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also their recovery from their present long dispersion. Although this is the primary and genuine scope of the vision, yet the doctrine of a general resurrection of the dead may justly be inferred from it; for a simile of the resurrection,' says Jerome, after Tertullian and others, 'would never have been used to signify the restoration of the people of Israel, unless such a future resurrection had been believed and known; because no one attempts to confirm uncertain things by things which have no existence.' * Mentioned to Daniel, Dan. 12. 2, 13;-preached by Jesus, Matt. 17. 23; 22. 31; John 5. 21, 28;— Paul's account of it, 1 Cor. 15. 1, &c. 1 Thess. 3. 13;—the first, 1 Cor. 15. 23; 1 Thess. 4. 16; Rev. 20. 5.7

(13.) Of future Judgment,-intimations of it, Ps. 1.5; 9.7; 50 ; Ecc. 3. 17; 11. 9; 12. 14;—to be administered by Christ, Matt. 16. 27; 25. 31 ; John 5. 22, 27; Acts 10. 42; 17. 31; Rom. 2. 16; 2 Cor. 5. 10; 2 Tim. 4. 1;—the time of it unknown, Matt. 24. 44; Mark 13. 32; 1 Thess. 5. 2; 2 Pet. 3. 10;—why delayed, 9. 15;—to be preceded by false Christs, Matt. 24. 5, 24;—the appearance of the man of sin, 2 Thess. 2. 8; 1 John 2. 18;—the preaching of the gospel to all nations, Matt. 24. 14; Luke 21. 24; Rom. 11. 25; Rev. 14. 6;—the conversion of the Jews, Hos. 3. 5; Rom. 11. 23, &c.; 2 Cor. 3. 16;-remarkable wars and other calamities, Matt. 24. 6, 12 ;-the circumstances of it, a trumpet will be sounded, Matt. 24. 31; 1 Cor. 15. 52 ;-a change will take place in the bodies that are raised, Matt. 22. 30; 1 Cor. 15. 42; Phil. 3. 21; Col. 3. 4; 1 John 3. 2 ;--a conflagration or change in the world, Zeph. 3. 8; 2 Thess. 1. 8; 2 Pet. 3. 7 ;-Christ coming in the clouds, Dan. 7. 10; Matt. 16. 27; 24. 30; 26. 64; Luke 21. 27; Acts 1. 11; 1 Thess. 3. 13; 4, 16; Rev. 1. 7;—who will then judge all men, Matt. 24. 31 ; 25. 31; Rom. 14. 10; 2 Cor. 5. 10; Jude 15; Rev. 20, 12; 22. 12;—the apostles to be judges with him, Matt. 19. 28; Luke 22. 30; 1 Cor. 6. 3; —the righteous will be separated from the wicked, Matt. 13. 49; 25.32.7

(14.) Of Sing—wherein it consists, John 15. 22; Rom. 3. 20; 4. 15; 1 Cor. 15. 56; Jam. 1. 15; 1 John 3. 4; 5. 17;-incident to all men, 1 Kings 8. 46; Job 15. 14; 25. 4; Ps. 130. 3; Pr. 20. 9; 24. 16; Ecc. 7. 20; Jam. 3. 2; 1 John 1. 8;--comes from the heart, Matt. 15. 19; Jam. 1. 14;--presumptuous, the danger of it, Num. 15. 30; Ps. 19. 13; 59. 5; Luke 12. 47; Rom. 1. 32; Heb. 10. 26.

(15.) Of Holiness,—the necessity of it, Lev. 11.44; 19. 2 ; Ps. 4. 3; Rom. 6. 19; 12. 1; 13. 12; 2 Cor. 7. 1; Eph. 1. 4; 4. 24; Phil. 1. 27; Col. 1. 10; 1 Thess. 2. 12; Heb. 12. 14; 1 Pet. 1. 15; 2 Pet. 3. 11;—a motive to it from the holiness of God, Lev. 11. 44.f

(16.) Of Repentance--necessary, 1 Kings 8. 47; Ps. 7. 12; Ezek. 18. 30; Luke 13.3; 15.7; 24. 47; Acts 2. 38; 3. 19; 17.30; 26. 20; 2 Pet. 3. 9;—wherein it consists, 1 Kings 8. 47; Ps. 15. 17; 119.59; Ezek. 18. 21; 36. 31; Hos. 14. 1; Joel 2. 12;-exhortation to it, Lev. 26. 40; Deut. 30. 1; Is. 1. 16; Jer. 3. 12; 4.4; 22. 1; 26. 1, &c.; Ezek. 18. 30; Hos. 6. 2; 12. 6; 14.1; Joel 1.8; 2. 12; Am. 5. 4; Zeph. 2. 3; Zech. 1. 3; Acts 3. 19;-motives to it, 1 Sam. 7. 3; Neh. 1.9; Job 22. 23; Ps. 32. 5; Is. 1. 16; Jer. 4. 1; Ezek. 33. 11; Zech. 1.3; Rev. 2. 5;—if genuine, will obtain pardon, Lev. 26. 40; Deut. 4. 29; 30.1—3; Pr. 28. 13; Is. 55. 6,7; Jer. 18. 8; 36. 3; Ezek. 18. 21; 36, 31; Acts 2. 38;—danger in delaying it, Ps. 18. 41; 119. 60; Pr. 1. 28; 29.1; Is. 55. 6; Jer. 7. 16; 11. 11; 14. 10; Ezek. 8. 18; Mic. 3. 4; Zech. 7. . 13; Matt. 25. 10; Luke 12. 20; 19. 44; Acts 3. 23; Rom. 13. 12; 2 Cor. 6. 2; Heb. 3. 7, 13; 12. 17; Rev. 2. 22.*

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(17.) Of Faith in God,—necessary to please him, Gen. 15.6; Ex. 4. 31; 14. 31 ; Num. 20. 12; Deut. 32. 20; 2 Chr. 20. 20; Neh. 9. 8; Ps. 78. 22; 106. 12; Is. 7.9; 43. 10; Dan. 6. 23; Jon. 3. 5; Hab. 2. 4; John 14. 1; Rom. 4.3; 5. 1; Heb. 11.6;—the want of it a cause of sin, Num. 14. 11; Deut. 1. 32; 2 Kings 17. 14; Ps. 106. 13; Rom, 11. 23; Heb. 3. 19;—in Christ, necessary, Mark 1. 15; 16. 16; John 1. 12; 3. 15; 5. 24; 8. 24; Acts 13. 39; 16. 31; Rom. 1. 16; 3. 26; 11. 20; 1 Cor. 1. 21; Eph. 6. 16; Heb. 10. 39; 1 John 5. 4; Rev. 21. 8;—must be unfeigned and durable, Rom. 10. 9; Col. 1. 23; 1 Tim. 1.5; 2.8; Jam. 1.6;—the efficacy of it in the case of the Apostles, Matt. 17. 20; 21. 21; Mark 11. 22; Luke 17. 6;—insignificant without good works, 1 Cor. 13. 2; Gal. 5. 6; James 2. 14;-demons have it and tremble, Jam. 2. 19; examples of it, Heb. 11.*

(18.) Of Works,— Men are to be judged by them, Job 34.11 ; Ps. 62. 12; Pr. 24. 12; Is. 3. 10; Jer. 17. 10; 32. 19; Ezek. 7.8, 27; 24. 14; Matt. 16. 27; Rom. 2. 6; 2 Cor. 5. 10; 1 Pet. 1. 17; Rev. 2. 23; 20. 12; 22. 12 ;—good, arise from good principles, Matt. 7. 17; Jam. 2. 14, &c.; 3. 13;—absolutely required, Matt. 5. 16; 2 Cor. 9. 8; Eph. 2. 10; Col. 1. 10; 1 Tim. 2. 10; 2 Tim. 2. 21; 3. 17; Tit. 2. 14; 3. 8, 14; Heb. 13. 16, 21; Jam. 2. 17;of the law will not justify, Rom. 3. 20; 4. 2 ; 11. 6; Gal. 2. 16; Eph. 2. 8, 9.*

(19.) Of the Grace of God,-necessary to the performance of good works, 1 Kings 8.58 ; Ps. 119. 32; 143. 10; John 6. 44; Rom. 8.8; 1 Cor. 3. 6; 12. 3; 15. 10; Phil. 2. 13; Heb. 13. 21;—is freely offered to every Christian, John 1. 12; Tit. 2. 11; 2 Pet. 3.9 ;-will be effectual to those who co-operate with it, 1 Cor. 15. 10; 2 Cor. 6. 1; Heb. 12. 15;—will be increased to those who desire it, Matt. 13. 12; Luke 8. 18; John 15. 2;-should be earnestly sought in prayer, Prov. 2. 3, 4; Heb. 4. 16; James 1. 5.*

(20.) Of divine Assistance,—necessary in all our undertakings, John 15. 5; 1 Cor. 15. 10; 2 Cor. 3.5; Phil. 2. 13; 1 Tim. 1. 12 ;-promised upon proper application, Ps. 37. 4, 5; Isa. 58.9; Jer. 29. 12, 13; Matt. 7. 11; 21. 22; Luke 11. 9; James 1. 5; 1 John 5. 14;-instances and acknowledgment of such, Gen. 14. 12; 1 Sam. 1. 10; 2 Kings 19. 20; 20.5; 2 Chr. 33. 13; Job 42. 20; Ps. 3. 4; 118. 5; 120. 1.*

(21.) Of Forgiveness of sins--promised by God on repentance, Ex. 34. 6; 2 Chr. 7. 14; Ps. 32. 1; 103.3; 130. 4 ; Pr. 28. 13; Is. 1. 18; 55. 7; Jer. 31. 34; Dan. 9. 9, 24; Mark 1. 4; Luke 1. 77 ; 3. 3 ; 24. 47; Acts 2. 38; 5. 31; 8. 22; 10. 43; 13. 38 ; Rom 3. 25; Col. 1. 14; Heb. 8. 12; James 5. 15; 1 John 2. 12 ;—to be sought with the whole heart, Deut. 4. 29; 1 Chr. 28. 9; Ps. 119. 2; Jer. 29. 13; 1 Thess. 5. 17.*

(22.) Of Regeneration, or a change of heart and life,—necessary, John 1. 13; 3. 3; Rom. 12. 2; 2 Cor. 4. 16; 5. 17 ; Gal. 6. 15; Eph. 4. 22; Col. 3. 8; 1 Pet. 1. 23; 1 John 3. 9; 5. 4,18;-represented by baptism, John 3. 5; Rom. 6. 4; Col. 2. 12; Tit. 3. 5;-applied to the resurrection, Matt. 19, 28; Rom. 8. 11; 1 Cor. 15. 42.*

(23.) Of the Righteous—described, Ps. 112.5; Pr. 12.10; 13.5; 21.12; Mat. 12. 35; John 1. 47 ;—under several characters, 2 Chr. 34. 2 ; Ps. 15. 1, &c.; 37. 21; 112. 5; Pr. 10. 20; 12. 5, 10; 13. 5; 15. 28; 21. 26; 28. 1; 29.7; Ezek. 18. 5, &c.; Mark 6. 20; Luke 1. 6; Acts 10. 1, &c.; 11. 24; Rom. 5. 7;—and wicked compared, Ps. 1. 37. 49. 58. 73; Pr. 4. 16; 14. 9; 28. 1, &c.; Is. 3. 10;—have the same fate in this world, Ec. 7. 15; 8. 14; 9. 2;—their happiness and privileges, Ps. 37. 23; Pr. 12. 2; 13. 22; 14. 14 ; 28. 5; Is. 33. 15; Rom. 2. 10; 5.7; 10. 5, 9; 2 Cor. 3. 18; Eph. 2. 19; Col. 1. 12; 3.4; Heb. 12. 14; 1 John 3. 2; Rev. 2. 7, 11, 17, 26, 28; 3. 5, 12, 21; 22. 14; Ps. 116. 15. “ Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints.” That is, the Lord accounts the death of His saints of so much importance, that He will not suffer their enemies to cut them off before his appointed time ; all the circumstances of their death being regulated by infinite wisdom and love for their final and eternal benefit. t-Salt of the earth, and light of the world, Mat. 5. 13, 14;—sons of God, Rom. 8. 14, &c.; 1 John 3. 1, 2;-one with Christ and the Father, John 17. 11, 21; temple of God, 1 Cor. 3. 16;—free from trouble, Ps. 91. 14; Pr. 1.33; 16. 7; Is. 32. 17; Rev. 7. 16; 21. 4;-to be remembered with respect, Ps. 112. 6; Pr. 10. 7;—to be blessed in their posterity, Ex. 25. 5, 6; Deut. 4. 40; 12. 25; Ps. 37. 26; 103. 17; Pr. 11. 21; 12. 7; 14. 26 ; 20. 7; Luke 1. 50;-to inherit eternal life, Dan. 12. 2; Luke 18. 30; John 3. 15; 4, 14; Rom. 2. 7; 1 Tim. 6. 19; Tit. 1. 2; 1 John 2. 25; Jude 21.*

(24.) Of the W’ickedcharacterised, Job 24. 2; Ps. 10.3; 36.1; 37.21; 50. 17; 58. 3; Pr. 2. 12; 4. 16; 6.12; 16. 27; 21.10; 24. 2; Is. 59. 3; Ezek. 18. 10; 22.6; Rom. 1. 29; 3. 11, &c.;-compared to despicable things, Ps. 1. 4; 58. 4; 59. 6; Is. 57. 20; Jer. 6. 30; Ezek. 2. 6; Hos. 13. 3; Mat. 7. 6, 26;—not to be envied, Ps. 37. 1; 73. 2; Pr. 23. 17; 24. 1, 19; Jer. 12. 1;-no peace to them, Is. 57. 21 ;—their punishment in general, Job 15. 20; 18. 5; 20. 4; 27. 13;—due to them in this life, Ps. 11. 6; Pr. 11. 19, 21; 21. 15; 22. 8; Is. 57. 21;

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Rom. 2. 8; Ps. 129, 6, 7. “ Let them be as the grass upon the housetops, which withereth afore it groweth up; wherewith the mower filleth not his hand nor he that bindeth sheaves his bosom.” As the tops of the houses in the East are flat, and covered with plaister of terrace, they are frequently grown over with grass, or other vegetable productions ; but, from the want of proper nourishment, it is but small and weak, and from its elevation, being exposed to the scorching sun, it is soon withered. If grass, the mower cannot make hay of it; if corn, the reaper cannot make a sheaf of it. A more beautiful and striking figure, to display the weak and evanescent condition of wicked men, cannot easily be conceived. *—Abandonment to their own lusts, Ps. 81. 13; Is. 63. 17;subjection to terror, Ps. 53. 5; Pr. 28. 1 ;-exposure to shame, Ps. 53. 5; Pr. 3. 35;—the ruin of their family and name, Ps. 34. 16; 37. 28; 104. 35; Pr. 2. 22; 12.7; 14. 11; 24. 20;-without hope, Job 8. 13; Ps. 112. 10; Pr. 10. 28; 11.7 ;-eternal, Is. 66. 24; Dan. 12. 2; Mat. 18. 8; 25. 41, 46; Mark 3. 29; 9. 43; Luke 3. 17; 2 Thess. 1.9; Jude 7;—in proportion to guilt, Mat. 11. 22, &c.; 23. 14; Luke 12. 47 ;examples, in Cain, Gen, 4. 11 ;-Er, the son of Judah, 38. 7;—of the fainily of Eli, 1 Sam. 2. 31 ;-of Eli and his sons, 4. 11, 18;—of Gehazi, 2 Kings 5. 27 ;—of Sennacherib, 19. 35, 37;—of Judas Iscariot, Acts 1. 18;-of Ananias and Sapphira, 5. 1;—of king Herod, 12. 23;-of Elymas, 13. 11.f It seems to have been a maxim among the ancient heathen, θεου ονειδος του κακους ευδαιμονειν· “The prosperity of the wicked is a reproach to God ;' but they had no just conception of a state of future rewards and punishments. I

(25.) Of Predestination,—the means of our redemption, and the propagation of the gospel, were predestinated, Gen. 3.15; 12. 3; 49.10; Ps. 41.9; Mat. 16. 18; Luke 18. 33; John 7. 30; 8. 20; 13. 21; Acts 16.7; Rom. 9. 9; Eph. 5. 1, 11;--the establishment of Israel in Canaan, and the destruction of several wicked states and kingdoms, predestinated, Gen. 12. 7; 13. 15; Ex. 7. 4; 9. 16; Deut. 2. 30; Josh. 11. 20; Is. 44. 28 ; 46. 9;-particular persons have been predestinated to advance God's glory, and to serve his purposes in different manners: Pharaoh, Ex. 9. 16;—the Canaanites, Josh. 11. 20;-Cyrus, Is. 44. 28;—Jeremiah, Jer. 1. 5;-Paul, Acts 9. 15; Gal. 1. 15;—the gnostics, Jude 4;—the apostles, Luke 10. 20; 12. 32 ;—the first Christians, Acts 2. 47;—some Christians at Antioch, 13. 48;—some persons have been predestinated to grace and glory, Luke 10. 20; 12. 32; Acts 13. 48; Rom. 8. 28 ; 9. 29; Eph. 1.4; 2 Tim. 1. 9; 1 Pet. 2. 8; God frequently produces good from men's evil intentions, and evil from their good intentions; and this is represented as his predestination, Gen. 50. 20; Job 5. 12; Ps. 33. 10; 127. 1; Prov. 16. 9, 33; 19. 21 ;-God is frequently mentioned as disposing of the good things of this world according to his will and pleasure, in such terms as imply his predestination of those matters; as Deut.

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8. 18; 1 Chr. 29. 12; 2 Chr. 1. 11; Job 1. 21; 9. 12; Ps. 75. 7; Dan. 4. 17, &c.;-grace is necessary for the performance of our duty; and as it can be obtained only in the use of means, they who neglect the means are said to be predestinated to destruction, and those who use them, to life; Acts 3. 47; Rom. 3. 24; Eph. 1. 4; 1 Thess. 5. 9; 1 Pet. 2. 8; Jude 4, &c.*

(26.) Of Election—an act of distinguishing love, Deut. 7. 8;—irrespective of any merit in the objects of it, Rom. 9. 11, 12, 16; Rom. 11. 5, 6. “ Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.” i. e. The election which proceeds from the mercy and goodness of God. “ And if by grace, then is it no more of works; otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace : otherwise work is no more work." That is, it loses its character, or nature,—that of claiming reward as a matter of right.t-Eternal, Eph. 1. 4; 2 Thess. 2.13 ;-abiding, Rom. 9. 11; 2 Tim. 2. 19;~-personal, Mat. 20.23 ; 2 Tim. 2. 19 ;-of some of the chief of sinners, 1 Tim. 1. 15; -it is in Christ, Eph. 1. 4;—it is to holiness as the means, and salvation as the end, Eph. 1.4; 1 Thess. 5.9.*

(27.) Of Prayer,—the obligation and use of it, 2 Chr. 7. 14; Ps. 105. 4; Is. 63. 15, &c.; Mat. 7.7; Luke 18. 1; Phil. 4. 6; Col. 4. 2; 1 Tim.

Pet. 1. 17;—a due preparation for it, Ps. 66. 18; 145. 18; Pr. 15. 8, 29; 28. 9; Is. 1. 15; 29. 13; 59. 2; Mark 7.6; 11. 25; John 9. 31; 1 Tim. 2. 8; Jam. 1. 6; 4. 3;~-with fervour, Ps. 59. 17; Luke 6. 12; 11. 8; 18. 1; Rom. 12. 12; Eph. 6. 18;—frequent, Ps. 55. 17; 86.3; 119. 164; Dan. 6. 10; Luke 2. 37; 18. 1; 21. 36; Acts 10. 2; 1 Thess. 3. 10; 5. 17; 1 Tim. 5.5; 2 Tim. 1.3; 1 Pet. 4. 7 ;--without ostentation, Mat. 6. 6; Luke 18. 11 ;--without vain repetitions, Ecc. 5. 2; Mat. 6. 7 ;-for all conditions of men, Eph. 6. 18; 1 Tim. 2. 1;in the name of Christ, John 14. 13; 15. 16; 16. 23; Eph. 5. 20; Heb. 13. 15; 1 Pet. 2. 5;-in public, Luke 1. 10; Acts 1. 4, 24 ; 2. 42; 21. 5;-in private, Ps. 66. 16; Dan. 6. 10; Mat. 6. 6; 14. 23; Luke 6. 12; Acts 10. 9, 30 ;-its prevalence when properly made, Ps. 34. 15; 145. 18; Is. 30. 19; Jer. 29. 12; Mat. 7. 7; John 15. 7 ; Jam. 1. 5; 5. 14; 1 Pet. 3. 12; 1 John 3. 22; 5. 14 ;--examples of it, of Abraham's servant, Gen. 24. 12;-of Jacob, Gen. 32. 9 ;-of Moses, Ex. 32. 11, 31; Deut. 3. 23; Num. 14. 13–19; where we have the words of the earnest intercession of Moses : they need no explanation; they are full of simplicity and energy. His arguments with God, for he did reason and argue with his Maker, are pointed, cogent, and respectful; and while they shew a heart full of humanity, they evince the deepest concern for the glory of God. The argumentum ad hominem is here used in the most unexceptionable manner, and with the fullest effect. He does not in the least excuse the sin of Israel, or object to the justice of the awful sentence, or argue that such conduct would not consist with the divine truth or

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