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INSPECTIONS.

There is a two-span through Howe truss of eighty feet each, north of New Berlin, and four separate bridges of like type of sixty-feet spans between this last and Edmeston, which are but three years old and in good condition. Also between New Berlin and Edmeston, are a number of one or more spans of trestle and pile bridging of same age, all in good order.

The track is laid, alternate joints, the entire length of the branch, and south of New Berlin the three-joint ties of each length have been renewed in past two years. The intermediate sleepers are generally in fair life, but a number of stretches have ties quite too old. The roadway, most of the distance, is very, neatly kept for its full width. The fences as a whole, are well maintained. No changes have been made in the depots. Those examined were in fair order.

Utica Branch, Randallsville to Utica, thirty-one miles, single track, laid with steel rails in fair condition. Crossing the Central-Hudson and Delaware, Lackawanna and Western roads at Utica, are sixteen spans of thirty feet, and three spans of through lattice, ninety-three feet each, in good order. Over the Erie canal is a through lattice pivot draw of 112-feet span in fair coudition. The other bridges, ten in number, are Howe trusses, except one of twenty-eight-feet span, near Oriskany Falls, a Queen truss, built of white pine in 1884 which has fair quality of rubble masonry, abutments laid in cement. The truss rods have been re-enforced, and timber appears in good life; also a similar truss north of Solsville, twenty-feet span built in 1884, is in like condition. The Howe trusses are as follows: Near New Hartford two spans of through trusses, fifty-seven feet each. The south span is on bents at second panel points. Near Franklin Iron Works, is a through truss of 100-feet span, the age of which is in doubt. It has more or less decayed timber, and, as a precaution, bents at third panel points could readily be placed, with little danger of dislodgment by ice. Immediately below this bridge is a canal aqueduct of fourteen-feet chord arches and little head-room. South of Deansville is a seventy-five-feet through span. The bridge floor is about five feet above the stream's bed. The age of structure could not be ascertained, but there are no outward signs of failure. The north abutment is broken and bents inside support the truss. North of Oriskany Falls is a fifty-six-feet span through truss. The south abutment has lately been rebuilt. The timber is in good life. South of the same place is a forty-seven-feet through span, said to be fourteen years, old, in a very poor condition. South of this is a sixty-five-feet through span, in fair life of timber. One end of each truss on diagonal corners rests on bents. The masonry is very poor. North of Solsville is a forty-feet through span, said to be fifteen years old. It looks to be in fair condition. One end of one truss is on a bent, the abutment having failed. Careful probing is suggested and the abutments should be rebuilt. Nearthis is a low through Howe truss of thirty-feet span, fifteen years old, showing no sigps of failure. Over Water street, in Utica, is an old through Howe truss which has been re-enforced. It is much used, being at the entrance of a coal yard. North of Hamilton is an iron deck truss of old railroad bars, eighteen-feet span, on good abutments.. A bent has been placed at the center. The wooden trusses are of white pine, and have mostly been painted from time to time. Their age, if correctly given, is against much longer use. A careful sounding by boring would develop any hidden defects. A number of small openings have been filled, and pipes used for drainage. Two overhead bridges have lately been rebuilt. There are six trestles and two pile bridges, from two to twenty-seven bays, all in good condition and mostly rebuilt since 1889.

In the yard at Utica is a long trestle partly used for coal pockets. It is yellow pine and of recent construction. Twenty-one minor openings have masonry abutments. Two of them have two and three spans. Two have I-beam girders. A number have newly built masonry, and several have broken abutments. A trussed beam opening of twenty-feet span has enlarged truss rods. Nine single spans of about eight feet each have trestle bents, some of which are hemlock in rather poor condition. Girders of yellow pine have been put in at all openings where iron is not used.

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The superstructure is in fair order. Nearly all the sleepers are in good life, but a number of stretches have many too old. The line and surface is generally good, the roadway orderly and nearly all the fencing well kept up. The depot at Pecksport, having, burned, has been abandoned. The others are good frame structures in fair order.

Rome Branch, Clinton Junction to Rome, thirteen miles single track, steel rails in fairorder. There are no changes of moment in the general maintenance, and the condition of the track is about the same as in 1889. The broken abutment under a fifty-feet span deck Howe truss, near Rome, has been rebuilt. The old through Howe truss of thirty-feet span, near Westmoreland, is to be superseded by a plate girder. The forty-two feet span deck Howe truss, near Clark's Mills, requires entire new floor beams, stringers and ties. The 100-feet span through lattice near the same place is in good order, A twenty-one feet span waterway near this has a broken abutment and bent inside. Two plate girders of thirty feet, near Westmoreland, are in good condition. Near Bartlett is a short opening, one abutment of which is broken and bent inside. There are a number of other short spans, some of which have trestle bents. Generally they are in good order. A twentyeight-feet span inverted Queen truss of railroad iron, near Clinton Junction, is in good order except its floor. The life of sleepers has been improved, but many too old ties remain. There is but little ballast on road-bed and track adjustment is medium. There is no change in the depots of importance. A new coal trestle and pockets at Rome, has been built for canal transfer,

NEW YORK AND SEA BEACH RALROAD. There is no change in the outline and but little in the physical condition of this road since the inspection of last year. Some additional steel rail has been laid and recently 100 tons distributed. When the new rail is laid there will be about one-third of both tracks steel. The east track was laid with iron capped with steel, but it has proven to be a poor wearing rail. About 3,200 sleepers are renewed annually, which fairly maintain their general life. The resurfacing, tieing and adjusting of superstructure for the summer travel was in progress, and when completed it will be in very good order. The crossing plates of both the grade-crossings at Bath Beach Junction

have been renewed as suggested last year. The timber track stringers on the bridge over the Manhattan Beach division of the Long Island railroad have developed considerable decay, and their renewal appears necessary. The bridge ties are three-inch plank. It is desirable that a strong, standard floor be substituted, especially as the line crossing the bridge is a tangent between eurves reversing. The crossing is quite diagonal and I-beams at right angles to the lower road are used to support the superstructure of the roads crossing over. The I-beams and abutments are in good condition. There are three pile and trestle bridges combined, one of four, one of fifteen and one of twelve bays; the latter has in it a swing, wooden-girder draw. The first and second trestles are to be in part filled and some timbers renewed. The trestle and draw-bridge at Coney Island creek is in good order on the east track. The trestle south of draw in the west track requires repairing, and the pile bulkhead at north end of draw should be rebuilt as the bridge seat is too narrow. The station buildings are the same as heretofore reported. The hotel and platforms at Coney Island depot, and the train shed and platforms at Bay Ridge are in very good order except slight repairs of platforms are still necessary. The small depots at Mapleton and Gravesend have been painted and their platforms are to be rebuilt as well as those used at flag stations. A number of flat cars have been, and eight new coaches will be added to the equipment this season. As a whole, the property is in very good physical condition.

NEW YORK, SUSQUEHANNA AND WESTERN RAILROAD, A single-track road of which about fourteen miles are in New York State, Since the last examination made in 1889 there has been a decided improvement in the permanent way. All of the iron rail has been replaced with INSPECTIONS.

steel, little worn, from other parts of the road. The sleepers have been fully three-fourths renewed and when the repair work is completed this season there will not be an unsound sleeper in the track. Considerable ballasting with gravel and cinders has been done and the track adjustment is much improved. A new plate-girder of forty-feet span on good masonry abutments has replaced a wood structure. South of Johnsons is a through Warren girder of fifty-feet span, all in good order except the wall plates are rather too old. The trestle bridge south of Unionville is the same as •last reported. Some of the timber shows too much age and a renewal of one strand of stringer at south end is suggested. South of Middletown where was a wood girder is now an arch culvert and opening filled. There are twenty-seven under-crossings and waterways from four to twelve feet spans; two of the latter have double-rolled beams for girders, and one has stringers of T-rails. The timber-girders are mostly yellow pine, and with two or three exceptions they are in very good condition. Generally the floor systems are strong, and but three short openings were seen that required new ties and wall plates. Two openings have bent abutments and plank lagging. They are in very good order. Considerable attention has lately been given the fencing, and a number of miles of new wire fence constructed. The old post and board fences are fast becoming useless, but are crudely kept up. The way station depots are being repaired. They are frame structures combining freight and passenger business, and sufficient for the purpose. A few of the cattle-guards require new string: ers or filling up. "A number have slats to turn farm stock. Weeds and brush were being cut from roadway, and drainage of road-bed is very good. The property generally is greatly improved and it is now a strong road.

NORTHERN ADIRONDACK RAILROAD, A single-track road from Moira, on the Ogdensburgh and Lake Champlain railroad, to St. Regis Falls, a distance of twelve miles. It has heavy grades and considerable curvature. The Adirondack Extension railroad is leased and operated by the former company. It extends from St. Regis Falls to Tupper's lake, a distance of forty-three miles, twenty-two of which, at the southerly end, is of new construction and in use about one year. Since the inspection of 1889 considerable improvement in the permanent way has been made on the northerly end of road. Several trestles have been filled except one bay in each, left for passage of water and under farm crossings. These openings have been entirely rebuilt in timber, some of the bents resting on masonry piers. Including cattleguards, there are forty-three minor openings in road-bed, nearly all of which have been rebuilt this season or timber is at hand for that purpose. The work was in progress and probably is fully completed at date of this report. Near Dickinson Center and crossing the St. Regis river is a deck Howe truss of seventy-three-feet span, in very poor condition. The trusses are shallow for length of spar, and three bents are under them. It is suggested that a new and better designed bridge be erected. All of the openings have a strong floor except the cattle-guards, which have too widely-spaced ties. The fences are very well kept up, road-bed well drained and roadway in fair order. The sleepers are generally in good life, and further renewals were being made. The adjustment of track is not very good, and more perfect line and surface is desirable. There are a few masonry abutments at small openings, but timber is largely in excess. The Northern Adirondack Extension railroad has been somewhat improved. A few trestles have in part been filled and at two points a change of line is being made to avoid excessive sharp curvature. There is considerable undulating, of grades and a large amount of curvature. With the exception of the foundation of abutment of bridge south of Paul Smith's station, there is no masonry in the road. Box culverts are of timber and logs, and abutments and piers are docking and crib-work. Near St. Regis Falls are two spans of through Howe truss seventy-three feet long. It is a low truss, the timber is in poor condition and strands of lower chord have opened at ends. It is bented at first panel points and two additional bents were being placed under each span. The abutments and pier are a cribbing of timber. One span could be filled without detriment to passage of water. A new bridge is sug

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gested. South of Santa Clara is a King truss of eighteen-feet span. The incline of braces is flat and toe of one brace fractured. Repair was suggested as at once necessary. About 1,400 feet of trestle and crib bridging have recently been filled. South of Paul Smith's station, crossing St. Regis river are ten bays of hemlock trestle of eleven-feet spans and about forty feet in extreme height, followed by a deck Howe truss of forty-feet span and four bays of trestle approach. The Howe truss rests on crib abutments with masonry foundations, all of new construction. South of this is a twenty-two-feet span waterway on crib abutments. The stringers are pine, seventeen by twenty-one inches section and spur braced. North of Tupper's lake is an opening of eighteen-feet span haying two stringers under each rail eighteen inches square. Over Jordan river are ten bays of pile bridge in good condition. North of Paul Smith's station is a pile bridge of sixteen bays ten feet in clear. It has four piles in each bent, compound caps and single stringers twelve by fourteen inches section. The bridge is in medium life of timber. Other than the above are thirty-eight openings in road-bed from three to sixteen feet in width. The abutments are mostly a docking of logs. All these openings in the older portion of the road were being rebuilt. The line of road is considerably curved and grades undulating. No fences of moment have been built. The sleepers are in good life except on northerly end where renewals are necessary. The road-bed is mostly of sand and track adjustment is fair. Santa Clara has a good frame depot. A repair shop, 200 feet in length, has been built. A new station building has been built at Paul Smith's station. There is a stub-switch out of main line at Cleveland station, otherwise safety switches are used., At Tupper's lake a large frame passenger and freight station combined has been built. It has one good waiting-room, well furnished. The platforms are high. Generally the depots are in good condition and neatly kept.

NORTHERN CENTRAL RAILROAD.

Main Line, From Pennsylvania State line to Elmira Junction with New York, Lake Erie and Western railroad, six and one-half miles, and Chemung Junction with same road to Canandaigua, sixty-four miles. Single track, steel rails, thirteen miles of which, of seventy pounds per yard, have been relaid since the previous inspection. About Afty miles have been reballasted, The sleepers are generally in strong life, but at points were noticed as too long in use. Portions of the old steel rail are considerably worn and larger renewal is desirable. ' Track adjustment is good, ditches well opened, fences in very good condition and roadway exceptionally neat its full width. The openings are given in following groups. There are thirteen separate spans of deck and through Howe trusses from fifty to 150-feet, all on good masonry. They are in good life of timber and each is protected from the weather. A 161-feet span, near Rock stream, has been divided into three by placing bents at third panel points, resting on strong masonry piers. West of this is a three-span truss, two of which are sixty-nine feet. Bents on masonry have been put under the latter at second panel points, the result of a recommendation by your Honorable Board. Near Watkins, where was an iron Bollman truss, is now a new sixty-seven-feet through Howe bridge. Three plate girders, of twenty-four, thirty-five and fifty feet, on good abutments have replaced wood trusses. Three trussed beams, of nineteen, twenty and thirty feet, have good white pine girders. The longer span rests on bents. Eighteen openings, from four to sixteen feet each, have masonry abutments. Eight of these, from four to ten feet wide, have shattered masonry and stringers upheld with bents. Twenty-one short single spans, four to twelve feet each, have trestle bents, of which a few are new, a large number in fair life and three or four are too old. White pine girders of good size are used at all these short spans except one or two which have I-beams or T-rail girders. There are thirty-seven trestle and pile bridges, nearly all the former, from two to eighty-five bays each, in conditions from quite new, to too old and ready for renewal. A large majority of these are under farm-crossings, of three bays each, built of white pine.

Only in few instances was timber seen too far gone with decay. All openings have a good floor, and those of more than one bay have inside T rail-guards. Thirteen openings of six and ten feet, for water-ways, have been filled, and iron pipe, generally three feet in diameter, used for passage of water.

The small frame depot at Pine Valley has been remodeled. A new frame depot bas been built at Rock Stream. The depots at Stanley and Lewis have been thoroughly overhauled.

At Canandaigua, a branch a mile and a half long to the lake for ice purposes, has recently been constructed.

Sodus Branch, From Stanley to Sodus Point, thirty-four miles, single track, all steel rail in good condition. The sleepers are in good life and track well adjusted throughout. The fences are well kept up and roadway in clean condition its full width. Near Flint, 'crossing a stream and highway, are forty-two bays of new white pine, followed by twenty-two bays of old hemlock trestle, to be filled at once. Adjoining this, over the stream, is a new seventy-five-feet span, plate-deck girder, resting on new abutments, followed by three bays of hemlock trestle, to be filled. Adjoining this is to be a deck-plate girder of thirty-feet span, the masonry for which is about completed. The viaduct over Canandaigua outlet, referred to in last report, is in good condition. The timber bents erected to re-enforce those of iron, are in good order. These bents rest on cribs about ten feet high. A large portion of the structure could be filled, and one iron span on masonry would pass the water of outlet, dispensing with the timber bents. Over the Erie canal is a new Pratt truss of 115-feet span, in place of a too light bridge. Adjoining this, are eleven bays of white pine trestle, one bay of which over å highway is eighteen feet wide. The bents rest on masonry, piers, and timber is in fair life. Over the New York Central and Hudson River railroad is a new plategirder through, of eighty-feet span, and over a highway adjoining, a similar girder of fifty-five feet, als on excellent masonry. The trestle west of this has been entirely filled. West of this last, is a through Howe truss, covered, of 133-feet span, in good order. South of Zurich is a like truss of two spans, each 105 feet long. The trusses are covered and guard-posts erected, as they are at all through bridges.

There are fourteen spans of single waterway, also three of two and one of three spans having masonry abutments. Of these eight have broken masonry, and girders are upheld by bents. A thirty-feet span twenty feet high, has shattered abutments. Bents are placed in the opening and masonry is to be rebuilt. There are seven trestle bridges from three to thirteen bays each, and one of five bays which has masonry abutments. There are two waterways, one of three and one of four bays, which have crib piers filled with stone. They are in good condition. The depots at Sodus Centre, Wallington and Sodus Point have recently been thoroughly repaired and painted. They were all, including those on the main line, found neatly kept and have good platforms.

PROSPECT PARK AND CONEY ISLAND RAILROAD. This property is in the same excellent condition reported last year. The main line, a double-track road beween Prospect Park station, corner of Ninth avenue and Twentieth street, Brooklyn, to Coney Island beach, is five and three-quarter miles in length. It has steel rails, strong sleep ers and tracks well adjusted. Crossing the salt marsh at Coney Island creek is a low pile trestle about 2,000 feet in length and is the only bridge. It is in good life of timber, strongly constructed and well floored. The line is mostly in the center of a highway. The large depot at Coney Island and train pocket platforms are in fine order. The waiting-room is large and approaches to trains conveniently subdivided. Since the last inspection a large addition has been made on west side of main building to accommodate the Brooklyn, Bath and West End railroad. There are six way stations along the avenue occupied, four of which are platforms only. At Parkville where is the grade crossing and connection with the

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