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abrogate acquired adapted adjustment Administration admit affair American argument asserted attention basis better Britain British Government Buchanan Calhoun called certain character circumstances citizen claim clear coast Columbia river commerce committed committee compromise conduct Congress Connecticut consideration Constitution continuity controversy convention desire direct discovered discovery divide doubt drained duty effect established Executive existing exploration extend fact foreign France give given ground hold honorable member important insist interests involve island lands maintain matter ment months navigation negotiation never North notice offer opinion Pacific parallel of 49 party peace possession prepared present President principle proper proposed proposition question reasonable regard rejected relations remarked republic resolution result says settled settlement Spain Spanish Spanish title stand suppose Texas thing tion treaty United unless valley vote waters whole of Oregon whole territory wholly withdraw
Страница 9 - States would offer what he saw fit to call ' some further proposal for the settlement of the Oregon Question, more consistent with fairness and equity, and with the reasonable expectations of the British government.
Страница 18 - At the end of the year's notice, should Congress think it proper to make provision for giving that notice, we shall have reached a period when the national rights in Oregon must either be abandoned or firmly maintained. That they cannot be abandoned without a sacrifice of both national honor and interest, is too clear to admit of doubt.
Страница 15 - Parties, it is agreed that their respective subjects shall not be disturbed or molested, either in navigating or carrying on their fisheries in the Pacific Ocean, or in the South Seas, or in landing on the coasts of those seas, in places not already occupied, for the purpose of carrying on their commerce with the natives of the country, or of making settlements there ; the whole subject, nevertheless, to the restrictions and provisions specified in the three following Articles.
Страница 18 - Spain had nothing to oppose to the claim of France at the time but the right of discovery, and even that England has since denied; while France had opposed to the right of England, in her case, that of discovery, exploration, and settlement. It is therefore not at all surprising that France should claim the country west of the Rocky Mountains (as may be inferred from her maps), on the same principle that Great Britain had claimed and dispossessed her of the regions west of the Alleghany ; or that...
Страница 4 - It is agreed that any country that may be claimed by either party on the north-west coast of America, westward of the Stony Mountains, shall, together with its harbors, bays, and creeks, and the navigation of all rivers within the same, be free and open for the term of ten years from the date of the signature of the present convention, to the vessels, citizens, and subjects, of the two powers...
Страница 5 - ... that Convention, a year's notice is required to be given by either party to the other, before the joint occupancy shall terminate, and before either can rightfully assert or exercise exclusive jurisdiction over any portion of the territory.
Страница 8 - ... was, whether he should abruptly terminate the negotiation which had been commenced and conducted between Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Pakenham on the principle avowed in the first protocol, not of contending for the whole territory in dispute, but of treating of the respective claims of the parties, " with the view to establish a permanent boundary between the two countries westward of the Rocky Mountains.
Страница 11 - Nor will it become in a less degree my duty to assert and maintain, by all constitutional means, the right of the United States to that portion of our territory which lies beyond the Rocky mountains. Our title to the country of the Oregon is " clear and unquestionable," and already are our people preparing to perfect that title by occupying it with their wives and children.
Страница 16 - ... drained by it is destined to be peopled by us. Such are our claims to that portion of the territory, and the grounds on which they rest. The undersigned believes them to be well founded ; and trusts that the British plenipotentiary will see in them sufficient reasons why he should decline his proposal. The undersigned plenipotentiary abstains, for the present, from presenting the claims which the United States may have to other portions of the territory.