forfeitures of her family. To these circumstances our Poet alludes in his Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot, in which he mentions his parents.

of gentle blood (part thed in Honour's cause,
While yet in Britain honour had applause)
Each parent fprang---What fortune pray! ---Their own;
And better got than Beftia's from the throne.
Born to no pride, inheriting no itrife,
Nor marrying discord in a noble wife;
Stranger to civil and religious rage,
The good man walk'd innoxious thro' his age:
No courts he saw, no

would ever try;
Nor dar'd an oath, nor hazarded a lie:
Unlearn'd, he knew no fchoolmeus' subtle arty
No language but the language of the heart :
By nature honest, by experience wise,
Healthy by temp'rance and by exercise ;
His life, though long, to sickness pass'd unknowa;
His death was instant, and without a groan,

VOL. I.

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