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128, on Gen. 49. 11.)*—John 9. 5, “I am the light of the world. Our Lord here claims one of the titles given by the Jews to the Divine Being. So in Bammidbar Rabba, § 15, fol. 229, 1. “The Israelites said to God, O Lord of the universe, thou commandest us to light lamps to thee, yet thou art the light of the world;' it was also a title of the Messiah, (see Isa. 49.6; 60. 1); and in a remarkable passage of Yalkut Rubeni, fol. 6, it is said, on Gen. 1. 4. “From this we learn, that the Holy and Blessed God saw the light of the Messiah, and his works, before the world was created; and reserved it for the Messiah and his generation, under the throne of his glory. Satan said to the Holy and Blessed God, For whom dost thou reserve that light which is under the throne of thy glory? God answered, For him who shall subdue thee, and overwhelm thee with confusion. Satan rejoined, Lord of the universe, shew that person to me. God said, Come, and see him. When he saw him, he was greatly agitated, and fell upon his face, saying, Truly this is the Messiah, who shall cast me and idolaters into hell.'*—He was the Messiah spoken of by the prophets, Luke 24. 27; John 1. 45; 4. 25; 5. 39, 46; 11. 27 ; Acts 26. 22; -he came down from heaven, John 3. 13, 31; 6.38,50; 16. 28;—for our sakes, Matt. 18. 11; Luke 19. 10; John 3. 17; 10. 10; 12. 47 ;-he was incarnate of the Virgin Mary, Matt. 1. 18; Luke 1. 35 ;-he died for our sins, Isa. 53. 8; Dan. 9. 26 ; Matt. 20. 28; Rom. 4. 25; 5. 6; 1 Cor. 15. 3; Gal. 1. 4; Eph. 5. 2; Heb. 9. 28;—he abolished death, 2 Tim. 1. 10;—he rose again the third day for our justification, Luke 24. 1, 46, 47; Acts 2. 24 ; 3. 15; 4. 19; 5. 30; 10. 40; 17. 31; Rom. 10. 9; 1 Cor. 6. 14; 15. 3, 4; 1 Thess. 1. 10; Heb. 13. 20; 1 Pet. 3. 18;he ascended up to heaven, Mark 16. 19; Luke 24. 51; Acts 1. 2,9; Eph. 4. 8; 1 Tim. 3. 16;—he sitteth on the right hand of God, Mark 16. 19; Acts 7.56; Eph. 1. 20; Col. 3. 1 ; Heb. 1.3; 8. 1; 10. 12; 12. 2; 1 Pet. 3. 22 ;—his intercession, Rom. 8. 34; Heb. 7. 25; 1 John 2. 1;-all power given to him, Matt. 28. 18; Eph. 1. 20;be will come again to judge the world, Acts 1. 11; 1 Thess. 4. 16; 2 Tim. 4. 1;-he will reject the workers of iniquity, Matt. 7. 21;-his mediatorial reign will have an end, 1 Cor. 15. 24;—he is the pattern that we ought to follow, Matt. 11. 29; John 13. 15; Phil. 2. 5; 1 Pet. 1. 15;

21; 1 John 2. 6;-he did not to destroy the law, Matt. 5. 17;-he was trusted in by Abraham and the Patriarchs, John 8. 56; Heb. 11. 1. &c.;-his message to the seven churches, Rev. 1. 11. &c. ;-his names, titles, and characters : Advocate, 1 John 2. 1 ;Alpha and Omega, Rev. 1. 8; 22. 13 ;-Amen, Rev. 3. 14;—beginning of the creation of God, Rev. 3. 14 ;-branch, Zech. 3. 8; 6. 12 ;-cornerstone, 1 Pet. 2. 5;-living-stone, 1 Pet. 2. 4;-David, Jer. 30. 9; Ezek. 34. 23; 37. 24; Hos. 3. 5;—-day-spring, Luke 1. 78;—deliverer, Acts 7. 35; Rom. 11. 26 ;-Emmanuel, Isa. 7. 14; Matt. 1. 23;--first-begotten from the dead, Rev. 1. 5;—first and last, Rev. 1. 17;—God blessed for ever, Rom. 9. 5;-governor, Matt. 2. 6 ;-holy one, Luke 4. 34; Acts 3. 14; Rev. 3. 7 ;-horn of salvation, Luke 1.69;--image of God, 2 Cor. 4. 4;--just one, Acts 3. 14; 7. 52; 22. 14;—king everlasting, Luke 1. 33 ;---king of Israel, John 1. 49;-king of the Jews, Matt. 2. 2 ;-king of kings, Rev. 17. 14; 19. 16 ;-lamb of God, John 1. 29, 36 ;-lamb who opened the sealed book, Rev. 5. 6 ;-true light, John 1. 8, 9; 3. 19; 8. 12; 9.5; 12. 35, 46 ;-Lord, Matt. 3. 3; Mark 11. 3 ; -Lord of glory, 1 Cor. 2. 8;—Lord of lords, Rev. 17. 14; 19. 16;—lion of the tribe of Judah, Rev. 5. 5;—maker and preserver of all things, John 1. 3, 10; 1 Cor. 8. 6; Col. 1. 16; Heb. 1. 2, 10; Rev. 4. 11 ;mediator, 1 Tim. 2. 5;—-mediator of the new covenant, Heb. 12. 24 ;Nazarene, Matt. 2. 23;—prince, Acts 5. 31;—prince of life, Acts 3. 15 ;-prince of peace, Isa. 9. 6;—prince of the kings of the earth, Rev. 1.5;—prophet, Deut. 18. 51; Luke 24. 19 ;-redeemer, Job 19. 25; Isa. 59. 20;-our righteousness, Jer. 33. 16;-root of David, Rev. 5. 5; --root and offspring of David, and bright and morning star, Rev. 22. 16; --ruler, Mic. 5. 2;—saviour, Luke 2. 11; Acts 5. 31 ;-shepherd in the land, Zech. 11. 16;—good shepherd, John 10. 11; -great shepherd of the sheep, Heb. 13. 20 ;-son of the highest, Luke 1. 32 ;-son of God, Matt. 3. 17; 8. 29; Luke 1. 35;-only-begotten son, John 1. 14, 18; 3. 16, 18;—son of man, Matt. 8. 20; John 1.51;—son of David, Matt. 9. 27 ; 21. 9;--star and sceptre, Num. 24. 17 ;-bright and morning star, Rev. 22. 16;-true, Rev. 3. 7; 10. 11 ;-faithful witness, Rev. 1. 5; 3. 14; 19. 11 ;-word, John 1. 1;—word of God, Rev. 19. 13;-highpriest, Heb. 5. 1, &c. *

come

(3.) Concerning the Holy Ghost, his names and characters ; Spirit of God, Gen. 1. 2; Matt. 3. 16 ;-Spirit of the Father, Matt. 10. 20;Spirit of Christ, 1 Pet. 1. 11 ;-Spirit of grace, Heb. 10. 29 ;-Spirit of holiness, Rom. 1. 3 ;-Spirit of truth, John 14. 17 ;—the Comforter, John 14. 16, 26 ; 15. 26 ;—is omnipresent, Ps. 139. 7 ;-omniscient, 1 Cor. 2. 10 ;-eternal, Heb. 9. 14 ;—is God, Job 33. 4; Matt. 28. 19; Luke 1. 35; Acts 5. 3, 4;--spake by the prophets, Neh. 9. 30; Acts 7. 51 ; 1 Pet. 1. 11; 2 Pet. 1. 21;—wrought miracles, Matt. 12. 28; Rom. 15. 19;-proceeds from the Father and the Son, John 14. 26 ; 15. 26 ; 16.7; Gal. 4. 6;-~is promised to men, Is. 44. 3; Ezek. 11. 19 ; 36. 26 ; Joel 2. 28; Matt. 3. 11;-by Jesus, John 14. 16, 26 ; 15. 26; 16. 7;—is ready to direct all Christians, Rom. 8. 9, 13, 16; 2 Cor. 1. 22; Gal. 4. 6;—his suggestions are carefully to be attended to, Is. 63. 10; Eph. 4. 30; 1 Thess. 5. 19;-sanctifieth, Rom. 15. 16; 2 Thess. 2. 13; 1 Pet. 1. 2;-his ordinary and extraordinary gifts, Rom. 12. 6; 1 Cor. 12. 4, &c.; Gal. 5. 22 ; Eph. 5. 9; Heb. 2. 4 ;—to be born of him, necessary, John 3. 3, &c.;-blasphemy against him unpardonable, Matt. 12. 31 ; 1 John 5. 16.*

* Comprehensive Bible, Index to subjects in voce.

(4.) Concerning Angels,-wise, good, and immortal, 2 Sam. 14. 17, 20; Ps. 103. 21; Matt. 25. 31; Luke 20. 36; 1 Tim. 5. 21 ;-are created and imperfect beings, Job 4. 18; Matt. 24. 36 ; 1 Pet. 1. 12;are appointed as guardians of men, Ps. 34. 7; 91. 11; Eccles. 5. 6; Matt. 18. 10; Acts 12.15; Heb. 1. 14;-charged with folly, Job 4. 18; -ignorant of the day of judgment, Matt. 24. 36;—are in great numbers, Deut. 33. 2; Ps. 68. 17; Dan. 7. 10; Matt. 26. 53; Luke 2. 13; Heb. 12. 22 ; Jude 14; Rev. 5. 11 ;-are in the immediate presence of God, Matt. 18. 10; Luke 1. 19; this is an allusion to the privilege granted hy eastern monarchs to their chief favorites; hence among the Jews the angels were termed Dog 3x6ra,' angels of the presence.'*—Are of different ranks, Dan. 10. 13; Jude 9; are subject to Christ, 1 Pet. 3. 22; Heb. 1.6;—not to be worshipped, Judges 13. 16; Col. 2. 18; Rev. 19. 10; 22. 8;-worship God, Neh. 9. 6; Ps. 148. 2 ;-rejoice when sinners are converted, Luke 15. 10;-conduct souls to Paradise, Luke 16. 22.7

(5.) Concerning the Devil,—his names and characters: Abaddon, i.e. a destroyer, Rev. 9. 11 ;-accuser of the brethren, Rev. 12. 10;—adversary, 1 Pet. 5. 8;-angel of the bottomless pit, 9. 11;—Apollyon, i. e. a destroyer, Rev. 9. 11;—the beast, Rev. 19. 19, 20 ;—Beelzebub, Matt. 12. 24; Mark 3. 22, &c. ;-deceiver, Rev. 12. 9; 13. 14; 20. 3 ;-great dragon, Rev. 12. 7, 9; 20. 2;-evil one, John 17. 15;-god of this world, 2 Cor. 4. 4;-liar and murderer, John 8. 44 ;-prince of this world, John 12. 31; 14. 30; 16. 11;-prince of the power of the air, Eph. 2. 2 ;-Satan, 1 Chr. 21. 1 ; Job 1. 6; Matt. 4. 10; Rev. 12. 9; -old serpent, Gen. 3. 4, 13; 2 Cor. 11. 3; Rev. 12. 9;—sinner, 1 John 3. 8 ;-tempter, 1 Thess. 3. 5;—wicked one, Matt. 13. 19, 38; 1 John 2. 13;—he that had the power of death, Heb. 2. 14;--the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, Eph. 2. 2;-he appears in the Divine presence, Job 1.6; 2. 1;—earnestly labours after man's destruction, Job 1.7; 2. 2; Matt. 13. 19; 1 Pet. 5. 8;—may be conquered, if properly resisted, Eph. 4. 27; 6. 10; 2 Tim. 2. 26; James 4. 7; 1 Pet. 5. 9; 1 John 2. 13 ;-his suggestions to be carefully guarded against, Matt. 13. 19; 2 Cor. 11. 3; Eph. 6. 11;-inspires evil thoughts, and draws men into sin, Gen. 3. 1; 1 Chr. 21. 1; Luke 22. 3; John 13. 2, 27 ; Acts 5. 3; 1 Cor. 7.5; 2 Cor. 2. 11 ;-his suggestions are always contrary to the word of God, or to faith, or charity, Matt. 4. 2, 6, 9; Eph. 6. 16; 1 John 3.8, 10;—can do nothing without God's permission, Judg. 9. 23; 1 Kings 22. 22; Job 1. 12; 2. 6; 12. 16; Ezek. 14. 9; Matt. 8. 31; 2 Thess. 2. 11;—is sometimes permitted to afflict men and disappoint their desires, Job 1. 12; 2. 6; Luke 13. 16; 2 Cor. 12. 7; 1 Thess. 2. 18; Rev. 2. 10;—had power granted him of working miracles, Ex. 7. 11, 22; 8. 7; Matt. 24. 24; 2 Thess. 2. 9; Rev. 13. 13; 16. 14; 19. 20;-and also to possess human bodies, 1 Sam. 16. 14, 23; 18. 10;

Comprehensive Bible, note on Matt. 18. 10.

19. 9; Matt. 24 ; 8. 16; 9. 32 ; was formerly in heaven, but cast out for his disobedience, John 8. 44; 2 Pet. 2. 4; Jude 6.*

The Devils are many, and of different ranks, acting under the direction of one, Matt. 9. 34 ; 12. 24; Mark 5. 9; Luke 8. 27; Eph. 6. 12; Rev. 12. 7, 9;-are reserved to farther punishment, 2 Pet. 2. 4; Jude 6; Rev. 20. 3 ;-expect and fear their final sentence, Matt. 8. 29; Mark 1. 24; James 2. 19;-sacrifices not to be offered to them ; Lev. 17.7; Deut. 32. 17; 2 Chron. 11. 15; 1 Cor. 10. 20.*

(6.) Concerning Man,—his primeval dignity, Gen. 1. 26, 27; 2. 7; Ps. 8.5; Ecc. 7. 29;—his fall, Gen. 3. 17; 6.5; 8. 21; Ps. 14.3; Jer. 17. 9;-universal corruption of his nature, Job 14. 4; Ps. 51. 5; John 3. 6; Rom. 3. 23; Gal. 5. 17; Eph. 2. 1, &c.; Col. 2. 13;-his mortality, Job 7. 10; 14. 5, 7, 10, 12 ; Ecc. 12. 7; Rom. 5. 12; 1 Cor. 15. 22;what is best for him in this world, Ecc. 2. 24 ; 3. 12, 22; 5. 18; 7. 1, 2, 3, 5, 8; 9.7;—the great business of his life, 12. 13; Amos 4. 12; Luke 10. 27 ; Mark 8. 36; 2 Pet. 1. 10;—his frailties, Ps. 62.9; 78.39; 103, 14; 144. 4; 146. 3; Rom. 7. 18; 1 Pet. 1. 24 ;—his dignity restored by Christ, 1 Cor. 15. 49; Eph. 5. 25, 27 ; Phil. 3. 21; Col. 3. 4, 10; Heb. 2. 10; 2 Pet. 1. 4; 1 John 3. 2.*

(7.) Of the Soul,-exists in a separate state, Ecc. 3. 21 ; 12. 7; Matt. 22. 32; Luke 8. 55, “And her spirit came again,” &c. This expression, thus used of one who had been dead, strongly implies, that at death the soul not only exists separately, but returns and is re-united to the body, when it is raised from the dead.t-Luke 16. 22;20.37; there is a remarkable passage in Josephus (De Maccab. c. 16), which proves that the best informed among the Jews believed in the immateriality and immortality of the soul, and that the souls of righteous men were in the presence of God in a state of happiness. “They who lose their lives for the sake of God, live unto God, as do Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the rest of the Patriarchs.' Not less remarkable is a passage in Shemoth Rabba (fol. 159. 1), “Why doth Moses say (Ex. 32, 13), Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob? R Abin saith, The Lord said unto Moses, I look for ten men from thee, as I looked for that number in Sodom. Find me out ten righteous persons among the people, and I will not destroy thy people. Then saith Moses, Behold here am I and Aaron, Eleazar and Ithamar, Phinehas, and Caleb, and Joshua; but saith God, There are but seven, where are the other three? When Moses knew not what to do, he saith, O Eternal God, o'n97 on D"77, do those live who are dead? Yes, saith God. Then saith Moses, If those that are dead do live, remember Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.'+-Luke 23.43; Phil. 1. 23; Num. 27.16; va 535 nmn, Yehowah elohey haroochoth lechol basar, “Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh.' This address sufficiently proves, that this holy man (Moses) believed man to be compounded of flesh and spirit; and that these principles are perfectly distinct. Either the materiality of the soul is a

יהוה אלהי

Comprehensive Bible, Index to Subjects in voce.

+ Idem, Note in loco.

human fable, or, if it be a true doctrine, Moses did not pray under the influence of the Divine Spirit. There is a similar form of expression in ch. 16. 2, - O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh;' and in Job 12. 10, ' In whose hand is the soul (wa), nephesh), of all living; and the spirit (777, rooach), of all flesh of man.' These seem decisive proofs, among many others, that the Old Testament teaches that there is an immortal spirit in man; for though m, rooach, sometimes denotes breath or wind, yet it certainly has not that signification here, nor in the other passages

cited.*

(8.) Of Life,--the value of it, Ps. 49. 8; Matt. 16. 26; Mark 8. 36; Luke 9. 25;—short and uncertain, 1 Chr. 29. 15; Job 7. 16; Ps. 39. 5; 90. 5, 9; 103. 15; Is. 40. 6; Luke 12. 20; James 4. 14; 1 Pet. 1. 24;-full of trouble and vanity, Job 5. 7; 14.1; Ecc. 1. 2; 12.8;long life, promised as the reward of virtue, Ex. 20. 12; Deut. 5. 33; 6. 2; Pr. 3. 2, 16; 9. 11; 10.27 ;--not to be preferred to our duty, Matt. 10. 39; 16. 25; Mark 8. 35; Luke 9. 24; 17. 33. John 12. 25.+

(9.) Of Death,—how it came into the world, Gen. 3. 17, 19; Rom. 5.12 ; 1 Cor. 15. 22;-certain to all, Job 14. 5; 21. 13; Ps. 49. 19; 89. 48; Ecc. 8.8; 9.5; 11. 8;-levels all men, Job 1. 21; 3. 17, &c.; Ecc. 5. 15;—to be frequently thought of, Ps. 39. 1; 90. 12 ;--sometimes desirable, Job 3. 21; 6. 8; Phil. 1. 23 ;—sudden, a blessing, Job 21. 13;Christians have hope in it, 2 Cor. 5. 1, &c.;--the second, Rev. 2. 11; 10, 14; 21. 8.7

(10.) Of Heaven,,the place where holy souls dwell, 2 Kings 2. 1, 11; Luke 2. 15; Eph. 3. 15; Col. 1. 5; 1 Pet. 1. 4; the happiness of it, Ps. 16. 11; Dan. 12. 3; Matt. 5. 12; 13. 43; Luke 12. 43; John 12. 26; 17. 24; 1 Cor. 2. 9; 13. 12; Pet. 1. 4; Rev. 14. 13;-degrees of happiness in it, Matt, 16. 27; Luke 19. 17; John 14. 2; 1 Cor. 15. 41; 2 Cor. 9.6;—who will be admitted into it, Matt. 5. 3—12; John 3. 15; Rom. 2. 7; 1 Tim. 6. 19;-who will be excluded from it, Matt. 7. 21; Luke 13. 27 ; 1 Cor. 6. 9; Gal. 5. 21, &c.t

(11.) Of Hell,—the place appointed for the punishment of devils and wicked men, Ps. 9. 17; Pr. 15. 24; Matt. 5. 29 ; 10. 28; 23. 33; Mark 9. 43; Luke 12.5; 16. 23; 2 Pet. 2. 4;-the horrors and punishments of it set forth, Matt. 13. 42; 18. 9; 25. 30; Jude 13; Rev. 14. 10; 19. 20; 20. 10, 14; 21. 8;-sufferings in it various, according to the degrees of guilt, Matt. 11. 22; 23. 14; Luke 12. 47, 48 ;—the eternity of the torments thereof asserted, Dan. 12. 2; Matt. 3. 12; 25. 46; Mark 944; Luke 16. 26; Jude 13.7

(12.) Of the Resurrection,-Job's hope of it, Job 19. 25;—David's, Ps. 16. 10;-of the dry bones, representing the restoration of the Jews, Ezek. 37. 1, &c. In this vision, the dry bones aptly represent the ruined and desperate state both of Israel and Judah; and the revivification of these bones signify their restoration to their own land after their captivity, and

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